Daily Archives: November 5, 2014

REVOLISIYO : Nta manda ya gatatu kuri Paul Kagame! Agatego abaswa bazakubiramo ikirenge!

Kagame yaba azi aho ingoma ya Cyami itandukanira na Repubulika ?

Habayeho indirimbo yasingizaga Abaparmehutu ikannyega Abalunari, yagira iti : Itora mwisabiye(karampaka), dore niryo ribakozeho , indi Loni izava he !  Koko rero Ishyaka rya Lunari ryari rishyigikiye umwami na gihake niryo ryasabye Loni ko yakoresha amatora ya Kamarampaka mu Rwanda, n’abagore bagahabwa uburenganzira bwo gutora ! Ayo matora niyo nyine yakuyeho gihake, Kalinga n’izayo zose zigenda nk’ifuni iheze. Hari taliki ya 25 Nzeri 1961.

FPR imaze gufata ubutegetsi  byabaye ngombwa ko yandika itegekonshinga rinyuze Paul Kagame 100%. Iryo tegeko ryanditswe mu mwaka w’2003 niryo u Rwanda rugenderaho ubungubu. Ryahaye Kagame nka Perezida wa Repubulika ububasha bwose yifuzaga, riniga amashyaka ya Opozisiyo mu buryo buteye isoni.

Gusa burya koko nta bapfira gushira! Muri FPR harimo n’abantu batari basamariye intsinzi (insinzi!!!) gusa ahubwo bashyiraga mu gaciro bitangaje. Abo nyine nibo bakoze ku buryo itegekonshinga ryandikwa uko Kagame abyifuza ariko bashyiramo n’agatego abaswa bazakubiramo ikirenge ! Abaturage baritoye muri Referendum muri mata 2003 nabo bari bazi ko amaherezo iryo tegekonshinga rizakorera ishyano ba Mutimamukewomurutiba ! Bateze Kagame umutego ukomeye ntiyarabukwa none dore niwo nyine ugiye kumufata mu ijosi ku manywa y’ihangu!

Mu ngingo y’101, bifuje ko Perezida Kagame yakwica agakiza uko abyifuza ariko ntarenze manda ebyiri zihwanye n’imyaka 14 ku butegetsi!

Dore uko iyo ngingo ibivuga:

“Perezida wa Repubulika atorerwa manda y’imyaka irindwi. Ashobora kongera gutorwa inshuro imwe.

 Nta na rimwe umuntu yemererwa gutorerwa manda zirenze ebyiri ku mwanya wa Perezida wa Repubulika”.

téléchargement

                Musa Fazili : Umushukanyi

Manda ya nyuma ya Paul Kagame izarangira mu mwaka w’2017 ! Gusa inyota afite yo kuguma ku butegetsi iramutera igishuko cyo gushaka uko yahindura itegeko nshinga  kuko ahari  mu  mutwe we yibwira ko ubutegetsi bwa Repubulika n’ubutegetsi bwa cyami byose ari kimwe. Afite n’abanyendanini nka ministri Musa Faziri bamushishikariza kurihindura ngo bakomeze bamurireho ! Ariko bizwi ko nahasiga agahanga batazamuherekeza.

Icyo birengagiza ni uko nyine ba bahanga banditse Itegekonshinga bari bamuzi neza ari nabo nyine bakoze uko bashoboye ngo bamufungire amayira kuburyo atazoroherwa no guhindura Itegekonshinga uko yishakiye.  Ng’uko uko bateganyije ingingo yaryo y 193 igira iti:

(1)Ububasha bwo gutangiza ivugurura ry’Itegeko Nshinga bufitwe na Perezida wa Repubulika bimaze kwemezwa n’Inama y’Abaminisitiri; bufitwe kandi na buri Mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko binyuze mu itora ku bwiganze bwa bibiri bya gatatu by’amajwi y’abawugize.

Ivugururwa ryemezwa ritowe ku bwiganze bwa bitatu bya kane by’amajwi y’abagize buri mutwe w’inteko.

(2)Ariko iyo iryo vugururwa ryerekeye manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika, ubutegetsi bwa demokarasi ishingiye ku bitekerezo binyuranye cyangwa ku bwoko bw’ubutegetsi buteganyijwe n’iri Tegeko Nshinga cyane cyane ku butegetsi bwa Leta bushingiye kuri Repubulika n’ubusugire bw’Igihugu, rigomba kwemezwa na referendumu, rimaze gutorwa na buri Mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko.

(3)Nta mushinga w’ivugururwa ry’iyi ngingo ushobora kwakirwa.

