Category Archives: Views

Rwanda to become a failed state by 2030.

Rwanda’s Economic Success Keeps Western Scrutiny About Human Rights Abuses at Bay

Charles Wachira July 19, 2021

Lake and volcano in the Virunga Mountains of Rwanda / credit: Wikipedia/Neil Palmer
Lake and volcano in the Virunga Mountains of Rwanda / credit: Wikipedia/Neil Palmer

Rwanda is one of the world’s fastest growing economies and is ranked second in Africa as the easiest place to do business. In addition, this landlocked country boasts the world’s record for female representation in parliament. And it’s the only African country that manufactures “Made in Africa” smartphones.

These milestones make for impressive reading in the Western world, so accustomed to morbid news from the most corrupt region of the world.

This has also led major global brands including the world’s biggest car manufacturer, the world’s biggest nuclear company by foreign orders, a major U.S. multinational telecommunications company plus a retinue of other global corporations to set up shop in a country the size of the U.S. state of Maryland.

In the paternalistic eyes and hearts of foreign development partners in Africa, Rwanda is obsequiously referred to as the “Singapore of Africa,” a moniker that gives the impression that all is hunky-dory in this “land of a thousand hills.”

Rwanda’s economic and social accomplishments—while impressive—mask the underbelly of one of the world’s cruelest states, led by Paul Kagame.

Here, freedom of expression is muzzled. Extrajudicial killings are institutionalized. Show trials are routinely encouraged. Forced disappearances are embraced, while private businesses are forcibly seized by a regime that operates like the Nazi Gestapo.

Despite evidence of Kagame ordering his political opponents to be murderedarrestedjailedkidnappedassassinated and tortured, the international community has continued to turn the other way. Why is that the case in Rwanda, but not in countries like Ethiopia, where U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken has called for a ceasefire to allow for humanitarian aid to flow into the Tigray region?

Rwandan President Paul Kagame / credit: cmonionline
Rwandan President Paul Kagame / credit: cmonionline

The President and the ruling Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) have built and fine-tuned over the decades a totalitarian police state in which criticism of the government, or any semblance of dissent, is criminalized and often results in death for those who dare to speak out, said Jeffrey Smith, founding director of Vanguard Africa. He told TF in an email exchange, “There is no independent media, nor independent human rights groups or a political opposition that are allowed the minimum space to operate. The ruling RPF, in essence, has been wholly conflated with the state,” says Smith.

The 1994 genocide killed about 800,000 people drawn mainly from the minority Tutsi community, including moderate Hutus, while the rest of the world silently looked on. But Rwanda has since experienced an economic recovery that has been inextricably linked to Kagame, who officially took power in 2000.

In a controversial 2015 constitutional referendum, Rwandans voted overwhelmingly to allow Kagame, 63, to stand again for office beyond the end of his second term, which ended in 2017. He won elections held the same year with nearly 99 percent of the vote. In theory, he could run twice again, keeping him in power until 2034. His current term ends in 2024. 

So why does the Western world play blind and deaf to the excess exhibited by Kagame? In other words, why the complicity in crimes and misdeeds in Rwanda ever since the end of the genocide?

“Rwanda has performed exceedingly well on the economic front. It’s seen as a success story in a continent that is dotted with malfunctioning states,” Lewis Mudge, the Central Africa Director at Human Rights Watch (HRW) told TF in a telephone interview. “The international donor community loves a good story and Rwanda serves as an example.” 

Mudge added Western collective guilt after the 1994 genocide also weighed in. 

The United States and the United Kingdom, like other Western governments, did not intervene in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Nonetheless, both U.S. President Bill Clinton and U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair later emerged as moralists and humanitarian interventionists, claiming human rights as one of the guiding principles for U.S. and British leadership in the world. This argument has since been used to bomb Yugoslavia, and invade Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria.

However, a U.S. diplomat quoted in the New York Times in an article aptly titled, “The Global Elite’s Favorite Strongman,” explained the reason the West disregarded the atrocities happening in Rwanda. “You put your money in, and you get results out. We needed a success story, and he was it.”

French President Emmanuel Macron / credit: The White House
French President Emmanuel Macron / credit: The White House

In late May, French President Emmanuel Macron travelled to Rwanda, formerly a French colony, in a gesture largely aimed at fixing a glacial relationship that had broken down as a result of the latter having backed the former extremist government in Rwanda, including supporting and training its military, which committed genocide.

In addition, France is determined to win back its influence in former French colonies in Africa, including in Rwanda. Some have begun cooperating with other powers, among them China and Turkey, said Arrey E. Ntui, a researcher with the International Crises Group (ICG).

“The French Government is currently not that popular in Africa as a result of its past exploitative history with African states,” said Ntui. “The current leadership in Africa is assertive and takes no prisoners. This calls for France to tread carefully because there are emerging nations that are willing to partner with Africa without a condescending attitude. So it would have been foolhardy, for example, for Macron to censure his Rwandan counterpart on account of real or imagined human rights abuses happening in Rwanda.”

Since his inauguration in May 2017, Macron has visited 18 African countries out of 62 states he has so far visited, a sign that he is determined to claw back the influence France once had when it counted 20 countries as its colonies within the African continent.

But should the world expect an insurgency anytime soon in Rwanda? 

Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, a former presidential contestant who has been jailed for 15 years for daring to challenge Kagame told TF the Kagame government took power after a war and genocide. 

“I would say that all these crimes committed in our country have traumatized Rwandans,” Umuhoza said. “Moreover, there is no room for dissenting voices in Rwanda. If one criticizes the government they are immediately labeled as the enemy of the state. Under such circumstances, people live in constant fear of expressing themselves. But this silence worries me a lot because it can lead to implosion in Rwanda one day.” 

U.S. National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends Report published every five years says the world is “at a critical juncture in human history” and warns that a number of countries are at high risk of becoming failed states by 2030—Rwanda being one of them.

