Daily Archives: March 10, 2015

Celebrating International Women’s day in TZ

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First Lady Salma Kikwete greets women at Mnazi mmoja grounds in Dar es Salaam during celebrations to mark International Women’s Day.

Morogoro/Dar/Dodoma. President Jakaya Kikwete says he will retire a most happy man, having enabled many women to ascend to leadership and key decision-making positions in various public establishments.

Mr Kikwete ends his second and last term as Tanzania’s president when the country holds the General Election in October to pick, among other political leaders, a new occupier of the State House.

Speaking at celebrations to mark the International Women’s Day held at national level in Morogoro yesterday, the Head of State said the other thing that his leadership is proud of is that of creating an environment for women to get away from a tradition that discriminated them.

“I am proud to have created an enabling environment for women’s economic empowerment that has helped to improve their material wellbeing… and it wasn’t like I was doing them a favour, it was their right,’’ he added.

Mr Kikwete said for the period that he has been president, he made sure that there was an extended representation of women in various decision-making bodies, noting that it was wrong to disregard women on the basis of their gender.

He added that his government has been trying all it could to ensure that it sets a legal framework to weed out gender-based violence and all any other system that infringed the rights of women. “You need to pull up your socks now and move forward because the Proposed New Constitution has included all the rights that you deserve, including gender equality and the 50:50 ration in leadership positions,’’ he said.

In Dar es Salaam, First Lady Salma Kikwete who graced the celebrations at Mnazi Mmoja grounds, asked women from across the country to vote for the Proposed New Constitution during a referendum, insisting that it was the solution to the myriad of problems bedevilling them.

Mrs Kikwete said all women’s rights that are missing in the current Constitution are now on board in the new document. She echoed the president’s observation that on the political front, the proposed Mother Law has proposed a 50:50 power sharing, with women being granted full right on land ownership.

While the Head of State urged Morogoro women to vote for the Proposed Mother Law in the forthcoming referendum, Mrs Kikwete asked those in Dar to come up in big numbers to vote even as uncertainty still surrounds its date.

As things stand, the authorities appear to be caught between a rock and a hard place—either go to the referendum with incomplete biometric registration or postpone the plebiscite until all eligible voters are listed.

Women in Dar es Salaam marked the International Women’s Day with pomp and pageantry. There was a procession that kicked off early in the morning to Mnazi Mmoja grounds where it was received by the First Lady.

Dressed in different colours, women in groups marched slowly to Mnazi Mmoja grounds as they sang, danced and ululated. They were led by the Police and Prisons brass bands.

Mrs Kikwete became an eye catching figure when she joined the dancing women in a manner suggesting to all and sundry she was fully enjoying the occasion. She was backed by hundreds of women who thronged the grounds.

At some point, her security detail had a hard task controlling the crowd in which everybody seemed eager to demonstrate her dancing skills as close as possible to the First Lady.

Reported by Hamida Shariff in Morogoro; Katare Mbashiru in Dar es Salaam and Valentine Oforo in Dodoma- The citizen.

Amakosa ya Paul Kagame II

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Paul Kagame (2000 – ?) : Igice cya 2

Ubushize twarangije tuvuga ko ntawakomeza kurondora amakosa ya Paul Kagame rimwe ku rindi ngo azayarangize kubera ko ameze nk’ibidomo byo ku ruhu rw’ingwe cyangwa rw’imondo. Ibyiza ni uko twasuzuma impamvu akora ayo makosa.

Hari impamvu 2 zibimutera, kandi izo mpamvu zombi zikuzuzanya. Iyambere ni imyumvire mibi y’amateka y’u Rwanda, uwashaka ndetse yavuga ko ari ukutayamenya. Impamvu ya 2 ni irondakoko rikaze ryamuzonze.

Amateka y’u Rwanda Paul Kagame azi ni ayo yabwiriwe mu nkambi z’impunzi nka Nakivale muri Uganda n’ahandi. Ayo mateka ni yo yamize bunguri, ntayandi ashaka kumva. Muri make bamubwiye ko ingoma ya cyami yari nziza cyane. Oya, ingoma ya cyami yari mbi cyane ! Umutekano muke, imvururu, imidugararo n’ubwicanyi byaranze ihirima ryayo byatewe n’abari bayikomeyeho. Bashakaga kwica Abanyarwanda ndetse n’abanyamahanga basabaga ku neza ko akarengane kayirangaga karangira cyangwa se nibura kakagabanuka. Ibyo Paul Kagame ntabikozwa, ntashaka kubyumva. Bamubwiye kandi ko icyakiza u Rwanda ari ukugarura ingoma imeze nk’iya cyami. Noneho yazanye iyirusha ubukana n’ubugome. Mu by’ukuri, uko kutamenya kujyanye n’imyumvire mibi y’amateka y’u Rwanda ni urwitwazo no kunangira  kuko Paul Kagame atabuze abantu bamubwira ko yibeshya.

