Daily Archives: January 13, 2014

Kagame’s Iron Fist Stokes Fires in Rwanda

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Rwandan President Paul Kagame

When the details of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide were revealed to the world, the horrifying and grizzly events of those 100 days shook the international forum. General Paul Kagame was revered as a hero for leading the Rwandan Patriotic Front to victory and ending the genocide, forcing more than 1 million Hutu refugees to flee the country. Among those refugees were approximately 50,000 Interahamwe militants who carried out the genocide, which cost the lives of 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

Since then Kagame has served as the de facto leader of Rwanda, obtaining close powerful allies in the United States and the United Kingdom, using their guilt for failing to respond during the genocide to gain fervent support for the Kagame regime. Kagame has utilized this powerful backing to carry out two wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as countless support operations for rebel factions in Eastern Congo, most recently illegally backing the M23 rebellion. Only in the last six months has Kagame come under scrutiny from his powerful allies for supporting ongoing rebellions in the DRC and using this as a pretext to exploit the vast mineral wealth located in that region.

Kagame has been given infinite credit for pulling Rwanda out of the ashes of the genocide and rebuilding the country. This credit is somewhat justified. However, behind the scenes is a leader and a regime that operates in a manner much closer to a criminal organization than a state. The reality of modern day Rwanda is that of a police state in which the minority Tutsi and their leader impose harsh sentences and oppression on anyone that contradicts the will of the government. Kagame has even ostracized former Tutsi allies, handing down 20 to 24-year sentences to four close cabinet members in 2011. He has also targeted the majority Hutu opposition, using the charge of denying genocide to imprison journalists and the opposition leader Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza after she questioned why the genocide memorials did not provide tributes to Hutus that died during the slaughter as well.

Now Kagame has begun to take things a step further with political assassinations. On New Year’s Day, former Rwandan Spy Chief Colonel Patrick Karegeya was found strangled in the upscale Michelangelo Towers in Johannesburg, South Africa. A bloody towel and a curtain cord were found on the scene. Karegeya was once a Kagame ally in the Rwandan government, but fell out of favor when he spoke out against Kagame’s tactics and was charged with insubordination. He was one of the four cabinet members given a lengthy sentence in 2011 in absentia. He fled to South Africa in 2007, where he was granted asylum.

This is not the first time Kagame has allegedly attempted an assassination of a former colleague. Former Rwandan Army Chief of Staff General Kayumba Nyamwasa survived three assassination attempts in 2011. During the first attack, he was shot in the stomach and the next two attacks were foiled by the South African police shortly after as he recovered from the initial onslaught. Granted, both Karegeya and Nyamwasa were accused of a coup attempt against Kagame, but attacks on other states’ sovereign soil is bold, even for the seemingly invincible Kagame.

In addition, Kagame and his cronies have been accused of a slew of assassinations and assassination attempts against journalists, former employees, doctors and priests, as well as former Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, an event that sparked the genocide. Whether or not the extent of these accusations are true (a French report has cleared Kagame of the assassination of Habyarimana), the slaying of Karegeya and the attempts against Nyamwasa are indeed alarming and point to a pattern of political assassinations designed to strike fear in the opposition and maintain the stranglehold that Kagame’s one-party system maintains.

2017 will be a very telling year for Rwanda as Kagame’s second term will come to an end. He is not permitted to seek re-election under the constitution. However, this may not deter him from changing the constitution or ushering in a successor that will report to his authority even after he leaves office. In a state where the press is run by the government and the 2010 elections saw all three of Kagame’s opponents either imprisoned or in exile, the strict dictatorial rule in Kigali shows all the signs of a continued authoritarian police state where the majority are oppressed and any competition is fervently put down. Couple this with the trend of assassinations of former Kagame confidantes and the outlook for Rwanda remains hazy.

Until the evils of the genocide can be put behind them and the country can find some semblance of harmony between ethnic groups, the nation as a whole is just one shot away from rekindling a bloody civil war that could see the horrors of the genocide resurface. For now, Kagame’s Western allies must understand that running a country with an iron fist and attacking opponents like a criminal organization is exactly the opposite of the ideals that democracy is supposed to be built upon. Rwanda cannot be considered the darling of Africa until illegal murders and financed rebellions in neighboring countries are stopped. If nothing is done, then the next Rwandan Civil War will be on the hands of those that supported this behavior.

Daniel Donovan is a writer for the Foreign Policy Association and the executive director of the African Community Advancement InitiativeYou can follow him on Twitter @DanielRDonovan or @ACAinitiative.

Source:http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/world-report/2014/01/10/kagames-iron-fist-could-rekindle-rwandan-civil-war?src=usn_tw

Rwanda: Paul Kagame says NO to leaving power in 2017

Amanpour asked if that meant “yes,” he would step down.

