Ubutegetsi bwa FPR bufite byinshi buhuriyeho n’umukobwa ushaje!

rose-kabuye-na-we-yakoze-hasiMaze iminsi nitegereza, imitegekerwe y’u Rwanda n’imikorere ya FPR, ngasanga atari bishya, ndetse nkumva bisa n’aho hari ahandi naba narabibonye, narasomye cyangwa narumvise ibisa n’iby’iwacu i Rwanda. Hashize iminsi mike nsobanukiwe ko ibiri ku isi yacu nta gishya ibyinshi bisa ndetse byagera ku mikorere n’imitegekere bikaba mahwi.

Reka duhere k’ubuzima bw’umukobwa kuko nasanze bisa neza neza n’ubutegetsi aho buva bukagera.

Uyu mukobwa n’iyi myenda yambaye urabona bijyanye?

Umukobwa iyo akibyiruka ageze mu myaka hagati ya 21, yisiga ku minwa no ku ngohe, arakandagira rwose akumva ikirenge gifashe hasi, muri iyi myaka aba yambara akaberwa n’umwambaro uwo ariwo wose. Uko akomeza gukura biriyongera akiyumva ubwiza, abasore bakamwegera nawe agatangira kwihitiramo uwo avugisha, uwo asuzugura, uwo yiyama bibaye ngombwa n’uwo akundana nawe; hari n’abageza mu myaka 40 nubwo ari bake cyane bakiryohewe n’ubuzima. Ni kuvuga ko baba bamaze imyaka 20 cyangwa irenga bumva bagezweho. Ariko iyo batangiye kurenza 40 hari bamwe bibagirwa bagakomeza kwambara utwenda tugufi bambaraga bagifite imyaka 20, iki gihe abahisi n’abagenzi batangira kubyitegereza ugasanga rimwe na rimwe baramusetse. Ikindi kandi atangira kwisiga ku minwa ntibifate, yakwisiga utuvuta ntitumufate neza nka cyera. Iyo bikomeje, akenshi, mu myaka 50 bwo biba byararangiye aho yasimbukaga atakihabashije ndetse atangiye gutaka umugongo, imitsi, ingingo zitagikora neza, bamwe za diabete, mu kanwa byarabaye ibihanga n’ibindi byaratangiye kumunga iryari ihogoza. Waganira n’abakuze bakakubwira ko kanaka mu myaka yabo yari mwiza cyane, ukumva ari ikinyoma cyambaye ubusa!

Tugarutse ku mitegekere y’ibihugu, FPR igifata ubutegetsi 1994, ntawuyobewe uko byari byifashe. Vision 2020, twarayiririmbye karahava kandi ni mugihe barayisobanuraga ukumva inogeye ugutwi, ukumva neza ko hahiriwe umunyarwanda uzaba akiriho mu mwaka wa 2020. Bagusobanurira EDPRS byo ukarara urota neza. Nyamara ntiwari umwihariko wa FPR kuko byasaga neza neza n’ibyo Mobutu Sese Seko, agifata ubutegetsi, yijeje Abazayirwa icyo yise Objectif 80; ku bwa Mobutu, mu mwaka wa 1980 Umuzayirwa wari kuba akiriho yari kuba abayeho neza. Byahe byokajya , ahubwo bageze 1980 ari abakene kurushaho! Nyakubahwa Paulo Kagame, aho yajyaga hose mu mahanga no mu gihugu yakirwaga n’isinzi ry’abantu nk’intwari. Nta muhutu aho ava akagera washoboraga kuzamura umutwe ngo agire icyo akopfora, uko iminsi yagiye ihita byagiye bihinduka. Ntanuwashoboraga kuvuga ko ashinze ishyaka rya opozisiyo kuko yitwaga interahamwe ishaka kugaruka kumara abantu idosiye ikaba irizinze. Kandi icyo gihe byarumvikanaga da! Ubu bivugwa ko mu gihe cy’amatora ya perezida wa repubulika, ingabo na polisi, bitwaje imbunda, nibo bakoreshejwe ngo abaturage baze gukurikirana ukwiyamamaza kwa Paulo Kagame. Mu mahanga ho abanyarwanda benshi biboneye uburyo abantu bamwe bamwakirije imyigaragambyo bafite amagi yo kumutera ndetse bikorwa mu maso y’abapolisi b’Ubwongereza. Vuba aha muri Canada ho bivugwa ko hari itsinda ryamwakiriye nabi. Paulo Kagame wo mu 1994 biragaragara ko atakiri Kagame wa 2013, ibintu byahinduye isura.

Kimwe rero na wa mukobwa twavuze haruguru, imyaka yo kuberwa irimo kurenga niba itararenze cyera. Ubu FPR irataka mandat d’arret z’abafaransa n’abaspanyole, irataka guhagarikirwa inkunga n’inshuti, irataka FDLR, irataka amaraporo mpuzamahanga. Nka wa mukobwa twavugaga haruguru wambara utwenda tugera mu ntege yari kwambara mu myaka ya cyera, FPR itangiye kuzana “Ndi umunyarwanda” yagombaga kuzana igifata ubutegetsi kuko mpamya neza ko buri muhutu icyo gihe yagombaga gusaba imbabazi yihuta. Amavuta ntagifata k’umubiri, turisobanura ko tudafasha imitwe irwana yo muri Congo, bikanga bikaba iby’ubusa ntihagire utwumva cyangwa ngo abyemere.

