East African Community community to create a regional security council: What will it take?

CMA944

East African Community members

“Trust is a serious issue between EAC member states. We have seen these countries in serious wrangles coming out of security interests. First it was Uganda and Rwanda after Congo War Two, but they managed to resolve their differences. Now it is between Rwanda and Tanzania and it has not been resolved.” Stanislaus Kigosi, Diplomacy Analyst.

 

 

Talks are at an advanced stage to establish the East African Community (EAC) Security Council, which will be charged with ensuring that peace prevails in the region,The Citizen on Saturday has learnt.

All five EAC member states–Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi–currently face security threats, with terrorism topping the list. Kenya has borne the brunt of terrorist attacks from Al Shabaab since it sent troops to assist the Somali government in late 2011. The attacks have left hundreds dead and many others injured. Grenades have been hurled into commuter buses, churches have been raided and a big shopping mall was under siege for three days in that country.

Tanzania has also suffered its share of attacks, especially in the tourist hubs of Zanzibar and Arusha. Two blasts rocked Arusha last month alone. In the first attack, a hand grenade was thrown into a residential house in Majengo area and seriously injured two Muslim clerics who were having a pre-fast Ramadhan meal. In the second attack, by an improvised explosive device, eight people were injured at an Asian restaurant near Gymkhana grounds.   In 2008 Tanzania suffered the first major terrorist attack when the US embassy was bombed.

In an interview with this paper yesterday, the deputy minister for East Africa Cooperation, Dr Abdullah Saadalla, confirmed the development and said the security council would make it possible to share information on peace and security matters and also boost peace and security.

Dr Saadalla added: “Yes, we have started talks on establishing a security council. This body will act like the United Nations’ Security Council. It will generally be charged with the responsibility of ensuring that our region remains peaceful and secure.”

The council will also deal with matters such as management of refugee affairs and immigration. But the minister distanced Tanzania from media reports that there was a plan to establish a regional security force. “We in East Africa have not engaged in such talks,” he explained. “Anyone who suggests such a thing must have another basis for forming such a force… we have no plan to do so.”

But, according to Dr Kitojo Wetengere of the Mozambique-Tanzania Centre for International Co-operation, setting up an East African Security Council will help member states address regional security collectively. He argues that the entire region is not safe as long as any of its member states is targeted by terrorists or experiences insecurity.

“First, each member state should take care of its internal security,” he added. “But, most importantly, you need a body which will take care of the regional community, so the move is laudable.”

The don was quick to caution, though, that the proposed security council should be based on fairness for all member states. He added: “We don’t need a security council like that of the United Nations, which has treated its members unfairly. Remember the UN council has turned a blind eye to what is going on in Syria, but it was quick to act in similar conflicts in Iraq and Libya.”

Diplomacy analyst Stanislaus Kigosi, welcomed the move and said it should have come earlier. He pointed out the challenges and warned that if they are not resolved now, it will not achieve its goals. He added: “Trust is a serious issue between EAC member states. We have seen these countries in serious wrangles coming out of security interests. First it was Uganda and Rwanda after Congo War Two, but they managed to resolve their differences. Now it is between Rwanda and Tanzania and it has not been resolved.”

In such situations, the agency might be used by wrangling member states to spy on each other rather than share vital information. Citizens of member states must also be well informed about the threats and how a regional body can help deal with them. These issues are now discussed at top level, but the people must understand the process and back it with their trust.

But city-based political analyst Erick Mwakibete, questions what the mandate of the agency would be in relation to other structures of the EAC. “The summit of head of states is the highest organ now,” he asserted. “Will the proposed Security Council have more say than it? That’s how the UN Security Council operates. Its resolutions are final and very powerful.”

He cautioned that if the new agency is not well organised and empowered, it might end up being another toothless agency in the  community.  He also questioned the scope and future of the EAC.

“If the goal is to form a political federation, then what is the place of the security council?” he added. “We must have plans that concur with our set targets for the integration process to become a success story.”

