Category Archives: Climate change

Surprisingly, Kagame is not among 40 leaders invited by Joe BIDEN.

With all rumors about Kagame’s life concerns, the whole world is watching the Rwanda’s leader who was not seen in public since 2020. He did not attend all presidential meetings and, instead, was seen in virtual gatherings. This was interpreted by observers as a way to hide the fragile health status of the President. Some argue that a 3-D mask was engineered and could be put up by any person to replace Kagame without raising questions. In January,2021; a Rwandan woman, IDAMANGE Iryamugwiza Yvonne, declared that President Paul KAGAME is dead since long, that Rwandans are led by a corpse, before calling on Rwandans to meet at President’ office to take out the cadaver. She was second to talk clearly about Kagame’s “death” after Rev Father Thomas NAHIMANA who confirmed detaining same information. The president’s office could neither confirm nor deny the information. Rather, Mrs IDAMANGE was arrested and charged of many allegations except the one to have declared Kagame dead! The US President has just invited 40 world leaders without Kagame, a very first event of such a caliber that will be missed by the Rwandan President in 27 years. This will only fuel more concerns about Kagame’s whereabouts.

President Biden Invites 40 World Leaders to Leaders Summit on Climate

Today, (March 26th 2021) President Biden invited 40 world leaders to the Leaders Summit on Climate he will host on April 22 and 23.  The virtual Leaders Summit will be live streamed for public viewing.

President Biden took action his first day in office to return the United States to the Paris Agreement.  Days later, on January 27, he announced that he would soon convene a leaders summit to galvanize efforts by the major economies to tackle the climate crisis.

The Leaders Summit on Climate will underscore the urgency – and the economic benefits – of stronger climate action.  It will be a key milestone on the road to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) this November in Glasgow.

In recent years, scientists have underscored the need to limit planetary warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius in order to stave off the worst impacts of climate change.  A key goal of both the Leaders Summit and COP26 will be to catalyze efforts that keep that 1.5-degree goal within reach.  The Summit will also highlight examples of how enhanced climate ambition will create good paying jobs, advance innovative technologies, and help vulnerable countries adapt to climate impacts.

By the time of the Summit, the United States will announce an ambitious 2030 emissions target as its new Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement.  In his invitation, the President urged leaders to use the Summit as an opportunity to outline how their countries also will contribute to stronger climate ambition.

The Summit will reconvene the U.S.-led Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate, which brings together 17 countries responsible for approximately 80 percent of global emissions and global GDP.  The President also invited the heads of other countries that are demonstrating strong climate leadership, are especially vulnerable to climate impacts, or are charting innovative pathways to a net-zero economy.  A small number of business and civil society leaders will also participate in the Summit.

Key themes of the Summit will include:

  • Galvanizing efforts by the world’s major economies to reduce emissions during this critical decade to keep a limit to warming of 1.5 degree Celsius within reach.
  • Mobilizing public and private sector finance to drive the net-zero transition and to help vulnerable countries cope with climate impacts. 
  • The economic benefits of climate action, with a strong emphasis on job creation, and the importance of ensuring all communities and workers benefit from the transition to a new clean energy economy.
  • Spurring transformational technologies that can help reduce emissions and adapt to climate change, while also creating enormous new economic opportunities and building the industries of the future.
  • Showcasing subnational and non-state actors that are committed to green recovery and an equitable vision for limiting warming to 1.5 degree Celsius, and are working closely with national governments to advance ambition and resilience.
  • Discussing opportunities to strengthen capacity to protect lives and livelihoods from the impacts of climate change, address the global security challenges posed by climate change and the impact on readiness, and address the role of nature-based solutions in achieving net zero by 2050 goals. 

Further details on the Summit agenda, additional participants, media access, and public viewing will be provided in the coming weeks.

The President invited the following leaders to participate in the Summit:

  • Prime Minister Gaston Browne, Antigua and Barbuda
  • President Alberto Fernandez, Argentina 
  • Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Australia    
  • Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh
  • Prime Minister Lotay Tshering, Bhutan
  • President Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil    
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Canada          
  • President Sebastián Piñera, Chile 
  • President Xi Jinping, People’s Republic of China    
  • President Iván Duque Márquez, Colombia    
  • President Félix Tshisekedi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen, Denmark 
  • President Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission
  • President Charles Michel, European Council
  • President Emmanuel Macron, France        
  • President Ali Bongo Ondimba, Gabon        
  • Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany 
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India    
  • President Joko Widodo, Indonesia      
  • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel
  • Prime Minister Mario Draghi, Italy    
  • Prime Minister Andrew Holness, Jamaica
  • Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, Japan  
  • President Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenya      
  • President David Kabua, Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexico  
  • Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, New Zealand
  • President Muhammadu Buhari, Nigeria        
  • Prime Minister Erna Solberg, Norway 
  • President Andrzej Duda, Poland  
  • President Moon Jae-in, Republic of Korea     
  • President Vladimir Putin, The Russian Federation  
  • King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Singapore
  • President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa 
  • Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, Spain
  • President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkey
  • President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, United Arab Emirates
  • Prime Minister Boris Johnson, United Kingdom
  • President Nguyễn Phú Trọng, Vietnam    

