Isabukuru ya 53 ya Repubulika : « Twanze ingoma ya gihake yiyoberanya »

Parution: Tuesday 28 January 2014, 11:10

Par:Padiri Thomas Nahimana

Ngiri rya Bendera ryasimbuye Karinga, taliki ya 28 mutarama 1961

Banyarwanda, Banyarwandakazi, nshuti namwe Baturanyi b’u Rwanda,

Mu guhimbaza ku nshuro ya 53 Ihangwa rya « Repubulika y’u Rwanda » n’ugusezererwa kwa Kalinga n’izayo zose, birakwiye kongera kwibukana icyubahiro Abarwanashyaka b’intwari bagobotse rubanda rugufi yari ku ngoyi ya gihake , bityo tukarushaho no kwicengezamo igisobanuro nyakuri cy « ubutegetsi bushingiye kuri Repubulika » n’aho butandukaniye n’ubwa cyami .

I.Rwanda ni Repubulika guhera taliki ya 28/01/1961

Taliki ya 28/01/1961, Kongere yateraniye I Gitarama irangajwe imbere na Nyakubahwa Geregori Kayibanda na bagenzi be batangaje ko Ubwami bukuweho , ko u Rwanda rubaye “REPUBULIKA”, biba bityo, Nyakubahwa Dominiko Mbonyumutwa ayibera Perezida wa mbere. Batangaje ko Kalinga iciwe n’izayo zose, biba byo, bahita bayisimbuza ibendera ry’amabara atatu! Inteko y’abiru yarasheshwe, isimbuzwa inteko ishingamategeko, itowe na rubanda. Uwo munsi kandi ubutegetsi bw’Ubucamanza bwahawe inzego zabwo zihariye . Quanta mutatio ! Kuva ubwo kugeza n’uyu munsi u Rwanda ruracyitwa Repubulika.

Koko rero ingingo ya mbere n’iya kabiri z’Itegekonshinga ryo mu 2003 u Rwanda rugenderaho kugeza ubu zerekana neza ihame ryakagombye kugena umutima w’ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda :

(1)“Leta y’u Rwanda ni Repubulika yigenga kandi ubutegetsi bwose ni yo buturukaho, ishingiye kuri demokarasi, igamije guteza imbere abaturage, kandi ntishingiye ku idini”.

Ishingiro rya Repubulika ni « ubutegetsi bwa rubanda, butangwa na rubanda kandi bukorera rubanda ».

2)Ubutegetsi bwose bukomoka ku mbaga y’Abanyarwanda.Nta gice cy’Abanyarwanda cyangwa se umuntu ku giti cye ushobora kwiha ubutegetsi.Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu ni ubw’imbaga y’Abanyarwanda,bakoresha ubwabo binyuze muri Referedum cyangwa binyuze ku babahagarariye.

Nyamara n’ubwo byanditse mu itegeko riruta ayandi mu gihugu ko u Rwanda ari Repubulika , imiterere,imikorere n’imigenzereze by’ ubutegetsi bwa Repubulika ya gatatu iyobowe na FPR-Inkotanyi bisa neza n’ibyariho ku ngoma ya cyami kuko bigaragarira buri wese ko akarengane, agahato n’urugomo bigirirwa rubanda muri iki gihe biyingayinga ibyariho ku bwa Karinga . Muri make abaturage bongeye kugirwa inkomamashyi n’abagererwa nk’uko byahoze ku ngoma ya gihake. 

Niyo mpamvu muri uyu mwaka wa 53 w’ukubaho kwa Repubulika, Abanyarwanda bakwiye gucika ku muco mubi wo kwitaza ibya politiki ahubwo bagahugukira kubikurikiranira hafi kugira ngo barusheho kumenya uburenganzira bwabo n’aho ubw’abategetsi babo burangirira.

II.Imyumvire ya politiki n’ubutegetsi mu gihugu : rubanda igomba kwihitiramo ikiyinyuze.

Nibimenywe na bose ko uwiyemeje gukora politiki aba yemeye guharanira “inyungu rusange” (Intéret général). Nanone ariko habaho uburyo bubiri bw’ingenzi bwo kumva inyungu rusange mu gihugu : hashingiwe ku bategetsi cyangwa kuri rubanda.

1. Hari abakora politiki bahereye ku nyungu z’abategetsi zonyine :

Gufata ubutegetsi no kuyobora igihugu hashyizwe imbere inyungu z’umutegetsi mukuru n’abamwunganira bonyine, nibyo biza mbere.

Abafite iyi myumvire bakunze guhurira ku myifatire ikurikira :

(1) Gushyira imbere inzira zose zishoboka zabafasha gufata ubutegetsi kabone n’iyo byaba ngombwa ko igice kimwe cy’abaturage kirimbuka(intambara)

2)Iyo bageze ku butegetsi bashishikazwa no gutora amategeko agena imishahara y’akataraboneka ihabwa abategetsi kabone n’iyo igihugu cyaba kidafite ubushobozi bwo kuyishyura.

