Bimwe mu by’ingenzi byaranze politiki y’u Rwanda muri Kamena 2013

Bimwe mu by’ingenzi byaranze politiki y’u Rwanda muri Kamena 2013

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1. Ijambo rya Kikwete Perezida wa Tanzania

Ukwezi kwa Kamena kwatangiye hakivugwa byinshi ku Ijambo Kikwete yavugiye Addis Abeba muri Ethiopia asaba ko abayobozi b’u Rwanda na Uganda bagombye gushyikirana n’imitwe ibarwanya ariyo FDLR y’Abanyarwanda na ADL y’Abanya Uganda. Mu Rwanda abantu batangajwe no kumva iryo jambo ndetse abafite uburere bukeya batangira gutuka Perezida wa Tanzania nk’aho aciye inka amabere! Cyakora Umunyamabanga mukuru w’umuryango w’abibumbye Ban Ki-moon we yashimye icyo gitekerezo ndetse atangaza ko azatumira inama muri Nzeri uyu mwaka kugira ngo icyo gitekerezo kinozwe neza. Umuryango SADC w’ibihugu byo muri Afurika y’amajyepfo nawo washyigikiye iki gitekerezo cy’uko FDLR yashyikirana n’u Rwanda na ADL igashyikirana na Uganda.

 2.Musenyeri Mbonyintege yaragaciye, Musenyeri Ntihinyurwa aramuruta, Papa Fransisko atumara impaka.

Mu ntangiriro za Kamena Abakirisitu bo mu bihugu binyuranye bakoze isengesho ry’iminsi 9 ryitwa “Neuvaine” ryo gusabira Abihayimana bishwe na FPR Inkotanyi I Gakurazo mu cyahoze ari Perefegitura ya Gitarama. Basabye Musenyeri Mbonyintege Simaragde kubafasha mu isengesho na we akabavugira agasengesho gatoya, cyane cyane ko mu bahaguye harimo Abasenyeri batatu ba Kiliziya Gatulika  kandi muri iki gihe Simaragde akaba ari Perezida w’inama y’Abepiskopi mu Rwanda. Musenyeri aho kuvuga ko wenda bamutunguye cyangwa se ko afite imirimo myinshi yagize atya arihanukira ati: “Abanzi barabizi , simvanga amasengesho na Politiki”! Twese tugwa mu kantu.  Kuvugira isengesho abapfuye se bijemo politiki gute? Cyakora nyine abamuzi bavuga ko uyu Musenyeri ukunze kugaragara mu kuvuga amasengesho mu bikorwa byateguwe na FPR ashobora koko kuba yaragize ubwoba bwo gusabira abishwe nayo! Mu by’ukuri iyo ubabajwe n’abishwe mu yandi amagambo uba wamaganye ababishe. Musenyeri Mbonyintege rero rwose niba yaragize ubwoba, niba se yarabigize nkana yabuze intege zo gukora umurimo w’ibanze wa gisaseridoti wo guhuza Imana n’abayo. Kugira ngo atange igisobanuro yakekaga ko cyakwakirwa neza abyita politiki kandi atwumvisha ko umuntu nka Musenyeri atakora politiki. Nyamara byagaragaye ko  Musenyeri Ntihinyurwa we yemera gusabira izo nzirakarengane zatsembwe na FPR. Ndetse we niyatinye no gutanga ikiganiro kuri ubwo bwicanyi.

Icyakurikiye ibyo ni urujijo hagati y’Abanyarwanda cyane cyane Abakirisitu Gatolika. Bamwe bibazaga niba uwo bafataho urugero rwiza ari Musenyeri Mbonyintege cg se Musenyeri Ntihinyurwa. Impaka zamazwe na Nyirubutungane Papa Fransisko wakanguriye Abakirisitu kwinjira no gukora umurimo wa politiki,  ati “gukora politiki ni  ikimenyetso cy’ibanze cy’urukundo rwa gikirisitu kuko politiki iharanira imibereho myiza ya bose”. Ndizera ko Musenyeri Mbonyintege adashobora gukaraba ngo abyitarutse nka Pilato mu gihe cy’urubanza rwa Yezu.