Source:

http://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/EAC-in-talks-over-starting-regional-security-council

 

 

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  1. Source: http://www.leprophete.fr/news.php?id=549#.U_cqEfmSxV8

    AMAKURU CONFIDENTIEL YAFASHA ABAHUTU BO MUNDUGA BIBUTSE ABABO
    AMAKURU CONFIDENTIEL YAFASHA ABAHUTU BAREBA KURE BO MUNDUGA BIBUTSE HAMWE N’ABAKIGA NDETSE N’ABATUTSI BADAKURIKIRA IBIBA MURI BENEWABO: Nk’uko nabonye hano kuri leprophète mwaravuze uko byagenze kandi ababikoze bakabikora neza mutabogamye abantu bakabikunda, ndagirango mbahe iyi nkuru ishingiye kumakuru yizewe y’uko abatutsi bakiriye igikorwa neza ariko nanone kuva gitekerezwa ndetse kinategurwa bakaba baragikurikiranaga hafi banekerwa n’abazungu bafite ubushobozi buhambaye. Njye icyo mbabwira ni ijambo nibira abasangirangendo. Mumakuru yangezeho avuga ko abatutsi benshi (uretse abahezanguni) babyakiriye neza cyane kuko kuva icyo kibazo cyo kwibuka gitangira kuvugwa mumyaka ishize (cyane cyane uriya Rutayisire Boniface agishyushyemo cyane) yashoboye gucengeza image y’ukuri mubatutsi ivuga ko abasangirangendo atari abantu batsimbaraye kubuhutu cyane kuko abenshi ari n’imvange ndetse bakaba n’imbonabone zitagize aho zibogamiye hagati y’aba extremistes b’impande zombi. ikintu cyatsindagiye iryo shusho cyane ni aherekanwe n’imyitegerereze ko kubwa Kayibanda abahutu batishe abatutsi ngo batsembeho kuko hari abahutu baherekeje n’abatutsi kugera mubuhungiro ndetse na ba Kayibanda abo hamwe n’abo bategekanye benshi bakaba bari batunze abatutsikazi. Muri 1994 siko byagenze kubwa Habyarimana Kinani kuko bahize umututsi n’aho yihishe kugirango bamutsembeho burundu. ibyo kandi bikaba byaratewe n’uko umukoroni yari yarabiteguye arema abahutu batavangiye ndetse yarangiza akabashyira kubutegetsi. Muribuka abatutsi bari batuye iyo mumajyaruguru bimurwaga kungufu ntampamvu bakajya gutuzwa iyo za Bugesera. Abanyarwanda b’icyo gihe ngo abenshi ntawabajije impamvu yabyo kuko batari bazi icyo bizabyara. Ngo kandi no mu itegeka rya Kayibanda yageze aho ahura n’iryo hurizo ry’amahanga amwe yamushyiragaho pression rwihishwa noneho akagombera kubaza Habyarimana Juvenal kumuhitiramo abakandida kugirango ataregwa ko ashyize imbere umuhutu utizewe neza. Ibyo kandi muri 1994, na none byatsindagiwe na image yagaragaje ko munduga byagombeye kubahatira kwica abatutsi. Ubusanzwe abatutsi cyane cyane abakuze, bazira bariya ba Parmehutu kurusha n’uko bazira abakiga. Ikintu rero kinini cyashushe n’ikiba direction cyangwa igikamyo ya image nziza ya bariya bibuka kubireba umututsi, ngo ni uburyo uriya Rutayisire Boniface yakomeje gutsindagira iyo image ko bariya bantu kwibuka kwabo atari aba parmehutu bibuka cyane cyane agasa n’uri mu itsinda ryabo muri gahunda yo kwibukira hamwe abavictimes babayeho mumateka y’u Rwanda. Impamvu ngarutse kuri iri zina Rutayisire Boniface inshuro nyinshi, ni uko kugiti cye icyo aricyo n’icyo abantu babona iyo umuvuze, usanga kirenze we bwite. Iyo uvuze Rutayisire Boniface kubatutsi bajijutse batari abahezanguni cyane cyane mu Rwanda kuko benshi baramuzi, uba uvuze umuhutsi (ni ukuvuga umuntu utari kure y’abatutsi cyane). Kumakuru azwi n’abatutsi, iyo uvuze Rutayisire Boniface uba uvuze umuntu wababaranye n’abatutsi kuko abatutsi bagize igihe cyo kumumenya bihagije ndetse ngo higeze no kuba urubanza muri 2008 rwo kuburanisha uwo abaturage bareze ko yamwishe (igihe bari bataramenya ko yaje kurokoka akabaho). Na none ngo iyo uvuze Rutayisire Boniface yumvikana nk’umuntu udakoreshwa n’urwango kumututsi ndetse akaba atari n’umurakare kuko atigeze akorera leta ya FPR ariko cyane cyane abantu bakamwizera ko anareba kure agamije ko abanyarwanda