Charles Wachira is a foreign correspondent based in Nairobi, Kenya, and is formerly an East Africa correspondent with Bloomberg. He covers issues including human rights, business, politics and international relations

Towardfreedom

La France au Rwanda: De Mitterrand à Macron, une attitude ambiguë

Le réchauffement des relations diplomatiques et politiques, entre la France et le Rwanda, de ces derniers temps m’a poussé à me faire une réflexion sur le comportement de la France au Rwanda, depuis l’intervention militaire de la France au Rwanda, dès octobre 1990 à aujourd’hui.

L’on peut légitimement se demander pourquoi la France a suivi la voie de l’humiliation face à un régime qui a choisi de montrer les muscles alors même qu’en théorie les forces sont inégales?

La France n’a pas encore reconnu son rôle dans l’instauration ou le maintient des différentes dictatures en Afrique (Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Togo, Bourkina-Fasso,…) ni sur dans l’assassinat de quelques leaders indépendantistes ou panafricanistes ( Thomas Sankara, Sylvanius Olympio,… ). La France n’a pas encore reconnu son rôle dans l’imposition de certains présidents comme Allasane Outtara en Côte d’Ivoire, elle n’a pas non plus reconnu son rôle dans la fabrication des crimes accusés à tort à l’ancien président ivoirien Laurent Gbagbo destitué chez lui par les militaires français déguisés en militaires ivoiriens aux ordres de Nicolas Sarkozy. Pour la petite histoire, Nicolas Sarkozy, alias Paul Bismuth, fait actuellement face à la justice dans plusieurs affaires dont le financement libyen de sa campagne présidentielle et l’affaire Bygmalion entre autres, alors Laurent Gbagbo a été acquitté! La France n’a pas non plus reconnu son rôle dans l’assassinat de Mouammar Kadhafi, assassinat qui a mis à genou le peuple libyen et l’a plongé dans dans une guerre civile interminable et a déstabilisé toute la région du Sahel avec son lot des groupes djihadistes et terroristes.

Alors pourquoi la France courbe-t-elle l’échine devant la petite dictature rwandaise allant jusqu’à sacrifier ses soldats ainsi que ses citoyens assassinés au Rwanda comme l’équipage du Falcoln 50 qui transportait l’ancien président rwandais Juvénal Habyarimana, son homologue burundais Cyprien Ntaryamira avec leurs suites, qui a été abattu au dessus de Kigali dans la nuit du 06 avril 1994 ainsi que les deux gendarmes chargés d’interception des messages radio, Jean-Paul Maïer et Alain Didot, assassinés à Kakiru en avril 1994 par un commando du FPR d’après le livre de Pierre Péan, “Noires Fureurs, Blancs menteurs”?

Pour bien comprendre certaines choses il m’a fallu lire le Rapport Duclert commandé par le président Emmanuel Macron et lui remis le 23 mars 2021 par le professeur Vincent Duclert; rapport qui a relancé les relations entre la France et le Rwanda et à la suite duquel les présidents français et rwandais se sot rendus mutuellement visite pour marquer ces retrouvailles. Rappelons au passage que le Rwanda avait rompu ses relations diplomatiques avec la France, suite à l’accusation et aux mandats d’arrêt émis contre des proches de Paul Kagame par le juge anti-terroriste Jean-Louis De Bruguière, dans le dossier de l’attentat contre l’avion du président Habyarimana au printemps 1994 au Rwanda. Avec la victoire du président Nicolas Sarkozy, un ami personnel de Paul Kagame en la personne de Bernard Kouchner, était devenu ministre des Affaires étrangères et avait conseillé au gouvernement rwandais de laisser faire un simulacre d’arrestation de l’une des personnes visées par les mandats d’arrêt émis par le juge Jean-Louis De Bruguière pour accéder au dossier et le détruire sans jamais se présenter autrement devant la justice. Ce rôle fut confié au Colonel Rose Kabuye, ancienne conseillère de Paul Kagame. Elle fut arrêtée en Allemagne le 09 novembre 2008 et livrée à la France pour être inculpée. Le stratagème fonctionna correctement et après que les avocats des 9 personnalités rwandaises accusées par le juge De Bruguière ont pu accéder au dossier, Rose Kabuye rentra dans son pays comme une héroïne, une Jeanne d’Arc rwandaise. La suite est connue: le successeur de Jean-Louis De Bruguière, Marc Tréviduc ainsi que ses successeurs les juges Nathalie Poux et Jean-Marc Herbaut, finissent par ordonner un non lieu, un non lieu dont les motivations politiques ne sont pas difficiles à déceler.

Le Rapport Duclert est donc une suite logique au démantèlement du dossier de l’attentat.
Mais ce qui m’a fait réfléchir sur ce comportement c’est qu’en lisant ce rapport, je me suis rendu compte de certaines choses étranges:

  • La France n’a vraiment jamais voulu apporter une aide décisive aux Forces Armées rwandaises (FAR) pour qu’elles viennent au bout de la rébellion du FPR: les différentes demandes du président Habyarima pour disposer d’une supériorité aérienne (hélicoptères) et des moyens d’artillerie, ont toujours été refusées,
  • La France s’est toujours contentée d’empêcher l’effondrement des FAR, sans vouloir réellement qu’elles prennent le dessus,

-Même cette aide à demi-teinte accordée par le président Mitterrand au président Habyarimana était conditionnée à des concessions multiples et des avancées démocratiques que le président rwandais a toujours acceptées allant jusqu’à nommer un gouvernement d’opposition qui lui était hostile en temps de guerre,

-Contrairement à certaines rumeurs, ce n’est pas le docteur Nsengiyaremye Dismas, premier-ministre d’alors, qui a chassé les Français du Rwanda mais la France qui se cherchait une sortie honorable, a offert ce départ au FPR tout en l’encourageant à une solution négociée avec le gouvernement rwandais,

-Les boîtes noires du Falcoln 50 abattu au dessus de Kigali avaient disparus de la circulation avant d’être retrouvées dans les placards des Nations Unies à New York, alors que ces boîtes avaient été récupérées par Paul Barril, un “mercenaire” français qui travaillait avec les services de renseignement extérieurs français,….

