Tag Archives: Andrew Mwenda

Rajab Kakyama responds to Andrew Mwenda

European walls to most Africans have eyes, ears and brains too. I am not suggesting that Mwenda was attended to with empty seats but that the atmosphere is quite unique from the usual African setting and one is apt to feel the presence of “sophistication” and “intellectualism.” It’s unfortunate that I am passing judgment on a person I hardly know. But when one listens to Andrew, the first time one is drawn to two aspects, 1) the sharpness and 2) the loudness in his voice. If one tends to easily come up to conclusions, then Andrew passes for a “wit thinker.” However, if you took the time and analyzed his statements, half of the time they fall short of this description.

In other words, Andrew tends to think with his “tongue” rather than the necessary brain muscle.
If religion does not need “preconditions” to germinate, why doesn’t he throw some seeds of Islam into the Vatican? Why doesn’t he throw other seeds of Christianity into Mecca? In the Quran, the Surahs that were revealed in Mecca are different in citation from those that were revealed in Madinah. This was because the people and the life-styles was different. Jesus had to plan for his journey into Jerusalem, why? I think this was a misguided thought that was largely irrelevant to the intended discussion.

Like he so accuses of the BBC’s failure to come up with “something new” in their ‘untold story’, Andrew finds himself in the same predicament when he has to “regurgitate” the RPF/Kagame mantra. Sometimes, he says it from the top, at times from the middle and other times from the bottom. But it remains the same. The only (major) achievement of the RPF/Kagame government is to have silenced the guns. As for peace, why would there be political exiles if dissent was tolerated? There are still political murders inside Rwanda. Those who flee from extrajudicial killings are at times followed.

Among those, is former Army commander. Kayumba, Karegeya (RIP), Rudasigwa and Joel Mutabazi, a former Rwandan army lieutenant who was extradited from Uganda on orders of the Rwandan government. After the murder of Karegeya, Mwenda and President Kagame have since “praised” the act. But no competent court inside and outside Rwanda had passed a sentence of “Death” for Karegeya. Karegeya was not shot in “combat”, he was murdered in a hotel room. So, who gives the right to kill in Rwanda? It is not in doubt that Rwanda has witnessed an impressive economic recovery since the 1994 genocide but only in that regard.

There is nothing magical about Rwanda comparing with the economies of its neighbouring countries. The average GDP of the East African countries is about 6%. With the introduction of UPE (regardless of the quality), the number of primary pupils in Uganda rose from about 500,000 to 7,000,000. The idea of one pupil – one laptop is not only unique to Rwanda- Kinyatta of Kenya has amplied it and on even a larger scale. “Consequently, most Rwandans do not read printed newspapers. Instead, they depend on the Internet for information and debate on public policy.” Another unguided statement from “the old man of the clan.”

What would inform this statement is that in Rwanda there are facilities that simplify/ease the use of the internet. One such factor would be the availability of electricity in almost all parts of Rwanda. Let us examine this fact. 80% of electricity consumption occurs in Kigali, where only 5% of the population live. For the rest of the population residing in the rural areas, wood remains the main source of energy. With the privatisation of Electrogaz and the development of future hydropower projects, Rwanda is looking to ensure an increased energy supply in the near future. However, only about 6% of the population is able to have access to the grid, mostly those living in urban areas.

According to the Rwanda Vision 2020, wood is the source of energy for 99 % of the population, which leads to massive deforestation and soil destruction. Actually, through the Mbarara-Gikondo transmission line, Uganda exports 132 KV of its meagre power to Rwanda. So the laid 4,000km of Fibre Optic Cable is an impressive gesture but to what purpose if the cables are to lay humbly in the ground without power supply. It also tells a lot about the planning of a country, what would have come first, the fibre cables or the power cables? Lastly, Rwanda’s revenues as a share to GDP is only 30%, what forms its 70%?

Source: Comments

Andrew Mwenda does his job: praising Paul Kagame.

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How the discourse on press freedom in Rwanda has missed the promising developments in that country

Last week I attended President Paul Kagame’s lecture at Chatham House in London. It was without the usual hecklers i.e. mindless anti-Kagame fanatics. It attracted the more refined minds of British intellectual society. So the discussion was calm and reflective. Later in the week, I spoke at the universities of Oxford in England and Bremen in Germany – again before audiences of the sophisticated, thoughtful type. In all events, some people raised the issue of press freedom in Rwanda, saying that is Kagame’s worst score.