He replied, “No. It is a broad answer to say you don’t need to worry about anything.”

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Spanish protest against the presence of Paul Kagame in Spain back in 2010.

On the supposed 52nd anniversary of the Rwandan Democracy Day, the Rwandan President Paul Kagame hints to Amanpour, CNN presenter that he will not leave power in 2017.

Being a dictatorship which claims to be democratic, the RPF regime has removed from official celebrations the remembrance of the day when Rwandans back in the 1960s came together to acknowledge the benefit of choosing their rulers for the first time in their history.

On January 28th, 1961 Rwanda celebrated the outcome of a popular referendum which months before had seen the country ending the monarchy rule and elected its people’s local representatives.

Under the RPF rule, not only has the Rwandan President silenced any critical voice of its numerous damageable policies, but it does neither appear ready at all to give room to any democratic expression of citizens in the short or medium term.

Please watch and listen to Paul Kagame’s interview with CNN journalist Amanpour by clicking here. 

For those in the Rwandan political opposition, from now they need to know. He [President Paul Kagame] is not going anywhere. He is not willing to leave office when his current term ends.They should align their strategies accordingly. To remove RPF from power they must force out its president. 

Source: http://therisingcontinent.wordpress.com/2013/01/28/rwanda-paul-kagame-says-no-to-leaving-power-in-2017/

IMPINDURAMATWARA MURI PDP-IMANZI : Gahunda yo kwandikisha ishyaka mu Rwanda izashingwa izindi ntumwa!

ITANGAZO RIGENEWE ITANGAZAMAKURU

Mushayididi

Ku cyumweru tariki ya 12 Mutarama 2014, inama rusange idasanzwe y’ishyaka PDP-Imanzi (Pacte Démocratique du Peuple – Imanzi) yateraniye i Buruseli mu Bubiligi ifata ibyemezo bikurikira:

1.Inama yashimiye byimazeyo Komite nyobozi yari imaze imyaka itatu iyobora ishyaka. By’umwihariko yashimiye Bwana KARANGWA SEMUSHI Gérard akazi keza yakoze mu butumwa akubutsemo bwo kwandikisha ishyaka PDP-Imanzi mu Rwanda, ubutumwa bwamaze amezi atandatu atangira ku itariki ya 20/06/2013 kugeza ku wa 21/12/2013 nk’uko byari biteganijwe mu cyemezo cyanditse cyabumwoherezagamo.

2.Inama ikaba yatoye komite nyobozi nshya ihagarariye inyungu z’ishyaka igizwe n’aba bakurikira:

a)Perezida fondateri w’ishyaka: Bwana Déogratias MUSHAYIDI;

b)Umunyamabanga mukuru w’ishyaka: Bwana Jean-Damascène MUNYAMPETA;

c)Umunyamabanga mukuru wungirije ushinzwe itangazamakuru: Bwana Pacifique KABALISA;

d)Umunyamabanga mukuru wungirije ushinzwe abari, abategarugori n’urubyiruko: Madame Astérie MUKARWEBEYA;

e)Umunyamabanga mukuru wungirije ushinzwe igenamigambi: Bwana Jean-Claude KABAGEMA;

f)Umubitsi mukuru w’ishyaka: Bwana Gérard HAKIZIMALI 

g)Abari munama rusange idasanzwe y’ishyaka PDP-IMANZI batoye kandi komisiyo zikurikira:

-Komisiyo ishinzwe amakuru n’inyandiko; 

-Komisiyo ishinzwe imyitwarire n’imiyoborere; 

-Komisiyo ishinzwe amategeko n’uburenganzira bw’ikiremwa-muntu. 

3.Ishyaka PDP-IMANZI rizatangaza mu minsi ya vuba  abazakomeza ubutumwa bwo kwandikisha ishyaka mu Rwanda ndetse na komite irihagarariye by’agateganyo imbere mu gihugu.

Bikorewe i Buruseli ku wa 12/01/2014

Munyampeta Jean-Damascène 

Umunyamabanga mukuru 

President: Betray Rwanda, Face Consequences

KIGALI, Rwanda January 12, 2014 (AP)

It’s a matter of time before those who’ve betrayed Rwanda face consequences, Rwandan President Paul Kagame said Sunday, nearly two weeks after the killing of a former Rwandan spymaster turned dissident.

The body of the former head of Rwanda’s external intelligence service, Col. Patrick Karegeya, was discovered in a Johannesburg hotel on New Year’s Day. South African authorities believe he was strangled. Kagame’s critics have accused him of ordering the killing. Government representatives have not denied or accepted responsibility.

Kagame said Sunday: “You cannot betray Rwanda and get away with it. There are consequences for betraying your country.”