 3. Inama mpuzamahanga ku Rwanda

Mu Bwongereza ahitwa Brighton hateraniye inama yari yatumiwemo Abanyamashyaka ya politiki na Leta y’u Rwanda hamwe n’abahagarariye amashyirahamwe atandukanye aharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu. Ibyavuye muri iyo nama bigaragaza ko Abanyarwanda bakeneye kuganira kenshi kugira ngo babone umurongo ngenderwaho ufatika wo guhangana n’ibibazo biri mu  Rwanda. N’ubwo Leta ya Kigali itohereje uyihagarariye bamwe mu bari mu nama berekanye ko hari ibyo bashima iyo Leta yagejeje ku Rwanda. Byaba byiza ubutaha iyo Leta nayo igiye yohereza umuntu akaza akayihagararira.

4.  Rukokoma yimwe viza yo kujya mu Rwanda Semushi agenda wenyine.

 Ikindi cyari kitezwe muri Kamena ni itahuka mu Rwanda rya Twagiramungu Faustin uzwi ku kazina ka  Rukokoma akaba na perezida w’ishyaka  RDI-Rwanda Rwiza, yari gufatanya urugenda na Karangwa Semushi Visi Perezida wa PDP –Imanzi. Abo bagabo bari bateguje ko bazajya I Kigali guhangana na FPR mu gihugu imbere, bakaba baragombaga kugerayo kuwa 21 Kamena. Uko babivugaga wagiraga ngo bamaze kubona ibisabwa byose. Nyamara siko byaje kugenda kuko ku munota wa nyuma Twagiramungu Faustin yaje kwemera ko burya bwose atigeze ahabwa visa kandi ko nta n’ubundi buryo yari yabonye bwo kugera mu Rwanda kuri iriya taliki. Ibi byatumye abantu bibaza byinshi kubyo Abanyapolitiki basezeranya ababafitiye icyizere. Karangwa Semushi nawe kuva yagera mu Rwanda nta wigeze amenya uko amerewe!

 Na none mu kwima Rukokoma viza yasabaga , Leta ya kagame yerekanye ko bya bindi bavuga ngo abantu nibatahe biba bitavuye ku mutima, biba ari urwiyerurutso ngo amahanga abarebe neza !

 5. Condo Gervais yiswe Kanyarengwe mushya

Mu kiganiro cyahise kuri Radio Ijwi rya Rubanda y’umugabo witwa Simeon Musengimana, kuwa gatandatu taliki ya 22 Kamena, Condo Gervais umwe mu Bayobozi ba RNC Ihuriro Nyarwanda yahaswe ibibazo ku mpamvu ngo ameze nk’uhishira ubwicanyi bwa  Nyamwasa na bagenzi be aho kubareka ngo bivugire ku bibazo Abanyarwanda batari bake babibazaho. Condo usanzwe adatinya kuganira yasobanuye ko atavugira ba Nyamwasa, cyakora asobanura uko abona ikibazo cy’Abantu b’abasiviri bishwe mu ntambara z’Abacengezi mu majyaruguru y’igihugu kandi bishwe n’Ingabo zari ziyobowe na Nyamwasa.  We ngo asanga kwica abo basivili byari ngombwa cyane mu rwego rwa “stratégie militaire”! Ngo ntiwatsinda intambara utishe abaturage bacumbikira umwanzi bakamuha n’ibyo kurya ! Mu gushinja Nyamwasa ibi, Abanyarwanda benshi bashingira ku ijambo yavugiye kuri imwe mu ma radio mpuzamahanga avuga ko we iyo yamanutse aba adashaka gufata imfungwa, ahubwo ko arasira kwica; ngo azarasa abanyaruhengeri na Gisenyi kugeza igihe bataye itama ryo kurwana!  Abantu 90% babajije ibibazo wasangaga bameze nk’ababurira Condo ko RNC izamukoresha nk’uko FPR yakoresheje Kanyarengwe. Hari n’abavuze ko, mu kurimbura abasivile benshi mu cyiswe intambara y’Abacengezi,  FPR yari ifite umugambi wihishe wo kugabanya umubare w’Abahutu  kandi ko ba Nyamwasa bari mu bateguraga iyo migambi, none ubu bakaba ntacyo batangariza Abanyarwanda.