Bisobanuye ko guhindura manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika ari inzira ndende, itangirira muri guverinoma, ikaba yakomereza mu mutwe w’abadepite, babyemeza ikajya muri Sena,  igasozwa no kubaza rubanda niba ibyemera. Nyamara muri Referendumu yo muri mata 2003 rubanda nyine yavuze ko idashaka Perezida wa Repubulika wigira umwami!

Niyongera guhabwa ijambo binyuze muri Referendum rubanda izavuga OYA kuko mpamya ko itazemera ko bayihindura injajwa. Ngo Umugabo nyawe ahindukira mu kiryamo ntahindukira mu ijambo. Nta gushidikanya, amarorerwa Kagame na FPR bakoreye Abanyarwanda muri iyi myaka 20 bamaze ku butegetsi (ikinyoma, iterabwoba, kwikubira ibyiza byose by’igihugu…) azatuma abaturage badatora umushinga wo guhindura manda ya Perezda wa Repubulika hagamijwe gusa guha Paul Kagame amahirwe yo kongera kuba umukuru w’igihugu mu nyungu ze bwite! Abamotsi ba Kagame nibadukana ka kageso kabokamye ka ‘Tora aha” cyangwa bakitabaza bwa bukorikori bwabo bwa nzikoraho bwo gutekinika amajwi, rubanda izaba ifite uburenganzira bwo kuvuga ngo OYA binyuze mu myivumbagatanyo na Revolisiyo.  Aha ho kubyitegura tubigeze kure!

Umwanzuro

Paul Kagame nka Perezida wa Repubulika yarahiriye kuzakurikiza kandi akarinda itegekonshinga! Ntabwo yarahiriye kurisuzugura no kurihindura . Iyo ndahiro iteganywa n’ingingo y’104 y’itegekonshinga  we ubwe yasinye :

«Jyewe, [Paul Kagame], ndahiriye u Rwanda ku mugaragaro:

     ko nzakorana umurava imirimo nshinzwe;

     ko ntazahemukira Repubulika y’u Rwanda;

3°     ko nzakurikiza nkanarinda Itegeko Nshinga n’andi mategeko;

     ko nzaharanira amahoro n’ubusugire bw’Igihugu kandi ko nzashimangira ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda;

     ko nzubahiriza mbikuye ku mutima inshingano zanjye nta vangura iryo ari ryo ryose;

     ko ntazigera nkoresha ububasha nahawe mu nyungu zanjye bwite;

     ko nzaharanira iyubahirizwa ry’ubwigenge n’uburenganzira bw’ibanze bwa muntu n’ibyagirira akamaro Abanyarwanda bose.

 Nintatira iyi ndahiro nzabihanirwe n’amategeko. Imana ibimfashemo. »

Inama tugira Paul Kagame ni uko yakwirengagiza igishuko kimukirigira mu mutima we kimwe n’abamushuka ngo ahindure itegekonshinga ! Narangize manda ye mu mahoro ubundi yegame, abandi banyarwanda batorerwe kuyobora igihugu cyabo. Yavutse asanga u Rwanda ruriho, azapfa arusige. Yavutse asanga abanyarwanda bamaze ibinyejana byinshi bariho, siwe wababeshagaho. Naho yabicamo miliyoni nyinshi, azapfa abasige kandi bazabaho kuko atari we ubabeshaho. Nareke kwishuka, siwe Mana y ‘u Rwanda. Naramuka afunze umutwe agatangiza ibyo guhindura itegekonshinga, aririwe ntaraye ! Rubanda iri maso…..

Na Perezida Blaise Compaore wa Burkina Faso, mu myaka 27 yose yari amaze ku butegetsi, yibwiraga ko yarangije kwifatira abaturage be bidasubirwaho. None dore abuze byose nk’ingata imennye kandi ntibirangiriye aho! Mu minsi itarambiranye n’Urukiko mpuzamahanga rukorera La Haye ( ICC ) ruraba rumutumyeho ngo Mzee ngwino hano hari utubazo duke ugomba gusobanura turimo n’urupfu rwa Thomas Sankara, hanyuma urahita witahira ! Mbese nka kurya Inkotanyi ziryoshyaryoshya zikanasekera uwo zenda gukubita agafuni!

Amahirwe menshi kuri Paul Kagame, gusa yari akwiye kwirinda ko imvugo ya kinyarwanda igira iti “Amatwi arimo urupfu ntiyumva” yamwuzurizwaho kandi yaraburiwe.

