Monthly Archives: November 2014

ISHEMA rirasubiza uwiyita Gen Major Byiringiro Victor

Banyarwanda, ikinyoma cya Byiringiro ntikibafate kandi twirinde kugwa mu mutego w’umwanzi.

  1. Nyuma yo gusoma  Itangazo ryasohotse mu Kinyamakuru Ikazeiwacu taliki ya 26/11/2014, bigaragara ko ryaba ryarashyizweho Umukono n’Uwitwa cyangwa uwiyita General Major Byiringiro Victor ; Itangazo ryisweItangazo rya FDLR rikangurira impunzi nAbanyarwanda bose kwirinda ubucabiranya bwa bamwe mu banyamashyaka yo hanze arwanya ubutegetsi bwa Kigali bari kwifashisha mu kubacamo ibice no kubarangaza babaka imisanzu”;
  2. Nyuma yo gusanga ibitekerezo birikubiyemo ari bigufi cyane kandi birimo amakosa akomeye y’imitekerereze ku buryo bitakwitirirwa “organisation” irimo abantu bashyira mu gaciro;
  3. Tumaze kubona ko ibikubiye muri iri tangazo ari ibitekerezo n’ibyifuzo bwite by’uwiyita General Major Byiringiro Victor  kandi bikaba bigaragarira bose ko ntaho bitaniye n’urugamba FPR-Inkotanyi ihora ishoza ku mashyaka ya politiki ya opozisiyo igamije kuyasenya ;

Turatangariza Abanyarwanda ibi bikurikira:

  1. Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda ni umutwe wa politiki wigenga . Abayobozi baryo bakorera mu bwisanzure kandi nta muntu ku giti cye cyangwa undi mutwe wa politiki ubabwiriza icyo bagomba gukora.  Bafite uburenganzira busesuye bwo kuganira n’Abanyarwanda aho bari hose, haba mu Rwanda imbere  cyangwa mu mahanga. Gahunda yo kuzana impinduka nziza mu Rwanda binyuze mu nzira y’amahoro kandi buri Munyarwanda abifitemo uruhare, si igisebo ahubwo iteye Abataripfana bose ishema.
  2. Nk’umutwe wa politiki witeguye kuba wayobora igihugu abaturage nibawugirira icyizere, nta kibazo na kimwe kireba ubuzima bw’Abanyarwanda Ishyaka Ishema ridashobora kwigaho ngo rigifateho n’ingamba. By’umwihariko, duhangayikishijwe bikomeye n’ ikibazo cy’impunzi z’Abanyarwanda bari mu mashyamba  ya  Kongo  bakomanyirijwe n’Umuryango mpuzamahanga ku buryo bashobora kongera kuraswa mu minsi iri imbere. Tuributsa kandi ko abo benegihugu basaga ibihumbi 250 nta muntu ku giti cye cyangwa organisation ishobora kubafataho ingwate ngo bongere bicwe twese turebera  gusa. Niyo mpamvu icyo twashobora gukora cyose  kugirango kiriya cyemezo gitindi cyo kurasa Abanyarwanda gikurweho, nta wakitubuza kabone n’iyo yaba Jenerali Majoro Byiringiro Victor.

3.Twamaganye iterabwoba ry’abantu nka Byiringiro Victor  bishuka ko “Impunzi z’abanyarwanda aho ziri hose ku isi “ ari akarima kabo, bashobora gushuka uko bishakiye, ngo “ibintu byifashe neza” kandi amaraso y’Abanyarwanda batagira ingano yenda kongera kumeneka.  Iyi politiki ya humirizankuyobore nk’iya FPR, ntikijyanye n’igihe.

  1. Twamaganye ikinyoma cya Byiringiro Victor cyo kubeshya Abanyarwanda ko icyemezo cyo kurasa impunzi zo muri Kongo kidashobora kugira ingaruka mbi ku buzima bw’abanyarwanda bakiri muri ayo mashyamba.
  2. Nyamara ako karengane ko kurasa impunzi kemejwe n’umuryango w’abibumbye mu myanzuro myinshi itandukanye kandi igenda yibutsa ko mu gihe abarwanyi babana n’izo mpunzi batibwirije ngo bashyire intwaro hasi  bitarenze tariki ya 2 Mutarama 2015,bazaraswa . Buri wese ubishaka ashobora kwisomera itangazo ryo ku itariki ya 5 Ugushyingo 2014 ry’akanama k’umuryango w’abibumbye gashinzwe umutekano ku isi rivuga ku cyemezo cyo kurasa izo mpunzi.http://australia-unsc.gov.au/2014/11/security-council-presidential-statement-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo/.
  3. Kugira ngo icyo cyemezo kibabaje gikurweho hagomba gukomeza ibikorwa bikomeye bya “diplomatie” kandi na Byiringiro Victor akabigiramo uruhare.
  4. Ntabwo amashyaka yivugira koataragira umurongo ugaragara yakwerekaAbanyarwanda ashobora kudindiza gahunda z’Ishyaka Ishema, kurihagarika cyangwa kurifataho ingwate.
  5. Ishyaka Ishema ntiryemera politiki ishingiye kugucamo Abanyarwanda ibice hashingiwe ku buryo ubwo aribwo bwose haba kiga-nduga cyangwa se hutu-tutsi byakunze kuranga bamwe mu banyapolitiki bo mu Rwanda ari nabyo byakomeje gutiza umurindi politiki-mpotozi ya FPR Inkotanyi. Abanyapolitiki bacyubakira kuri bene ayo macakubiri  ntibakijyanye n’igihe tugezemo. Niyo mpamvu Ishyaka Ishema ryemera byimazeyo ko hakenewe“Une nouvelle génération”y’abanyapolitiki bataboshywe n’amateka y‘u Rwanda kubera uruhare baba baragize mu gusenya igihugu.

Umwanzuro

Ubuyobozi bw’Ishyaka Ishema burasanga iki gihe atari icyo guterana amagambo, kubiba urwikekwe cyangwa kwitana ba mwana nk’uko Byiringiro Victor ashaka kubidushoramo. Iki ni igihe cy’uko Abanayapolitiki ba Opozisiyo, cyane cyane abashobora gutarabuka bakaganira n’inzego mpuzamahanga zifata ibyemezo,  bafatanya mu gikorwa cyo kurengera Abanyarwanda benda kongera kwicirwa muri Kongo.

Ishyaka Ishema rizakomeza gufatanya n’abandi mu gushaka icyarengera Abanyarwanda bugarijwe.

Bikorewe i Paris, taliki ya 28/11/2014

Komite nyobozi y’Ishyaka Ishema,

  1. Padiri Thomas Nahimana, Umunyamabanga mukuru.(sé)
  2. Gahunde Chaste, Umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa. (sé)
  3. Deogratias Basesayabo, Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe Umutungo. (sé)
  4. Nadine Claire Kasinge,Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe umubano n’andi mashyaka. (sé)
  5. Ernest Nsenga, Umunyamabanga mukuru wungirije ushinzwe logistique. (sé)
  6. Pierre Alexandre Muzungu, Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe Ubumwe n’Ubwiyunge. (sé)
  7. Vénant Nkurunziza, Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe amategeko no gukemura amakimbirane. (sé)
  8. Kabanda Jean Baptiste, Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe Abanyarwanda baba hanze y’u Rwanda. (sé)
  9. Virginie Nakure, Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe iterambere ry’abari n’abategarugori. (sé)
  10. Landouald Ntibayitegeka,Umunyamabanga mukuru wungirije ushinzwe umutekano. (sé)
  11. Valens ManiragenaUmunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe iteganyabikorwa n’Imishinga y’amajyambere. (sé)
  12. Jeanne Mukamurenzi,Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe urubyiruko. (sé)
  13. Joseph Nahayo,Umunyamabanga wungirije ushinzwe amashuri n’uburezi. (sé)
  14. Sixbert Bitangisha;Komiseri ushinzwe ibihugu bya Scandinavia. (sé)

Byiringiro Victor wa FDLR arashinja ISHEMA gucamo impunzi ibice

byiringiro

Byiringiro Victor Alias Gaston Rumuri

Mu mezi macye ashize, ibitangazamakuru byinshi bikorera mu kwaha kw`ubutegetsi bwa Kigali byatangaje amakuru menshi ko Umuryango w`Abibumbye ugiye kuzarasa inzirakarengane Impunzi z`Abanyarwanda ziri muri Congo DRC. Abayobozi bamwe b`amashyaka ya opposition akorera hanze basamiye hejuru izo nkuru z`ubugambanyi bagwa mu mutego w`ubutegetsi bwa Kigali ubwo bagaragazaga uruhare rwabo mu gushaka gusenya FDLR.  

fdlrAha twabibutsa itangazo Bwana TWAGIRAMUNGU Faustinyihutiye gushishimura ngo bamwe mu bayobozi ba FDLR nibishyikirize inkiko kugira ngo Kigali ikunde ishyikirane ngo cyangwa izo mpunzi batazirasa.  None se uwo munyapolitike yahindutse umuvugizi wa leta ya Kigali cyangwa umuvugizi wa ONU kandi aza no kwifatanya na FDLR ?  Ibyemezo byo kwitandukanya n`uwo munyapolitiki byashimwe n`Abanyanyarwanda benshi bifuza amahoro arambye mu gihugu cy`u Rwanda ndetse no mu karere kose.