bose basangira igihugu neza. iyo image iraremereye kuburyo irenze uriya mugabo kugiti cye kuko abatutsi bamubona nka symbole y’ibyo byose n’ibindi byiza. N’ubwo azamura ibibamerera nabi kuko gahunda yashyize imbere ibimusaba, ariko benshi mubatutsi baba bamushyigikiye cyane, bakabona ko nabo bagiye mumwanya we ariko babigenza. Muribuka nk’umututsi witwa Antoine ukomeye muri leta ya FPR wo muri komini y’i Murambi kwa Gatete wiciwe abe muri za mirongo itandatu wongeye akicirwa no muri 1994, yaje inshuro ebyiri ava mu Rwanda bagakorana conférence kukibazo cy’abavictimes bose (Hutu Tutsi) mu Bubirigi kubera ko uwo mututsi yabaga ashyigikiwe n’abandi batari aba extremistes. Abo bahutu b’i Gitarama rero nibahitamo amayira ashaka gushyira urwango imbere kubireba abatutsi nta n’ubwo bazamenya inkuba zibakubise aho ziturutse kuko hari n’amahanga aba arekereje ko bayabwira icyo yakora. Ayo mahanga kandi hiyongeraho abanya Ruhengeri-Gisenyi bafata kiriya kibazo cyo kwibuka abo 1973 nko kwanduza ubutegetsi bwabo ataribyo. Kuri abo nanone hihongeraho uduhutu duke tw’aba extremistes rimwe na rimwe tuba munduga tutemera bariya banyapolitiki barongoye abatutsikazi. Ibyo mbabwiye murabisanga no mubyo umuzehe witwa Rwagasana Gerard professeur muri Université i Butare yaraye atangaje agaragaza ko communauté tutsi yasobanukiwe neza n’abo bariya bibuka aribo ndetse bakaba bakaba baramaze gusobanukirwa noneho ko bari proche y’umututsi kubera iyo image yatsindagiwe cyane cyane n’uriya mugabo Rutayisire Boniface. Ubundi FPR igifata ubutegetsi, abatutsi bose bakuze bari baziko umwanzi wa mbere ari umuhutu w’umuparimehutu. Iby’uko iyo communauté y’abahutsi yabaye imvange (abahutsi) ntabyo bari bitayeho. Uko ibihe byagiye byicuma ibyo bibazo byose bimaze gusobanurwa, benshi bahinduye imyumvire ninayo mpamvu n’uko kwibuka kumaze imyaka kuvugwa, bitateye induru muri FPR kuko habaye akazi gakomeye ko kumara ubwoba umututsi aho ari hose, kandi abatutsi barakominakana cyane. Abahutu bibuka rero nibahindura umurongo bakumva ko gutera umututsi ubwoba ariyo nzira nziza bizaba bibaye ubwenge buke kuko imbwa zizabirwaniramo. Kuba umunyanduga birahagije kuko kuba umuhutu n’ubundi abo baparmehutu basanzwe biyizi nk’abahutu. Umunyanduga hano bivuga ya maperefegura yose agize Ndugangari. Na kuriya batangiye kwibuka ari urungano ruri kumwe n’uwo muhutsi Rutayisire Boniface uvugira abavictimes bose usanzwe uzwi kandi wemewe n’abatutsi ndetse wemewe n’amahanga ni ikintu gikomeye mumateka y’u Rwanda n’inshuti z’u Rwanda abateguye ibyo kwibuka bubakiyeho. Hariya hantu abari bagize comité yibuka bagaragaje ubwenge cyane. Ikindi ugomba kureba ko ubwoba bw’umututsi bufite ibisobanuro, ni nka kuriya bumvise ngo abahutu b’inkorokoro nka Maurice Niwese yabijemo, maze milieu universitaires ndetse z’abasaza zigahaguruka pour réagir et donner l’avertissement. Kuriya kuvuga ngo Habyarimana yarabishe ariko barangije nawe bajya kumuhorera bica abatutsi, ni uburyo bwo gushyiramo gasopo bati dufite uburyo twabamerera nabi. Wabonye isaha Rwagasana yandikiyeho mumasamunani z’ijoro akayohereza kurubuga rumwe ariko akongera gakora copier coller akayohereza no kurundi nk’aho abwiwe ati yohereze na hariya ? Nka buriya hari umututsi wambariye ibyavugiwemo nawe yabwiwe n’abagiyeyo ariko we icyo yakuyemo ngo n’uko umwe mubavuze ijambo yavuze ngo ama perefegitura yakubititse cyane ni Gitarama Kibuye na Kibungo na Butare. Kuki umututsi mubyo yumvise byose yakuyemo ako kantu k’akazinga mu Rwanda kakaba ariko kamuguma mubwonko? Kubwanjye akimbwira ibyo yumvisemo nkabona mubyo ambwiye atsimbaraye cyane kuri ako kantu sinumvise akamaro bifite muri icyo kibazo. Nyuma ariko nibwo nibajije ndasobanukira ko burya