Monthly Archives: December 2014

United States Denounces Reported Coup Attempt in The Gambia

usdos-logo-seal

Press Statement

Jeff Rathke
Director, Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of Press Relations
Washington, DC
December 30, 2014

The United States is aware of reports of a coup attempt on December 30 in The Gambia. We strongly condemn any attempt to seize power through extra-constitutional means. We regret the loss of life and call on all parties to refrain from further violence.

Source: US Department of State

Mu mwaka 2014 Sandrine De Vincent yongeye guhesha ishema u Rwanda.

GAHUNDE

Missallcanada

Sandrine De Vincent yabaye Miss All Canada 2014.

Nk’uko byari byagenze mu mwaka wa 2013, uyu mwaka wa 2014 Sandrine de Vincent wari ufite ikambarya Miss Social Media 2013 yitabiriye irindi rushanwa ry’ubwiza mu gihugu cya Canada. Uyu mwari ufiteuburanga buhebuje ndetse n’ubwenge butangaje niwe wabaye Miss All Canada muri iri rushanwa.

Imyiteguuro imaze kunozwa neza, ku itariki ya 25 Kanama 2014 nibwo abakobwa batandukanye batambagiye ku ruhimbi biyereka abari bitabiriye uwo muhango. Byaje kuba akataraboneka bigeze mu gihe cy’ibibazo aba bakobwa babazwa ku byerekeye n’imishinga bakwitaho mu gihe baba bahawe iryo kamba ry’ubwiza.  Sandrine de Vincent yakomeje umushinga we wo guteza imbere umwari n’umutegarugori mu bihe by’imidugararo (Conflicts). Aha yibanda ku bana b’abakobwa hamwe n’abategarugori bagerwaho n’ibibazo by’intambara na cyane cyane ababa mu makambi y’impunzi.

sandrine5

Sandrine de Vincent

Mu gusobanura umushinga we, Sandrine de Vincent yavuze ko ubu ari hafi gushyira ahagaragara umuryango utegamiye kuri Leta yashinze ukaba uzifashishwa…

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Tanzanian town builds for the future after Rwanda tribunal concludes

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Inside the ICTR
Inside the ICTR during the 2004 trail of Pauline Nyiramasuhuko (on screen), an ex-minister in Rwanda who was given a life sentence for war crimes in the 1994 genocide. Photograph: Christophe Calais/Corbis

The pioneers of the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda arrived in Arusha, Tanzania in 1996. They were destined to spend the following 18 years prosecuting those accused of responsibility in the Rwandan genocide. The lepers on the potholed avenue leading to the courthouse, who used to reach out in the hope of a gift from the rich muzungu(whites in Swahili), have vanished. And the last judges and prosecutors of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda were to have left by the end of 2014.

“For the tribunal’s very first hearing they had to place buckets in the courtroom to catch the leaks during the rainy season,” a lawyer recalls. The steady drip set the cadence for proceedings as Georges Rutaganda, former leader of the Interahamwe militia, who brutally slaughtered the Tutsi with machetes, pleaded not guilty before Judge Laity Kama, of Senegal.

This was the fourth international criminal tribunal in history, after the Nuremberg trial of Nazi war crimes, its counterpart in Tokyo, then more recently the Hague tribunal for crimes committed in former Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

For many years, Arusha was just a base camp for safaris into the surrounding savannah. Its new role came by default: all other potential hosts declined the offer, so Tanzania was left to accommodate the tribunal. In the course of its stay, the court tried 71 suspects: army officers, ministers, politicians, militia, priests and purveyors of propaganda. All in all it performed its duties well, though there are some grounds for the accusation that it dispensed “victor’s justice”. It did not bring to trial any of the former Rwandan rebels, who resorted to terror tactics, too, in their drive to end the genocide.

Close to the Maasai homeland, Arusha has long attracted flocks of tourists. Some tour operators even gave them the opportunity to view the big game in the dock at the international tribunal between two safari outings. En route for Kilimanjaro, they would traipse through the public gallery in their T-shirts and sandals before transferring to the aerodrome across the road from the prison. But some 3,000 witnesses from Rwanda came here, too.

ICTR wanted poster
Inside the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda, in Arusha, Tanzania, a wanted poster with portraits of those accused of perpetrating genocide. Photograph: Christophe Calais/Corbis

Originally people in Arusha only spoke Swahili. Water was in short supply and an out-of-date copy of Le Monde, gleaned by street sellers from the daily flight from Amsterdam, would cost you $5. On return flights, the cargo was generally a consignment of roses. But the aircraft did not only carry flowers. Jean Kambanda, who led the government formed a few hours after President Juvénal Habyarimana’s plane was shot down in 1994 (the occasion for the start of the killing in Rwanda), was flown back to The Hague and imprisoned alongside alleged Yugoslav war criminals, after pleading guilty in 1998. There this austere former banker was taught to play poker by Mladen Naletilić, a militia leader from Mostar, Bosnia.