Padiri Thomas Nahimana

Umuyobozi w’Ishema Party

Rajab Kakyama responds to Andrew Mwenda

European walls to most Africans have eyes, ears and brains too. I am not suggesting that Mwenda was attended to with empty seats but that the atmosphere is quite unique from the usual African setting and one is apt to feel the presence of “sophistication” and “intellectualism.” It’s unfortunate that I am passing judgment on a person I hardly know. But when one listens to Andrew, the first time one is drawn to two aspects, 1) the sharpness and 2) the loudness in his voice. If one tends to easily come up to conclusions, then Andrew passes for a “wit thinker.” However, if you took the time and analyzed his statements, half of the time they fall short of this description.

In other words, Andrew tends to think with his “tongue” rather than the necessary brain muscle.
If religion does not need “preconditions” to germinate, why doesn’t he throw some seeds of Islam into the Vatican? Why doesn’t he throw other seeds of Christianity into Mecca? In the Quran, the Surahs that were revealed in Mecca are different in citation from those that were revealed in Madinah. This was because the people and the life-styles was different. Jesus had to plan for his journey into Jerusalem, why? I think this was a misguided thought that was largely irrelevant to the intended discussion.

Like he so accuses of the BBC’s failure to come up with “something new” in their ‘untold story’, Andrew finds himself in the same predicament when he has to “regurgitate” the RPF/Kagame mantra. Sometimes, he says it from the top, at times from the middle and other times from the bottom. But it remains the same. The only (major) achievement of the RPF/Kagame government is to have silenced the guns. As for peace, why would there be political exiles if dissent was tolerated? There are still political murders inside Rwanda. Those who flee from extrajudicial killings are at times followed.

Among those, is former Army commander. Kayumba, Karegeya (RIP), Rudasigwa and Joel Mutabazi, a former Rwandan army lieutenant who was extradited from Uganda on orders of the Rwandan government. After the murder of Karegeya, Mwenda and President Kagame have since “praised” the act. But no competent court inside and outside Rwanda had passed a sentence of “Death” for Karegeya. Karegeya was not shot in “combat”, he was murdered in a hotel room. So, who gives the right to kill in Rwanda? It is not in doubt that Rwanda has witnessed an impressive economic recovery since the 1994 genocide but only in that regard.

There is nothing magical about Rwanda comparing with the economies of its neighbouring countries. The average GDP of the East African countries is about 6%. With the introduction of UPE (regardless of the quality), the number of primary pupils in Uganda rose from about 500,000 to 7,000,000. The idea of one pupil – one laptop is not only unique to Rwanda- Kinyatta of Kenya has amplied it and on even a larger scale. “Consequently, most Rwandans do not read printed newspapers. Instead, they depend on the Internet for information and debate on public policy.” Another unguided statement from “the old man of the clan.”

What would inform this statement is that in Rwanda there are facilities that simplify/ease the use of the internet. One such factor would be the availability of electricity in almost all parts of Rwanda. Let us examine this fact. 80% of electricity consumption occurs in Kigali, where only 5% of the population live. For the rest of the population residing in the rural areas, wood remains the main source of energy. With the privatisation of Electrogaz and the development of future hydropower projects, Rwanda is looking to ensure an increased energy supply in the near future. However, only about 6% of the population is able to have access to the grid, mostly those living in urban areas.

According to the Rwanda Vision 2020, wood is the source of energy for 99 % of the population, which leads to massive deforestation and soil destruction. Actually, through the Mbarara-Gikondo transmission line, Uganda exports 132 KV of its meagre power to Rwanda. So the laid 4,000km of Fibre Optic Cable is an impressive gesture but to what purpose if the cables are to lay humbly in the ground without power supply. It also tells a lot about the planning of a country, what would have come first, the fibre cables or the power cables? Lastly, Rwanda’s revenues as a share to GDP is only 30%, what forms its 70%?

Source: Comments

Andrew Mwenda does his job: praising Paul Kagame.

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How the discourse on press freedom in Rwanda has missed the promising developments in that country

Last week I attended President Paul Kagame’s lecture at Chatham House in London. It was without the usual hecklers i.e. mindless anti-Kagame fanatics. It attracted the more refined minds of British intellectual society. So the discussion was calm and reflective. Later in the week, I spoke at the universities of Oxford in England and Bremen in Germany – again before audiences of the sophisticated, thoughtful type. In all events, some people raised the issue of press freedom in Rwanda, saying that is Kagame’s worst score.

There is a fundamental misunderstanding of what is happening in Rwanda’s media. The human rights Taliban have distorted the discourse because they treat democracy as a religion. Religion does not need “pre-conditions” – you can plant the seed of Christianity or Islam in any society regardless of its level of development and it will germinate. But even here it takes generations for people to completely abandon their traditional superstitions.