Source: White House

La FAO craint la pénurie alimentaire fautede biodiversité

Le rapport est inédit, le tout premier d’ordre mondial sur l’état de la biodiversité qui sous-tend nos systèmes alimentaires. Paru vendredi 22 février, il révèle une grave menace pour l’alimentation, les moyens de subsistance, la santé et l’environnement.

Il s’agit d’un problème grave car irrémédiable: ce qui est perdu ne peut être récupéré. Les conséquences pour la faim dans le monde pourraient être importantes. «La perte de la biodiversité pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture compromet sérieusement notre capacité à alimenter et à nourrir une population mondiale en croissance constante. Cela réduit notre efficacité face aux défis croissants du changement climatique et limite notre capacité à cultiver sans nuire à l’environnement», a déclaré notamment José Graziano da Silva, directeur général de la FAO. Il rappelle que la sécurité alimentaire, déjà fragile aujourd’hui, est en péril.

Le rapport porte sur la biodiversité pour l’alimentation c’est-à-dire à la fois toutes les plantes et les animaux  qui peuvent être des aliments pour l’homme, mais aussi les animaux et l’ensemble des combustibles et des fibres. Il s’appuie sur les informations fournies spécifiquement pour son élaboration par 91 pays, de même que sur l’analyse des dernières données mondiales.

La base de nos systèmes alimentaires gravement menacée

Le rapport de 500 pages s’inquiète de la dégradation de la diversité végétale dans les champs avec 9 plantes qui représentent 66 % de la production agricole alors que 6 000 espèces existent. De même, le nombre de races d’élevage menacé de disparition est en hausse. Les stocks de poissons surexploités sont de plus en plus nombreux, représentant déjà 1/3 de l’exploitation totale. Le rapport signale aussi le déclin des aliments sauvages et la perte des pollinisateurs.

Les zones les plus touchées se trouvent en Amérique latine et aux Caraïbes mais aussi, de manière plus faible, en Asie Pacifique et en Afrique.

Les causes principales de la perte de la biodiversité alimentaire et agricole sont les changements dans l’utilisation et la gestion des terres et de l’eau, suivis par la pollution, la surexploitation et la surpêche, le changement climatique, la croissance démographique et l’urbanisation.

Le rapport souligne qu’il y a quand même un intérêt croissant pour les pratiques et approches respectueuses de la biodiversité.

Inverser les tendances menant à la perte de la biodiversité

Le rapport appelle à des changements de comportements, tout d’abord de la part des États, les cadres juridiques, politiques et institutionnels encourageant l’utilisation durable et la conservation de la biodiversité devant être développés.

La communauté internationale doit aussi s’attaquer aux causes de la biodiversités. Mais cela ne suffit pas, il faut aussi une prise de conscience, rappelle le rapport, incitant à améliorer l’état des connaissances sur la biodiversité pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture remarquant de nombreuses lacunes.

La collaboration entre les décideurs, les organisations de producteurs, les consommateurs, le secteur privé doit aussi être améliorée, le rapport encourageant le développement de marchés pour des produits respectueux de la biodiversité. Mais l’individu n’est pas en reste, selon le rapport, le rôle que peut jouer le grand public dans la réduction des pressions sur la biodiversité est important. Les consommateurs devraient pouvoir opter pour des produits cultivés de manière durable, d’acquérir directement sur les marchés des producteurs ou de boycotter les aliments considérés comme non durables.  C’est déjà le cas dans de nombreux pays où des «citoyens scientifiques» jouent un rôle important dans la surveillance de la biodiversité pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture.

Source:VATICANNEWS

Pope Francis’s edict on climate change will anger deniers and US churches

Pope
Pope Francis was a key player in thawing relations between the US and Cuba. Photograph: Franco Origlia/Getty Images

He has been called the “superman pope”, and it would be hard to deny that Pope Francis has had a good December. Cited by President Barack Obama as a key player in the thawing relations between the US and Cuba, the Argentinian pontiff followed that by lecturing his cardinals on the need to clean up Vatican politics. But can Francis achieve a feat that has so far eluded secular powers and inspire decisive action on climate change?