There is a fundamental misunderstanding of what is happening in Rwanda’s media. The human rights Taliban have distorted the discourse because they treat democracy as a religion. Religion does not need “pre-conditions” – you can plant the seed of Christianity or Islam in any society regardless of its level of development and it will germinate. But even here it takes generations for people to completely abandon their traditional superstitions.

Democracy, as a system of government, needs structural foundations; and it takes time to build regardless of the intentions of leaders. Governments can write high-sounding constitutions promising freedom and equality. However, if the structural conditions for it are missing, little will be realised in practice. That is why it took America 90 years from independence to freeing slaves. Yet the American constitution clearly stated: “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are born equal…” This self-evidence certainly did not apply to poor white men, all blacks, women and other ethnic minorities – each of whom gained rights at different times.

America’s democratic institutions did not end slavery; they perpetuated it. Instead it took a civil war to end it. Even then, it lasted another 100 years from the 13th amendment (which guaranteed every adult male a franchise) for America to give its black people the right to vote. And this was because a large and educated black middleclass had grown as a result of industrialisation. Even then, the civil rights movement lasted 15 years of protests and boycotts accompanied by unprecedented police brutality and KKK terrorism.

Let’s return to Rwanda. The global human rights police have a habit of picking one unfortunate incident (like the arrest of a journalist) and present is as a daily pattern. They have been extremely successful partly because Kigali often plays into their hands. But how many journalists have been arrested in Rwanda over the last four years? Zero! Yet if you read Human Rights Watch reports and listen to Kagame critics, you would think it is 100.

Over the last 20 years, Rwanda’s Gross Domestic Product has grown at an average rate of 6.6% (and 7.7% since Kagame became president in 2000). This has led to the growth of nominal per capita incomes in Rwanda from $150 in 1994 to $700 ($1600 in purchasing power parity) in 2014. This income growth has largely been driven by deregulation, privatisation and liberalisation all of which have freed a significant share of the economy from the state. The growth of the private sector as a source of wealth and power has been accompanied by the emergence of an increasingly large, educated middle-class – a vital social infrastructure for democratic politics.

The above is accompanied the mass access to education opportunities. University enrolment in Rwanda has risen from under 1,500 in 1995 to over 80,000 today. There is free education up to the first 12 years of schooling; primary school enrolment in Rwanda is at 98% and over 60% of its youth studying in secondary schools. Mass education is moving hand in hand with rapid urbanisation – both of which form the software for democratic politics.

Finally, Rwanda is a small country of 26,338 km²that has so far laid 4,000km of Fibre Optic Cable – the highest density of any country in the developing world including China. Its vision is to have 95% of all Rwanda connected to the 4G LT (the highest speed internet) by 2017. With its one-laptop-per-child policy, the spread of smart phones (made possible by increased education and income), Rwanda is creating the most promising hardware and software for free publicity/expression in the developing world.

Consequently, most Rwandans do not read printed newspapers. Instead, they depend on the Internet for information and debate on public policy. Government deliberately encourages the use of social media and has thereby turned almost every adult citizen into a journalist and a publisher and broadcaster. This is the most rapid expansion of space for free expression in history. Therefore, even if it were true that Kagame jails journalists and shuts down newspapers, his methods would be archaic and self-defeating. He would be fighting freedom tactically while building it strategically; which would result in overall good.

It is possible that in all his aforementioned policies towards education, Internet and income growth, Kagame’s aim is not democracy but development. Granted! But that is beside the point. Freedom may not be his subjective motivation but it is likely to be the objective outcome. It is also possible that in spite of all these developments, democracy may fail to gain a foothold on the steep hills of Rwanda. But it is also true that without these developments in education, income and urbanisation in Rwanda, it is unlikely that the nation can build a genuinely democratic political dispensation.

A country like Singapore has all these but has not democratised to the same degree as Norway. However, there is a consensus among its elites in favour of its current political arrangement. Public satisfaction with the political system is higher in Singapore than France and UK. So Rwanda can follow suit. America has the infrastructure for democratic politics. But democracy has found it difficult to flourish in that multi-racial nation whose foundation was genocide of native peoples and the enslavement of its black population. Because of these early distortions, America has remained an oligarchy of corporations – the ruling classes relying ever more on propaganda to keep the illusion of democracy especially to the less observant.