Impamvu nyakuri imutera gukora amahano yose akorera u Rwanda n’Abanyarwanda ni irondakoko ryamurenze. Mu mutwe wa Paul Kagame u Rwanda ni urw’Abatutsi. Abahutu n’Abatwa nabo bashobora kuba ari Abanyarwanda, ariko ntibafite uburenganzira kimwe n’ubw’Abatutsi (“Tous les animaux sont égaux, mais certains animaux sont plus égaux que les autres” par Georges Orwell in La ferme des animaux). Aha rero, hari uwaherako atera urutoki hejuru, agasaba ijambo, akarihabwa maze akavuga ngo “ariko no ku ngoma ya Kayibanda n’iya Habyarimana hari irondakoko ryigaragarizaga mu iringaniza”. Ibyo kwaba ugusamira ibintu hejuru no kubitwara ruburiki. Reka tubive imuzingo, hanyuma tuze kugaruka ku irondakoko ritera Paul Kagame gukora amahano yose akora.

Ku ngoma ya cyami n’iya gikolonize, n’iryo ringaniza ntiryabagaho. Byose byari iby’Abatutsi, icyakora Abahutu n’Abatwa bamwe, ariko bake cyane (imbuzakurahira) bakabona utuvungukira. Abatutsi bakamirwaga n’ingoma ya cyami bumvaga icyo atari ikibazo kuberako “Abahutu n’Abatwa atari abantu, atari Abanyarwanda kimwe n’Abatutsi”.

Hagamijwe gukosora ibyari byaragoretswe n’uko kwikubira kuzuye, ingingo ya 5 y’itegekonshinga rya mbere rya repubulika y’u Rwanda ryo ku wa 28 Mutarama 1961 yaravugaga iti : “Abanyarwanda bose barareshya hatitawe ku ibara ry’uruhu, ku bwoko cyangwa ku idini”. Ku Batutsi b’intagondwa, ibivugwa muri iyi ngingo byari amahano, ryari ishyano riguye, ijuru ryari ribituye hejuru. Nibwo bamwe, barimo na Rutagambwa, ise wa Paul Kagame, biyemeje kuva mu Rwanda. Nyamara ntawari ubakozeho.

Hagamijwe gukosora ibyari byaragoretswe n’uko kwikubira kuzuye, igika cya nyuma cy’ingingo ya 6 y’itegekonshinga rya mbere rya repubulika y’u Rwanda ryo ku wa 28 Mutarama 1961 cyagiraga kiti : “Abanyarwanda bose bafite uburenganzira bwo kwiga. Icyakora azafungwa cyangwa agwatirwe amashuri yose atazubahiriza iringaniza ry’amoko y’abaturage” (Tous les Banyarwanda sans distinction ont accès aux écoles ; mais pourront être fermées ou réquisitionnées les écoles dont le pourcentage de fréquentation ne répondra pas à la répartition ethnique de la population). Ku iringaniza ry’amoko, ingoma ya Habyarimana izongeraho iry’uturere. Ibi bigasobanura ko atari Abatutsi gusa babangamiwe n’iringaniza. Abahutu bose barahezwaga ku ngoma ya cyami na gikolonize, abo mu majyaruguru  bahamya ko baryamirwaga ku ngoma ya Kayibanda, abo mu majyepfo no hagati bakavuga ko baryamirwaga ku ya Habyarimana.

Mu mateka y’ibihugu byose byo ku isi, igihe cyose agatsiko k’abantu bake, kaba gashingiye ku bwoko, ku karere cyangwa ku kindi kintu, karyamiraga abasigaye bose, ako karengane kagiye gatera umwuka mubi n’isuburinamo. Ku rundi ruhande, ubwikanyize bw’abitwa ba “nyamwinshi” naryo ryagiye ritera umwuka mubi n’isubiranamo. Kuva isi yaremwa kugeza n’ubu no mu bihugu byateye imbere mu bukungu, muri demokarasi n’iyubahiriza ry’ikiremwamuntu, umuti wo gukemura ayo makimbirane wabaye iringaniza rikozwe neza. Abagenda cyangwa ababa i Burayi, Amerika ya ruguru, Australia n’ahandi barabibona.