It looks as if he will give it a go. In 2015, the pope will issue a lengthy message on the subject to the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics, give an address to the UN general assembly and call a summit of the world’s main religions.

The reason for such frenetic activity, says Bishop Marcelo Sorondo, chancellor of the Vatican’s Pontifical Academy of Sciences, is the pope’s wish to directly influence next year’s crucial UN climate meeting in Paris, when countries will try to conclude 20 years of fraught negotiations with a universal commitment to reduce emissions.

“Our academics supported the pope’s initiative to influence next year’s crucial decisions,” Sorondo told Cafod, the Catholic development agency, at a meeting in London. “The idea is to convene a meeting with leaders of the main religions to make all people aware of the state of our climate and the tragedy of social exclusion.”

Following a visit in March to Tacloban, the Philippine city devastated in 2012 by typhoon Haiyan, the pope will publish a rare encyclical on climate change and human ecology. Urging all Catholics to take action on moral and scientific grounds, the document will be sent to the world’s 5,000 Catholic bishops and 400,000 priests, who will distribute it to parishioners.

According to Vatican insiders, Francis will meet other faith leaders and lobby politicians at the general assembly in New York in September, when countries will sign up to new anti-poverty and environmental goals.

In recent months, the pope has argued for a radical new financial and economic system to avoid human inequality and ecological devastation. In October he told a meeting of Latin American and Asian landless peasants and other social movements: “An economic system centred on the god of money needs to plunder nature to sustain the frenetic rhythm of consumption that is inherent to it.

“The system continues unchanged, since what dominates are the dynamics of an economy and a finance that are lacking in ethics. It is no longer man who commands, but money. Cash commands.

“The monopolising of lands, deforestation, the appropriation of water, inadequate agro-toxics are some of the evils that tear man from the land of his birth. Climate change, the loss of biodiversity and deforestation are already showing their devastating effects in the great cataclysms we witness,” he said.

In Lima last month, bishops from every continent expressed their frustration with the stalled climate talks and, for the first time, urged rich countries to act.

Sorondo, a fellow Argentinian who is known to be close to Pope Francis, said: “Just as humanity confronted revolutionary change in the 19th century at the time of industrialisation, today we have changed the natural environment so much. If current trends continue, the century will witness unprecedented climate change and destruction of the ecosystem with tragic consequences.”

According to Neil Thorns, head of advocacy at Cafod, said: “The anticipation around Pope Francis’s forthcoming encyclical is unprecedented. We have seen thousands of our supporters commit to making sure their MPs know climate change is affecting the poorest communities.”

However, Francis’s environmental radicalism is likely to attract resistance from Vatican conservatives and in rightwing church circles, particularly in the US – where Catholic climate sceptics also include John Boehner, Republican leader of the House of Representatives and Rick Santorum, the former Republican presidential candidate.

Cardinal George Pell, a former archbishop of Sydney who has been placed in charge of the Vatican’s budget, is a climate change sceptic who has been criticised for claiming that global warming has ceased and that if carbon dioxide in the atmosphere were doubled, then “plants would love it”.

Former Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal George Pell arrives at the Clementina Hall to exchange Christmas greetings with Pope Francis on 22 December, 2014 in Vatican City.
Former Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal George Pell, arrives at the Vatican to exchange Christmas greetings with Pope Francis on 22 December, 2014.Photograph: Franco Origlia/Getty Images

Dan Misleh, director of the Catholic climate covenant, said: “There will always be 5-10% of people who will take offence. They are very vocal and have political clout. This encyclical will threaten some people and bring joy to others. The arguments are around economics and science rather than morality.

“A papal encyclical is rare. It is among the highest levels of a pope’s authority. It will be 50 to 60 pages long; it’s a big deal. But there is a contingent of Catholics here who say he should not be getting involved in political issues, that he is outside his expertise.”

Francis will also be opposed by the powerful US evangelical movement, said Calvin Beisner, spokesman for the conservative Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation, which has declared the US environmental movement to be “un-biblical” and a false religion.

“The pope should back off,” he said. “The Catholic church is correct on the ethical principles but has been misled on the science. It follows that the policies the Vatican is promoting are incorrect. Our position reflects the views of millions of evangelical Christians in the US.”

Source: The Guardian