Abanyarwanda benshi kandi banyuranye bakunze kugaya ibindi bitekerezo byagiye bitangazwa na Nyakubahwa Padiri Nahimana Thomas Perezida w`ishyaka ISHEMA ku byerekeye n’imvugo ze agenda ababwira ko agiye kuzana amahoro mu gihugu no mu karere kandi akaba akomeje no kubasahura abasaba imisanzu ngo agiye kuvugira impunzi ziri muri RDC yitwaje izina FDLR, mu gihe impunzi  n`abandi Banyarwanda bategereje kubona umurongo utomoye ubuyobozi bw`ishyaka FDLR  rifitiye Abenegihugu babujijwe uburenganzira ku gihugu cyabo.

Kubera ibyo byose byakomeje gushyira impunzi mu gihirahiro hakaniyongeraho ibihuha bikwirakwizwa n`inyangabirama hirya no hino mu mpunzi, Ubuyobozi bwa FDLR buboneyeho gutangariza Impunzi z`Abanyarwanda zose ibi bikurikira:

1. Kuva  ziriya nkuru  ko FDLR izaraswa zakwiragira, bamwe mu bayobozi b`amashyaka yo hanze barimo barazenguruka cyangwa bagakwirakwiza mu mpunzi amagambo yo kuzicamo ibice bazibeshya ko batumwe na FDLR kuganira nabo ku bibazo ifite muri iki gihe.

2. FDLR iratangariza impunzi z`Abanyarwanda aho ziherereye ku isi hose ko itigeze ibatumaho abanyamashyaka abo aribo bose. Murasabwa rero kubima amatwi ahubwo mukegera inzego za FDLR zibegereye kugira ngo mubone amakuru y`imvaho.

3. FDLR iributsa Impunzi zose ko intumwa zayo ibatumaho ari izifite ubutumwa bwanditse kandi bufite ibirango by`ishyaka (mandate/lettre d`accreditation) bibemerera kuyihagararira mu bihugu  mutuyemo.

4. FDLR iratangariza impunzi z`Abanyarwanda n’abari mu Rwanda bose muri rusange ko ihagaze neza mu nzego zose.

FDLR izakomeza kwita ku mutekano w`impunzi yiyemeje kurinda no gukora ibishoboka byose ngo zitahuke mu Rwanda zidapfukamye kandi n`amahoro arambye aboneke mu gihugu cyacu no mu karere giherereyemo.

Mugire amahoro y`Imana.

Bikorewe I Walikale, 26 Ugushyingo 2014

Umuyobozi mukuru w’agateganyo wa FDLR  

Gen. Maj. Byiringiro Victor 

fichier pdf itangazo rya FDLR ryamagana abanyamashyaka biha kubeshya impunzi ko batumwe

As Tony Blair defends any dictator who will pay him, Save the Children US gives him award!!!!

  • Internal letter signed by almost 200 staff members says award is ‘morally reprehensible’ and endangers STC’s credibility globally
  • “Following the grotesque award to child-killer @TheBlairDoc Tony Blair by Save the Children all right thinking people should withdraw support.”
  • “As this man defends any dictator who’ll pay him, @SaveTheChildrenUS inexplicably gives him award.”
Tony Blair at the Save the Children Illumination Gala in New York City
Tony Blair at the Save the Children Illumination Gala in New York City. Photograph: Getty Images

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The charity Save the Children faces a backlash from staff after it presented Tony Blair with a “global legacy award” in New York last week – despite privately acknowledging that he is a controversial and divisive figure.

Amid widespread criticism on social media, many of the charity’s staff have complained that the presentation of the award has discredited Save the Children (STC). An internal letter, which gathered almost 200 signatures – including senior regional staff – in the first six hours of dissemination, said the award was not only “morally reprehensible, but also endangers our credibility globally”, and called for it to be withdrawn.

It said that staff wished to distance themselves from the award and demanded a review of the charity’s decision-making process.

“We consider this award inappropriate and a betrayal to Save the Children’s founding principles and values. Management staff in the region were not communicated with nor consulted about the award and were caught by surprise with this decision,” it said.

The move has also raised questions about Save the Children’s (STC) integrity and independence because of close links between the former British prime minister and key figures at the charity’s helm.

Its UK chief executive, Justin Forsyth, was a special adviser to Blair for three years, and Jonathan Powell, Blair’s former chief of staff, is currently on the board of STC.

Blair was presented with the award by the US arm of the charity at a glittering “Illumination Gala” at the Plaza Hotel in New York on 19 November, in recognition of his “leadership on international development”.

The charity cited two G8 summits hosted by Blair during his premiership which focused on debt relief for poor countries. At the Gleneagles summit in 2005, world leaders pledged to “Make Poverty History”.

Forsyth, who was appointed chief executive of STC in 2010, previously worked for Blair, focusing on global poverty. In an introduction to his blog on STC’s website, Forsyth writes: “In 2004, I was recruited to No 10 by Tony Blair, where I led efforts on poverty and climate change and was one of the driving forces behind the Make Poverty History campaign.”

Accepting the award at the New York gala, Blair said: “From the beginning of humankind there has been brutality, conflict, intrigue, the destructive obsession with a narrow self-interest. But throughout all human history, never has been extinguished that relentless, unquenchable desire to do good. To act not only in self-interest and sometimes to even to act in defiance of it.” Protesters swiftly took to social media, led by MP and anti-war campaigner George Galloway, who tweeted: “Following the grotesque award to child-killer @TheBlairDoc Tony Blair by Save the Children all right thinking people should withdraw support.” He also demanded STC rescind the award.

Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch, tweeted a picture of Blair with the words: “As this man defends any dictator who’ll pay him, @SaveTheChildrenUK inexplicably gives him award.” Roth later corrected this to STC US.

An online petition calling for STC to revoke the award said many saw Blair “as the cause of the deaths of countless children in the Middle East”. It had gathered more than 81,000 signatures by 1pm on Tuesday.

According to an email sent last week by Krista Armstrong, the charity’s global media manager, to senior colleagues, STC has received a “high volume of complaints and negative reactions regarding the award”.

The email acknowledged that Blair “is a hugely controversial and divisive figure in many parts of the world” and listed a number of questions that had been raised by STC staff, soliciting possible responses from her colleagues.

The first question was: “Why would Save the Children chose (sic) to provide one of its most prestigious award – ‘a global legacy award’ to a man accused of being a war criminal?”

In response, Eileen Burke, STC’s director of media and communications in the US, circulated “a line” explaining Blair was selected for the award for debt relief work and the Make Poverty History campaign.

“Otherwise we are not in a position to respond to some of the geopolitical questions below,” she wrote in a separate email.

In a statement, STC stressed that the award was given by the US arm of the charity, not by STC UK or Forsyth. It said the award was presented because of Blair’s work as prime minister on Africa and poverty.

In response to a question about the scale of internal anger and opposition, STC added: “In a global organisation like ours of thousands of people, our staff have strong views on a whole range of issues and people and we respect that diversity of views.”

A spokeswoman for Blair said the former prime minister was “deeply honoured and moved to receive the award in recognition of his work”. Asked about the wisdom of accepting an award from an organisation with two former Downing St employees within its leadership, Blair’s office pointed out that the award was made by STC US.

Since propelling Britain into the US-led war in Iraq in 2003, in the face of fierce opposition in parliament and among the public, Blair has regularly been accused of war crimes. He is expected to be strongly criticised in the report of the government-appointed Chilcot inquiry into the Iraq war, which is due to be published next year.

On the day he stepped down as prime minister in 2007, Blair took up the post of special envoy to the Middle East Quartet, which mediates between Israel and the Palestinians. Palestinians and their supporters have frequently charged that, rather than a neutral interlocutor, Blair is strongly pro-Israel.

Three years ago Tony Blair Associates, the former prime minister’s consultancy firm, signed a multimillion-pound deal to advise the autocratic president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbeyev. Blair and his companies also have lucrative consultancy contracts with Kuwait, the UAE and Colombia.