Tout ceci m’emmène donc à me poser sérieusement la question de savoir si la France n’est pas impliquée, elle ou certains de ses “agents”, dans cet attentat qui est l’élément déclencheur du génocide, avec des plans qui auraient peut-être mal tourné?
En lisant le rapport Duclert, on a comme impression que même aux yeux de certains responsables français, Habyarimana apparaissait comme l’obstacle majeur à la paix et à la démocratisation du pays, ce qui, évidemment était un lecture biaisée.

Sinon, comment diantre, un grand pays comme la France, pays des droits de l’Homme peut-elle sacrifier la vérité judiciaire, sacrifier la vérité historique, sacrifier l’honneur de ses soldats et ses hommes politiques dans le seul but de normaliser les relations avec un pays qui n’a même aucun intérêt économique ou stratégique pour la France? Les accusations de participation au génocide ne résistent pas à l’analyse et aux preuves et les menaces maintes fois brandies par le Rwanda d’inculper les haut responsables français pour génocide ou complicité de génocide n’auraient pas abouti à des condamnations devant un tribunal indépendant. Par contre, si le FPR possède des éléments qui vont dans le sens de ma supposition, cela peut faire l’effet d’une bombe et pousser le gouvernement Macron à tout faire pour normaliser les relations avec le Rwanda et enterrer une vérité qui risquerait de faire beaucoup de dégâts.
J’espère que d’autres mèneront cette réflexion qui pourra conduire à une validation ou non de cette thèse.

Emmanuel Mwiseneza, le 18 juin 2021

“ISO NI NDE”? – the concern of a whole generation?

“ISO NI NDE”? – the concern of a whole generation?

Gustave Mbonyumutwa , April 21, 2021

On April 8th, 2021, as Rwanda just entered the Commemoration Week, a certain Lonzen RUGIRA released a paper called “ISO NI NDE? The relentlessness of genocide deniers” in what seems to be a rebuttal to JAMBO asbl members, which he considers as “the resurgence of denial of the genocide against the Tutsi”.

First and foremost, let us put the record straight. The attacks on JAMBO asbl have nothing to do with fighting “genocide denial” or “genocide ideology” as it has been repeated ad nauseam these last few years. Had that been the case, The Rwandan Government, CNLG or IBUKA or at least one person in this world, would have already filed a complaint against JAMBO asbl in Belgian courts!

In reality, JAMBO asbl is under constant media attacks since it has been, for over a decade now, one of the most “relentless” exposers, in Europe, of RPF-Inkotanyi mass crimes and Human Rights abuses.

Yet RUGIRA’s paper, published on panafricanreview.rw platform, would have gone unnoticed if the Rwandan Minister of Justice, Johnston BUSINGYE and Communication Advisor in the President’s office, Yolande MAKOLO, had not quoted him in their Tweets.

It is not the first time that Lonzen RUGIRA’s public opinion is valued by the very highest authorities of the Rwandan state. Last year in April 2020, he exposed a Minister of State who dared to express his conception of what a genuine KWIBUKA should mean. A few days later, that Minister was fired by presidential order.

Even the members of the President’s family like and retweet his posts, especially Ange KAGAME, whenever it comes to sustaining RPF’s ideology.

This time, Lonzen RUGIRA is reviling JAMBO asbl and its members while paradoxically inviting them to “embrace the truth as the “currency of forgiveness”” and to enter a “virtuous circle as credible and trusted members deserving the community’s good fortune”.

Before reaching this benevolent conclusion, RUGIRA posed the question “Iso ni nde? (who is your father?)” and developed a cumbersome argumentation trying to reconcile the concept of “individual criminality” with the dogma of “collective responsibility” that JAMBO asbl members should bear.

Once decoded, RUGIRA’s complex paper is revealed to be a message to JAMBO asbl members, which is inviting them to ask for forgiveness for what their parents are supposedly accused of, and thus, avoid social and community consequences, as well as preserve their own descendants from being cursed…

This is interesting. But what if this was a concern for a whole generation and not only for JAMBO asbl members?

A generation whose ascendents are wrongfully or rightfully accused of having committed serious crimes including genocides, crimes against Humanity, war crimes and countless political assassinations.

The good news for JAMBO asbl members is that they are very much familiar with the question “Iso ni nde” and they perfectly know how to deal with it. It seems the more they answer it, the less it gets asked …

RUGIRA’s concern should therefore shift towards the offspring of the “mass murderers” identified by the Mapping Report for instance.

What would the descendants of “genocide perpetrators” indicted in the arrest warrants of the Spanish Judge Fernando MEIRELLES reply to the question: “Iso ni nde”?

What kind of mobilization are they doing to “cleanse their forebearers of the responsibility for genocide”?

What about the heirs of those who are proud to murder anyone who betrays “Umuryango” on the excuse that a famous red line has been crossed? 

What are the children of those who shot the presidential plane on April 6, 1994 answer concerning their forebearers?

Iso ni nde” is a question that will be asked to every Rwandan more than once in their life, and the offspring of today’s or yesterday’s RPA/RPF criminals will not escape from it.

If Lonzen RUGIRA is truly concerned about answers from descendants of “killer parents and grandparents”, maybe he should write an essay about those whose parents are still killing to remain in power today?

I am sure all Rwandans, at home or abroad, would be interested to read such a paper. 

Who would not want to know how children reacted after their father had confessed on national TV that he was not “apologetic” for murdering former comrades?

Reading Lonzen RUGIRA’s article with a dispassionate mind is an eye-opener. He has nailed a difficult, yet needed debate that must take place between generations, especially within the RPF-Inkotanyi circles.

The key question being: how to preserve innocent children from bearing the criminal record of their forebearers, and ultimately, how to prevent political criminality from passing from a generation to another?

Instead of wasting intellectual energy with virtual assaults against inexistant genocide deniers – is there really anyone refuting that Tutsi in Rwanda were victims of a genocide in 1994? – perhaps RUGIRA should reflect on how the RPF-Inkotanyi will bequeath its criminal record to the next generation, as this is probably the biggest threat to a truly reconciled Rwandan society.