Today Arusha has daily flights and 4G connections. In less than 20 years the city has been transformed. In the bar of the New Safari Hotel, Akayesu, as he is known, orders a Kilimanjaro, the local beer. The estate agent owes his nickname to Jean-Paul Akayesu, the first person ever to be convicted on charges of genocide. When the violence first started in Rwanda, in 1994, this local council leader tried to stop the slaughter, but finally gave in and joined the killers. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. What is currently troubling the estate agent is the likely drop in house prices when the court finally closes. In contrast Modest Akida, a local barrister, is delighted. “We went to the same shops, rented the same houses and all the prices soared. So it’s really very good news that they’re leaving at last,” he says. According to a 2004 survey, ICTR staff injected more than $2.5m a month into the local economy. The court employed some 200 Tanzanian nationals.

According to Kosic, a UN guard who came here from former Yugoslavia, the town is “a black hole, halfway between Cape Town and Cairo”. He thinks Arusha owes its prosperity to the court, “but now it has grown up and can stand on its own two feet”. The ICTR attracted investors and theEast African Community established its headquarters in a brand-new building next door to the court. Now the African Court on Human and People’s Rights has moved in and peace talks have been held here. Arusha is beginning to see itself as Africa’s Geneva.

In Kijenge neighbourhood, Alfred Lotuno, an elderly Maasai, voices his concerns. “Tanzania has acted like a saint in Africa. We have tried to help Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Darfur and Somalia,” he says. “Tanzania has become the policeman of Africa and everyone says: ‘Tanzania, Tanzania!’ But now we have al-Shabaab in Arusha and bombs are going off. So I’m not so sure.”

In recent months the town has suffered several attacks allegedly perpetrated by the Somali Islamists, though some say it has more to do with local politics.

This article appeared in the Guardian Weekly, which incorporates material from Le Monde

Mu mwaka 2014 Sandrine De Vincent yongeye guhesha ishema u Rwanda.

Missallcanada

Sandrine De Vincent yabaye Miss All Canada 2014.

Nk’uko byari byagenze mu mwaka wa 2013, uyu mwaka wa 2014 Sandrine de Vincent wari ufite ikambarya Miss Social Media 2013 yitabiriye irindi rushanwa ry’ubwiza mu gihugu cya Canada. Uyu mwari ufiteuburanga buhebuje ndetse n’ubwenge butangaje niwe wabaye Miss All Canada muri iri rushanwa.

Imyiteguuro imaze kunozwa neza, ku itariki ya 25 Kanama 2014 nibwo abakobwa batandukanye batambagiye ku ruhimbi biyereka abari bitabiriye uwo muhango. Byaje kuba akataraboneka bigeze mu gihe cy’ibibazo aba bakobwa babazwa ku byerekeye n’imishinga bakwitaho mu gihe baba bahawe iryo kamba ry’ubwiza.  Sandrine de Vincent yakomeje umushinga we wo guteza imbere umwari n’umutegarugori mu bihe by’imidugararo (Conflicts). Aha yibanda ku bana b’abakobwa hamwe n’abategarugori bagerwaho n’ibibazo by’intambara na cyane cyane ababa mu makambi y’impunzi.

sandrine5

Sandrine de Vincent

Mu gusobanura umushinga we, Sandrine de Vincent yavuze ko ubu ari hafi gushyira ahagaragara umuryango utegamiye kuri Leta yashinze ukaba uzifashishwa mu kumvikanisha ibibazo by’impunzi z’abari n’abategarugori, dore ko bagerwaho n’ingaruka nyinshi mu buryo butandukanye. Yemeza ko umwana w’umukobwa yifitemo ubushobozi bwo guhindura isi nziza ariko kenshi ingorane n’ibibazo by’ubuzima bubi zigatuma atabigeraho. Yongeyeho ko akenshi usanga inzego mpuzamahanga zifatirwamo ibyemezo zitita ku ngaruka ibyo byemezo bizagira ku bana b’abakobwa ndetse na ba nyina mu gihe kandi nyamara ibyo byemezo biba byitwa ko byafatiwe abagabo. Ati : « hari n’igihe bavuga ngo bagiye guhana umugabo ariko umugore akaba ari we ugerwaho n’igihano kirushijeho.  Sandrine de Vincent niwe watsindiye ikamba rya Miss Canada.

Twaramwegereye tumubaza uko yakiriye igihembo cya Nyampinga wa Canada muri uyu mwaka wa 2014. Sandrine yadusubije ko mu by’ukuri iri ritari irushanwa ry’ubwiza kuko ubundi umwari w’umunyarwandakazi afite ubwiza budahigwa. Ati : « ikinshimishije muri byose ni uko nabonye umwanya wo kuvugira abari n’abategarugori bababaye mu makambi y’impunzi, mu ntambara hirya no hino yewe no mu bihugu bitabaha uburenganzira bwabo bujyanye n’ikiremwamuntu ». Yongeyeho ko icya ngombwa atari ubwiza, ahubwo icyo ubwo bwiza bukoreshwa (What matters is not beauty, but what it is used for).