Other areas of Blair’s post-Downing St work include African governance, faith, sport and climate change.

Powell did not respond to Guardian requests for comment on Blair’s award and his role as a board member of STC.

Forsyth’s salary at the Save the Children came under scrutiny last yearwhen it was disclosed that he was paid £163,000 a year, including more than £22,000 in performance-related pay. He has since taken a pay cut to £140,000.

Source: The Guardian

TweTwayobotse ISHEMA Rishengura FPR !

vital Ramadhan

Uyu musore uri kumwe na Padiri Thomas ni Vital Ramadhan, Umuyobozi w’Ikipe Ishema ya Wagga Wagga

Twayobotse Ishema rishengura FPR 

Nitwa Vital Ramadhan, mfite imyaka 43, navukiye hariya i Gikondo mu mujyi wa Kigali . Ndubatse mfite umugore umwe n’abana 5. Nyuma y’ubuzima bugoye cyane mu mashyamba no mu nkambi z’impunzi, nagize amahirwe yo gutuzwa mu gihugu cya Australia, mpamaze imyaka ibiri gusa .

Ntabwo rero twibagirwa abavandimwe twasize mu kaga gakomeye mu mashyamba no mu nkambi zo muri Afurika ahubwo turabatekereza kuko tubakunda. Duhora tuzirikana kandi Abanyarwanda bari imbere mu Rwanda, bahozwa ku ngoyi y’igitugu gikabije cya FPR Inkotanyi. Ntidushobora kwirengagiza ukuntu ubutegetsi bubi bwa Kagame bukomeje guhonyora uburenganzira bwa kiremwa muntu, bugafunga abaturage batagira kirengera, bukabambura ibyabo, bugahombya abacuruzi, bukavangura abanyeshuri hashingiwe ku bwoko, bugakenesha urubyiruko rukomeje kwicishwa ubushomeri, bukica inzirakarengane…n’ibindi bibi byinshi nk’ibyo bimaze kurambira Abanyarwanda.

Njyewe ku giti cyanjye nari maze igihe kinini  numva mpangayikishijwe no kutabona icyo nashobora gukora ngo ubutegetsi bubi bwa Kagame buveho hajyeho ubutegetsi bukorera inyungu za rubanda nta kurobanura . Nabiganiriyeho na bagenzi banjye ntangazwa no gusanga hari abandi benshi bifuza kugira icyo bakora ariko bakabura inzira babinyuzamo.

Muri uku kwezi kwa 11 taliki ya 15  na 16 twagize amahirwe yo gusurwa n’abayobozi bakuru b’Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda, yewe bagera n’ubwo badusanga iwacu mu ngo ! Twabahase  ibibazo kuri gahunda zinyuranye  bashyize imbere; harimo :

(1)Icyemezo bafashe cyo gushyira imbere inzira y’amahoro aho gushyigikira intambara isesa amaraso nk’uko benshi bibwira ko ariyo mvugo yonyine Kagame yumva.

(2)Gahunda bafashe yo kujya gukorera politiki mu Rwanda no kugira uruhare mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu azaba mu mwaka w’2017

(3)Ikibazo cy’umutekano w’umukandida w’Ishema n’Ikipe bazajyana mu Rwanda taliki ya 28/1/2016

(4)Icyo baba bateganya mu gufasha abavandimwe bacu benda kurasirwa mu mashyamba ya Kongo.

(5)Icyo bateganya mu gukemura ikibazo cy’irondakoko n’irondakarere

(6) Uko Revolisiyo ya rubanda yashoboka mu Rwanda rwigaruriwe n’Inkotanyi

Ibisubizo baduhaye kuri ibyo bibazo twibazaga byaratunyuze nuko twiyemeza gutera intambwe yo kudakomeza kuba indorerezi ahubwo tukagira uruhare rugaragara mu rugamba rwo kuzana impinduka nziza mu gihugu cyacu.

Niyo mpamvu dutangarije Abanyarwanda n’amahanga ko hano mu mujyi wa WAGGA WAGGA twinjiye mu Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda  ku mugaragaro, tukaba twahashinze Ikipe Ishema.

Koko rero twasanze iri shyaka ryacu rifite  Abalideri  bitanga kandi badakorera mu bwiru kuko basanga abaturage bakaganira; twasanze Ishyaka Ishema rifite gahunda yumvikana kandi rifite “strategies zinoze” zishobora gushengura igitugu n’igitutu cya FPR Inkotanyi, Abanyarwanda baramutse biyemeje kurishyigikira ari benshi.

Mboneyeho akanya ko gusaba umunyarwanda wese n’inshuti z’abanyarwanda wumva arajwe ishinga n’AKARENGANE kagirirwa rubanda mu Rwanda, akaba yarabuze aho yanyuza umuganda we n’inkunga ye ko yakwegera Ishyaka Ishema, byashoboka akaribera umufatanyabikrwa.

Dutewe ishema no kwitwa ABATARIPFANA bitari mu izina gusa , ahubwo tukaba tugiye kubyerekana mu bikorwa mu minsi mike iri imbere aha.

Nifurije  amahoro Abanyarwanda aho bari hose, kandi mbimbutsa ko bagomba kwihagurukira bagaharanira uburenganzira bwabo aho gukomeza kurota ngo hari abandi babitubereyemo : ak’imuhana kaza imvura ihise!

Vital Ramadhan ,

Umuyobozi w’Ikipe Ishema ya Wagga Wagga

DUSANGIRIJAMBO : Aho Kristu umwami w’isi n’ijuru aracyafite ububasha no ku Rwanda ?

Parution: Sunday 23 November 2014, 13:05
Par:Padiri Thomas Nahimana.

I.URUFUNGUZO RWADUFASHA KUMVA LITURJIYA Y’ UYU MUNSI

Umwami  w’u Rwanda Mutara III Clarles Leon Pierre Rudahigwa yari yaratanze igihugu cye ho ituro, akigabira Kristu Umwami w’isi n’ijuru ngo abe ariwe ucyiyoborera mu nzira y’amahoro n’amajyambere. Uwo muhango wabereye i Nyanza , hari taliki ya 27/10/1946.

Hari benshi banenze icyo gikorwa cya Rudahigwa , bakamushinja ko yavanze politiki n’iyobokamana, ngo kandi ubutegetsi bw’igihugu butagomba gushingira ku myemerere y’idini runaka. Ubwo ni uburyo bwo kubona ibintu, ariko hariho n’ababibona ukundi. Ibihugu biyoborwa ku buryo bujyanye n’amahame ya kiyisilamu nabyo biriho.Icy’ingenzi ni ukureba icyiza Mutara III Rudahigwa wari umukristu usengera mu idini ya Gatolika yifurizaga igihugu cye.

Ingoma ya cyami hari byinshi tuyinenga kandi ukwikanyiza kwayo niko kwayikururiye Revolisiyo yayivuganye. Gusa iyo twitegereje igikorwa cya Rudahigwa cyo gutura u Rwanda Kristu Umwami , ntitwabura gushima ubushake yagaragaje bwo kwifuriza igihugu cye umugisha n’amahoro. Mu bihe bikomeye by’impinduka zitoroshye, icyo Umwami Rudahigwa yifuzaga ni uko ubutegetsi bwo mu Rwanda butakubakirwa ku nteshagaciro (anti-valeurs) z’ubugwari, ikinyoma , iterabwoba no gukomeza kwikubira ibyiza byose by’igihugu, ko ahubwo bwashingira ku ndangagaciro nzima z’ukuri, ubutwari n’ugusaranganya neza ibyiza by’igihugu. Izo ndangagaciro nizo ubukristu nabwo buha umwanya w’ibanze, bukaziherekesha itegeko risumba ayandi yose ryo gukunda mugenzi wawe nk’uko wikunda.

Nyuma ya Rudahigwa , ubutegetsi bwa Repubulika bwanditse mu mategeko yabwo ko politiki  itagomba gushingira ku mahame y’idini runaka ariko ntibwabuze no kugaragaza nyine indangagaciro Leta ikwiye kwiyubakiraho . Ibyo bigaragarira nko mu ngingo ya mbere y’Itegekonshinga ryo mu 2003 u Rwanda rugenderaho muri iki gihe, igira iti :

Leta y’u Rwanda ni Repubulika yigenga kandi ubutegetsi bwose ni yo buturukaho, ishingiye kuri demokarasi, igamije guteza imbere abaturage, kandi ntishingiye ku idini .Ishingiro rya Repubulika ni « ubutegetsi bwa rubanda, butangwa na rubanda kandi bukorera rubanda ».