Gustave Mbonyumutwa

http://www.jambonews.net

[1] https://panafricanreview.rw/iso-ninde-the-relentlessness-of-genocide-deniers/

[2] https://www.rwandanlivesmatter.site

[3] https://twitter.com/BusingyeJohns/status/1381834919178084352?s=20

[4] https://medium.com/@david.himbara_27884/kagame-sacked-nduhungirehe-for-mourning-hutu-opposition-leaders-murdered-during-genocide-against-151b73830c9c

[5] https://youtu.be/uV6tkfyue4Y

[6] https://www.jambonews.net/en/actualites/20180212-rwanda-what-crimes-were-committed-against-the-hutus-and-tutsis/

L’Angola dans les crises congolaises : entre fantasmes et réalité des faits.

L’Angola. Oui, parlons un peu de l’Angola puisqu’il se raconte des choses depuis le passage de Félix Tshisekedi dans ce pays et la signature d’un accord de coopération militaire entre Luanda et Kinshasa. Dans le camp de la talibanie, on exulte en criant déjà victoire à la suite du fameux «meeting aérien» qui s’est déroulé dans le ciel kinois ce vendredi 20 novembre. Mais que peut-on retenir de tout ceci ?

Le fait que Félix Tshisekedi ait sollicité l’Angola pour l’aider dans le bras de fer qui l’oppose à Joseph Kabila signifie que lui Félix n’a pas confiance en l’armée congolaise, ce qui peut se comprendre. Mais contrairement à ce que pensent les intégristes de la secte et certaines personnes, l’Angola n’a jamais été le « faiseur de rois » en RDC. Jamais.

En 1997, l’Angola était intervenu aux côtés de l’AFLD à l’étape de Kisangani sur demande américaine, mais aussi et surtout parce que son adversaire de toujours, l’UNITA, s’était positionnée aux côtés du président Mobutu. Cette implication de l’Angola aux côtés de l’AFDL n’avait pas changé grand-chose sur le terrain militaire.

En 1998, l’intervention de l’Angola, mais aussi du Zimbabwe, aux côtés de Laurent-Désiré Kabila avait permis de défaire les troupes rwando-ougandaises au niveau du triangle Kitona-Banana-Moanda, sans plus. Avec le recul, on peut affirmer que l’implication de Luanda avait pour but de rééquilibrer les rapports de force sans nécessairement donner un avantage militaire conséquent à la RDC dont la partie Est était restée sous occupation des forces d’invasion jusqu’à la signature des accords de paix.

Sous Joseph Kabila, l’Angola a été un bon protecteur, mais pas un « faiseur de Rois » pour la simple et bonne raison que le pouvoir de Joseph venait de loin… si vous voyez ce que je veux dire. Le soutien que semble apporter l’Angola à Félix Tshisekedi aujourd’hui pourrait-il faire la différence en cas de confrontation armée avec Joseph Kabila ?

Dans une certaine mesure seulement puisque l’enjeu est régional et dépend de la position des acteurs composant aussi bien cet écosystème que l’échiquier international. Je vais y revenir dans une prochaine analyse sur Sputnik.

Pour le reste, il faut rappeler à certains rêveurs que l’Angola a besoin d’une RDC faible, que le soutien militaire qu’il avait apporté à Laurent-Désiré Kabila en 1998 n’avait pas empêché que celui-ci se fasse descendre dans son bureau…

À bon entendeur, je bois mon lait nsambarisé…

Patrick MBEKO

Places and People to Visit in Rwanda.

To my dear friends who want to visit Rwanda, let me be your tour guide. Before you embark on your journey to Rwanda , kindly do the following.
Inform your embassy in Rwanda that you will visit the places and the people that I’m going to mention.
Your embassy and your family should keep closer contact with you.
If possible, avoid sleeping in the hotels or lodges, let your embassy help you to find a more secure place for you. Other wise, your family may wake up to a bad news that you took your own life using a bedsheet. Such is common in Rwanda, especially when you choose to see what the regime has been hiding for years.

I don’t mean to scare nor alarm you.
It is a reality and you have to travel knowing it. Forewarned is forearmed.

If I had to promote visit Rwanda , I would encourage the visitation of the following people and places:
Visit Kibeho a place where the current regime led by Paul Kagame killed 48 thousand of internally displaced Hutu refugees, the killing order was given by Paul Kagame. No one remembers them, a few who survived are not even allowed to mention what they went through and how they survived.

Kibeho massacre, 1995

Visit prisons and talk to prisoners and hear what they go through every day, hear how some of them how been in detention for 26 years without charges.
Visit opposition icon Madame Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza.
Listen to how she continues to be victimized, harassed and threatened . Learn on how the members of her political party have been killed in most gruesome manner, how others have been arrested with trumped up charges and eventually disappeared for good.

Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza


Visit another opposition icon Maitre Bernard Ntaganda, learn how he spent 4 years in prison for championing the freedom of speech and promoting an equal opportunity for Rwandans. Learn how he has been made a destitute in his own country. A qualified lawyer whose law licence has been confiscated by the current regime for no apparent reason, just to punish him for his political ambitions.
Learn how a few days ago him and Madame Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza houses were raided by the regime’s security men and took away all their phones, computers and some money.
Learn how they are being made to report to the regime’s investigative bureau every other day.

Me Bernard NTAGANDA

Visit another opposition icon, Déogratias Mushayidi in Mpanga prison and learn how he has been sentenced to life in prison for wanting to challenge Paul Kagame in an election and denouncing the regime for the gross human rights violation.

Déogratias MUSHAYIDI


Visit Diane Shima Rwigara and learn how she was harassed just for announcing that she would challenge Paul Kagame in the passed election in 2017. Immediately after making announcement, fake nude pictures of her were scattered on social media.
Upon seing that the fake pictures did not make her lose focus, they arrested her together with her mother and her young sister.
A visit to Rwigara’s family would indeed give you a glimpse of how Rwanda has developed.

From left to right: Adeline RWIGARA, Diane RWIGARA, Anne RWIGARA.