Sandrine de Vincent Manirere ni umunyarwandakazi wakuriye mu mahanga ubu akaba yiga icyiciro cya kabiri (Master’s degree) mu byerekeye amahoro no gukemura impaka (Peace and conflict management) muri kaminuza ya Toronto mu gihugu cya Canada.

Bimaze kugaragara ko u Rwanda rufite abana hirya no hino bafite impano zitandukanye kandi bakaba bahiga isi yose. Sandrine de Vincent ni umwe muri abo. Igisigaye ni ubushake bwo gukora urubuga buri wese yisangamo kugira ngo igihugu cyacu kibibyaze umusaruro nyawo.

Ubwanditsi.

Ndasubiza Ministri Mushikiwabo : Icyo Opozisiyo irwanira ni UKURESHYA kw’abenegihugu bose!

Nyuma yo kumva ikiganiro Ministri Mushikiwabo aherutse kugirana n’Abanyamakuru ndasanga bikwiye kugaruka ku ngingo enye yashingiyeho ikiganiro cye, tukagira icyo tuzivugaho. Ndasangakandi hari ibintu 3 tugomba gutandukanya: hari ibyo Ministri Mushikiwabo avuga ko azi, ariko hari n’ibyo atazi,hakaba n’ibyo yirengagiza nkana.

1. Ministri Mushikiwabo aremeza ko hari abanyapolitiki bakoranye n’abo babanye. Aremeza ko amashyaka yabo nta ngufu yigeze. Gukoresha inama bikaba nka ba bana bacuruza za bombo ku mihanda hano mu mujyi, babona abapolisi bakiruka.

Aha ndumva ntawe ukwiye kugisha Ministri Mushikiwabo impaka. Arivugira ibyo azi. Aravuga abo azi neza ndetse bakoranye. Ni bene bariya yikundiraga kubana nabo. Uwakwibaza aho yari atandukaniye nabo ntibyaba bifite ishingiro kuko yaba yirengagije ukuri kwa Kinyarwanda kuzwi na bose: burya ngo ibisa birasabirana ! Niba Ministri Mushikiwabo agaya abo babanye n’abo bakoranye, ntawabyivangamo. Gusa nta n’ikindi agaragaza yaba yari abarushije cyangwa icyo yaba yarabamariye uretse kubata akisangira FPR abereye umuvugizi muri iki gihe, no mu kizaza akazagomba kugira ibyo abazwa agasobanura amahano FPR yakoze mu gihe cyashize n’ayo ikora muri iki gihe : kurigisa abenegihugu, ubwicanyi bunyuranye, gusahura umutungo w’igihugu,gufungira ubusa abanyapolitiki ba opozisiyo, kurenganya rubanda….

Icyo Ministri Mushiwabo atazi ni uko n’abo akeka ko azi neza babanye bashobora kuba barahinduye imyumvire n’imikorere hagati aho ngaho ubu noneho bakaba batakiri “imitwe ya politiki ibaho kuri internet gusa “.

Icyo Mushikiwabo yirengagiza nkana ni uko Opozisiyo nyarwanda itagizwe n’abakoranye nawe gusa, hari abandi atazi, azabona igihe azaba afite amaso yo kubona. Kuba atabazi cyangwa ngo abemereho imbaraga ntacyo bigabanya k’ukubaho kwabo n’akamaro bashobora kugirira rubanda mu mezi make ari imbere aha. Kuba abahinyura bishobora ahubwo kuba biterwa n’uko Ministri Mushikiwabo ubwe atariho cyangwa akaba ariho ku bugenge, na we ubwe akaba atayobewe ko abeshejweho no kuvuga ibyo bamutekereye gusa kabone n’aho byaba ntaho bihuriye n’ukuri azi neza.Iyo yiherereye umutima we umucira urubanza, ukamubaza azakomeza kuba “avocat du diable” kugeza ryari, ukamubaza amaherezo ye, na we ubwe akabura ibisubizo! Guhitamo kwibera Mpemukendamuke ntibihira bose, bigera aho bigahagarika imitima ya bamwe ! Siyo maherezo nifuriza Mushikiwabo.

2. Ministri Mushikiwabo arongera ati « Abantu barwanya politiki yu Rwanda umuntu amenya icyo barwanya ariko akayoberwa icyo bifuza  ».

Abakoranye na Mushikiwabo bashobora kuba ariko bakora koko. Ndemeranywa na we 100% ko kumenyekanisha ibitagenda neza mu gihugu no gutanga ibitekerezo ku byakorwa ari imwe mu nshingano z’ingenzi z’imitwe ya politiki nk’uko biteganywa n’itegeko ngenga No 10 /2013/OL rigenga imitwe ya politiki n’abanyapolitiki, mu ngingo yaryo ya 38, agaka  ka 4.

Nibyo koko kunenga ibitagenda gusa si bibi ariko si ugukora politiki. Imitwe ya politiki yiyubashye ikwiye kwirinda kugwa muri uwo mutego wo gusenya gusa itagira icyo yubaka.