Kuvuga ko Ubutegetsi bw’igihugu  butakagombye kubakirwa  ku mahame y’idini runaka, (laicite ) kandi koko nanjye nemera ko aribyo byiza, ntibivuze ko bugomba kwirengagiza indangagaciro nzima zubaka igihugu. Izo ndangagaciro zikubiye mu byo  Itegekonshinga  ryita Ubwigenge (liberte), demokarasi,  no guteza imbere abaturage .

Muri iki gihe, icyo tugaya ubutegetsi bwa FPR Inkotanyi si uko budashingiye ku idini. Icyaha gikomeye bukora ni uko busuzugura kandi bukavuguruza indangagaciro Repubulika yubakiyeho . Ubu u Rwanda ruyoborwa kinyeshyamba, amategeko agatorwa ariko ntakurikizwe n’abakagombye kuyashyirwa mu bikorwa no gutoza rubanda kuyubahiriza. Ubu bizwi na bose ko politiki ya FPR yubakiye ku Kinyoma, iterabwoba, irondakoko no kurunda ibyiza byose mu ngo z’Agatsiko gato kibwira ahari ko u Rwanda ari umunani basigiwe na ba se .

Icyo Abanyarwanda benshi bifuza ni uko hakongera kubaho ubutegetsi bwubakiye kuri “VALEURS” abantu bumvikanaho ari nazo shingiro ry’amahoro arambye mu gihugu. Izo ndangagaciro-shingiro dusonzeye ni :

*UBWIGENGE (Freedom): Ukwishyira ukizana kwa buri mwenegihugu niyo moteri y’iterambere rihamye. Guheza abantu mu iterabwoba no kubahindura abacakara n’inkomamashyi mu gihugu cyabo nta kindi bibyara uretse umwiryane n’intambara z’urudaca zigamije kwibohoza ingoyi: byanditse muri kamere muntu ko nta waremewe kuba umugaragu !

*UBUTABERA mu nkiko zikiranura neza abashyamiranye, mu guhana umunyacyaha no kurenganura urengana; mu guhabwa icyo buri wese akwiye(merite), no mu gusaranganya ibyiza by’igihugu(juste redistribution des richesses).

*UMUTEKANO : Igihugu gihora mu midugararo ntigishobora gutera imbere. Ubutegetsi buhoza abantu mu ihagarikamutima ridashira bugomba kurwanywa bukavaho .

Izi ndangagaciro nizo Umwami Rudahigwa yifuzaga ko zashimangirwa n’Ukwemera Imana, abantu ntibazifate nk’ako zishingiye ku bushake bw’umuntu gusa. Igikorwa cye cyari kigamije kumvisha Abanyarwanda ko izi ndangagaciro ziri muri gahunda y’amahoro y’isi Umuremyi wa byose yifuriza n’u Rwanda .

II. ISENGESHO RYA RUDAHIGWA ATURA U RWANDA

Umuhango wo gutura igihugu cy’u Rwanda Kristu Umwami, wabaye mu kwezi k’Ukwakira mu 1946, wabaye iminsi itatu yikurikiranya, kuva ku ya 26, 27 kugera ku ya 28 z’uko kwezi, ubera i Nyanza (ahazwi ubu nko muri Christ roi). Bivugwa ko ibyo birori byo byizihijwe mu buryo bukomeye kandi bunogeye buri wese, bikaba byari byitabiriwe n’abanyacyubahiro batandukanye barimo; Musenyeri Classe, Ryekmans Umwami Mutara Rudahigwa n’umugabekazi Nyiramavugo Kankazi.

Umwami Mutara III Rudahigwa n’Umwamikazi Rizaliya Gicanda, mu nzu y’ubwami i Nyanza

Gutura u Rwanda Kristu Umwami nyirizina

Igitambo cya misa gihumuje, Umwami yigira imbere y’Isakaramentu Ritagatifu abari mu Kiliziya bose bacecetse, akuramo ikamba, arishyira kuri aritari. Ni aho yavugiye isengesho yihesheje Kristu Umwami n’igihugu cye n’abantu be.

Yasenze agira ati:

” Nyagasani Yezu, Mwami w’abantu bose n’uw’imiryango yose, wowe hamwe n’umubyeyi wawe Bikira Mariya umugabekazi w’ijuru n’isi.

Jyewe Mutara Charles Leon Pierre Rudahigwa ndapfukamye kugira ngo nemeze ko ari mwe bagenga b’inteko b’u Rwanda, mukagomba no kutubera umuzi ushingiweho ubutegetsi bwarwo n’ingoma yarwo.

Nyagasani Kristu-Mwami, ni wowe warwiremeye, uruha abategetsi bo kurugenga mu izina ryawe. Ugumya kurugwiza uruyobora ku ngoma nyinshi rutarakumenya.

Igihe warurindirije ubonye kigeze, uruha kogeramo ingoma yawe. Uruzanamo intumwa zawe zo kurugwizamo urumuri rw’amahame abeshaho iteka. Urwoherezamo kandi n’abo kururera ngo barwigishe ubutegetsi barutoze amajyambere y’ibyiza bikiza byose hano mu nsi.

Natwe abanyarwanda twese twemeje ku mugaragaro ko tukuyobotse ukaba uri umwami wacu. Twakiranye icyubahiro amahame abeshaho y’Ubwami bwawe.

Mwimanyi nguhaye igihugu cyanjye cyose, abo tuv’ind’imwe nanjye ubwanjye.

Abagabo barutuyemo, ubahe umutima w’ubudacogora mw’ishyaka, barurwanira ryo kurushyira imbere no kurukomezamo amahoro wazaniye isi yose. Ubavanemo imico ya kera yo kugirirana nabi no guhuguzanya, no kubeshyerana, no kwiba no kwambura n’izindi ngeso mbi zose zidahuje n’ubuvandimwe wifuza kubona bwirambuye mu ngoma yawe.

Ubagwizemo inema zibamurikira, zibajijura zibavanemo ubunebwe n’ingeso zindi zose za gipagani zirenga itegeko ryo gusenga Wowe wenyine Mungu waremye byose.
Abagore ubahe umutima w’ubudahinyuka, barubere mu nteko barutegeye urugori, barere neza abana waduhereye kurugwiza.

Barememo imitima yabo, bayishyiremo icyubahiro cyawe n’urukundo rw’ingoma yawe, n’urw’igihugu cyacu cy’u Rwanda.ingo rero zarwo zose uzikomezemo amahoro, abashakanye bahuze imitima, babe nk’umubiri umwe nk’uko nawe umeranye na kiliziya yawe.

Abatware ubahe kubategekena ubutabera, barutsindemo akarengane n’imigenzo mibi yindi yose, inyuranyije n’ubutungane watwigishije. Ubwo ubakomezamo umwete wo kwirinda ingeso za gipagani zo kwangana no kwiremamo ibice by’inzangano zatuma urukundo utwifuzamo rudashinga imizi mu gihugu cyawe.

Ubatsindire kuryryana mu migenzereze yabo, ubatsindire guhendana ubwenge no guhemukirana mu nama bajya zo kugutunganyiriza u Rwanda wabaragije.

Ubarinde kurenga ku masezerano no kwica umugenzo mwiza w’ubwanga-umugayo, ubahe guca imanza zitunganye no kutagira uwo barenganya, ngo barengere uwo bikundiye. Ubatsindire kurwarana inzika, no kugira uwo bayirwara mu ngabo zabo.
Ubahe kwirinda kugira uwo bagambanira, cyangwa ubagambanaho byo kurengenya umuntu numwe mu Rwanda rwawe.

Ubavaneho rero imigenzo yose ya gipagani, inyuranije n’ingoma yawe.intumwa zazanywe no kutwigisha amahame y’ibibeshaho iteka n’abajanywe no kuyobora inzira y’ibyerekeye amajyambere natwe bene igihugu twese, dushyire hamwe dutunganye imirimo yacu, dushyizeho umwete ari wowe tuyikorera.

N’amahanga yose uko anagana tugusingirize mu ruhame tugira tuti: Kristu Mwami n’umubyeyi we Bikira Mariya baragahorana ibumbye byose, ubu n’iteka ryose.

Amina “

Umwanzuro

Nk’uko bigaragarira buri wese, abategetsi u Rwanda rufite muri iki gihe bifitiye gahunda yo kumena amaraso y’abanyarwanda, bakibwira ko iyo ariyo ndangagaciro bazubakiraho igihugu ubuziraherezo. Bimaze kugirwa umuco ko umuntu azamuka mu ntera kubera ko ari inzobere mu kuregaguzwa no kugambanira abandi, haba mu basivili no mu gisilikari. Gufunga hato na hato no kwica inzirakarengane zigatabwa mu kiyaga cya Rweru ngo nibyo bizatuma rubanda itinya ubutegetsi bwa FPR , ntihagurukire kubusezerera? Ibi byose bizagira iherezo, dore kandi ntibigitinze!