Visit kwa Gacinya, the infamous detention and torture chamber
Visit Kami (Barracks) , the infamous torture and slaughter chamber
Visit Kizito Mihigo’s mother, see the sadness of loosing her dear son in unexplained manner.
Visit a place called Bannyahe, you will see how poor people’s houses were recently demolished by a named investor closer to the regime. Families have been sleeping outside their demolished houses with no hopes of finding a place to stay.

A woman becomes homeless after her home is demolished by Govt

Learn how Kagame’s soldiers took turns in raping women in Bannyahe at gunpoint in the presence of their husbands and children.
Learn how the journalist of the Ishema Tv by the name of Niyonsenga Dieudonne ,also known as Cyuma Hassan Dieudonne who went to interview the affected families in Bannyahe has been thrown into prison. The same journalist , is the one who upon viewing Kizito Mihigo’s body , he revealed that Kizito Mihigo’s body had three wounds, one on the forehead two on the right and left cheeks respectively, while the world was told that Kizito Mihigo hung himself using the bedsheet.
After you have concluded your visitation, before flying back to your various countries, please, pass through the Rwandan Parliament House.
The speaker is a woman by the name of Donatile Mukabalisa. Since you have heard about women in Rwanda being promoted to the key decision making positions, ask them why the lot is happening and the same women are quiet.
Kindly share with me the answer she(they) will give you , because I have been asking such a question and Donatile Mukabalisa and her group of promoted women ended up blocking me.

Jeanne Mukamurenzi.

Rwanda: Impuruza. Dore aho u Rwanda rwerekera niba ntawe ufashije Rubanda kwirwanaho.

Umwimere w’iyi nyandiko ufite umutwe ugira uti:  “Intabaza yerekana aho u Rwanda rwagana abarwanya ingoma mpotozi ya FPR Inkotanyi batereranye rubanda”. Mu rwego rwo kubwira Rubanda ko na rwo rwifitemo imbaraga, kandi rukaba rugomba gutanga umusanzu warwo, twahisemo guhindura umutwe tuwita : “Impuruza. Dore aho u Rwanda rwerekera niba ntawe ufashije Rubanda kwirwanaho”. Turashimira abayitugejejeho kandi turahamagarira abasomyi gutanga ibitekerezo byabo uko babyumva nk’umusanzu wo kubaka igihugu kizira umunabi. 

Duhereye ku mateka y’igihugu cyacu, hari ibimenyetso bigaragara byerakana ko niba nta gihindutse mu maguru mashya, abanyarwanda bashobora kwibona mu bintu byibutsa imyaka ya 1959-1961, n’imyaka ya 1990-1994.

Kuva aho umwami Mutara III Rudahigwa yangiye guha agaciro ibitekerezo yari yagejejweho n’impirimbanyi za demokarasi byari bikubiye mu nyandiko izwi ku izina rya “Manifeste des Bahutu” yerekanaga akarengane abenegihugu barimo, Kigeri V Ndahindurwa wamusimbuye mu mwaka w’1959 akadukana ahubwo urugomo rwo kwica izo mpirimbanyi, byarangiye byose ubwami buciwe, hashingwa Repubulika.

Repubulika imaze gushingwa, abatarishimiye ishingwa ryayo bahunze igihugu ndetse barema n’umutwe w’ingabo wo kurwanya iyo Repubulika uzwi ku izina “Inyenzi”. Igihe ubutegetsi bwa Repubulika bwari buri mu biganza by’impirimbanyi zishyize hamwe, bwabashije gukumira ibitero by’inyenzi.

Nyuma y’imyaka 25 u Rwanda rubonye ubwigenge, bamwe mu bahunze igihugu mu myaka ya 1959-1961 bavuguruye ishyaka ryari irya Kigeri V Ndahindurwa baryita RANU, ari na ryo ryaje guhinduka FPR Inkotanyi ubwo bateraga u Rwanda mu mwaka
w’1990.

Intambara y’Inkotanyi zishaka gufata no kwiharira ubutegetsi mu Rwanda kuva mu Ukwakira 1990 kugeza 1994 yaranzwe n’ibi bikurikira:
● Ubwumvikane buke mu bari imbere mu gihugu cyane cyane nyuma y’aho amashyaka menshi yemerewe;
● Ingorane z’ubutegetsi bwa Habyarimana zo kurwana intambara ebyiri icyarimwe: iy’amasasu n’iya demokarasi;
● Ubufatanye hagati y’abateye u Rwanda na ba mpatsibihugu bashakaga ko inyungu zabo mu karere zakwitabwaho kurushaho;
● Ibikorwa by’iterabwoba mu gihugu n’urugomo byakozwe na FPR Inkotanyi hagamijwe gutera ubwoba abanyarwanda muri rusange n’abanyapolitiki by’unwihariko;

● Iyicwa rya bamwe mu banyapolitiki b’abanyarwanda ryashojwe n’iyicwa rya Perezida Habyarimana kuya 6 Mata 1994 hagamijwe gushyira igihugu mu kangaratete kugira ngo FPR Inkotanyi ishobore gufata ubutegetsi nta nkomyi.

Kuva Inkotanyi zafata ubutegetsi i Kigali muri Nyakanga 1994, ntizahwemye gukora ibikorwa by’iterabwoba, haba mu gihugu imbere ndetse no hanze, zica abo zibona bose bazibangamiye kubera ibitekerezo byabo byo kubanisha abanyarwanda mu mahoro n’ubwumvikane.

Uretse kwica zakomeje n’ibikorwa byo gufunga inzirakarengane ziziziza gutekereza ku
buryo bunyuranye n’ubw’Inkotanyi.
Nko mu gihe bicaga Gapyisi Emmanuel (18.05.1993) wahamagariraga abanyarwanda bari imbere mu gihugu gushyira hamwe ngo bivune FPR Inkotanyi yari yabashoye mu ntambara bakicana ari abavandimwe, ni ko bishe umuhanzi Kizito Mihigo (17.02.2020) wahamagariraga abanyarwanda bose kwiyunga nyabyo kugira ngo babashe guhangana n’ibibazo baterwa n’ubutegetsi bubi.