Ndetse uwashaka kunganira Mushikiwabo yavuga ko kunenga ibitagenda mu gihugu no gutanga ibitekerezo ku cyakorwa bidabihagije ngo umuntu yitwe umunyapolitiki.Guha abandi amasomo y’ibyo bagomba gukora ariko wibereye mu mwobo wawe,udashobora kubikozaho n’imitwe y’intoki, si ugukora politiki. Ikikubwira uwatangiye kuba umunyapolitiki ni uko atera indi ntambwe yo kugira ati, njye n’ikipe yanjye twiteguye kwinjira mu nzego z’ubutegetsi kugira ngo dushobore kugira uruhare mu bikorwa bigamije guhindura ibitagenda neza mu gihugu, hagamijwe guteza imbere inyungu rusange.

Icyo Ministri Mushikiwabo yirengagiza nkana ni uko abanyapolitiki batagaragaza icyo baharanira ari abakorera mu kwaha kwa FPR bonyine, mbese nka ba Fazili Harerimana wa PDI, amashyaka nka PSD, PL….Abo twese ntitubemera nka opozisiyo, ni ba « Mouvanciers »ba FPR, nta nyungu za rubanda baharanira, baharanira imyanya yabo gusa muri Guverinoma no mu Ntekonshingamategeko. Abo rwose Mushikiwabo ajye abacyamura anabahungete buri munsi, kuko n’ubundi ntacyo bamariye rubanda nyarwanda iri ku ngoyi !

Icyo Ministri Mushikiwabo atazi ni uko ubu hariho Opizisiyo izi neza aho iva n’aho yerekera.Iyo Opozisiyo igiye kugaragarira by’umwihariko muri « Nouvelle Generation ». Umwihariko wa Nouvelle generation ni uko itarwanirira gusubira mu myanya y’ubutegetsi yaba yaratakaje, ntimaranira kujya ku butegetsi kugira ngo ibone aho yihisha Inkiko zayibaza ibyaha bikomeye yakoreye Abanyarwanda… Icyo Nouvelle Generation iharanira kandi itazahwema kuvugira ahararagara, ni UKURESHYA (Egalite) kw’abenegihugu bose, nta kindi.

Niba koko Mushikiwabo atari azi icyo twifuza, arakibwiwe, namenye kandi ko iyo « cause » tuzayiharanira kugera ku gitonyanga cya nyuma cy’amaraso y’imitsi yacu.

3. Ministri Mushikiwabo arongera ati : « Wakwirirwa uririmba Perezida w’u Rwanda, iyo ni politiki »?

Icyo Mushikiwabo azi ni uko koko abenegihugu benshi bahora « baririmba » Perezida w’u Rwanda. Mu by’ukuri ijambo kuririmba siryo yari akwiye gukoresha ahangaha. Ahubwo yakagombye kuvuga ko twirirwa « dukoroonga » Perezida Kagame. « Gukoronga » bivuga, gucika ururondogoro kubera kuvuga ibibi byinshi umuntu akora. Ukoroongwa byanze bikunze aba afatwa nk’umugome.

Icyo Ministri Mushikiwabo yirengagiza nkana ni IMPAMVU ituma rubanda yirirwa ikoroonga Perezida w’u Rwanda. Mushikiwabo we se yaba ari umunyapolitiki nyabaki aramutse atazi ko muri système y’ubutegetsi bw’igitugu gikabije(tyrannie) nk’ubwa FPR, umuntu umwe(le tyran) ari we ugenga byose bityo akaba ari na we ugomba kubazwa byose. Ninde wundi uretse Mushikiwabo uyobewe ko mu Rwanda rw’iki gihe ugushaka kwa Perezida Paul Kagame ariko konyine gukorwa hirengagijwe itegekonshinga n’andi mategeko ?

Iyo bimeze bityo, wakora politiki ute wirengagije aho ubutegetsi buherereye? Mu gihe ubutegetsi bwose bupfunyitse mu kiganza cy’umuntu umwe n’agatsiko ke, uragira ngo abaharanira kubufata mu nyungu za rubanda babushakire he handi ? Abanyapolitiki se bakwirirwa bakoroongo Rucagu cyangwa Mushikiwabo ngo bamukureho iki !

Reka tubisubiremo, Perezida Kagame ntazareka gukoroongwa igihe cyose azaba akigundiriye ubutegetsi mu buryo bw’igitugu. Kumukoroonga rero, ni ugukora politiki itomoye, Mushikiwabo nashaka rwose yiyahure.

4. Mushikiwabo asoza agira ati « Ntabwo ari u Rwanda rwabaciye intege, n’ubundi ntazo bagiraga ».

Amashyaka atariho ntawe akwiye gutera ikibazo kereka umurwayi wo mu mutwe. Kandi nta kimenyetso na kimwe mfite cyanyemeza ko Ministri Mushikiwabo ari umusazi.

Byantagaza rero Ministri Mushikiwabo aramutse ahemberwa guta igihe no kwirirwa ahangana n’amashyaka atariho, atagize icyo atwaye ubutegetsi wa Kagame! Ubwo se Ministri Mushikiwabo we ntiyafatwa nk’umunyarugomo ujya gushotora « abana bicururiza bombo », badafite ingufu na nke zahungabanya ubutegetsi bukomeye cyane bidasanzwe bwa FPR-Inkotanyi ?