Umunsi mwiza wa Kristu Umwami ku bakunda igihugu cyabo bakaba bacyifuriza n’amahoro arambye.

Uwanyu Padiri Thomas Nahimana.

Umva aka karirimbo, ukazirikane :

Baduhe izina ryacu ry’Abatwa ntacyo ridutwaye

  • Mudushakire Perezida Kagame niwe uzadukemuira ibibazo
  • Umuyobozi mu karere ka Nyagatare yaratunennye yanga kurarana natwe
  • Ubukene bukabije bubugarije, amavunja adasanzwe
  • 1% niwe warangije amashuri yisumbuye ndetse na kaminuza
  • Baduhe izina ryacu ry’Abatwa aho kutwitiranya na za Minisiteri
  • Hagira uwibwa hagahondagurwa ‘Abatwa’

Abahagarariye abasigajwe inyuma n’amateka mu Rwanda barasaba ko bahura n’Umukuru w’Igihugu bakamugezaho ibibazo uruhuri bibugarije, bidakemurwa n’inzego z’ibanze bigatuma bakomeza kwitwa abatindi.

Iki cyifuzo bagitanze ku wa kane tariki ya 20 Ugushyingo 2014, ubwo hamurikwaga ubushakashatsi ku mibereho n’ubukungu by’abasigajwe inyuma n’amateka bwakozwe n’umushinga ushinzwe kurengera inyungu z’iki cyiciro, COPORWA mu turere twa Nyanza, Nyaruguru, Nyagatare, Nyamasheke na Gasabo.

Ubu bushakashatsi bwakozwe hagati y’imyaka 2013-2014 bwerekanye ko bagikennye ku buryo budasanzwe.

Muri bo abarangije amashuri yisumbuye ni 1%, bangana n’abarangije kaminuza, mu gihe abarangije amashuri abanza ari 31%. Kuba umubare ukiri muto biterwa nuko ngo bagifite ubukene ku buryo hari umubare munini w’abana bata ishuri kubera ko batabona ibyo kurya.

Abashobora kwiyishyurira ubwishingizi bw’ubuzima ni 33% mu gihe abasaga 66% batabishobora.

Gahunda igamije kubateza imbere ya VUP (Vision 2020 Umurenge Program) mu karere ka Nyaruguru yageze kuri 1.5% mu gihe muri Nyanza yageze ku 8.2%.

Inkunga y’ingoboka nta n’umwe uyihabwa muri Nyaruguru mu gihe ahari benshi bayihabwa ari 7.6% mu karere ka Nyanza.

Nta n’umwe ubasha gukoresha inguzanyo ahabwa muri VUP muri Gasabo mu gihe ahari umubare munini ari 9.1% muri Nyamasheke.

Ubu bushakashatsi bukomeza bwerekana ko babaho mu buzima bubi, nta butaka, nta n’amafaranga binjiza.

Habajijwe abantu 280, harimo abahejwe n’amateka 120, abasanzwe 97 n’abayobozi b’inzego z’ibanze 63.

Bivuyeyo mu kuvuga ibibazo bibugarije

Perezida w’Inama y’Ubutegetsi ya COPORWA, Gatera Jonathan yatangarije mu ruhame ibibazo bibugarije.

Icya mbere kirimo kunenwa, urugero yatanze ni ubwo umwe mu bayobozi wo mu karere ka Nyagatare yavugaga ko atararana n’ “ Abatwa” ubwo bari mu ngando, bose bagafata umwanzuro wo gutaha, bakisubiraho nyuma yo guhendahendwa.

Ibibazo by’ubukene, kutagira amacumbi n’izindi gahunda za leta bituma barwara amavunja.

Yagize ati “ Muhaguruke mujye hasi mu cyaro aho umuntu arwara amavunja akagera no mu mutwe.”

Nyuma yo kugaragaza ibi bibazo yagize ati “ Mudushakire Perezida Kagame wacu niwe uzadukemuira ibibazo.”
Abayobozi bapyinagaza abahejwe n’amateka

Ubwo hamurikwaga ubu bushakashatsi bakomeje kwerekana uburyo bagihura n’ibibazo bitandukanye ubuyobozi bukabatererana kandi bwagombye kubikemura.

Muhawenimana Marthe , umuyobozi ushinzwe uburinganire n’uburezi muri COPORWA yavuze ko uturere twa Kamonyi, Rwamagana, Rulindo, Ruhango, Nyagatare, Nyabihu, Gakenke na Rutsiro batereranye abahejwe inyuma n’amateka.

Muhawenimana Marthe

Agaragaza ko muri utwo turere banze gushyira mu mashuri makuru, kaminuza n’ay’imyuga bamwe mu banyeshuri bemererwa gufashwa na Minisiteri y’Imibereho myiza y’Abaturage, Minaloc, ngo bajye kwiga, utu turere tukavuga ko nta mafaranga bafite yo kubishyurira.

Akavuga ko ari ukubabonerana nkana bakimwa amahirwe baba bagenewe n’igihugu ku buryo bamaze kwandikira Minaloc ubugira kabiri nta gisubizo babona kuri aba banyeshuri basaga 20 ‘bacyandagaye’.

Ikindi yagarutseho ni ukutagira imyanya mu buyobozi uretse muri sena harimo umwe ngo nta muyobozi wundi bagira, bagasaba ko mu bagore bafite imyanya isaga 60% mu nteko hagombye kubamo n’abahejwe n’amateka, kimwe no mu zindi nzego.

Kutabona imyanya mu buyobozi ngo biterwa n’ubuke bwabo kuko ngo niyo hagize ushaka gutorwa hazitirwa Abahejwe n’Amateka gusa hagatora abasigaye.

Hatanzwe urugero rwa gahunda za leta zitabageraho harimo girinka Munyarwanda, nko mu murenge wa Muganza ngo “Umutwa” wahawe inka ni umwe nawe ahabwa iyahumye y’ikimasa mu gihe abandi bahabwa inzima kandi zitari ibimasa.

Izina “Abatwa’ baracyarikomeyeho

Muhawenimana yakomeje avuga ko badakeneye kwitwa Abahejwe n’Amateka cyangwa Abasigajwe inyuma n’Amateka ahubwo bashaka gusubirana izina ryabo aho kwitiranwa n’ibindi bintu bitandukanye nka Minisiteri y’iterambere ry’abari n’abategarugori(yitaga ku bagore bavuga ko basigajwe inyuma n’amateka).

Yagize ati” Baduhe izina ryacu ry’Abatwa aho kutwitiranya na za Minisiteri.”

Iri zina kandi n’abandi bose barihurizaho kuko ngo babona ntacyo ribatwaye.

Umuyobozi wa COPORWA Sebishwi Juvenal nawe yagaragaje ibibazo bibugarije birimo kutagira ubutaka, kuba umubare munini w’abakobwa babo bishora mu busambanyi kubera kutitabwaho bakanahabwa intica ntikize, no kutabona akazi aho usanga hari abarangije kaminuza basubiye mu kubumba inkono bya gakondo.

Yanagarutse ku gikorwa cy’abababaje cyo kugabwaho igitero mu karere ka Nyaruguru.

Yagize ati “ Hagira uwibwa hagahondagurwa ‘Abatwa”.

Yakomeje avuga ko izina Abatwa ari iryabo kandi bataryanze. Ahubwo ababazwa n’uburyo amateka yagiye abibasira bakigwa mu mashuri hagaragazwa ubugoryi bahimbiwe mu mwandiko ‘Gatwa le Potier’.

Yasoje avuga ko mu bibazo bitandukanye bagiye bahura nabyo bakeneye guhumurizwa.

Minisiteri y’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu yemeza ko bafashwa kimwe nk’abandi Banyarwanda bose, kimwe no kwiga.

Ku bavuga ko batabona imyanya muri leta, Karekezi Emmanuel yavuze ko bagombye guhindura imyumvire bakajya bakora ibizamini nk’abandi, gusa ngo mu gihe haba hari utsindira umwanya akawuvanwaho no kuba uwahejwe n’amateka ngo byaba ari ikibazo.

Senateri Kalimba Zephilin ukunze gukorera ubuvugizi abahejwe n’amateka wanashinze Ikigo cy’Imyuga rya Kitazigurwa (Centre de Formation Professionnelle de Kitazigurwa)kiri mu karere ka Rwamagana, aho abanyeshuri baturuka mu miryango itifashije irimo n’iy’abasigajwe inyuma n’amateka bahabwa ubufasha bw’umwihariko yasabye ko ibibazo byabo byakomeza kwitabwaho.