There are many un-freedoms in Rwanda. Some are products of its social structure. Some are unnecessary actions by the state (and this is where the debate should be). However, given its history, many un-freedoms in Rwanda are necessary for ensuring social order – itself the first pre-condition of democracy. Freedom without order is license. The seed of democracy does not germinate on the sands of anarchy. Just look at Libya, Iraq and Mali! In England and Germany last week, the audiences appreciated these arguments.

amwenda@independent.co.ug

– See more at: http://www.independent.co.ug/the-last-word/the-last-word/9459?task=view#sthash.BHVmLF0f.dpuf

WHO IS Andrew MWENDA? And WHAT SHOULD HE DO FOR RWANDANS

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Andrew M. Mwenda is Ugandan journalist who served at the Monitor after founding his owner newspaper the Independent under direct support of kagame’s regime. Why this journalist decided to work and be Kagame’s publicisit? This is another question with a direct answer. The guy was targeting to collect more and more shillings from kagame’s classified account.

Andrew Mwenda is am a journalist who loves where there is a conflict. As a fact, I remember the time when Ouganda (M7) was not in same line with Rwanda (Kagame). This journalist Andrew Mwenda was collecting Rwandan taxpayer’s money by the simple pretext that he can provide any piece of information from M7’s intelligence to Dr Ndahiro Emmanuel who was the head of kagame’s intelligence.

Now, if I can quote one Rwandan writer under names of Rusoke William, Andrew Mwenda is unethical journalist. This can be justified by the way this kagame’s son lives on what he sourced from sowing conflicts. Today, the guy adopted another strategy of harassing some Rwandan refugees by forging different arguments against them. On 22nd September 2014, this journalist dedicated a page to Dr David Himbara as another strategy of praising his boss Kagame. As noted, the journalist mixed up different issues including:

1) Groups where Kagame belongs and influential global leaders who are kagame’s friends but the journalist failed to mention the group in which he can appear;

2) Economic growth but the journalist failed to mention how he is among those who helps Kagame to grab that poor economy,

3) David Himbara as man who wish to be a Rwandan president but the journalist failed to mention where David Himbara served as a politician or a strategist in development,

4) Different statistical data, but the journalist failed to mention his clear basis of his statement.

I think if this journalist loves Rwanda and all Rwandans not only Paul Kagame, he should do or write on the following:

1) Current arrests and disappearances now happening in Rwanda;
2) political crisis fueled by kigali regime
3) Rwandan economic crisis characterized by high rate of inflation and unemployment
4) How RSSB is failing on its mission especially in medical insurance,
5) Fires of each and every minute in Rwanda,
6) Etc…..

 Peter Urayeneza

Umunya Uganda Andrew Mwenda ashobora kuzabazwa ibyo Perezida Kagame akora.

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Umunya Uganda Andrew Mwenda ashobora kuzabazwa ibyo Perezida Kagame akora.

Mu gihe hashize iminsi itari mikeya U Rwanda rurebana ay’ingwe na Tanzania, hakomeje iterana ry’amagambo hagati y’ibyo bihugu binyujijwe mu binyamakuru ari ibya Leta ari n’ibyigenga. Mu gihe ku ruhande rwa Tanzania usanga hari ukwifata no gukoresha ubwitonzi ku bategetsi, siko bimeze ku ruhande rw’u Rwanda. Nyuma y’aho Ministri w’ububanyi n’amahanga yatangiye kuvuga nabi Tanzania na Perezida wayo, cyakora akaza gusa n’ushaka kwihohora, ubu noneho Abajyanama ba Perezida Kagame ni bo bagezweho mu gukora uwo murimo kandi ngo urimo akamiya gatubutse. Gusa rero bashatse barya bari menge.

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Andrew Mwenda ni umwe mu Bajyanama ba Perezida Kagame

Abinyujije ku rubuga Tweeter ku wa 19 Kanama 2013, umujyanama wa Perezida Kagame uvuka muri Uganda, Andrew Mwenda, yagaragaje ibyo atekereza kuri iki kibazo. Mwenda atangira avuga ko yatangaye cyane ngo amaze kuvumbura ko Kikwete afitanye isano ya hafi n’abo yise aba genocidaires. Avuga ko mu nyandiko yasohowe na Wikileaks bigaragazwa ko umugore wa Perezida Kikwete ari mubyara wa nyakwigendera Perezida Habyarimana! Si Mwenda wenyine wavuze iyi nkuru kuko no mu binyamakuru byinshi bisohokera mu Rwanda iyi nkuru yatangajwe. Ikindi ngo byavuzwe ko Kikwete yajyaga yohereza intwaro mu Burundi aziha Abahutu mu gihe barwanyaga Leta. Aha umuntu akibaza impamvu uyu mujyanama ashaka kwigira injiji ku ngufu. Aba genocidaires avuga ni bande? Ni Abahutu bo mu Burundi byabaye ngombwa ko bafata intwaro ngo birwaneho mu gihe bari bagiye gushirira ku icumu bicwa umusubizo nk’udushwiriri? Umu genocidaire se ni Habyarimana wapfuye na genocide itaraba? Andrew Mwenda yanteye kwibaza byinshi.