Iyi « sortie » ya Mushikiwabo irerekana ahubwo ukuri guhambaye k’uko Opozisiyo nyarwanda imaze kugira ingufu zimaze kujegeza ubutegetsi bw’igitugu bwa FPR Inkotanyi ! Reka tuvuge ibintu uko biri : aho ibihe bigeze, ntabwo rwose FPR igishoboye kwiharira ubutegetsi bwose nk’uko byagenze muri iyi myaka 20 ishize.  Perezida Kagame n’Agatsiko ke nibadashyira mu gaciro ngo bareke twicarane, tuganire nta buhendanyi, habeho « Intégration pacifique » y’abanyapolitiki bahejwe ndetse n’abarwanyi ba FDLR, ngo nyuma hazabeho amatora adafifitse,…amaherezo FPR izabura byose nk’ingata imennye. Iyi Opozisiyo Mushikiwabo yiha gukerensa izahagurutsa abaturage bavudukane Agatsiko, bagashwanyaguze nk’igitambaro gishaje ! Kandi rero karabikwiye, niba gakomeje kunangira umutima. Bwarakeye biraba.

Umwanzuro

Amashyaka ya Opozisiyo Mushikiwabo anenga natwe turayazi, agizwe ahanini na yayandi akorera mu kwaha kwa FPR muri FORUM. Yabivuze muri aya magambo :

“Mujye munareba n’[imitwe ya politiki] iri no mu gihugu, aho kugira ngo habe hariho umutwe wa politiki, hakaba hariho umuntu ukuriye umutwe wa politiki, ntabwo ishyaka ari umuntu umwe, ntabwo ishyaka ari izina, ntabwo ishyaka ari umuryango utegamiye kuri leta (ONG).”

Abayobozi b’ayo mashyaka koko nibo basa n’abatazi icyo barwanira. Nta zindi ngufu amashyaka yabo yigirira, nta bayoboke afite kuko ahatirwa gukorera ku rwego rw’igihugu gusa, FPR iyagaraguza agati uko yishakiye. Abayobozi bayo bashimishwa gusa n’imyanya y’icyitiriro bahabwa n’amafaranga bahemberwa buri kwezi kuri konti zabo : « cause » yabo ni aho irangirira ! Niyo mpamvu Mushikiwabo adatinya kubanyara hejuru uko yishakiye nabo bagakoma amashyi y’urufaya .

Nk’uyu Fazil, ni perezida wa PDI cyangwa uwa FPR?

Nyamara hari andi mashyaka Mushikiwabo atigeze amenya, ayo ni nk’aya « Nouvelle génération ». Mushikiwabo niyihangane gato ntazongera gukenera kuyabarirwa.  Abayobozi bayo n’abarwanashyaka bayo bazi icyo baharanira : ni UKURESHYA kw’abenegihugu bose. Ntitwemera ko hari abavukiye gutegeka n’abandi bavukiye kubabera abagaragu. Abahutu n’Abatutsi n’Abatwa ni abenegihugu kimwe, “Imana yaturemye tureshya” ! Turashaka ko Repubulika iduha amahirwe angana. Niba Repubulika ya gatatu inaniwe gukemura icyo kibazo, tuzaharanira ko hajyaho Repubulika ya kane, izakemura burundu ikibazo cy’ukwikubira ubutegetsi n’ibindi byiza by’igihugu hashingiwe ku iterabwoba,irondakoko cyangwa irondakarere.

Mushikiwabo rero ntakatubeshyere, ibyo atari azi cyangwa yirengagizaga nkana arabimenye : icyo duharanira muri Opozisiyo turakizi, n’Abanyarwanda bose barakibona, uretse impumyi zabuvukanye cyangwa izabyigize ku bwende.

Padiri Thomas Nahimana,

Umuyobozi w’Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda.

Tom Ndahiro na FPR barenda guta ishabure bakiruka ku manywa y’ihangu.

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Tom Ndahiro wa Rushashya.net n’ibendera rya FPR

Mu nyandiko yasohotse tariki ya 28 Ukuboza mu kinyamakuru Rushyashya.net gikorera kandi kikanyuzwamo ibyifuzo bya Leta y’agatsiko ka FPR, uwiyita Cyiza Davidson yerekanye aho FPR ihagaze n’uko ibona impunzi ziri mu mashyamba ya Congo. Dore ibitekerezo by’ingenzi bizinduye Tom Ndahiro wiyita Cyiza Davidson:

  1. Ngo hari intambara izahanganisha impunzi ubwazo.
  2. Guhindura ku ngufu ishyaka ISHEMA umutwe wa gisirikare.

Mbere y’uko dusuzumira hamwe izi ngingo ariko reka twibutse ibi bikurikira:

Mu by’ukuri  abenshi tumaze kumenya neza imikorere ya FPR. Iyo ijya gukora igikorwa iki n’iki kigayitse igira intambwe ikurikira.