Senateri Kalimba Zephilin

Anavuga ko ibibazo bafite sena ikomeje kubigaragaza aho izunganirwa n’ubu bushakashatsi.

Yanasabye kandi ako abanyeshuri b’ababahejwe n’amateka biga mu mashuri y’imyuga bajya baherekezwa bagafashwa kubona ibikoreshokugira ngo ubumenyi bahabwa butazabapfira ubusa. Yasabye imirayngo itegamiye kuri leta guhagurukira rimwe igafasha abahejwe n’amateka.

JPEG - 36.1 kb
Uwihoreye Omar umwe mu bagize inama y’ubutegetsi ya COPORWA, ayoboye ibiganiro

Source:IGIHE.COM

MELBOURNE: Twiyemeje gutanga umuganda wacu mu Ishema Party.

Par:Suzana Mwamini

Suzana MWAMINI, Umuyobozi w’Ikipe Ishema ya Melbourne

Ishema ni iryacu i Melbourne .

Nitwa Suzana MWAMINI, ndubatse nkaba umubyeyi w’abana batanu, ntuye mu gihugu cya Australiya. Mfashe icyemezo cyo kujya ahagaragara ngira ngo mvugire na bagenzi banjye tureba mu cyerekezo kimwe.

Twakomeje gukurikirana ibitekerezo byiza by’abashinze Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda.  Ntitwahwemye kugenzura gahunda bageza kuri rubanda n’ukwitanga kwakomeje kubaranga. Mu cyumweru gishize twagize amahirwe yo gusurwa na Padiri Thomas Nahimana, Umuyobozi w’Ishyaka Ishema akaba n’umukandida Kongere y’ishyaka yatoranyije ngo azarihagararire mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu azaba mu mwaka w’2017.

Twaganiriye nawe, tumubaza ibibazo byose twari dufite ndetse tubona n’umwanya wo kumugezaho ibitekerezo byacu n’ibyifuzo byacu. Twashimye uko we na mugenzi we Ernest Senga baduhaye ibisobanuro twabasabaga n’uko bakiriye neza ubushake bwacu bwo gutinyuka maze natwe tukaba Abataripfana nyabo bashishikajwe no gutanga umuganda mu mpinduka nziza izageza igihugu cyacu ku buyobozi bukorera inyungu za rubanda rugufi .

Kimwe n’abandi banyarwanda benshi, turambiwe ubutegetsi bw’Agatsiko kigaruriye ibyiza byose by’igihugu , abaturage bakaba bakomeje gusuzugurwa, kuvangurwa, gufungirwa akamama, kwamburwa ibyabo no  kuraswa ku manywa y’ihangu !

Twebwe Abanyarwanda batuye mu mujyi wa Melbourne ho muri Australia twafashe icyemezo cyo gutangiza Ikipe Ishema kugira ngo idufashe kuva mu bwoba , mu bwigunge no mu burangare bityo tugire icyo natwe dukora kiri mu bushobozi bwacu kugirango impinduka ishoboke mu gihugu cyacu kandi ku buryo bwihuse.

Turasanga kandi kimwe mu bituma politiki ya opozisiyo nyarwanda yarakomeje guhura n’inzitizi nyinshi ari uko abari n’abategarugori batitabiriye cyane gukora politiki kubera ahari ko politiki babonye ishingiye ku kinyoma, ku gusahura umutungo w’igihugu  no kwica abaturage yabakuye umutima cyangwa se kubera ko bakomeje guheezwa. Turashishikariza abari n’abategarugori ko igihe kigeze ngo nabo bahagurukane ishema maze barengere igihugu cyabo uko bishoboka kose.

Mu izina ry’Ikipe Ishema mbereye umuyobozi, nsezeranyije Abanyarwanda batuye Melbourne  ko twiteguye kubafasha mu gutsinda iterabwoba, kwihugura mu bya politiki, kubagezaho amakuru anyuranye no kubahuza hagamijwe kungurana ibitekerezo ku cyagarura amahoro mu gihugu cy’u Rwanda.

Kuko bamwe muri twe banyuze mu nzira ndende z’amashyamba ya Kongo, ntidushobora kwibagirwa abavandimwe bacu twasizeyo bakihahurira n’ingorane nyinshi kugeza n’uyu munsi . Turifuza ko hakorwa ibishoboka byose nabo bagafashwa, intambara zenda kongera kubarimbura zigakurwaho ahubwo twese tukazabona amahirwe yo kongera guhurira mu gihugu cyacu, tugafatanya kucyubaka ntawe uhejwe, kandi ntihazagire igice cy’abanyarwanda cyongera kwiyemera ko gifite uburengenzira ku byiza by’u Rwanda kurusha abandi.Turasaba Abanyarwanda benshi ko bashyigikira gahunda z’Ishyaka Ishema kuko dusanga zisobanutse kandi zishobora kuzahura igihugu cyacu.

Mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu yegereje(2017) , turifuza ko Umukandida w’Ishyaka ryacu mwazamuhundagazaho amajwi bityo abishuka ko aribo bonyine bavukanye imbuto  bakamenyeraho neza ko “Ubutegetsi bwose buturuka kuri rubanda , ikaba ariyo yihitiramo abayobozi bayinyuze biciye mu matora adafifitse”.

Harakabaho u Rwanda rw’a twese,

Harakaramba Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda,

Mwese muhorane ishema

SUZANA  MWAMINI,

Umuyobozi w’Ikipe ISHEMA ya MELBOURNE.

Telephon no : +61  470 507 749

GDP is a mirror on the markets. It must not rule our lives

male office worker looking through binoculars
‘What is the point of economic growth if it does not make most people better off?’ Photograph: Colorblind/Getty Images

Next month the Office for National Statistics will issue data for the first time on the UK’s wellbeing. In the exercise, the ONS is recognising that GDP, which now includes estimates for the market value of illegal drugs and prostitution, is at best only a partial measure of our economic health. Not that one would draw this conclusion from the political tub-thumping that improved GDP figures bring.

GDP is a measure of economic activity in the market and in the moment. So its key shortcoming is that it collapses time and makes us short-term in focus. It counts investment and consumption in the same way – an extra £100 spent on education is equivalent to the same amount spent on fizzy drinks.

Studies have repeatedly shown that the time horizon of the financial markets in particular is ever more short-term. Shaving about 0.006 seconds off the time it takes computer orders to travel from Chicago to the New Jersey data centre which houses the Nasdaq servers made it worth investing several hundred million dollars in tunnelling through a mountain range to lay the fibre optic cable in a straighter line. More than two-thirds of trades in US equity markets are high-frequency automated orders. How has the search for profit so foreshortened our vision?

It wasn’t always so. The term “Victorian values” now speaks to us of characteristics such as narrow-mindedness, hypocrisy and conformity, but it could also speak of hard work, self-improvement and above all self-sacrifice for the future. The list of the Victorians’ investments in our future is staggering. It includes railways, canals, sewers and roads; town halls and libraries, schools and concert halls, monuments and museums, modern hospitals and the profession of nursing; learned societies, the police, trades unions, mutual insurers and building societies – organisations that have often survived more than a century.

Why the Victorians managed to be so visionary is not entirely clear, but it had something to do with the confidence of an age of discovery both in science and other areas of knowledge, and also in geographical exploration and empire building. They made such strides against ignorance and the unknown, firm in their sense of divine approbation, it seems a belief in progress came naturally to them.

Civic and business leaders in the late 19th century had extraordinary confidence and far-sightedness, even as they too stood at the centre of social and economic upheaval. This Victorian sense of stewardship is something we could usefully remind ourselves of when thinking about how we measure value today. In the late 19th century it was the innovators and the builders of institutions who had standing, and it was the men and women of vision who were understood to be the creators of value.

They still are, even if it is often hard to measure or quantify what they build. Anything of value has its roots in values and vision, as much today as at any time in the past.

Financial markets have their place as a powerful way of harnessing incentives to achieve desirable outcomes. For example, the market in the US for trading permissions to emit sulphur dioxide, which helps cause acid rain, has been a triumphant success in removing what was once a serious environmental harm.

However, there is no sign that the wider public has stopped challenging the ascendancy of markets and money. The bestseller status of Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century bears witness to that. It has put the question of the great inequality of wealth in the market economies at the centre of public debate, and it underlines another question: what is the point of economic growth if it does not make most people better off? Or, worse, if growth is actually destroying things that many of us value.

A further problem with GDP is that it obviously includes many things that are value-destroying. Natural disasters are good for GDP growth because of the reconstruction boom afterwards; the destruction of assets and human life is not counted. The metric ignores the depletion of resources, the loss of biodiversity, the impact of congestion, and the loss of social connection in the modern market economy.