Ibibi birarutana n’ibyiza bikarutana. “Aho umwaga utari, uruhu rw’imbaragasa rwisasira batatu”. Ariko ahantu nko mu Rwanda hamye harangwa n’umwaga, iringaniza rikoze neza ripfa kuruta ukwikubira nk’ukwariho ku ngoma ya cyami na gikolonize, none ingoma ya Paul Kagame ikaba yarakugaruye. Ariko ikibiruta byose ni uguha abenegihugu bose amahirwe angana hatitawe ku karere, ku moko, ku idini, ku gitsina, ku ibara ry,uruhu ….,  ugaragaje ubushobozi kurusha  abandi (méritocratie) akaba ari we ukataza mu myigire, mu kazi no mu buyobozi.  Ibi rero Paul Kagame ntashobora kubyemera kubera irondakoko ryamurenze, akaba ari ryo tugiye kuganiraho.

Kwikunda no kwikubira biba muri kamere muntu. Bishobora no gutuma umuntu yiba, ariko yafatwa akemera ko yakoze ikosa, ndetse bikamutera n’isoni. Ushinzwe ibya rubanda ashobora kubifata akabiharira abo bahuje ubwoko gusa. Iryo ni irondakoko ryo mu rwego rworoheje. Uwabikoze ashobora kwemera ko yakoze ikosa koko. Irondakoko ryo mu rwego rwo hejuru, ari naryo ryazonze Paul Kagame ni irigira riti : “Twe turuta abandi, ntaho duhuriye. Kubaheeza, kubacura bufuni na buhoro ndetse no kubica ni uburenganzira, bikaba n’inshingano tugomba kurangiza”.

Ni iryo rondakoko Abanyaburayi n’Abarabu bari bafite igihe bajyaga muri Afurika, bagahiga Abirabura bunyamaswa, abo bafashe bakiri bazima bakabajyana bunyago, bakajya kubagira abacakara. Ni iryo rondakoko Adolf Hitler n’abaNazi  bari bafite mu Budage. Ni iryo rondakoko (apartheid) Gashakabuhake yari afite muri Afurika y’Epfo kugeza mu w’1994. Ni iryo rondakoko ryariho mu Rwanda ku ngoma ya cyami, ryakomeje no kubaho igihe cya gikolonize nk’uko tuzabibona mu minsi iri imbere dusuzuma amakosa abami ba nyuma  b’u Rwanda bakoze. Ni iryo rondakoko Paul Kagame yagaruye. Kuri we, si ikosa, ahubwo niko bigomba kugenda. Abazonzwe n’iryo rondakoko ntibatinya no gutuka Imana bavuga ko nayo ari ko ibishaka, ko ahubwo ari nayo yabitegetse. Kimwe mu byo bahora barota ni uko abo mu bwoko “butatowe n’Imana bapfa bagashira, bagaha rugari abo mu bwoko bwatowe”.

Paul Kagame yagaragaje kenshi mu mvugo no mu ngiro ko yazonzwe na bene iryo rondakoko. Amakosa ryamukoresheje, ntawayarondora ngo ayarangize : gukora ku buryo amasezerano y’Arusha adashyirwa mu bikorwa kandi yarageneraga FPR imyanya ikabije kuba myinshi mu ngamba zose z’ubuyobozi bw’igihugu, kwica perezida Habyarimana kandi Abatutsi bashyira mu gaciro bari bamuburiye ko atari ngombwa, ko ahubwo bishobora kubyara ingaruka mbi cyane ; kubuza leta yari iyobowe na Bwana Faustin Twagiramungu gukora ; gufunga no kwica umubare munini ushoboka w’Abahutu cyane cyane hagati ya 1994 na 2000 ; kurandura imyaka y’abahinzi, gusenya amazu y’abakene ; guhamya ko Abahutu bose, ababayeho n’abazavuka, ari abicanyi, bityo akaba agomba kubatanga akabica ; kutagira imfungwa n’imwe agirira imbabazi ku minsi mikuru nk’iy’imyak 50 y’ubwigenge cg. 25 ya FPR-Inkotanyi ; kuroga urubyiruko arucengezamo irondakoko rye ; guheza mu munyururu imfungwa zarangije ibihano byazo…. n’ibindi byinshi cyane.