  • Intambwe ya mbere ni ukurema opinion. Muri iyi ntambwe, hakoreshejwe itangazamakuru ry’ubwoko bwose ndetse na social media, FPR ibanza guhindanya umuntu uyu n’uyu cyangwa ishyirahamwe iri n’iri  ikerekana ibyo yita ububi bwe cyangwa se bw’iryo shyirahamwe. Ku bareba hafi iyi ntambwe bayifata nk’iyoroshye ndetse hari n’abicecekera ngo ntacyo bibatwaye, ngo uwanze uruvugo yaheze mu nda ya nyina,… nyamara biba ari intangiriro mbi, aka wa mugani ngo imbeba irya umuhini yototera isuka.
  • Intambwe ya kabiri iba kwerekana ko abantu benshi cyane bafitanye ibibazo n’ uwo muntu cyangwa se n’iryo shyirahamwe. Kubera ko mu ntambwe ya mbere abantu baba baramaze kwakira ya opinion y’ububi bw’uwo muntu/ishyirahamwe, mu ntambwe ya kabiri byorohera ababisoma n’ababyumva kubyemera, kuko umuntu ubusanzwe mubi agirana ibibazo na benshi ndetse akaba yagira abanzi batabarika.
  • Intambwe ya gatatu iba kugirira nabi wa muntu. Agafungwa cyangwa se akicwa. Iyo ari ishyirahamwe, kuri iyi ntambwe hakorwa amanyanga, rigacengerwa, nyuma ba bacengezi bakaritezamo akavuyo, hakagaragazwa ko ryacitsemo ibice abarigize bakamarana maze rigahita ritakarizwa icyizere. Amashyaka ya politiki atari make yahuye n’icyo kibazo.
  • Intambwe ya kane ni ugusibanganya ibimenyetso. Muri iyi ntambwe FPR ikoresha ibitangazamakuru byinshi yerekana ko ‘ nk’uko byari byaravuzwe mbere’ uwo muntu yari afite abanzi benshi bityo uwo ari we wese yashoboraga kumwica. Ibi biyobya uburari maze FPR igasigara yigaramiye nk’umwere kuri ayo maraso, naho ku mashyirahamwe discours zigacicikana ngo n’ubundi nta mbaraga yigeze agira.

Reka tugaruke ku nkuru ya Tom Ndahiro :

Uyu mugabo azwi nk’umwarimu wo gukata Kawa( moniteur agri) ariko akaba yarigize ngo umuhanga mu bya jenoside ( uko itegurwa n’uko ishyirwa mu bikorwa) ndetse akaba ari n’umujyanama wa Perezida Paul Kagame mu itumanaho/ itangazamakuru. Iyo usomye inkuru ye witonze uhita ubona ko arimo guteguriza iby’ikinamico yamaze gupangwa na FPR ikaba igiye gukinwa vuba aha.

  1. Ngo intambara izahanganisha impunzi ubwazo.

Ngo hagiye kuba intambara hagati y’impunzi ziri muri Congo ngo zipfa ubuyobozi. Aha Moniteri Agri uyu aravuga ko zimwe mu mpunzi ndetse n’abarwanyi ba FDLR ngo bazaba bari ku ruhande rwa Padiri Nahimana Thomas n’ishyaka Ishema, ngo uru ruhande rukazarwana n’uruhande rushyigikiye General Majoro Byiringiro. Nk’uko twabibonye haruguru, nyuma y’intambwe twabonye yo kurema opinion, haje intambwe yo kwerekana abanzi benshi ba Padiri Thomas n’Ishyaka Ishema.  Twese tuzi uko mu minsi ishize iki kinyamakuru Rushyashya.net cyavuye hasi mu kwamamaza ko ngo amashyaka Ishema na FDLR badacana uwaka. Nko mu nkuru yasohotse tariki ya 26 Ugushyingo 2014, Tom Ndahiro alias Cyiza Davidson yashishikajwe no kwerekana  ngo uko habaye isubiranamo hagati ya FDLR n’Ishema Party. ( http://rushyashya.net/politiki/fdlr-twagiramungu-faustin-na.html).  Wasanga hari abemeye koko icyo kinyoma!

Reka nibutse neza ko ISHEMA na FDLR ari amashyaka abiri atandukanye, adahuje uburyo bwo kubona inzira yakemurirwamo ibibazo bikomeye bihangayikishije Abanyarwanda  muri iki gihe. FDLR ni umutwe witwaje intwaro naho Ishyaka ISHEMA rigashyira imbere inzira y’amahoro, kuko ritifuza ko intambara zimena amaraso zakongera gushozwa kuko zarushaho gushegesha umuryango nyarwanda wababaye bihagije.  Ntawe utazi neza ko aya mashyaka yombi nta masezerano y’imikoranire yigeze agirana. Gusa, imyumvire itandukanye siyo yagirwa  impamvu ya za ngo turwane cyangwa se intandaro yo kwicana. Niyo Demokarasi duharanira.