Democracy, as a system of government, needs structural foundations; and it takes time to build regardless of the intentions of leaders. Governments can write high-sounding constitutions promising freedom and equality. However, if the structural conditions for it are missing, little will be realised in practice. That is why it took America 90 years from independence to freeing slaves. Yet the American constitution clearly stated: “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are born equal…” This self-evidence certainly did not apply to poor white men, all blacks, women and other ethnic minorities – each of whom gained rights at different times.

America’s democratic institutions did not end slavery; they perpetuated it. Instead it took a civil war to end it. Even then, it lasted another 100 years from the 13th amendment (which guaranteed every adult male a franchise) for America to give its black people the right to vote. And this was because a large and educated black middleclass had grown as a result of industrialisation. Even then, the civil rights movement lasted 15 years of protests and boycotts accompanied by unprecedented police brutality and KKK terrorism.

Let’s return to Rwanda. The global human rights police have a habit of picking one unfortunate incident (like the arrest of a journalist) and present is as a daily pattern. They have been extremely successful partly because Kigali often plays into their hands. But how many journalists have been arrested in Rwanda over the last four years? Zero! Yet if you read Human Rights Watch reports and listen to Kagame critics, you would think it is 100.

Over the last 20 years, Rwanda’s Gross Domestic Product has grown at an average rate of 6.6% (and 7.7% since Kagame became president in 2000). This has led to the growth of nominal per capita incomes in Rwanda from $150 in 1994 to $700 ($1600 in purchasing power parity) in 2014. This income growth has largely been driven by deregulation, privatisation and liberalisation all of which have freed a significant share of the economy from the state. The growth of the private sector as a source of wealth and power has been accompanied by the emergence of an increasingly large, educated middle-class – a vital social infrastructure for democratic politics.

The above is accompanied the mass access to education opportunities. University enrolment in Rwanda has risen from under 1,500 in 1995 to over 80,000 today. There is free education up to the first 12 years of schooling; primary school enrolment in Rwanda is at 98% and over 60% of its youth studying in secondary schools. Mass education is moving hand in hand with rapid urbanisation – both of which form the software for democratic politics.

Finally, Rwanda is a small country of 26,338 km²that has so far laid 4,000km of Fibre Optic Cable – the highest density of any country in the developing world including China. Its vision is to have 95% of all Rwanda connected to the 4G LT (the highest speed internet) by 2017. With its one-laptop-per-child policy, the spread of smart phones (made possible by increased education and income), Rwanda is creating the most promising hardware and software for free publicity/expression in the developing world.

Consequently, most Rwandans do not read printed newspapers. Instead, they depend on the Internet for information and debate on public policy. Government deliberately encourages the use of social media and has thereby turned almost every adult citizen into a journalist and a publisher and broadcaster. This is the most rapid expansion of space for free expression in history. Therefore, even if it were true that Kagame jails journalists and shuts down newspapers, his methods would be archaic and self-defeating. He would be fighting freedom tactically while building it strategically; which would result in overall good.

It is possible that in all his aforementioned policies towards education, Internet and income growth, Kagame’s aim is not democracy but development. Granted! But that is beside the point. Freedom may not be his subjective motivation but it is likely to be the objective outcome. It is also possible that in spite of all these developments, democracy may fail to gain a foothold on the steep hills of Rwanda. But it is also true that without these developments in education, income and urbanisation in Rwanda, it is unlikely that the nation can build a genuinely democratic political dispensation.

A country like Singapore has all these but has not democratised to the same degree as Norway. However, there is a consensus among its elites in favour of its current political arrangement. Public satisfaction with the political system is higher in Singapore than France and UK. So Rwanda can follow suit. America has the infrastructure for democratic politics. But democracy has found it difficult to flourish in that multi-racial nation whose foundation was genocide of native peoples and the enslavement of its black population. Because of these early distortions, America has remained an oligarchy of corporations – the ruling classes relying ever more on propaganda to keep the illusion of democracy especially to the less observant.

There are many un-freedoms in Rwanda. Some are products of its social structure. Some are unnecessary actions by the state (and this is where the debate should be). However, given its history, many un-freedoms in Rwanda are necessary for ensuring social order – itself the first pre-condition of democracy. Freedom without order is license. The seed of democracy does not germinate on the sands of anarchy. Just look at Libya, Iraq and Mali! In England and Germany last week, the audiences appreciated these arguments.

amwenda@independent.co.ug

– See more at: http://www.independent.co.ug/the-last-word/the-last-word/9459?task=view#sthash.BHVmLF0f.dpuf