Kuki se ingoma ya RPF ishaje vuba bigeze aha ?

Ubu iyo witegereje, mu 1994, FPR, yari imeze nka wa mukobwa w’imyaka 20 wambara akaberwa, yakwisiga agacya ariko ubu mu myaka 39 gusa (n’ukuvuga nyuma y’imyaka 19 k’ubutegetsi) ibintu byatangiye guhinduka, umukobwa yashaje.

N’abacurabinyoma ba FPR bamaze kunanirwa!

Mu gihe nashakishaga igisubizo cy’icyo kibazo nibajije haruguru, nahereye kuri ba Robert Mugabe, Paul Biya, Obiang Ngwema Basogo, Eduardo Dos Santos na Abdelaziz Buteflika nasanze bamaze imyaka myinshi k’ubutegetsi ndetse hafi gukuba kabili iyo FPR imaze k’ubutegetsi ; nyamara abenshi muribo baracyisiga utuvuta tugafata k’umubiri. Aho niho nahereye nibaza impamvu FPR ibyayo byagenze bite ?

Igisubizo naje gusanga intandaro ari uko FPR yagiye itandukana na benshi mubayiremye bamwe bazira amakosa yabo abandi bazira amakosa ya « chairman ». Ukoze urutonde rw’abayiremye ubu batakirebana nayo ijisho ry’urukundo impapuro zakuzura. Bamwe bari mu gihugu ariko ntibakirebana akana ko mu jisho na FPR nka Bihozagara, Mazimpaka, General Muhire, General Kayonga, Roza Kabuye ; abandi bafashe iy’ubuhungiro nka Kayumba, Karegeya, Rudasingwa, Gahima, Rujugiro, n’abandi hari ndetse n’abo tutakimenya ko baba mu Rwanda, niba barapfuye se cyangwa bafashe iy’ubuhungiro. Ibyo bihita bikwereka ko FPR ya 1994 yaciye ingingo zari ziyigize.

Urebye nka Uganda, byatwaye imyaka isaga 24 kugira ngo NRM ya Museveni icikemo ibice, abari ibyegera bye bya hafi, nka Col Dr Kiza Besigye, bice ukubiri nawe. Muri Kenya, byatwaye imyaka isaga 30 kugira ngo KANU icikemo ibice, abayiremye basubiranyemo, kimwe na Tanzania kuri CCM, byatwaye imyaka isaga 35 kugira ngo Augustin Mrema yitandukanye na CCM, ashinge ishyaka rye. Muri Kenya uko gucikamo ibice kwagize ingaruka zikomeye kuko KANU yagezeho itakaza ubutegetsi naho muri Uganda ingaruka ntawutazibona kuko niba hari umuntu ubuza Museveni gusinzira ubu ni Kiza Besigye.

Iyo witegereje usanga ntagihe gishyira Paulo Kagame adacanye uwaka n’uwari inshuti ye ni ukuvuga ko nta gihe gishira FPR idatakaje imbaraga. Nyamara urebye uko abanyarwanda bateye, FPR yari yitoraguriye akarima pe ; abanyarwanda ni ndiyo mubyeyi-nta pressure na nkeya bashobora gushyira kuri Leta.

 Ese FPR izashobora kwihanganira izuba ryo mu ki ?

Ingaruka zabaye ko nyuma y’ihunga rya benshi muri baremye FPR, umuhutu yatangiye kumva nawe yavuga. Yatangiye kumva yakora politike, amashyaka yari yarabuze uruvugiro yatangiye kujya ahagaragara. Nahamya ko 99% by’amashyaka ya opozisiyo yavutse hanze y’u Rwanda, yagiye avuka nyuma y’ihunga ry’abenshi mu nshuti za Paulo Kagame (Kayumba Nyamwasa, Patrick Karegeya, Theogene Rudasingwa, Gerard Gahima, n’abandi). FDLR yatangiye gusa n’ishaka kongera kuzura umugara, muri diplomasi u Rwanda rusa n’urugenda rudohoka nyamara byari bizwi ko FPR ifite ubuhanga budasanzwe muri diplomasi.

Uko mbibona nsanga nubwo bimeze bityo, FPR igifite indi myaka 10 ku butegetsi; ibi mbishingira ku miterere ya opozisiyo n’imitekerereze y’abanyarwanda muri rusange (nzabigarukaho mu nkuru itaha).

Gusa muri iyo myaka 10 isigaye FPR, izaba irimo kwandara no kugendera kukabando kuko imbaraga zo zirimo gushira rwose, ibihanga, rubagimpande, umugongo no kubura ingingo zimwe z’umubiri byatangiye kuyizambya. Iyo haza kuba hari uwahuhura uyu mukobwa ibintu byari kwihuta ariko ntawe (niba ubihakana rindira nzabikwereke mu nkuru itaha).

Ese wowe FPR usanga igeze muyihe myaka y’umukobwa : 20, 30, 40, 50 cyangwa FPR yakecuye imburagiye nk’umukobwa w’imyaka 70?

C. Kanuma

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