Niba FPR ,mu ijwi ry’umukangurambaga wayo Tom Ndahiro alias Cyiza Davidson, ishishikariye bidasanzwe “gushyingira no gutandukanya” FDLR n’Ishema Party ni uko hari umugambi mubisha uri gucurwa, uzajya ahabona mu minsi iri imbere !

  1. Guhindura ku ngufu ishyaka ISHEMA umutwe wa gisirikare.

Tom Ndahiro/Cyiza Davidson araducira amarenga: FPR yamaze kwinjiza abasirikare bayo muri Congo harimo n’abatari bake bahoze muri FDLR bakaza gutaha mu Rwanda. Mu minsi mikeya iri imbere aha , mu gihe UN yaba yigijeyo icyemezo cyo kurasa kuri FDLR, abacengezi ba FPR bazateza akavuyo muri Kongo, barase amasasu menshi cyane ku buryo bw’ikinamico ndetse amasasu amwe agwe no mu Rwanda. Hazahita haboneka abasirikare bavuga ko bishyize mu maboko y’ingabo z’u Rwanda (ikinamico) bemeze ko hari intambara  hagati y’abagize FDLR, bamwe bashyigikiye Ishema  abandi bashyigikiye Byiringiro! Iki kinyoma kizaba kigamije gukora dossier y’imikoranire ya Thomas Nahimana n’imitwe  ivuga ko iteganya gutera u Rwanda.

Ntawe utabizi. icyemezo cy’Ishyaka Ishema cyo kujya gukorera politiki mu Rwanda no kugira uruhare mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu yo mu 2017 gihangayikishije bidasanzwe FPR-Inkotanyi. Mu Manama menshi y’abayobozi ba FPR, hakomeje gutangwa amabwiriza ko Kagame atifuza Ishema mu Rwanda mu matora ya 2017. Ngo bagomba gukora ibishoboka byose bakabuza Padiri Thomas umukandida w’Ishema gukandagira  ku butaka bw’u Rwanda. Inkuru zihita muri iyi minsi n’izigiye kungikanywa mu minsi iri imbere , nta kindi zigamije uretse iterabwoba, hagamijwe kugamburuza  Abataripfana ngo batinye kujya mu Rwanda, ngo hato batazafungwa ! Icyo abambari ba FPR batazi ni uko Abataripfana ari inzirabwoba nyakuri, iyo ikaba ari imwe mu ntego 3 ishyaka ryabo rishyize imbere: Ukuri, Ubutwari (= Intrépidité), Ugusaranganya.

  1. Tubyumve dute ?

Mu by’ukuri hari ikintu  giteye ubwoba FPR kuko idashobora kugihagarika cyangwa kugi  controla muri iki gihe. Ni ubushobozi n’ubushake bwa rubanda bwo guhaguruka bagakora  Revolisiyo. Imbarutso ya revolisiyo kandi turayikozaho imitwe y’intoki : FPR izagerageza guhindura itegekonshinga maze abadepite nibakora ikosa ribicisha (erreur fatale) ryo kwemera  uwo mushinga, mu gihe cya Referendum abaturage bazabatere utwatsi, batore « OYA », FPR igerageze kwiba amajwi ivuga ko ivugururwa ry’itegeko nshinga ryatowe maze rubanda ihagurukane umuriri mwinshi ivudukane Agatsiko, izuba riva.

FPR izi neza kandi ko Abataripfana bamaze kwitegura urugendo rwo kwegera abaturage kugira ngo ifirimbi ya nyuma y’umukino nivuga ibyanditswe bizasohorere ku Gatsiko. Ibi rero iyo byiyongereyeho icyemezo cy’ugushyira intwaro hasi kwa FDLR kugira ngo ikore urugamba rwa politiki,  birya FPR ahantu idashobora kwishima, akaba ari nayo mpamvu abagize Agatsiko n’abavugizi bako bakomeje kungikanya inkuru zicurikanze, zuzuye amateshwa n’ibihimbano bitarangwamo ugushyira mu gaciro, mbese bameze nk’abari hafi guta ishabure bakiruka ku musozi ku manywa y’ihangu.

Kubera ibyo, ubu FPR irifuza cyane uwayigabaho igitero cy’amasasu kugira ngo ibone uko yirara mu Bataripfana n’abaturage bari mu gihugu ikabarimarima yitwaje ko igihugu kiri mu ntambara maze n’ikitwa amatora cyose kigashyirwa ku ruhande.  Icyakora baribeshya bikomeye, the wind of change is blowing.

Umwanzuro

Reka mbisubiremo , biragaragarira buri wese ko inyandiko za Tom Ndahiro alias Cyiza Davidson hamwe na discours za FPR muri iyi minsi nta kindi zigamije uretse kuzana iterabwoba  ku Bataripfana ngo tutazajya mu Rwanda. Nyamara nta gisibya, nk’uko Congres  y’ishyaka ISHEMA yo kuva tariki ya 7 kugeza tariki ya 9 Gashyantare 2014 yabyemeje, Abataripfana bazasesekara i Kigali bitarenze kuwa 28 Mutarama 2016.