umutwe w’umuntu ufata inkuru ukurikije aho ababaye n’ibimusanzwemo. Ni ukuvuga ko imyumvire iganisha kukumva ibyo ashaka kumva kubera ko ayo ma perefegitura bayafata nk’amaperefegitura y’abatutsi benshi ndetse n’abahutu baho bakaba mubantu batazwiho urwango rwinshi ku batutsi n’iyo habonekamo umuhutu umwe n’umwe ukaze kubuhutu bwe. Abasangirangendo mubambwirire ko ubwenge bagaragaje mugutegura igikorwa biyegereza abantu bameze nk’inkingi nk’uriya Rutayisire Boniface ari intsinzi bagezeho batiriwe basakuza. Andi makuru avuga ko abatutsi bagiye bakurikirana buri gestes zose zikozwe kuburyo baziko umudamu Bernadette ariwe Rutayisire Boniface yabanje kugezaho igitekerezo cyo kwibuka ababyeyi babo noneho akamugira inama nziza yo kwegera abajeunes nkawe ko aribwo bizashoboka ngo kuko abakuze ntakigenda. Na none abatutsi baziko umuntu wafashe initiative ya mbere ari Gregoire yandikira Rutayisire Boniface ngo ategure misa ariko undi akamubwira ko ibyiza byakorwa n’imiryango yiciwe. Abatutsi baziko n’uwafashe gahunda nyayo yo kwibuka ari Munyandamutsa abishishikariza bagenzi be ndetse bihinduka gahunda ikorerwa mubihugu binyuranye. Ngo harin’umugore wabashatsemo watumye bishoboka. Byose nta kintu ubutegetsi bw’abatutsi butakurikiraniraga hafi kandi ntabwo bwigeze busabuta igikorwa kuko ntabwoba cyari kibateye. Ariko by’umwihariko services z’amahanga zimwe zarabikurikirana kuko ngo amateka ya Kayibanda aza mumateka akomeye muri Afrika. Ngo icyatumye ayo mahanga atabisabuta n’uko amakuru yavaga mubatutsi atabaga ari mabi kubera impamvu navuze hejuru. Na none mumakuru mfite, ntabwo FPR yigeze itiza umurindi nagato kiriya gikorwa kuko itari mubakeneye bidasanzwe abo bahutu cyane cyane bazi ko iyo groupe ari groupe izi ubwenge kurusha abakiga. Umututsi yubaha buri gihe umuhutu w’umunyanduga guhera kera kugeza ubu. Ariko nk’uko nabivuze iyo groupe ntibatera ubwoba kubera image yamaze gufata ko abo bantu atari abantu bazanye ubuhutu bwo guhonyoza umututsi. Avenir rero y’iki kibazo kumibanire y’amoko mu Rwanda izaterwa na visions abemeye kukirangaza imbere bazakomeza bagira cyangwa se bagakomeza kwibuka uburyo babitangiye bikagenda neza kandi bamaze imyaka 41 byarananiranye. Na buriya kandi ikigaragara n’uko hatari umututsi, umukiga wabiciye yahita abahanaguraho ako kanya kuko bahora bavuga ngo mwizamura ibyo bintu. Na none gushyira ubuhutu imbere ukibagirwa ikiraro kiri hagati yawe n’umututsi ni ukwishuka ukibagirwa ko iyo wigize uwo utariwe bikubyarira ibibazo by’ubusa. Njye mbona abahutu bo munduga atari ngombwa ko bashyira imbere ubuhutu kuko nubundi iyo uvuze ko uri umunyanduga uba uvuze ko uri umuhutu mumvugo z’ubu kuko umutusi yitwa umututsi. Na none mbona ukubaho kw’abanyanduga ari ikintu kiza kubakiga kuko noneho bituma babona abo baganira nabo kuburyo umukiga n’umunyandugangari n’umututsi baramutse bumvikanye byaba ari igihugu cyose cyumvikanye. Inshutsi rero zikunda iriya communauté yibutse abayo, nimubagoboke mufatanye no gutekereza avenir y’iyo communauté yose cyane cyane muri sens ya byabindi bya Nduga ngari kuko identité “ABANYANDUGA BASHAKANYE N’ABATUTSI” yatsindagiwe n’umuhutsi Rutayisire Boniface byahinduye image y’urwango rw’umututsi yahoranye ku muparmehutu 90 ku ijana. Niba rero umunyanduga ngari ashaka gutambuka agatambukana n’umukiga kandi agatambukana n’umututsi bose uko ari batatu banganya ijambo mu gihugu n’uburenganzira, ubwo abatekereza kandi mureba kure ni uruhare rwanyu. Njye mbamurikiye nkurikije amakuru y’impamo mfite. Ibi kandi biri valabre cyane cyane na FPR imaze guhirima kuko ninahirima ntabwo umututsi azabura ijambo rike asigarana nk’umuntu wahoranye ubutegetsi n’igisirikare n’iyo yaba asangiye igihugu n’abandi. Mukundabantu