Karegeya, a wartime ally from Kagame’s days as a rebel leader, fled to South Africa in 2007.

“It’s a matter of time, whoever betrayed the nation cannot escape the consequences,” Kagame said in Kinyarwanda during a national prayer breakfast meeting.

He warned that you cannot walk away from the country that made you who you are and expect to get away with it.

“I cannot be apologetic about that if you know the grenades that have been thrown on our streets killing Rwandan children,” he said, in an apparent reference to the accusations by the government that Karegeya and other dissidents were behind a spell of grenade attacks in the Rwandan capital.

South African police are looking for a man who was last seen with Karegeya before his death.

A former Rwandan Lt. Gen. Kayumba Nyamwasa, who has survived two assassination attempts in South Africa, said the man who was last seen with Karegeya was Rwandan businessman Apollo Kiririsi Gafaranga who befriended the victim in jail and who Karegeya trusted.

Nyamwasa and others accuse Rwanda’s president of ordering Karegeya’s killing and two 2010 attempts on Nyamwasa’s life in Johannesburg.

Theogene Rudasingwa, another Rwandan dissident and formerly secretary general of Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front party, told The Associated Press that Karegeya’s body was found in a room rented by a man called “Apollo.” Police said Karegeya, who had a home in the town of Roodepoort just outside of Johannesburg, had checked into the hotel.

Karegeya, Nyamwasa, Rudasingwa and some others were once allies of Kagame, and became critics. Karegeya headed the feared external intelligence agency from 1994, when Kagame’s rebel movement took power and ended the Rwandan genocide, until 2004. Several Kagame opponents were killed in that time, including former Interior Minister Seth Sendashonga, who was gunned down in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1998.

The most recent killing that critics blamed on Kagame is the October 2012 death of Theogene Turatsinze, the former managing director of the Rwandan Development Bank who was found tied up and floating in the sea in Mozambique.

Karegeya’s killing comes five months after he claimed to have incriminating evidence that would prove Kagame, who is lauded by Western leaders for ending Rwanda’s genocide, actually provided the catalyst for the mass killings.

In a July interview with Radio France International, Karegeya charged that Kagame ordered the downing of a jet that killed the Hutu presidents of Rwanda and neighboring Burundi, the event that triggered the genocide in which some 800,000 Tutsis and some moderate Hutus were killed over three months.

Karegeya said on RFI that he was willing to hand his evidence to a court in France that is investigating because the plane’s pilots were French.

Source: http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/president-betray-rwanda-face-consequences-21504286

RNC nigire icyo itangariza Abanyarwanda

Nk’uko tubikesha ikinyamakuru Umuryango.com, ngo umenya Kayumba Nyamwasa amaze kumanika amaboko akaba yiyemeje gutaha mu Rwanda agakorana na FPR. N’ubwo bwose nta wizeye ukuri kw’iyi nkuru, RNC nitagira icyo itangaza birafatwa nk’ukuri.

Ubwanditsi

Dore uko iyo nkuru ibivuga.

arton10526-79805Kayumba Nyamwasa wigeze kuba umugaba w’Ingabo z’u Rwanda, nyuma akaza guhungira muri Afurika y’Epfo, aho hamwe na bagenzi be bashinze Ishyaka RNC ritavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda, biravugwa ko yaba ashaka kugaruka gukorera mu gihugu imbere.

Inkuru dukesha africanudo.wordpress.com ivuga ko Kayumba Nyamwasa yagiye yohereza Intmwa ahantu hatandukanye nko muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika, mu Bwongereza ndetse no mu Karere ka Afurika y’Uburasirazuba, aho izo ntumwa ngo zabaga zifite ubutumwa bwihariye bugenewe Perezida Paul Kagame mu rwego rwo kwiyunga.

Nk’uko icyo gitangazamakuru cyakomeje kibyandika, ngo byari bitegnyijwe ko ibisabwa kugirango Kayumba abe yagaruka mu Rwanda byaba byatunganye mbere y’impera z’ukwezi kwa Gashyantare uyu mwaka.

Iki kinyamakuru kandi cyakomeje kivuga ko umushinga wa Kayumba Nyamwasa wo kugaruka mu Rwanda, waba ushyigikiwe kandi ukanaterwa inkunga na ANC ishyaka riri ku butegetsi muri Afurika y’Epfo, aho Cyril Ramaphosa Umuyobozi mukuru wungirije w’iryo shyaka ari we wahawe inshingano zo kumugeza mu Rwanda.