Icyagaragaye muri iki kiganiro ni uko hari urwikwekwe rwinshi mu Banyarwanda, kandi koko ngo iyagukanze ntijya iba inturo. Bamwe basanga RNC iramutse igeze ku butegetsi ishobora gushyiraho amategeko akingira ikibaba Nyamwasa na bagenzi be kimwe n’abandi bicanyi bose maze Abahutu batigeze babona ubutabera mu myaka 20 ishize bakibagirana. N’ubwo bigoye kumenya Umuhutu ngo umutandukanye n’Umututsi ugendeye ku majwi, abakurikiye ikiganiro babashije kumva ko Abahutu bafite ikibazo kinini cyo kumva bararyamiwe. Hari abanyoherereje ubutumwa bagira bati reba nawe kuva muri 1994, Umuhutu ahigishwa uruhindu ngo ni umwicanyi nta présomption d’innocence ibaho ku Bahutu, bati  nyamara Umututsi nka Nyamwasa wamaze abantu akabyigamba abantu b’Abanyabwenge nka Condo bari kumwiruka inyuma bavuga ko akwiye présomption d’innocence. Bongeraho ko babona Umuhutu yemerewe présomption de culpabilité naho Umututsi akagira présomption d’innocence ibi bagasanga bikwiye gucika.

Abandi basanga Nyamwasa ari umuntu ufitiye opposition nyarwanda akamaro ko aramutse afashije guhirika FPR na Kagame nta kibazo cyaba kikiriho. Mu kiganiro cyahise kuri Radio Itahuka ya RNC kuwa kabiri taliki ya 25 Kamena, nabo 90% bahamagaye bashima Condo kuri bo ugaragara nk’umuhuru modéré: Bamushimiye ko agira ikinyabupfura ndetse bikoma cyane Simeon babona nk’Umuhutu w’intagondwa ngo kuko yatinyutse guhangara umu general nka Nyamwasa bo bemera. Hari  ndetse bamwe bagaragaje ko babona Simeon ngo akorera FPR akaba afite gahunda yo gutinza ukwibohoza Abanyarwanda bari hafi kugeraho. Gusa abazi Simeon bemeza ko adakorana na FPR, kuko kuri we FPR ari “un movement criminal” ikwiye guseswa.

Ikiganiro cyateguwe na Simeon cyatumye ntekereza ko mu gihe Abanyarwanda basonzeye ubuyobozi butarangwamo abantu bafite ibiganza bijejeta amaraso, ari ngombwa ko habaho ingamba zo kuganira ku bibazo by’Abantu bakekwaho ibyaha nyamara bakaba bagaragaza ubushake bwo gufatanya n’abandi kubaka igihugu gishya. Kuri iki kibazo Ishyaka Ishema ryagize icyo riteganya: Ingingo ya kabiri y’imigambi yihutirwa y’ishyaka Ishema mu gika cya e) igira iti: Hazategurwa  Ibiganiro bihuza Abanyarwanda b’ingeri zose ku byerekeye IMBABAZI ZIDASANZWE cyangwa IBIHANO BYOROHEJE bishobora guhabwa abakoze ibyaha bikomeye, bakaba babyemera, babisabira imbabazi kandi bakaba biteguye gutanga umuganda wabo mu kubaka igihugu gishya. Uyu niwo muti w’ikibazo.

 6. U Rwanda ku rutonde rw’ibihugu umutekano ugenda ugabanuka.

Mu cyegeranyo  cya Global Peace Index(GPI) cyashyizwe ahagaragara muri uyu mwaka wa 2013, u Rwanda rugaragara mu bihugu bigenda bigaragaramo umutekano mukeya ku isi. Icyegeranyo cyerekana ko ku bihugu 162 byakozweho ubushakashatsi, u Rwanda ari urwa 135. Mu karere ka Afurika y’uburasirazuba, Uganda iza ku mwanya wa 106, Kenya izaza kuwa 136 naho Tanzania ikaba ku mwanya wa 55, mu gihe Uburundi ari ubwa 144. Mu gihe ibihugu bya Georgia, Tchad na Haiti bigenda bitera imbere mu mutekano, Syria, Lybia n’u Rwanda byo biri ku rutonde rw’ibihugu umutekano ugenda urushaho kuba mukeya.