    Source: http://www.leprophete.fr/news.php?id=549#.U_cqEfmSxV8

    “Nzinink nzinink@yahoo.com [fondationbanyarwanda]” a écrit :
    Ndabona neza ipfunwe ryawe aho riva kandi ni mu gihe.
    Niba utari ubizi menya ko Madamu Mado Bicamumpaka ari Commissaire aux Finances muri FDU-Inkingi, uyu mwanya wonyine ukaba uhagije kugirango abe yarabariwe mu banyapolitike b’icyubahiro bari muri uriya muhango wo kwibuka abaparmehutu bishwe muri 1973, tutibagiwe kandi ko (nk’uko wabikomojeho ariko wangiira) uyu Mado Bicamumpaka ari umwuzukuru w’impirimbanyi Balthazar Bicamumpaka, umwe mu bashinze MDR-Parmehutu, afatanije na Gregoire Kayibanda.

    Iryo sebanya ryawe ryo kuvuga ngo nzoga Mado atavumba menya ko Mado atitumiye muri uriya muhango kandi ko (na Cypien Mugabo yumvireho) abari muri uriya muhango atari abiciwe gusa.

    Ongera kandi usome zeza uko ino nkuru yatanzwe maze urebe ko wazanzamuka maze usubize ubwenge ku gihe:

    1.Nta muntu w’injagatira wigeze utumirwa kwa kundi bamwe bitumira. Buri wese watumiwe yari afite uwamutumiye.

    2. Mu kiriziya imiryango yibuka yari yicaye imbere ifite n’amatara mu ntoki n’indabo.

    3. Inyuma y’iyo miryango y’abiciwe hari hakurikiyeho abanyacyubahiro barirmo abanyepolitiki nka Madaleine Bicamumpaka wo muri FDU na Rutayisire Boniface Perezida w’Ishyaka Banyarwanda usanzwe unayobora association des victims Tubeho Twese wabonaga ko yubashywe cyane.

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