Cyril Ramaphosa umwe mu banyemari bakomeye muri Afurika y’Epfo, bivugwa ko yaba yaragiranye amanama atandukanye na Kayumba Nyamwasa hamwe na Patrick Karegeya kuva muri Nyakanga kugeza mu Gushyingo 2013, aho ngo baganiraga ku kuntu yatera inkunga inama idasanzwe ya RNC (Rwanda National Congress) yari iteganyijwe mu Gushyingo.

Iyo nama yari iteganyijwe muri Afurika y’Epfo, ngo yari kubera igihe kimwe n’izindi nk’iyo zagombaga kubera i Londres mu Bwongereza, i Washington muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika , i Parismu Bufaransa, i Bruxelles Mu Bubiligi ndetse n’i Sydney muri Australia.

Gusa ngo kuwa 18 Ugushyingo umwaka ushize w’2013, Minisiteri y’Ububanyi n’amahanga muri Afurika y’Epfo yashyikirije kayumba Nyamwasa na Patrick Karegeya ibaruwa ibamenyesha ko batemwerewe gukoreshereza iyo nama ku butaka bw’icyo gihugu.

Ngo ku munsi wakurikiyeho (ubwo ni kuwa 19 Ugushyingo 2013), Kayumba na Karegeya batumije abanyamuryango bakuru ba RNC baba muri Afurika y’Epfo, mu nama y’igitaraganya yabereye muri hoteli ya Protea Hotel Centurion i Johannesburg.

Ngo iyo nama yamaze amasaha ari hagati ya 18 na 21, aho Kayumba na Karegeya basobanuriye abandi banyamuryango kuri iyo baruwa, maze Kayumba ababwira ko nta cyo izahungabanya kuri gahunda y’iryo shyaka, yemeza ko inama izaba nta kibazo.

Kubera icyizere gicye cy’uko iyo nama yazaba ku banyamuryango bamwe, Kayumba yahise ahindura inyito y’iyo nama, maze ayita “Ingando”, bateganya ko yazamara iminsi ibiri mu mpera z’ukwezi kw’Ugushyingo, ariko yimurirwa kuwa 21 na 22 Ukuboza, ariko birangira ikozwe mu munsi umwe kuwa 21 Ukuboza 2013.

Gusa kugeza ubu impamvu ifatika yatumye Cyril Ramaphosa yemera gushyigikira uwo mugambi wa Kayumba wo kugaruka mu Rwanda ntiramenyekana.

Kayumba Nyamwasa yahoze ari umusirikare mu ngabo z’u Rwanda ku ipeti rya Jenerali (Gen.) akaba yaranazibereye Umugaba wa zo, nyuma aza no guhagararira igihugu cye (Ambasaderi w’u Rwanda) mu Buhindi mbere y’uko ahungira muri Afurika y’Epfo muri Gashyantare 2010.

Yaje kurusimbuka kuwa 19 Kamena 2010, ubwo yagabwagaho igitero, maze nyuma aza kwishyira hamwe na Patrick Karegeya na we wari umusirikare w’u Rwanda ku ipeti rya Koloneli (Col.) mbere y’uko yamburwa amapeti, akaba yarigeze no kuyobora ubutasi bwo hanze y’igihugu.

Aba bombi hamwe na Dr Théogène Rudasingwa na we wari umuyobozi w’ibiro bya Perezida Paul Kagame ndetse na Dr Gerald Gahima wari Umushinjacyaha mukuru, bahise bashinga Ishyaka Rwanda National Congress RNC, ritavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda.

Nk’uko africanudo.wordpress.com yakomeje ibyandika, uwatangaje gahunda ya Kayumba yo kugaruka mu Rwanda ntiyagaragaje niba hari isano byaba bifitanye n’urupfu rwa Karegeya.

 Source: http://www.umuryango.rw/spip.php?article10526

PAUL KAGAME YAVUGISHIJE UKURI , ati: « Mwakoze ikosa ryo kungira umuyobozi wanyu »!

gomePaul Kagame afite byinshi cyane abanyarwanda bamunenga ! Ariko hari kimwe yakemuye . N’ubwo ari umukuru w’igihugu, arivugira ubwe ko nta « diplomatie » agira, kandi ntabeshya ! Bisobanuye ko yivugira ibimujemo byose nta rutangira, akagaragaza imigambi ye mibisha mbere y’uko ayishyira mu bikorwa na nyuma yo kubikora akaza kubyemera , mu gihe abavugizi be baba benda gushiramo umwuka bagerageza kumukingira ikibaba no guhishira amahano adasiba kubakoresha  ! Niko bihora bigenda, tumaze imyaka 20 tubibona.