 7.  Ishyaka DGPR ryemerewe gukora Kongre ya mbere

Nyuma y’imyaka ine yose ishyaka The Democratic Green Party of Rwanda(DGPR) risaba kwemererwa gukora kongre yo kuritangiza ku mugaragaro noneho muri uku kwezi ryashoboye kubona uruhushya. N’ubwo bwose iri shyaka rigeze ku ntambwe ya mbere ikomeye, ugukererezwa kwaryo kubonwa na bamwe nka wa muntu uguca amaguru yarangiza akaguha imbago ngo ngaho akugiriye neza. Ese wamushimira ko yabaye umugiraneza akaguha imbago cyangwa wamushimira ko yaguciye amaguru?

 8.  FPR mu mugambi wo gushimangira ipfunnwe mu Bahutu

Ku itariki ya 30 Kamena perezida Kagame yaganirije urubyiruko rwari ruturutse mu gihugu cyose mu biganiro byerekeye amateka. Icyagaragaye kimwe no mu zindi gahunda za FPR, ni uko amateka avugwa igice cyane cyane hagamijwe kwerekana ko Abahutu aribo bonyine bazaniye u Rwanda umuvumo bityo bakaba bakwiye gusaba imbabazi.

Ubwabyo gusaba imbabazi si ikibazo kuko uwakoze icyaha yagombye kuzisaba kandi akagira umutima wicuza. Ikibazo kibaho iyo umukuru w’igihugu yumvisha abantu ko n’abatarakoze ibyaha bagomba gusaba imbabazi ngo kuko ababikoze bakoresheje izina( ubwoko). Kugira ngo bamushimishe, abasore benshi barahagurutse baritotomba ngo bene wabo b’Abahutu bakoze nabi ! Mbese kwishora muri jenoside byagizwe icyaha rusange ntikikiri icyaha gatozi.

Ikindi cyatangaje ni uko nta muntu n’umwe wo mu bwoko bw’Abatutsi wigeze asaba imbabazi ko yaba yarakoze nabi. Tuzi benshi mu Bahutu barenganyijwe haba mu gihe cy’intambara cyangwa se mu gihe cya gacaca. Muri urwo rubyiruko rwasabaga imbabazi harimo abana benshi barokokeye mu makambi y’impunzi, abarokotse agafuni ka FPR i Kisangani… abo bose nta n’umwe uhabwa agaciro ngo nibura hagire n’umusaba imbabazi.

Abenshi babonye ko icyari kigenderwe muri iriya nama  ari ugukomeza kurema igitekerezo mu mitima y’urubyiruko rw’Abahutu ko ari abicanyi ko rwose nta kindi bakwiye uretse kugirirwa ubuntu bakemererwa kuba mu Rwanda. Kagame yanagarutse ku rubuga rwa politiki. Ngo nta gihugu na kimwe ku isi gitanga urubuga rwa politiki kurusha u Rwanda. Ngo ahubwo kuri we u Rwanda rwarengeje ibipimo by’urubuga rwa politki ngo kuko “rwemera kubana n’abarwishe”! Kagame yongeye no kugaruka kubo yise abavugira Interahamwe na FDLR ngo n’ibigarasha bakorana,  ngo ubutumwa abaha ni uko hari umurongo ntarengwa. Gahunda nk’izi za FPR zirarushaho gutera urwikekwe mu Banyarwanda cyane cyane abo mu bwoko bw’Abahutu kandi bishobora kuzagira ingaruka zitari nziza mu gihe kizaza.

 Uko byagenda kose ibi FPR ikora bikwiye guhinduka kandi nta kindi cyabirangiza uretse abantu bisuganyije bagakora revolisiyo izaha Abanyarwanda Ishema ryo kuba abo aribo aho guhora abantu bafite ipfunwe ry’ibyaha batakoze.

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