Daily Archives: November 21, 2014

MELBOURNE: Twiyemeje gutanga umuganda wacu mu Ishema Party.

Par:Suzana Mwamini

Suzana MWAMINI, Umuyobozi w’Ikipe Ishema ya Melbourne

Ishema ni iryacu i Melbourne .

Nitwa Suzana MWAMINI, ndubatse nkaba umubyeyi w’abana batanu, ntuye mu gihugu cya Australiya. Mfashe icyemezo cyo kujya ahagaragara ngira ngo mvugire na bagenzi banjye tureba mu cyerekezo kimwe.

Twakomeje gukurikirana ibitekerezo byiza by’abashinze Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda.  Ntitwahwemye kugenzura gahunda bageza kuri rubanda n’ukwitanga kwakomeje kubaranga. Mu cyumweru gishize twagize amahirwe yo gusurwa na Padiri Thomas Nahimana, Umuyobozi w’Ishyaka Ishema akaba n’umukandida Kongere y’ishyaka yatoranyije ngo azarihagararire mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu azaba mu mwaka w’2017.

Twaganiriye nawe, tumubaza ibibazo byose twari dufite ndetse tubona n’umwanya wo kumugezaho ibitekerezo byacu n’ibyifuzo byacu. Twashimye uko we na mugenzi we Ernest Senga baduhaye ibisobanuro twabasabaga n’uko bakiriye neza ubushake bwacu bwo gutinyuka maze natwe tukaba Abataripfana nyabo bashishikajwe no gutanga umuganda mu mpinduka nziza izageza igihugu cyacu ku buyobozi bukorera inyungu za rubanda rugufi .

Kimwe n’abandi banyarwanda benshi, turambiwe ubutegetsi bw’Agatsiko kigaruriye ibyiza byose by’igihugu , abaturage bakaba bakomeje gusuzugurwa, kuvangurwa, gufungirwa akamama, kwamburwa ibyabo no  kuraswa ku manywa y’ihangu !

Twebwe Abanyarwanda batuye mu mujyi wa Melbourne ho muri Australia twafashe icyemezo cyo gutangiza Ikipe Ishema kugira ngo idufashe kuva mu bwoba , mu bwigunge no mu burangare bityo tugire icyo natwe dukora kiri mu bushobozi bwacu kugirango impinduka ishoboke mu gihugu cyacu kandi ku buryo bwihuse.

Turasanga kandi kimwe mu bituma politiki ya opozisiyo nyarwanda yarakomeje guhura n’inzitizi nyinshi ari uko abari n’abategarugori batitabiriye cyane gukora politiki kubera ahari ko politiki babonye ishingiye ku kinyoma, ku gusahura umutungo w’igihugu  no kwica abaturage yabakuye umutima cyangwa se kubera ko bakomeje guheezwa. Turashishikariza abari n’abategarugori ko igihe kigeze ngo nabo bahagurukane ishema maze barengere igihugu cyabo uko bishoboka kose.

Mu izina ry’Ikipe Ishema mbereye umuyobozi, nsezeranyije Abanyarwanda batuye Melbourne  ko twiteguye kubafasha mu gutsinda iterabwoba, kwihugura mu bya politiki, kubagezaho amakuru anyuranye no kubahuza hagamijwe kungurana ibitekerezo ku cyagarura amahoro mu gihugu cy’u Rwanda.

Kuko bamwe muri twe banyuze mu nzira ndende z’amashyamba ya Kongo, ntidushobora kwibagirwa abavandimwe bacu twasizeyo bakihahurira n’ingorane nyinshi kugeza n’uyu munsi . Turifuza ko hakorwa ibishoboka byose nabo bagafashwa, intambara zenda kongera kubarimbura zigakurwaho ahubwo twese tukazabona amahirwe yo kongera guhurira mu gihugu cyacu, tugafatanya kucyubaka ntawe uhejwe, kandi ntihazagire igice cy’abanyarwanda cyongera kwiyemera ko gifite uburengenzira ku byiza by’u Rwanda kurusha abandi.Turasaba Abanyarwanda benshi ko bashyigikira gahunda z’Ishyaka Ishema kuko dusanga zisobanutse kandi zishobora kuzahura igihugu cyacu.

Mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu yegereje(2017) , turifuza ko Umukandida w’Ishyaka ryacu mwazamuhundagazaho amajwi bityo abishuka ko aribo bonyine bavukanye imbuto  bakamenyeraho neza ko “Ubutegetsi bwose buturuka kuri rubanda , ikaba ariyo yihitiramo abayobozi bayinyuze biciye mu matora adafifitse”.