Mu giterane (ngo cy’amasengesho da!)cyitwa National Prayer Breakfast cyabaye kuri iki cyumweru taliki ya 12 Mutarama 2014, nanone Paul Kagame yafashe iminota 40 n’amasegonda 13 yo kwivuga ibigwi, yivuga ko ari umwicanyi kabuhariwe utagira icyo yikanga  , ntagire n’uwo atinya ; yaboneyeho no kwemeza ko we ubwe yiyumva nk’umuntu « wasinyiye   guhangana », gukomeretsa no kwica abo batabona ibintu kimwe.

1.Ikibazo ni ikihe ?

IKIBAZO GIKOMEYE abantu bagomba kumva neza, kugira ngo basobanukirwe neza amagambo ya Kagame , dore aho kiri : nk’uko akomeje kubigaragaza , Paul Kagame afite INDWARA IKOMEYE mu myumvire ye ya politiki kuko hari ibintu bibiri yitiranya ku buryo buteye inkeke :

  1. Perezida Paul Kagame yumva ko igihugu cy’u Rwanda ari WE ubwe. Hanze ye u Rwanda ntiruriho. Ashobora kuba anibwira ko umunsi yapfuye azamanukana n’u Rwanda mu kuzimu !
  2. Paul Kagame yumva ko umunyarwanda wese utemera imiterere n’imikorere y’ingoma y’igitugu cy’Agatsiko n’akarengane yubakiyeho ; uwemeza wese ko hari ukundi u Rwanda rushobora kuyoborwa mu nzira nziza abanyarwanda bose bibonamo agomba gufatwa nk’INGAMBANYI n’UMWANZI W’IGIHUGU, agakanirwa urw’abagome.

    Ni ukuvuga ko hanze y’ishyaka rye , nta wundi mwenegihugu ufite uburenganzira bwo gutekereza no kugirira igihugu akamaro. Amahano Kagame akora ni aha ashingiye.

2.Uwo iyi diskuru igamije kubwira ni nde 

Paul Kagame ntabwo yari azinduwe no kubwira abari mu giterane, abanyamahanga cyangwa abanyarwanda bose muri rusange !

Ubutumwa bw’iyi disikuru Kagame yabugeneye abo yita « Abanyamurengwe bibagiwe icyabakuye mu buja », « ingambanyi zibagiwe ko icyo baricyo ari iki gihugu cyabibagize » , ni ukuvuga :

*By’umwihariko : abakoranye na FPR , cyane cyane abahawe imyanya ikomeye mu gihugu nyuma y’uko FPR ifashe ubutegetsi ku ruhembe rw’umuheto mu 1994.

*Ababwirwa mu by’ukuri : ni Abenegihugu bo mu bwoko bw’Abatutsi bashaka impinduka mu butegetsi bwa Kagame, kuko bamaze kubona ko akarengane ingoma ya Paul Kagame yubakiyeho amaherezo kazashyira Abanyarwanda mu mwiryane uzongera ugashora igihugu mu makuba arushije ubukana ayo twanyuzemo.

Umaze kumva izi ngingo tugaragaje haruguru, ashobora kongera agatega amatwi Ijambo Perezida Paul Kagame yavugiye muri kiriya giterane, yarushaho gusobanukirwa.

  1. Amagambo Kagame yakoresheje  si ay’umukuru w’igihugu, ni ay’Umuterabwoba (Terroriste) wabigize umwuga !

Koko rero nyuma y’iminota 21 avuga ubusa, Paul Kagame yageze aho agusha ku ntego, agaragaza icyo atekereza ku rupfu rwa Koloneli Patrick Karegeya bakoranye igihe kirekire akaba aherutse guhotorerwa mu gihugu cya Afurika y’Epfo anigishijwe ikiziriko ! Iki gikorwa cy’iterbwoba kikaba cyarasakuje cyane mu mahanga kigatera n’abanyarwanda benshi agahinda kavanze n’ubwoba .

Paul Kagame yeruye avuga ko mu by’ukuri ari we wivuganye Nyakwigendera Patrick Karegeya, kandi ngo akaba yumva abifitiye uburenganzira, ndetse ngo akaba yiteguye kwivugana n’abandi bose bashaka impinduka nziza mu gihugu , ngo mu rwego rwo “kurinda ibyo amaze kubaka”, ni ukuvuga ko yiteguye gukoresha ingufu zose z’igihugu mu kurengera imitungo ye bwite amaze kurunda abikesheje gusahura igihugu na Kongo:

(1)Kagame yanenze « Intore » ze zagize ubwoba bwinshi muri iyi minsi, zigatitizwa n’iki gikorwa cy’iterabwoba zari zimaze gukora mu gihugu cy’abandi, bityo ngo zikaba zimaze iminsi zititira , zikirirwa zandika utugambo mu bitangazamakuru zigerageza kwikuraho icyaha hagamijwe kwikura mu isoni no gukingira ikibaba umutware wazo Paul Kagame.