People have long proposed alternative measures of progress – recently, environment-adjusted measures, or simply measuring happiness, directly by survey. What could be more straightforward than asking such a direct question? But reported happiness changes very little over time because, whether it’s the joy of a lottery win or the catastrophe of being disabled in an accident, it only takes about two years for people experiencing even a dramatic change in their life to revert to previous levels of happiness.

This takes us back to monetary measures, back to GDP and its inclusion of things that clearly have negative value. It also excludes “informal” activities such as housework and caring, many volunteer activities, and always excludes the full value of innovations. Nathan Mayer Rothschild was the richest man in the world at the time of his death from an infected tooth abscess in 1836. An antibiotic that hadn’t then been invented but now costs just $10 would have saved him. How much would he have paid for that medicine?

• This article is based on an essay Diane Coyle wrote for Vestra Wealth LLP

Source: The Guardian

Jean Paul Romeo aragaba igitero cy’ubwiyahuzi ku ishyaka Ishema

ibendera-ishema ok

Mu nyandiko uwitwa cyangwa uwiyita Jean Paul Romeo Rugero  yise “INTAMBARA VS AMATORA: TUJYA KU NTAMBARA RYARI?”  uyu mugabo avuga utugambo twinshi tuvangavanze ngo aha arifuza gutanga amasomo ku ntambara, kubisobanura bikamubera ingutu, ariko agasoza agwa ku ijambo ashaka gutambutsa twahinira muri izi ngingo zikurikira :

  1. Romeo aragaba igitero cy’ubwiyahuzi ( attaque suicide) ku ishyaka ISHEMA ry’u Rwanda
  2. Arafasha FPR gucengeza iterabwoba mu Banyarwanda abumvisha ko nta revolisiyo ishoboka kuko ngo uwabatsinze ntaho yagiye
  3. Atewe ikibazo ngo n’uko ISHEMA ririmo abatutsi kandi ryakumvikana n’abatutsi
  4. Arahamagarira abasore b’Abanyarwanda kwishora mu ntambara isesa amaraso atakoreye inyigo (study)

Muti gute?

  1. Kugaba igitero cy’ubwiyahuzi (attaque suicide) ku ishyaka ISHEMA ry’u Rwanda.

Mu nyandiko ya Romeo aragaragaza ko ngo yababajwe n’uko mu kiganiro kuri radio Ijwi rya Rubanda cyabaye tariki ya 15 Ugushyingo 2014, Jotham Rwamiheto yahaswe ibibazo akananirwa kwisobanura ku byerekeye inzira yo gufata intwaro yakanguriraga Abanyarwanda. Reka twibutse ko igihe tugezemo atari cya gihe cya za 1990 aho abanyapolitiki bakoreraga mu bwiru’ abantu bakabakurikira buhumyi kugeza n’aho bashyigikiye FPR batazi uko bigenze! No mu myaka 20 ishize hari abanyapolitiki bakomeje kubwira abantu ngo “tubibabereyemo”. Ibiki ??? Ntibagaragazaga umushinga bafite ndetse ngo banerekane uruhare buri wese akwiye kuwugiramo. Uko byagenze ibara umupfu.

Mu kiganiro Romeo avuga, jye nafashe umwanya uhagije nsobanura impamvu ishyaka  Ishema ry’u Rwanda ryahisemo gushyira imbere inzira y’amahoro ishingiye  ku matora cyangwa revolisiyo ya rubanda. Ibisobanuro natanze bishingiye ku bushakashatsi bwimbitse bwakozwe n’ishyaka ISHEMA ry’u Rwanda ribitewemo inkunga n’umuryango mpuzamahanga witwa AIPAD (Association Internationale Paix et Démocratie) ufite icyicaro i Paris mu Bufaransa.

Rwamiheto we avuga ko mu Rwanda revolisiyo ya rubanda itashoboka , ngo ko hashoboka intambara y’amasasu gusa. Abajijwe inyigo yabikozeho ati “ntayo”. Abajijwe uburyo ibyo avuga bishoboka ati “si ndi umunyapolitiki”!!! Ikibabaje ni uko Rwamiheto yasabaga ishyaka ISHEMA, Abataripfana ndetse n’Abanyarwanda bose kureka ibikorwa iri shyaka ryatangiye bakayoboka inzira we ashaka ariko aterekana uko ifunguye n’uko abantu bayinyuramo. Nyamara biragaragara ko  ibikorwa by’ISHEMA aribyo  bitanga icyizere cyo gufasha u Rwanda kuva mu kaga rurimo, ndetse hagacika burundu umuco wa “vaho njyeho” wimakajwe hagati y’abahutu n’abatutsi. Birumvikana ko mu gihe ISHEMA rifite umushinga risobanura neza, abanyarwanda batazemera ko hari umuntu uza ababwira ngo nimureke ISHEMA muze mbereke ahandi mbajyana kandi na we ubwe yigaragaza nk’utazi aho ahagaze n’aho yerekera.

Ikindi kibazo cyabayeho ni uko Rwamiheto amaze gushima no kwemera ko ISHEMA rikora umurimo mwiza wo kumara ubwoba abaturage, yananiwe gusobanura impamvu  inyandiko ye igaragara nk’itera ubwoba Abanyarwanda ndetse ikaba yunganira ideology ikoreshwa na FPR igambiriye ko Abanyarwanda batashira ubwoba ngo bayivudukane!

Uyu musore Romeo wagaragaraga muri studio ntiyagize ubutwari bwo gufata ijambo ngo yunganire umuvandimwe Rwamiheto niba koko bumva ibintu kimwe, ntiyigeze anasaba ko haba ikindi kiganiro ngo iyo ngingo tuyigarukeho, ahubwo na we yihutiye gushishimura inyandiko idasobanutse yikoma ISHEMA. Iki ni igitero cy’ubwiyahuzi Romeo akoze nk’uko ngiye kubigaragaza.

Uwitwa cyangwa uwiyita Jean Paul Romeo Rugero yatangiye kumenyekana mu gihe gito gishize aho yatangiye kujya yandika inyandiko nyinshi cyane zisenya, zisesereza ,zisebya kandi zandagaza abanyapolitiki b’abasaza . Ikibabaje ni uko mu kugaba ibitero kuri aba banyapolitiki bakuze, ntibyabaga bya bindi byo  kunenga ikosa ugamije kubaka, ahubwo yabaga agamije  gucisha umuntu bugufi gusa no kumwangisha rubanda. Imvugo nyandagazi yabinyuzagamo yerekanye ko Romeo yubahuka cyane ku buryo ntawe acyubaha. Ibi bitandukanye n’amahame ya demokarasi duharanira: biragayitse kwikoma umuntu cyangwa kumutesha agaciro witwaje ko afite ibitekerezo utemera. Ikibazo cya Romeo ni aha kiri: aba Bakambwe baramwihoreye yigira igikenya mu isesengura ryuzuyemo ubusa none arishuka ko ashobora gukururira Ishyaka Ishema muri ubwo busa bw’amatiku. Cyakora namugira inama yo kutikorereza Abataripfana kuko bo bazi neza ibyo barimo bakaba nta kindi biyemeje kwitangira uretse gufasha  rubanda kwibohora ku ngoma y’igitugu n’iterabwoba ya FPR Inkotanyi. Bityo rero Abataripfana ntibashobora kwihanganira Inkonkobotsi zitagaragaza uwo zikorera, ngo zisobanure ku buryo bwumvikana gahunda nzima zaba zikurikiranye, ahubwo bikaba bigaragara  ko zigambiriye  gusa gusenya ibyiza abandi bageze kure bubaka.

2.Arafasha FPR gucengeza iterabwoba mu banyarwanda ko nta revolisiyo ya rubanda ishoboka, ngo kuko uwabatsinze ntaho yagiye

FPR yabaye indashyikirwa mu kwica  no gutera ubwoba abaturage. Ikiba kigamijwe  ni ukumvisha abaturage ko Inkotanyi arizo zifite ubutegetsi kandi  ko ntawe uzongera kubuzambura kuko ngo nta n’uwazirwanya ngo azitsinde. Ikibazo gikomeye ni aha kiri. Hari abatari bake bakiriye iyi ngengabitekerezo bati koko nta kindi cyadukiza FPR atari amasasu. Abareba hafi ntibashobora kugira ikindi batekereza, niyo mpamvu badashobora no kwicara ngo  bige uko iyo ntambara yakorwa ahubwo bashimangira igitekerezo ngo FPR yarabivuze nta kundi byagenda.