Uko Mbonyumutwa Dominiko yakubiswe muri 1959, ba Secyugu na ba Mukwiye bakicwa, niko ubu abayoboke b’amashyaka arwanya FPR Inkotanyi bicwa cyangwa bakagaraguzwa agati.
Nk’uko ihohoterwa ryakorewe Mbonyumutwa Dominiko n’iyicwa ry’abarwanashyaka byatumye ubwami buseswa hakavuka Repubulika;
Nk’uko kandi iyicwa rya ba Gapyisi Emmanuel (MDR, perezida wa komisiyo y’iteganyamigambi), Rwambuka Fideli (MRND, Burugumesitiri wa komini Kanzenze), Gatabazi Felisiyani (PSD, Minisitiri w’ibikorwa bya Leta), Bucyana Martini (CDR, Perezida w’ishyaka) na Perezida Habyarimana n’abo bari kumwe mu ndege byatumye abanyarwanda bicwa ari benshi bitari ngombwa;

Ihohoterwa rikomeje ry’abanyapolitiki batavuga rumwe na FPR Inkotanyi n’iyicwarubozo rya bamwe muri bo bishobora gutuma igihugu kijya mu ijoro ry’icuraburindi risumba iryakigwiriye muri 1994.

Dukurikije iyi mikorere yaranze abarunari ikaba ubu iranga FPR Inkotanyi, yo kwanga ko abanyarwanda bakumvikana bakareshya imbere y’amategeko;

Tuzirikanye urugomo rukabije ruyiranga ubu rugaragarira mu kugaraguza agati madamu Ingabire Victoire, Me Ntaganda Bernard n’abandi banyapolitiki no kwica abayoboke b’amashyaka atavuga rumwe na FPR Inkotanyi;

Ni ngombwa ko abanyarwanda badakomeza kuba ba Bwoba, Ntibindeba ahubwo bagashishikazwa no kurengera igihugu cyabo n’uburenganzira bwabo busesuye.

Ibi byakorwa gute rero?
1. Gushyigikira birushijeho no gushingana Madamu Ingabire Victoire, Me Ntaganda Bernard, n’izindi mpirimbanyi za demokarasi ziri mu Rwanda mu buryo butaziguye;
2. Gushira ubwoba no gutinyuka gushyigikira ku mugaragaro amashyaka arwanya ubutegetsi buriho mu Rwanda no kwanga gukomeza kogerwaho uburimiro n’abambari b’ingoma mpotozi;
3. Abaharanira ko uburyo igihugu kiyobowe bwahinduka neza mu buryo buboneye abanyarwanda bose bakore ibikorwa bateganyije batagombye gutegereza ibikorwa bigayitse bya FPR, mu gihe ibi byaba bibaye, bo bakabyamagana bivuye inyuma;
4. Abarwanya ingoma mpotozi ya FPR bakurikiza umurongo wa politiki ushyira imbere inyungu za rubanda bakwiye kwikusanya bidatinze bagahuza ingufu zabo;
5. Kwiga uburyo abakeka ko baremewe gutegeka mu Rwanda batitaye ku nyungu za rubanda bataba imbogamizi mu kubahiriza inyungu z’abanyarwanda bose muri rusange, ahubwo bakumva ko uburenganzira bafite mu gihugu babunganya n’abandi banyarwanda;
6. Kuzirikana ko impinduka mu Rwanda ishoboka ari uko abanyarwanda ubwabo babishatse kandi bakabikora, inkunga y’abanyamahanga ikaba gusa yaza ibunganira kuko “Akimuhana kaza imvura ihise”.

Bikozwe ku ya 24 Gicurasi 2020 na:
Maniragena Valensi
Nzeyimana Ambrozi

Ambrozi_Valensi

Rwanda : we have another Virus to fight, more virulent than Covid-19.

As the world stands together in fighting the corona virus (COVID-19) let us not forget, as Rwandans , that we have another virus which we have to fight: Kagamevirus (AKAGA-94).

Let us not forget to fight the virus that has attacked our entire governing system and left it almost crippled.
Let us stand together to fight the virus that recently killed Kizito Mihigo.
Let us stand together in fighting the virus that recently made Barafinda Sekikubo Fred to be admitted in the mental hospital, while he is not mentally ill.

Let us stand together in fighting the virus that keeps on attacking opposition leaders, like Madame Victoire Ingabire and Maître Bernard Ntaganda.
Let us stand together in fighting the virus that has closed the political space in Rwanda.

Let us stand together in fighting the virus that has been attacking our neighboring countries and caused the borders to be closed to many Rwandans who depended on cross border trade.

Dear Country men and women, we must fight vigorously and defeat this virus.
I am optimistic that victory is certain.

God bless us all and protect us from our Rwandan common virus and COVID-19.
May God bring to an end the COVID -19 and hill those who are suffering from it.
RIP Kizito Mihigo who was killed by Our common Rwandan virus, Kagamevirus, (AKAGA-94)

 

Jeanne Mukamurenzi

 


Avis aux lecteurs: Nos articles peuvent être reproduits à condition de citer le nom d'auteur et le site web source.
Notice to readers: Our articles may be reproduced provided the author's name and the source website are cited.

 

The Debts of Dictators : who will pay back Kagame’s debts?

FB_IMG_1576138428060“The Debts of Dictators “

So,I’ve just learned that Rwanda’ President Paul Kagame auctioned part of Rwanda by selling for “eternity” the Bugesera International Airport to the Emir of Qatar(60% of stakes ).

FB_IMG_1576138787912

Appolinaire NISHIRIMBERE

I immediately remembered a documentary watched while at AFRODAD Summer School, edition 2019 in Pretoria: “The Debt of Dictators “.
The one-hour documentary film shows how dictators contract loans with international financial institutions like World Bank (WB, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and others and consequently the price poor citizens pay to repay. It’s horrible and odious. For example, people say that South Africa is rich, right ? Did you know how much the apartheid government contradicted for its army, police and other white owned infrastructures?

All those loans were contracted to repress black South Africans. The apartheid debt is now being expensively repaid by the poor South Africans. It was heartbreaking to see that there are even some communities who wish to get infected with HIV/AIDS just to benefit from social assistance as the ANC Government is repaying billions of dollars as part of apartheid loans, annually.