Harakabaho u Rwanda rw’a twese,

Harakaramba Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda,

Mwese muhorane ishema

SUZANA  MWAMINI,

Umuyobozi w’Ikipe ISHEMA ya MELBOURNE.

Telephon no : +61  470 507 749

GDP is a mirror on the markets. It must not rule our lives

male office worker looking through binoculars
‘What is the point of economic growth if it does not make most people better off?’ Photograph: Colorblind/Getty Images

Next month the Office for National Statistics will issue data for the first time on the UK’s wellbeing. In the exercise, the ONS is recognising that GDP, which now includes estimates for the market value of illegal drugs and prostitution, is at best only a partial measure of our economic health. Not that one would draw this conclusion from the political tub-thumping that improved GDP figures bring.

GDP is a measure of economic activity in the market and in the moment. So its key shortcoming is that it collapses time and makes us short-term in focus. It counts investment and consumption in the same way – an extra £100 spent on education is equivalent to the same amount spent on fizzy drinks.

Studies have repeatedly shown that the time horizon of the financial markets in particular is ever more short-term. Shaving about 0.006 seconds off the time it takes computer orders to travel from Chicago to the New Jersey data centre which houses the Nasdaq servers made it worth investing several hundred million dollars in tunnelling through a mountain range to lay the fibre optic cable in a straighter line. More than two-thirds of trades in US equity markets are high-frequency automated orders. How has the search for profit so foreshortened our vision?

It wasn’t always so. The term “Victorian values” now speaks to us of characteristics such as narrow-mindedness, hypocrisy and conformity, but it could also speak of hard work, self-improvement and above all self-sacrifice for the future. The list of the Victorians’ investments in our future is staggering. It includes railways, canals, sewers and roads; town halls and libraries, schools and concert halls, monuments and museums, modern hospitals and the profession of nursing; learned societies, the police, trades unions, mutual insurers and building societies – organisations that have often survived more than a century.

Why the Victorians managed to be so visionary is not entirely clear, but it had something to do with the confidence of an age of discovery both in science and other areas of knowledge, and also in geographical exploration and empire building. They made such strides against ignorance and the unknown, firm in their sense of divine approbation, it seems a belief in progress came naturally to them.

Civic and business leaders in the late 19th century had extraordinary confidence and far-sightedness, even as they too stood at the centre of social and economic upheaval. This Victorian sense of stewardship is something we could usefully remind ourselves of when thinking about how we measure value today. In the late 19th century it was the innovators and the builders of institutions who had standing, and it was the men and women of vision who were understood to be the creators of value.

They still are, even if it is often hard to measure or quantify what they build. Anything of value has its roots in values and vision, as much today as at any time in the past.

Financial markets have their place as a powerful way of harnessing incentives to achieve desirable outcomes. For example, the market in the US for trading permissions to emit sulphur dioxide, which helps cause acid rain, has been a triumphant success in removing what was once a serious environmental harm.

However, there is no sign that the wider public has stopped challenging the ascendancy of markets and money. The bestseller status of Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century bears witness to that. It has put the question of the great inequality of wealth in the market economies at the centre of public debate, and it underlines another question: what is the point of economic growth if it does not make most people better off? Or, worse, if growth is actually destroying things that many of us value.

A further problem with GDP is that it obviously includes many things that are value-destroying. Natural disasters are good for GDP growth because of the reconstruction boom afterwards; the destruction of assets and human life is not counted. The metric ignores the depletion of resources, the loss of biodiversity, the impact of congestion, and the loss of social connection in the modern market economy.

People have long proposed alternative measures of progress – recently, environment-adjusted measures, or simply measuring happiness, directly by survey. What could be more straightforward than asking such a direct question? But reported happiness changes very little over time because, whether it’s the joy of a lottery win or the catastrophe of being disabled in an accident, it only takes about two years for people experiencing even a dramatic change in their life to revert to previous levels of happiness.

This takes us back to monetary measures, back to GDP and its inclusion of things that clearly have negative value. It also excludes “informal” activities such as housework and caring, many volunteer activities, and always excludes the full value of innovations. Nathan Mayer Rothschild was the richest man in the world at the time of his death from an infected tooth abscess in 1836. An antibiotic that hadn’t then been invented but now costs just $10 would have saved him. How much would he have paid for that medicine?

• This article is based on an essay Diane Coyle wrote for Vestra Wealth LLP

Source: The Guardian