(2)Kagame yashimye abantu ba « Birihanze » nka Ministri w’Intebe Petero Damiyani (na Louise Mushikiwabo) , (babandi bamenyereye kwiterera mu mata nk’isazi, bakarwana urwo batashoje), wanditse kuri Twitter yigura ngo arebwe neza ngo« uwo ari we wese wagambanira u Rwanda » agomba kwitegura ko bizamugiraho ingaruka ! Kandi nyine uwo yitagaga ingambanyi ni Patrick Karegeya wari umaze guhotorwa!

Umugabo mbwa aseka imbohe, none ni Karegeya mu kiziriko ,ejo ni Damiyani ! Ari Kagame ubikoze ! Ntawe utabinona keretse Damiyani !

(3)Kagame yatoboye yemeza ko ikibazo atari uko « Leta y’u Rwanda » yaba yarivuganye Patrick Karegeya mu buryo buteye isoni nka buriya , ko ahubwo ikibazo gikomeye ari uko « Intore ze zananirwa gukora ibikorwa by’iterabwoba »nk’ibyo.

Mu yandi magambo Perezida Paul Kagame arahamagarira abicanyi ba FPR gushishikarira kumara abandi benegihugu bita “abanzi n’ingambanyi” bahorwa gusa ko bamagana akarengane ;Kagame arizeza “Intore ze” ko ubwicanyi bwabo n’iterabwoba ryabo bitazahanwa n’inkiko ahubwo ko bizafatwa nk’ibikorwa cy’Ubutwari ! Undi mugabo ni uw’iki !

(4)Kagame yagaye abategetsi b’abanyamahanga bakomeje kumucyaha no kumushinja kuba inyuma y’ibikorwa by’iterabwoba bibangamiye Abanyarwanda n’ubusugire bw’ibindi bihugu ; we abona ngo nta somo bakwiye kumuha kuko nabo ubwabo bakora ibikorwa by’ubugizi bwa nabi bikubye incuro 1000 ibye mu nyungu z’ibihugu byabo. Icyo ashingira yemeza ko nawe afite uburenganzira bwo kungikanya ibikorwa by’urukozasoni ngo kuko n’ubundi “iyi si nta kuri ikoresha” !

Iyo ingoma nk’izi zigeze mu marembera, kimwe mu bimenyetso zitanga ni uku kwisumbukuruza kw’abayobozi bazo : hari n’abaryama bakarota ko bahindutse “Imana Ishoborabyose”(Toupuissant), bugacya bategeka abaturage babo gupfukama bakabasenga! Paul Kagame niryo korosi ariho akata !

Ibi birerekana ko nta garuriro, Kagame nta cyo agitinya : abaturage, amategeko, amahanga…. nta kigishoboye kumukoma mu nkokora mu migambi ye mibisha, icyo ashatse cyonyine niryo gikwiye gufatwa nk’itegeko rivuye mu ijuru ! Iyi ngingo irakomeye cyane Abanyarwanda bakwiye kuyumva neza , bakamenya n’inyenga umuyobozi nk’uyu abaganishamo ! Aho ubu sibwo nyine bakwiye kugira bwangu bakamubwira bati « slow down » (genza make) nk’uko atahwemye kubyisabira muri iki kiganiro ?

(4)Kagame yatangaje ko abirirwa bidegembya hanze babiterwa n’umurengwe wabibagije ko u Rwanda arirwo rwabagize icyo baricyo.

Aha Kagame yaguye ku ijambo. Icy’ukuri muri ibi avuga ni uko Kagame ari we koko wabagize icyo baricyo ubungubu  : IMPUNZI !

Umwanzuro

(1)Tutabiciye ku ruhande, Paul Kagame akomeje kwibwira ko abenegihugu bo mu bwoko bw’Abatutsi ari ingaruzwamuheto ze zikwiye kwemera kuba ibikoresho by’inyungu ze gusa , ubutarora ku ruhande. Kuva ku italiki ya 1/10/1990, yarabashumuye ngo barimburwe(reba igitabo : Kagame a sacrifié les Tutsi) agira ngo akunde yifatire ubutegetsi mu nyungu ze, none n’abagerageje bose kumubwiza ukuri, bakagaya akarengane akorera abenegihugu, nibo yita « Abanyamurengwe bibagiwe icyabakuye mu bucakara !

Nyamara UBUCAKARA nibwo Kagame akomeje kubatebezamo kandi nyine nibwo barambiwe, bakaba bifuza kubwibohoza!