Reka dusoze dutura Tom Ndahiro/Cyiza Davidson aka karirimbo  umunyarwandakazi yatwigishije. (Twaza Mwajya he?)

 

Chaste Gahunde

Umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w’Ishema Party

Pope Francis’s edict on climate change will anger deniers and US churches

Pope
Pope Francis was a key player in thawing relations between the US and Cuba. Photograph: Franco Origlia/Getty Images

He has been called the “superman pope”, and it would be hard to deny that Pope Francis has had a good December. Cited by President Barack Obama as a key player in the thawing relations between the US and Cuba, the Argentinian pontiff followed that by lecturing his cardinals on the need to clean up Vatican politics. But can Francis achieve a feat that has so far eluded secular powers and inspire decisive action on climate change?

It looks as if he will give it a go. In 2015, the pope will issue a lengthy message on the subject to the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics, give an address to the UN general assembly and call a summit of the world’s main religions.

The reason for such frenetic activity, says Bishop Marcelo Sorondo, chancellor of the Vatican’s Pontifical Academy of Sciences, is the pope’s wish to directly influence next year’s crucial UN climate meeting in Paris, when countries will try to conclude 20 years of fraught negotiations with a universal commitment to reduce emissions.

“Our academics supported the pope’s initiative to influence next year’s crucial decisions,” Sorondo told Cafod, the Catholic development agency, at a meeting in London. “The idea is to convene a meeting with leaders of the main religions to make all people aware of the state of our climate and the tragedy of social exclusion.”

Following a visit in March to Tacloban, the Philippine city devastated in 2012 by typhoon Haiyan, the pope will publish a rare encyclical on climate change and human ecology. Urging all Catholics to take action on moral and scientific grounds, the document will be sent to the world’s 5,000 Catholic bishops and 400,000 priests, who will distribute it to parishioners.

According to Vatican insiders, Francis will meet other faith leaders and lobby politicians at the general assembly in New York in September, when countries will sign up to new anti-poverty and environmental goals.

In recent months, the pope has argued for a radical new financial and economic system to avoid human inequality and ecological devastation. In October he told a meeting of Latin American and Asian landless peasants and other social movements: “An economic system centred on the god of money needs to plunder nature to sustain the frenetic rhythm of consumption that is inherent to it.

“The system continues unchanged, since what dominates are the dynamics of an economy and a finance that are lacking in ethics. It is no longer man who commands, but money. Cash commands.

“The monopolising of lands, deforestation, the appropriation of water, inadequate agro-toxics are some of the evils that tear man from the land of his birth. Climate change, the loss of biodiversity and deforestation are already showing their devastating effects in the great cataclysms we witness,” he said.

In Lima last month, bishops from every continent expressed their frustration with the stalled climate talks and, for the first time, urged rich countries to act.

Sorondo, a fellow Argentinian who is known to be close to Pope Francis, said: “Just as humanity confronted revolutionary change in the 19th century at the time of industrialisation, today we have changed the natural environment so much. If current trends continue, the century will witness unprecedented climate change and destruction of the ecosystem with tragic consequences.”

According to Neil Thorns, head of advocacy at Cafod, said: “The anticipation around Pope Francis’s forthcoming encyclical is unprecedented. We have seen thousands of our supporters commit to making sure their MPs know climate change is affecting the poorest communities.”

However, Francis’s environmental radicalism is likely to attract resistance from Vatican conservatives and in rightwing church circles, particularly in the US – where Catholic climate sceptics also include John Boehner, Republican leader of the House of Representatives and Rick Santorum, the former Republican presidential candidate.

Cardinal George Pell, a former archbishop of Sydney who has been placed in charge of the Vatican’s budget, is a climate change sceptic who has been criticised for claiming that global warming has ceased and that if carbon dioxide in the atmosphere were doubled, then “plants would love it”.

Former Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal George Pell arrives at the Clementina Hall to exchange Christmas greetings with Pope Francis on 22 December, 2014 in Vatican City.
Former Archbishop of Sydney, Cardinal George Pell, arrives at the Vatican to exchange Christmas greetings with Pope Francis on 22 December, 2014.Photograph: Franco Origlia/Getty Images

Dan Misleh, director of the Catholic climate covenant, said: “There will always be 5-10% of people who will take offence. They are very vocal and have political clout. This encyclical will threaten some people and bring joy to others. The arguments are around economics and science rather than morality.

“A papal encyclical is rare. It is among the highest levels of a pope’s authority. It will be 50 to 60 pages long; it’s a big deal. But there is a contingent of Catholics here who say he should not be getting involved in political issues, that he is outside his expertise.”

Francis will also be opposed by the powerful US evangelical movement, said Calvin Beisner, spokesman for the conservative Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation, which has declared the US environmental movement to be “un-biblical” and a false religion.

“The pope should back off,” he said. “The Catholic church is correct on the ethical principles but has been misled on the science. It follows that the policies the Vatican is promoting are incorrect. Our position reflects the views of millions of evangelical Christians in the US.”

Source: The Guardian