Twibuke neza ko ikintu cyatumye abahutu bamara imyaka irenga 400 mu bucakara bashyirwagaho n’ingoma ya gihake, ni uko abami bari baremeje buri munyarwanda ko u Rwanda rugomba gutegekwa n’ ibimanuka byaturutse mu ijuru bizanywe no gutegeka no guhaka abahutu, maze bo bakaba bararemewe gutegekwa no kuyoboka. Mu gihe revolisiyo yatangiraga gutegurwa mu myaka ya za 1950, abahutu benshi bari bashyigikiye umwami kuko bumvaga ko ngo u Rwanda rutabaho rudafite umwami, ababyeyi ntibabyara badafite umwami, inka ntizakamwa… Habaye ubutwari bukomeye bw’abarwanashyaka nka Gregoire Kayibanda na bagenzi be bafashije rubanda kumva ko ubutegetsi butavukanwa n’agatsiko k’abatutsi bari ku ngoma ko ahubwo buri mu maboko ya rubanda ishobora kwihitiramo abategetsi bayinyuze.

Uyu munsi wa none, ubutegetsi bwa FPR ntaho butanira na gihake: hari abaturage bemeye ingengabitekerezo ko nta wakura FPR ku butegetsi, ngo kereka ayirushije ubukana bwo kurimbura abaturage benshi akoresheje amasasu, ibifaru n’amabombe.  Muri iki gihe icyo abanyarwanda bakeneye ni abalideri (leaders) bafasha abaturage kumva imbaraga bifitemo, bakava mu bwoba bakazikoresha mu guharanira uburenganzira bwabo kandi bagashirwa bahiritse ubutegetsi bushingiye ku iterabwoba rya FPR.

3.Atewe ikibazo ngo n’uko ISHEMA ririmo abatutsi cyangwa ryumvikana n’abatutsi

Romeo yarakugendeye afata ifoto Padiri Nahimana Thomas yifotoje hamwe n’abanyarwanda mu minsi ishize ubwo yari mu butumwa bw’ishyaka Ishema mu gihugu cya Australia. Icyababaje Romeo ngo ni uko kuri iyo foto hariho umuhungu wa Kayumba Nyamwasa . Romeo avuga ko ISHEMA ryatangiye ryigaragaza nka PARMEHUTU none ararinenga kwifotozanya n’umuhungu wa Nyamwasa! Nashatse akantu k’ubwenge kari aha ndakabura. Icyo PARMEHUTU yaharaniraga ni ugukura rubanda rugufi ku ngoyi ya gihake. PARMEHUTU yarimo abahutu n’abatutsi. Kuba umuyobozi w’ ISHEMA yemera kwifotozanya n’umwana utotezwa na FPR kimwe na twe twese Romeo akabibonamo ikibazo na byo birerekana ko isesengura rye ntaho ryageza Abanyarwanda. ISHEMA rishishikajwe no guharanira ineza y’abanyarwanda bose, cyane cyane abakandamijwe n’ubutegetsi bubi bwa FPR kandi ntiriheza uwo ari we wese kuko ritagamije gushimisha Romeo. Nibimenyekane neza ko Ishema ridateganya kuryoza abana ibyaha bya ba se na ba sekuru nk’uko Romeo abyifuza.  Niyo mpamvu rihora rishyira imbere ko hakenewe « Nouvelle génération » y’Abalideri bataboshywe n’amateka y’u Rwanda kubera uruhare bagize mu guhemukira Abanyarwanda. Na Ange KAGAME ubwe aramutse yibonye muri izi gahunda nziza z’Ishema , agasaba kuryinjiramo nta buhendanyi, Abataripfana bamwakirana ubwuzu ! Utabyumva nkatwe yihangane.

4.Romeo arahamagarira Abasore b’Abanyarwanda kwishora mu ntambara zisesa amaraso atakoreye inyigo (study).

Mu gusoza inyandiko ye, Romeo aremeza ko intambara y’amasasu yonyine ariyo ishobora kudukiza FPR. Hari ikintu mu kinyarwanda twita gupfa kwivugira gusa. Iyi mvugo ikoreshwa iyo umuntu avuze ibintu bigaragara neza ko atabitekerejeho. Ukoresheje iyi mvugo bamucira umugani ugira uti ‘ururimi ntacyo rupfana n’umuntu’. Ibi biragaragarira aho Romeo, nk’umuntu watangiye inkuru ye atubwira ko ari igihangange mu buhanga bw’intambara, mu kuyitegura no kuyirwana, bityo agatuma   dukeka ko agiye kutubwira uko ishoboka, nyamara we agasoza atubaza ngo ‘tuyirwane gute’ !? Ibi ni byo bita kwiganirira cyangwa guteta mu bikomeye.

Romeo aramutse atari  kwiganirira  yaba ari umugome, umugambanyi cyangwa se byombi hamwe. Ni gute wahagurutswa no kwemeza abanyarwanda ko intambara y’amasasu ishoboka muri iki gihe, warangiza ukababaza  ngo tuyirwane gute kandi ari wowe uri kubigisha ibyayo ? Ibi byatumye nkubita agatima ku nkuru http://ikazeiwacu.fr/search/Kuburira%20Abanyarwanda yasohotse mu kinyamakuru Ikazeiwacu, ku itariki ya 13 Ugushyingo 2014,aho uwitwa cyangwa uwiyita Uwimana Joseph yaburiraga abanyarwanda abasaba ubushishozi  bukomeye mu gihe hari abantu babahamagarira kujya mu mitwe ya gisilikari . Dore uko abivuga :

« Nyuma y’aya makuru y’imirambo Ikaze Iwacu yagiye ikora itohoza, ubu rikaba ryerekana koabantu benshi bicwa muri iyi minsi ari abantu bashimutwa na baneko ba DMI, bashuka abaturage cyane cyane urubyiruko bababwira ko bagiye kubajyana mu gisirikari cya FDLR na RNC. Iyo bamaze kwiyandikisha barabarundarunda maze bakabapakira amamodoka bakagenda ubutazagaruka, kubera ko nta nusezera umuryango we, kuko abo ba DMI bababwira ko bigomba kuba ibanga, kugira leta itazabica iryera.

Ibi bikorwa bibisha biri kubera cyane mu ntara y’amajyaruguru n’iy’iburengerazuba. DMI iri gukora iyi gahunda ngo mu rwego rwo kwikiza abo bita « umwanzi w’igihugu ». Banyarwanda, banyarwandakazi, mube maso, kandi mushishoze munirinde abantu babashuka ngo babajyanye mu gisirikari cya FDLR na RNC, kubera ko abaguye muri uyu mutego nibo tubona imirambo yabo mu kiyaga cya Rweru. Umuntu yasaba kandi aya mashyaka FDLR na RNC gushyiraho ingamba zihamye zo kurinda abayoboke bayo bari mu Rwanda no kunoza gahunda zabo zo gushaka abayoboke ».

Byaba ari agahomamunwa abanyarwanda bemeye gushorwa mu migambi batasobanuriwe bakisanga mu kaga batigeze batekereza.

Umwanzuro :

Hari inzira nyinshi zo guhindura ibintu mu Rwanda ariko zimwe muri izo ziragoye kurusha izindi. Ishyaka ISHEMA ry’u Rwanda ryavutse rije gutanga umusanzu wo gufasha abaturage gutekereza ku nzira iri mu bushobozi bwabo, abaturage bafitemo uruhare kuko aribo ba nyirubutegetsi, kandi ikaba isaba ibitambo bikeya kurusha izindi. Ni inzira y’amahoro ishingiye ku matora cyangwa revolisiyo ya rubanda. Koko rero Bibiliya  ivuga ko  hari ibintu  bitatu umwana w’umuntu adashobora  guhagarika :1) Imvura y’amahindu yazindukiye kugwa ; 2) Umukobwa washatse kurongorwa, 3) n’abaturage bahagurukiye gukora revolisiyo !

Hari abantu nka Romeo ahari batekereza bati nimube muretse mutazadutanga umushi. Uwo mushi Romeo amutanguranwa na nde ? Imyaka 20 yose ishize  ISHEMA ritaravuka Romeo yari he ko atatanguranwe uwo mushi ? Ikidushishikaje kurusha byose ni uko akarengane kagirirwa Abanyarwanda karangira kandi vuba bishoboka. Naho gukomeza gutegereza ko hazaza MESIYA Romeo uzadutegurira intambara zisesa amaraso, akatwereka uko tuzirwana, ngo tukazitsinda zitishe abaturage, ndareba ngasanga hari abanyarwanda bakoreshwa n’ihahamuka rikaze, bo bakibwira ko babiterwa n’ubutwari cyangwa ubuhanga budasanzwe.

Imana tugira iwacu ni uko ibuye ryagaragaye ritaba ricyishe isuka!

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