(2)Kagame arashyira nkana Abatutsi mu mayira abiri :

Kuri we (1)bagomba kwemera kumuyoboka buhumyi, akabagaraguza agati uko yishakiye, akabicamo abo adakeneye nk’ubaga amatungo yiyororeye, akabateranya na bagenzi babo b’Abahutu hagamijwe inyu ze bwite n’iz’umuryango we gusa , (2)babyanga bakaba bahisemo ko abamarira mu kiziriko nka Patrick Karegeya. Kandi si ubwa mbere abicisha ! nabo ntibabiyobewe.

(3)Igikomeye kurusha byose mu byo Kagame yatangaje, ni uko yerura akagaya  “abakoze ikosa ryo kumugira umuyobozi w’igihugu », (ari nabo yiyemeje kurimbura!) kuko mu by’ukuri ngo yiyiziho ko atari umuntu wifitemo ubushobozi bwo kubaka igihugu “gituje”ahubwo akaba yaragaragaje kenshi no mu buryo bunyuranye ko ari umuntu ufite gahunda imwe rukumbi yo guteza amacakubiri n’imiborogo mu bana b’u Rwanda :  arigamba ko ngo « yasinyiye GUHANGANA »!

Guhangana na nde ? N’abenegihugu batemera ko ahombora igihugu cyabo barebera ! Ishyano riragwira, u Rwanda rurongeye rurarigushije !

(4)Biragaragarira buri wese ko “Inzira imwe isigaye” yo kugoboka u Rwanda ari uko abenegihugu b’intwari kandi bashyira mu gaciro, Abahutu n’Abatutsi, bagomba kwiyumvamo ko IGIHE KIGEZE ngo bashakane , bicarane, baganire, bisuganye(organisation), maze hamwe no gushushanya umushinga ubereye u Rwanda rwa twese, bafatanye :

(a)kwereka Abanyarwanda n’amahanga ukuntu Kagame n’Agatsiko ke, mu mvugo no mu ngiro, bibumbiye mu muryango wa FPR bahinduye « Umutwe w’iterabwoba » ukwiye kongerwa ku rutonde, ugaseswa n’ingufu z’Umuryango w’Abibumbye;

(b)gutobora bakemeza ko Leta iyobowe na Paul Kagame , itakiri Leta ikwiye kwizerwa n’umuryango mpuzamahanga, ko ahubwo ari « un ETAT VOYOU », ni ukuvuga igisa na Leta cyaguye mu maboko y’abantu bakora nka « Mafia », bibereye muri « business » yabo bwite, bakifashisha izina n’inzego zakabaye iza Leta y’u Rwanda, mu kwiba, kwica, gukwirakwiza ibikorwa by’iterabwoba mu Rwanda, mu Karere k’ibiyaga bigari no mu bindi bihugu by’amahanga . Ibimenyetso birahari. Harabura Abanyarwanda bahagije bazi ubwenge kandi barwiyemeje ngo babibyaze umusaruro muzima!

Padiri Thomas Nahimana,

Umuyobozi w’Ishyaka ISHEMA ry’u Rwanda.

The Shroud Over Rwanda’s Nightmare by Michael Dobbs

WASHINGTON — Twenty years ago this Saturday, the commander of United Nations peacekeeping forces in Rwanda wrote a coded cable to his superiors in New York that has come to be known as the “genocide fax.” Citing inside information from a “top-level trainer” for a pro-regime militia group, Brig. Gen. Roméo Dallaire warned of an “anti-Tutsi extermination” plot.

The refusal by United Nations officials to approve the general’s plan for raids on suspected arms caches has been widely condemned as paving the way for one of the worst genocides since the Holocaust. But evidence submitted to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, some of it still under seal, reveals a murkier, more complicated situation than has often been portrayed.

New details about the mysterious informant known to General Dallaire as “Jean-Pierre” serve as a reminder that history can take a long time to reveal its secrets. Important documents that could shed light on the unresolved mysteries and ambiguities of the Rwanda genocide remain under lock and key.

It is now commonly recognized that the international community failed miserably in its efforts to protect the people of Rwanda. But even 20 years later, there is still much to learn. While the new evidence does not absolve the United Nations and Western governments for failing to take timely action, Jean-Pierre’s story illustrates the challenges that continue to vex decision-makers struggling to make sense of unfolding crises in countries like the Central African Republic or South Sudan.10dobbs-articleInline

The immediate trigger for the Rwandan genocide was the shooting down of a plane carrying President Juvenal Habyarimana on April 6, 1994. Over the next hundred days, Hutu militia groups murdered at least half a million members of the Tutsi minority, along with tens of thousands of “moderate” Hutus. These massacres took place against the backdrop of a war that pitted the Hutu-dominated regime against Tutsi-led insurgents who had invaded Rwanda from neighboring Uganda.