Now the question is : why should financial institutions keep pumping money into governments like the government of Rwanda while they are aware that the same money is being used to repress and torture citizens and opponents ? Who will repay it as even the poor children are born with debt?

Why do IMF , World Bank and some Governments keep funding a Government which is funding in return with billions of US dollars big western soccer teams like Arsenal and PSG while the money given is intended to fund grassroots wellbeing? Is this normal and fair ?

Why dictators prefer foreign loans instead of domestic resources mobilization to fund national economies ? Part of the answer is that if citizens directly pay in taxes for their economic development , their governments will be accountable and citizens will demand for accountability, and therefore participate in management of their countries.

While loans are easy to get, the said documentary contends that some of the international bankers are like lawyers, they even support criminals , dictators as long as their interest is secured no matter who will repay the price. Therefore, loans benefit the industrialized countries and keep developing countries poorer and poorer as they reimburse their debts huge interests. Now you can understand who help who and why.

Hummm ! Haven’t you said that President Kagame is the smartest African leader who is miraculously developing Rwanda ? My African friends, he is rubbing with western bankers and Asian sultans and Emirs. Is he developing Rwanda or giving it as bank guarantee ? Who will repay his debt, not poor Rwandan taxpayers, years after him ? Remember some of those sovereign loans are paid back even after 4 decades or more and affect the most vulnerable (women and children) when those who are answerable will have passed away like in the case of South Africa today.

FB_IMG_1576138439294

Rwanda’s national airport sold to Qatar.

Africans , wake up and stop selling your continent, engage in win win cooperation which benefits the poor.

Source: Appolinaire Nishirimbere (facebook page).

Les petites “erreurs” des dirigeants et des services de renseignements occidentaux sur le Rwanda.

LES PETITES « ERREURS » DES DIRIGEANTS ET DES SERVICES DE RENSEIGNEMENTS OCCIDENTAUX SUR LE RWANDA

Les services de renseignement civils ou militaires occidentaux – à quelques différences près- ont, dès 1994, concédé au régime FPR ce qu’ils n’ont jamais concédé à beaucoup de pays ou de chefs d’État africains : le préjugé favorable. Leur idée était que ce régime, même s’il montrait déjà des signes de monstruosité, restait malgré tout un bon partenaire. Dans l’esprit des Occidentaux : « il se corrigera, il nous rendra beaucoup de services et se comportera bien en général ». C’était l’esprit de la lettre que le secrétaire d’État à la Défense des États-Unis, William Perry, adressait à Paul Kagame en avril 1995. Ce dernier, ayant été adjoint discret mais efficace des services secrets ougandais, était perçu comme un allié respectable des services secrets occidentaux.

Seulement, personne n’a pris ou voulu prendre en compte sa nature et ses méthodes véritables. Sa vraie nature et ses méthodes ont pourtant été mises à nu par plusieurs hauts responsables des services de renseignement rwandais. Parmi eux, Patrick Karegeya. Il a été étranglé dans sa chambre d’hôtel en 2014 en Afrique du Sud, au point de mettre dans l’embarras le gouvernement sud-africain dans ses relations avec Kigali. Un autre haut responsable des services de renseignement rwandais, Kayumba Nyamwasa, a reçu plusieurs balles dans l’abdomen après avoir échappé à deux tentatives d’assassinats dans le même pays simplement parce qu’il avait tenté de montrer le vrai visage du régime qu’il avait longtemps servi.

Récemment, une enquête canadienne révélait que les services de renseignement canadiens avaient observé que des agents rwandais harcelaient des opposants rwandais et même des journalistes canadiens sur leur propre territoire. Ensuite, il est apparu que la Belgique est devenu « le terrain de jeux des espions rwandais » qui, là aussi, traquent des opposants et menacent des journalistes belges, critiques envers le régime de Kigali. Maintenant, la presse belge révèle que pendant que la Sûreté d’État, le renseignement civil belge, lutte contre l’ingérence des services secrets rwandais sur le territoire du royaume, son pendant militaire, le service général du renseignement et de la Sûreté (SGRS), dépendant du ministère de la Défense, « a signé en 2016 un accord de coopération avec Kigali ».

Le moins qu’on puisse dire est qu’avec le Rwanda post 1994, les pays occidentaux nagent en pleine contradiction parce qu’ils ont quelques difficultés à poser un regard froid, objectif, loin de leurs préjugés d’avant et d’après 1994 sur ce pays. Ils sont nombreux dans les pays européens et nord-américains à ne pas vouloir admettre qu’ils se sont trompés ou qu’ils se trompent encore lourdement avec leur politique à courte vue sur le Rwanda. Ce pays n’a ni la tolérance ni l’ouverture qu’apprécient tant les Européens ou les Nord-Américains. La preuve en est que les dirigeants occidentaux et leurs services de renseignement sont mis en difficulté de clarifier le comportement des agents de Kigali dans les pays démocratiques. L’erreur étant humaine, il n’est pas ridicule de reconnaître que l’on a commis de « petites erreurs ».

De toute manière, la propagande massive et régulière du régime rwandais dans les médias occidentaux ne changera rien à sa nature profonde. Même ses voisins s’en plaignent. Le président burundais Pierre Nkurunziza a accusé le Rwanda « d’agression armée » après une attaque meurtrière d’un poste militaire près de la frontière en novembre dernier. Il a demandé la condamnation des pays membres de la région des Grands Lacs qui se murent, avec la communauté internationale, dans un silence de morts.

Dr Charles onana
Politologue

 

The danger of unchallenged myth: The lie that is Rwandan President Paul Kagame.

 

1*9mch3Fn5a2fXGPQ7M-Byng@2xThe danger of an unchallenged myth: The lie that is Rwandan President Paul Kagame

When I set about writing this, two poignant quotes kept bouncing around in my head, which describe everything I want to express in this column. The first, by Martin Luther King goes thus: “Nothing in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” The second quote, from a speech by US President John F. Kennedy at Yale University goes thus: “For the great enemy of truth is very often not the lie — deliberate, contrived and dishonest — but the myth — persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic.”