Umwanzuro

Noneho arashaka na manda ya 3 kugirango azabone igihe cyo “kujaja na bwa busa bwari busigaye”. Umugabo udafashe “asaba uwo yimye”. Koko Paul Kagame, n’ibibi yakoreye abaturage b’Abanyarwanda, agatinyuka akavuga ngo nibo bifuza ko akomeza kubayobora ? Ubu se “amaherezo azaba ayahe ?”, mugani wa wa musazi wagize ati “ubu se ko bucya bukira, amaherezo azaba ayahe ?” “Nta joro ridacya, nta n’imvura idahita”. Na Adolf Hitler yaratsinzwe, na politiki ya gashakabuhake muri Afurika y’Epfo yagiye nk’ifuni iheze. Icyakora hagombye ibitambo byinshi. Nyuma y’Abanyarwanda bapfuye kuva mu w’1990 kugeza ubu kandi bishwe n’abandi Banyarwanda, si ngombwa ko amaraso yongera kumeneka kugirango Paul Kagame yisubireho. Byonyine ashyikiranye n’abatavuga rumwe na we, yaba ari intambwe nziza ya mbere. Arebye abantu yizera, akabasaba kumugira inama kandi akabizeza ko atari bubice nibamubwira ukuri kutamushimishije, nabwo yaba akoze. Abanyarwanda bakeneye umukuru w’igihugu bareba, bumva bakavuga bati : “Uriya koko ni uwacu twese. Si uw’Abahutu, Abatutsi cyangwa Abatwa gusa, ni uwacu twese”. 

Jean De Dieu Musemakweli

BIRACYAZA…

“Je pardonne … car si on ne pardonne pas, ce pays connaîtra une crise pire que ce que nous avons vécu” Simone Gbagbo

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L’ex-Première dame Simone Gbagbo a été condamnée mardi matin à 20 ans de prison, une peine deux fois supérieure aux réquisitions, pour son rôle durant la crise post-électorale de 2010-2011, dont elle est désignée comme une protagoniste majeure.

La Cour “condamne à l’unanimité” Simone Gbagbo à “vingt ans” de prison pour “attentat contre l’autorité de l’Etat, participation à un mouvement insurrectionnel et trouble à l’ordre public”, a énoncé le juge Tahirou Dembelé, après plus de 9 heures de délibération du jury.

Le parquet général avait requis une peine moitié moindre, soit dix ans d’emprisonnement, contre l’ex-Première dame. Le procès en assises avait débuté fin décembre.

Surnommée “la Dame de fer” ivoirienne au temps où son mari Laurent était au pouvoir, Simone Gbagbo, vêtue d’une robe bleu clair, a accusé le coup à l’énoncé du verdict, son visage se durcissant.

Elle est “un peu affectée”, a commenté à l’AFP Me Rodrigue Dadjé, l’un de ses avocats, qui a dénoncé “une décision purement politique”. “J’ai honte pour la justice ivoirienne”, a-t-il tonné, annonçant un pourvoi en cassation.

Dans le droit ivoirien, la procédure d’appel n’existe pas pour des condamnations en assises.

Certains accusés ont entonné “l’Abidjanaise”, l’hymne ivoirien, au terme d’une journée judiciaire marathon dont le public a raté l’épilogue, exclu en fin de soirée du tribunal “pour des raisons de sécurité”, selon le procureur général.

“On a montré que l’impunité en Côte d’Ivoire ne doit plus continuer”, s’est de son côté réjoui Soungalo Coulibaly, l’un des avocats de l’Etat ivoirien, l’unique partie civile du procès.

79 personnes, dont Simone Gbagbo, étaient jugées pour leur rôle dans la crise post-électorale de 2010-2011, causée par le refus de Laurent Gbagbo de reconnaître la victoire de l’actuel chef de l’Etat Alassane Ouattara à l’élection présidentielle de novembre 2010. Les violences entre les deux camps ont fait plus de 3.000 morts en cinq mois.

L’ancienne Première dame, 65 ans, est un personnage politique très clivant en Côte d’Ivoire.

Elle a été autant respectée pour son parcours dans l’opposition que redoutée dans son rôle de “présidente” à poigne, souvent accusée d’être liée aux “escadrons de la mort” contre les partisans d’Alassane Ouattara, qu’elle a toujours honni.