Andrew Mwenda akomeza avuga ko Kikwete mu kwirukana Abanyamahanga batagira ibyangombwa yari agambiriye Abatutsi, ngo na ho abandi bose ni ibitambo (collateral). N’ubwo atari we wa mbere ubikemanga, uburyo Mwenda yabyanditse arasa n’uwerekana ko hari isano hagati ya genocide y’Abatutsi yo muri 1994, intambara zo mu Burundi n’iyirukanwa ry’Abatagira ibyangombwa muri Tanzania. Bityo kuri Mwenda wa Independent, Tanzania irimo gushyira mu bikorwa umugambi wateguwe neza kuva kera akawugereranya na genocide. Twibutse ko kugeza n’ubu FPR ihora yemeza ko genocide yateguwe igihe kirekire nyamara urukiko rwashyiriweho kuburanisha abaregwa genocide rwa Arusha rukaba rutarabashije kugaragaza ko uwo mugambi wabayeho. Ibi ntibivuga ko wenda utabayeho, ahubwo bivuga ko abaciriwe imanza bose batagize uruhare mu gutegura uwo mugambi. Bityo ubwo umugambi utagaragariye ku baregwa kwica Abatutsi umuntu yawushakira mu kindi gihande, ni ukuvuga FPR n’abafasha bayo.

Usesenguriye hafi inyandiko za Andrew Mwenda, urasanga avuga ko mbere hariho umugambi wa Tanzania wo kwirukana Abatutsi hanyuma ijambo rya Kagame rikaba imbarutso, kimwe n’uko ihanurwa ry’indege ya Habyarimana ryabaye imbarutso ya genocide. Aho ibi byombi bihuriye ni uko iyo migambi yombi (uwa genocide n’uwo kwirukana Abatutsi muri Tanzania) nta gihamya ko yabayeho. Ikindi iyo migambi yombi ifite imbarutso zikomoka kuri Perezida Kagame. Ibi ni byo Andrew Mwenda atsinda kuvuga ariko uwumva aba yumvise !

Mwenda arahunga nkana impamvu yaba yaratumye Tanzania yirukana Abanyarwanda akavuga ko abari bagenderewe ari Abatutsi abandi bakaba ibitambo. Usesenguye amagambo ya Mwenda urasanga abwira Abahutu ati mwe ntacyo mubaye n’ubundi mwamenyereye kubungera mu mashyamba, abababaje ni izi mfura ! Mu by’ukuri Andrew Mwenda agaragaje ingengabitekerezo y’ivangura. Abaye nka wa wundi (Mukagasani Yolanda) uherutse gusetsa imikara ngo ko Human Rights Watch itavugira abari kwirukanwa, nyamara sinigeze numva muri 1996 hari utabariza abirukanwaga. Cyakora sinamurenganya niba yaravutse nyuma ya 1996 da ! Ubu mu Banyarwanda birukanwa muri Tanzania haravugwa bakeya bakorewe urugomo, nyamara muri Congo ho imirambo ntigira ingano. Nanjye naraketse nti wenda Human Rights Watch itaragize ubutwari bwo kuvugira abicwa ntiyabona ubutwari bwo kuvugira abakomeretswa !

Andrew Mwenda na we arirengagiza ko atari ubwa mbere Tanzania yirukana Abanyamahanga. Ntiyigeze agira icyo avuga ubwo Abarundi birukanwaga. Ese aho Mwenda ntiyaba ari muri ba bacurabwnge n’abashyushyarugamba ba wa mugambi wa Empire Hima  ushaka kwerekana ko Abatutsi basumba Abahutu ? Nawe se, arongera kuri tweeter ye akavuga ko ibyo Tanzania irimo gukora ngo bisa n’iby’Abanazi bakoreye abayahudi. Mwibuke ko muri wa mugambi wa emprie Hima, Abatutsi bemeza ko aribo Bayahudi bo muri Africa.

Uko byagenda kose dukwiye gushishoza tukanga kwigira injiji ku ngufu. Uwo ari we wese agira ububabare kandi igikorwa cyose kigira icyo giturukaho. Niba igikorwa cyo kwirukana impunzi cyaraturutse ku ijambo ruvumwa rya Perezida Kagame, Andrew Mwenda akaba ari we mujyana wa Kagame, ni ukuvuga ko ibi byose Andrew Mwenda nawe azabibazwa.  

 

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