These two quotes perfectly sum up my views on the sudden appearance of Paul Kagame as a kite being flown within Nigerian political and policy circles. Regardless of who is behind the sudden emergence of an East African strongman as a purported example for Nigerian or African leadership, it is very important to question and challenge this dangerous narrative before it takes root and begins to infect national decision making, as is so often the case. The case for Kagame-style leadership as a panacea to African development issues hinges on two major beliefs: that Kagame is a “benevolent dictator” who leads with his country’s interests in mind, and that he is a “competent dictator” who knows how to get things done and achieve results.

Let us briefly interrogate these two notions.

The ‘benevolent dictator’ is fictional

What is most commonly used to sell the myth of Paul Kagame is the idea that he is some sort of patriotic strongman – the father of the modern Rwandan nation who came in like a hero at the country’s darkest hour to steer it away from genocidal division toward the cusp of a 21st century economic breakout. His “example” is typically cited by non-Rwandan Africans as a stark contrast to their incompetent and corrupt (elected) governments. “If only Kagame’s peers across Africa could be like him! Africa would be so developed by now!”

This myth conveniently ignores some very inconvenient facts that tell a completely different story about who Kagame is and what the modern state of Rwanda is actually built on. First of all, Kagame’s portrayal as a hero in the context of the events of 1994 could not be wider of the mark. It often comes as a shock to many who discover upon some cursory reading, that there was a second genocide happening almost concurrently in Rwanda as well as in neighbouring Burundi and Eastern DRC in 1994. This genocide, which was characterised by massacres and rapes of hundreds of thousands of Hutu civilians and refugees between 1990 and 1996, was twice recognised the UN in 1997 and 1998 as a genocide under Article 2 of the 1948 Genocide Convention.

Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and later on his Rwandan-backed Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL), were repeatedly implicated in these sordid events, but the sheer ferocity of the 1994 Tutsi genocide perhaps allowed him to fly under the radar as the lesser of two evils. By invoking the memory of April 1994 at every opportunity, Kagame has successfully convinced the world to forget that he was in fact, a tribal warlord fighting an illegitimate war against an elected government, before a series of “convenient” events led him into power in Kigali.

What Kagame really is more than anything else, is an opportunist – the ruthless winner who got to write history and cynically exploit the world’s emotions by presenting a complicated – and by no means concluded – conflict as a 3-month spurt of madness that he heroically ended. Rather than contextualise the Rwandan genocide as part of a wider African Great Lakes regional crisis, and acknowledge the ongoing role of the Kagame regime in destabilising and plundering the Eastern DRC, Africa and the world have falled for his contrived and carefully cultivated leadership myth, allowing him to repeatedly escape difficult questions.

Difficult questions like: “Why do Rwandan opposition members keep going missing?” “How did he get 99 percent of the votes cast in the 2017 Rwandan election?” “Why is Diane Rwigara in prison?” “Why does his government regularly seize, expropriate and auction homes, property and businesses belonging to government critics?” “How come Rwanda has barely any coltan deposits, but is one of the world’s largest coltan exporters, while coincidentally sharing a border with the Eastern DRC which has extensive coltan deposits and an everlasting civil war fueled by armed groups linked to Kigali?” “How many civilian massacres and mass rapes did the RPF under his leadership carry out between 1990 and 1996?”  “Why did he respond to a 2006 report by French magistrate Jean-Louis Bruguière, linking him to the assassination of former Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana by breaking off Rwanda’s diplomatic relationship with France?”

In an alternate universe, Paul Kagame would be answering questions about RPF war crimes and his role in the events of 1994 at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania. Instead, because of the power of the “benevolent dictator” myth, this charming, narcissistic Mobutu Sese Seko regen with a nice smile and good PR is currently the toast of many within Africa’s ironically-termed intelligentsia.

The ‘competent dictator’ is another myth

When Customs Controller General, Col. Hamid Ali recently made a comment comparing Nigeria’s nonsensical border closure to China’s alleged border closure in the 20th century, it was a sign that Nigeria’s government has moved on from selling myths and inaccurate information to Nigerians, and started formulating real policies with long term consequences based on false information. Why this worried me was that it presented the possibility of a scenario where the Kagame myth will be used as a basis for policy and political moves that will destroy our hard-won democratic freedoms and wreck our economy for nothing.

If an MDA head and his boss in Aso Rock are making policy decisions based on Chinese ‘historical events’ that simply did not happen, they can also make decisions based on a Rwandan success story that is entirely fictional. As of today, for example, Rwanda has roughly one doctor per 15,600 people. To put that in perspective, Nigeria has roughly one doctor per 2,500 people, and it is widely accepted that this figure represents a healthcare emergency. Rwanda’s per capita GDP is also a miserable $850, putting it behind Chad and war-torn Yemen, and just ahead of economic powerhouses like Haiti, Afghanistan and South Sudan. In 25 years since seizing power, Paul Kagame’s regime has managed to pave just 1,000km of the country’s 12,000km of roads – about 8.3 percent of the total road network.

Even in the famously clean and shiny capital city Kigali, only the most important roads are paved, with the majority of streets still brown earthroads. Most tellingly, anything from 30 to 50 percent of Rwanda’s national budget is still funded by foreign aid every year, more than a quarter of a century after Paul Kagame seized power. Behind the shiny, clean streets of Kigali and the PR-savviness of Kagame’s regime, complete with poverty statistics manipulated to look good as discovered recently by the Financial Times, Rwanda remains a dirt poor banana republic populated by impoverished and terrified people.

If there is such a thing as a “competent dictatorship,” Rwanda is not it, and I cannot stress this point enough. The economically illiterate decision to self harm by closing the borders without sorting out any of the underlying issues that make imported goods more competitive, is an example of ruinous national decision decision-making based on myths like “the Chinese closed their borders.”

Hopefully, we won’t have to learn the hard way that the myth of Paul Kagame – no matter how much we want to believe in it – is just a myth.

David HUNDEYIN

Businessday.ng