– ‘Je pardonne les injures’ –

Le 23 février dernier, lors de son audience, Simone Gbagbo, tantôt souriante, ironique ou cinglante, s’était livrée à une diatribe enflammée contre le régime ivoirien actuel et contre la France, qui selon elle a soutenu l’actuel chef de l’Etat ivoirien.

Confrontée à cinq témoins, dont deux ont affirmé l’avoir vu livrer des armes à des jeunes d’Abidjan, elle avait calmement nié. “Je ne me reconnais pas dans les faits. Je ne connais pas ces personnes”.

Invitée lundi après-midi à livrer ses derniers mots à la barre, la très dévote ancienne Première dame, faisant plusieurs références à la Bible, a déclaré “pardonner” à la partie adverse ses “injures”.

“J’ai trouvé les avocats de la partie civile outranciers. J’ai subi humiliation sur humiliation durant ce procès. Mais je suis prête à pardonner. Je pardonne les injures, je pardonne les outrances. Car si on ne pardonne pas, ce pays connaîtra une crise pire que ce que nous avons vécu”, a-t-elle affirmé.

Simone Gbagbo est, tout comme son époux, accusée de “crimes contre l’humanité” par la Cour pénale internationale. Mais alors que Laurent Gbagbo comparaîtra à La Haye en juillet, Abidjan refuse son transfèrement à la CPI au motif que la justice ivoirienne est en mesure de la juger équitablement.

Le procès, présenté comme le plus important pour la Côte d’Ivoire depuis la fin de la crise, a été entaché de nombreux manquements, aucune preuve matérielle n’ayant été fournie pour confondre les accusés, dénoncent des organisations de la société civile et les sympathisants pro-Gbagbo.

Si les deux camps se sont montrés coupables d’exactions, aucun responsable pro-Ouattara n’est en outre inquiété, ce qui nourrit des accusations de “justice des vainqueurs”.

Pascal Affi N’Guessan, le patron contesté du Front populaire ivoirien (FPI), qui souhaite représenter ce parti pro-Gbagbo à l’élection présidentielle d’octobre, a été condamné à 18 mois de prison avec sursis. Cette peine est couverte par les deux ans de détention provisoire qu’il a effectués.

Abou Drahamane Sangaré, qui défie M. N’Guessan à la tête du FPI, a, lui, été condamné à 5 ans d’emprisonnement, tout comme Michel Gbagbo, le fils de l’ex-président, issu d’un premier mariage avec une Française.

Source: AFP

US Secretary Remarks on International women’s day

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Press Statement

John Kerry
Secretary of State
Washington, DC
March 8, 2015

On International Women’s Day we celebrate the courage and contributions of women and girls around the world.

The fundamental truth is that no society can reach its full potential if it leaves 50 percent of its people behind.

The State Department highlighted this fact last week when it honored 10 extraordinary leaders with our International Women of Courage Award.

They are peacemakers bringing together warring sides to work for reconciliation. They are nurses treating Ebola patients despite the risks. They are journalists exposing corruption and countering violent extremism. And they are activists taking a stand against violence and discrimination in the workforce, the home, and the city square.

Every day these leaders are out there advocating for universal rights and aspirations. They are standing up and fighting so that every woman and child can lead full, healthy, and productive lives. Unfortunately, this extraordinary work sometimes puts a target squarely on their backs. By fighting for others’ safety, they jeopardize their own.

So while we honor these women’s courage, we reaffirm our commitment to achieving gender equality. It’s a commitment we will, and we must, keep as the global community shapes the Sustainable Development Goals for the next 15 years.

Our path forward is clear. We must prevent and respond to gender-based violence. That’s not only essential for our collective humanity; it’s critical for our collective security.

We must open the doors for women to fully participate in society – as farmers, entrepreneurs, engineers, executives, and leaders of their countries.

And we must invest in the next generation of women by making sure girls can go to school in a safe environment. They should be able to graduate – empowered to be part of their community, diploma in hand.

I will never forget the story of a young woman named Haleta Giday, who I met last year at President Obama’s Summit of the Washington Fellowship for Young African Leaders. She had graduated from one of the best schools in Ethiopia. She could have had her pick of jobs. She chose to represent women and children who were the victims of violence. And when Haleta saw how many widows went bankrupt after they lost their husbands, she began a campaign to educate women about their legal and financial rights.

Women like Haleta, women like the ones we honored last week, they are pushing forward progress for gender equality.

Today of all days, the United States reaffirms our commitment to ensuring that this vital progress continues – that women and girls everywhere enjoy the same freedoms and rights as anyone else.