Whether the genocide was planned, and was thus foreseeable, has been hotly debated by scholars, politicians and lawyers. The “genocide fax” has been a key part of this debate. Controversy has surrounded Jean-Pierre’s motives for cooperating with General Dallaire, the reliability of his information, and his fate after his request for protection was rejected by the United Nations.

We now know a lot more about Jean-Pierre Abubakar Turatsinze (his full name was established by the war crimes tribunal). Half-Hutu and half-Tutsi, he operated on both sides of Rwanda’s political and ethnic divide. While his prediction of mass murder of Tutsis by Hutu militia groups proved chillingly accurate, he misled United Nations peacekeepers on some key points.

Important details about his background and eventual fate are contained in a 2003 interview with his wife by tribunal investigators that has never been officially released but is now available. At the time of his marriage, in 1990, he worked as a driver for a senior Rwandan official. In the turmoil following the rebel invasion, Jean-Pierre used his connections to become an intermediary to the Interahamwe militia, whose principal goal was to defend the Hutu-dominated regime.

Curiously, the fact that he was married to a Tutsi and was the product of a mixed Tutsi-Hutu marriage does not seem to have affected his advancement in the Interahamwe, at least until the end of 1993. Around this time, he told his wife that he might have to kill her because the ruling party was planning to carry out “massacres.” As she told investigators, “because I am Tutsi and his mother was Tutsi, I understood this to mean that the massacres were going to be against the Tutsi population.”

Jean-Pierre told General Dallaire’s aides in January 1994 that he had been instructed to register “all Tutsis” living in Kigali, apparently for “their extermination.” He also said that the Rwandan Army had been supplying the Interahamwe with weapons, and identified several arms caches, including one in the headquarters of the ruling party. The Interahamwe went on to commit many of the murders during the genocide.

The Arusha-based international tribunal has found that the Rwandan Army channeled weapons to the Interahamwe and provided military training to militia members. But tribunal judges were not convinced that the purpose of that training was the “extermination” of Tutsis, as Jean-Pierre claimed, rather than preparation for renewed hostilities with the Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front. They found that the Interahamwe had drawn up lists of “suspected opponents of the regime,” but such lists were “not focused exclusively on ethnicity.”

Evidence submitted to the tribunal showed that Jean-Pierre may have had other motives for seeking United Nations protection. He had fallen out with party leaders who suspected him of selling arms to rebels in Burundi. Some witnesses believe he might have been an agent of the Rwandan Patriotic Front assigned to penetrate the Interahamwe.

While there is no reliable evidence to back the claim that he was an R.P.F. agent in January 1994, it is clear that he had connections to opposition parties allied with the Tutsi-led rebels. According to United Nations cables, a Hutu opposition leader named Faustin Twagiramungu served as Jean-Pierre’s conduit to General Dallaire. These connections caused French and Belgian analysts to suspect that Jean-Pierre might be spreading “disinformation.”

In his 2003 memoir, “Shake Hands With the Devil,” General Dallaire raised the possibility that his informant had “simply melted back into the Interahamwe, angry and disillusioned at our vacillation and ineffectiveness, and become a genocidaire.” Jean-Pierre told the general’s aides at their final meeting in February 1994 that he was planning to go to Zaire, for “commando training.”

Instead, he went to Tanzania where he joined the R.P.F., according to his wife. In late March, two weeks before the president’s assassination, he moved to a rebel-held enclave in northern Rwanda, where he was reported to be “in very good books with senior members of the R.P.F.” In late 1994, a minister in Rwanda’s new Tutsi-led government informed the family that Jean-Pierre had been “killed in battle.”

The circumstances of his death remain a mystery. As his wife told investigators, “I do not know how he died and where.” She was unable even to establish whether he was “surely dead.”

General Dallaire has told the tribunal that he operated on “instinct” in sending the genocide fax, which was followed up by a series of warnings to New York in early 1994 that were rebuffed or ignored. He sensed that the peacekeeping force had to reassert its authority. But his superiors in New York needed something more than their field commander’s instincts to justify aggressive action.

Newly released State Department records show that United Nations officials briefed the United States, Belgium and France on the emerging crisis, but there was zero enthusiasm in the Clinton administration following the “Black Hawk Down” debacle in Somalia in October 1993. Much stronger intelligence would have been necessary to disrupt the passivity of senior decision makers.

The “Jean-Pierre” revelations are a tantalizing indication of how much we still have to learn about the Rwandan genocide. Records that could shed light on whether it could have been prevented are still classified in Washington, New York, Paris, Brussels, Geneva, Arusha and Kigali — unavailable to the public despite pledges by international leaders to fully investigate the tragedy. In order to draw the correct lessons from history, we must first establish all the facts.

Michael Dobbs directs a Rwanda documentation and oral history project for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the National Security Archive.