(3)Gufata ibyemezo bikomeye bireba abaturage ntawe ubabajije icyo babitekerezaho.

4)Gutinya amatora adafifise

(5)Gufata abatavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi nk’abanzi b’igihugu.

(6)Kumva ko ari bo bavukiye gutegeka, abandi benegihugu bagafatwa nk’abagaragu, abagererwa n’inkomamashyi.

(7)Gukunda amafaranga(business) kurusha abantu

(8)Kubakira politiki ku gatsiko gato gateye nk’ak’Abiru, abaturage bagahindurwa Indorerezi gusa .

Ingoma ya cyami yari muri uyu murongo w’ibitekerezo. Ingoma ya FPR-Inkotanyi yakomeje uyu murongo w’imigirire n’imigenzereze. Abenshi mu bayobozi b’amashyaka avuga ko atavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bwa Kagame bari muri uyu murongo w’ibitekerezo n’imyitwarire.

Muri make, umutegetsi ni umutware utavugirwamo.

2.Hari n’abashushanya politiki nziza n’ubutegetsi bunoze bahereye ku byifuzo by’umunezero w’umuturage : icyakura umuturage mu buja no mu bukene niyo ntego yabo.

Abari muri uyu murongo w’ibitekerezo n’imyitwaririre ntibagoye kumenyekana. Dore bimwe mu bibaranga :

(1)Mu rugero byabaturukaho, birinda intambara zakwica abaturage b’inzirakarengane.

(2)Bafata ibyemezo abaturage bagizemo ijambo

(3)Bashyira imbere inzira y’amatora adafifise

(4)Bateza imbere politiki zo kuzamura amajyambere y’icyaro, guteza imbere uburezi bw’abana ba rubanda rugufi,gutera inkunga ibigo mbonezamirire, ibitaro n’ibigo nderabuzima kugira ngo rubanda rugufi igire ubuzima buzira umuze…

(5) Batunganya inzego z’ubutabera,zikegerezwa abaturage, rubanda ntihendwe no gutanga ibirego mu nkiko , kugira ngo abafitanye amakimbirane bakiranurwe bwangu batagombye gukenera kwihorera

(6)Bashyiraho inzego z’umutekano(polisi n’igisilikari) zizewe n’abaturage aho kubatera ubwoba;

Muri make, umuturage ni we mutware.

Muri izi nzira zombi zikorwamo politiki tuvuze haruguru, abaturage bagomba kuba maso bakamenya kwihitiramo ibanyuze. Dore igihe ngiki kiregereje, bagasubirana “ububasha bwo kwihitiramo”, nkaba nizeye ko batazabupfusha ubusa.

III.Igihe kirageze : Repubulika y’u Rwanda nisubire mu biganza bya rubanda rugufi.

Igikenewe muri iki gihe ni uko rubanda yakwinyagambura, ikibuka ko ubutegetsi bwose ari yo bukomokaho, ko ari yo bubereyeho kandi ko yifitemo ubushobozi bwo kubusubirana bitari ngombwa kubanza kumena amaraso y’abenegihugu .

Muri urwo rwego, Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda rirararikira Abenegihugu bose, Gahutu , Gatwa na Gatutsi, gukanguka bwangu bakitaza iyi “ Repubulika ya cyami” Kagame abakinga mu maso, kuko “Repubulika yo ku izina gusa” mu by’ukuri ari “Ingoma ya gihake yiyoberanya”, ibyo bikaba bigaragarira mu mvugo no mu ngiro y’abatware b’iyi ngoma, mu gasuzuguro bereka umuturage, mu bwikunde bubaranga imbere n’inyuma.

Repubulika twahaweho umurage taliki ya 28 Mutarama 1961 si uku yari iteye. Twari twarizeye ko Ingoma ya gihake yarasezerewe burundu , ko Kalinga yaciwe n’izayo zose. Nyamara dore havutse indi “formule yitwa FPR-Kagame”, itanyurwa no gushyira abaturage ku ngoyi gusa ahubwo ikaba igeze n’aho kubanigisha ikiziriko !

Umwanzuro : Hakenewe indi Kongere

Guhera taliki ya 7 kugeza ku ya 9 Gashantare 2014 , Ishyaka Ishema ry’u Rwanda, nk’ishyaka rirwanya ubutegetsi bwubakiye ku ivangura, iterabwoba n’Ikinyoma, rishyize imbere ukuri, ubutwari n’ugusaranya rubanda ibyiza byose by’igihugu, rigiye gukora Kongere yaryo ya mbere, mu gihe rimaze umwaka umwe gusa rishingiwe mu mugi wa Paris, hari taliki ya 28 Mutarama 2013. Tuboneyeho gushimira abadufashije mu buryo bunyuranye n’abatugiriye inama nziza bose. Byadufashije guhamya ibirenge mu nzira ya politiki iharanira umunezero w’umuturage.

Muri iyi Kongere,n’ubwo izabera kure ya Gitarama ku mpamvu zitaduturutseho, turifuza gufata ibyemezo bitwegereza kurushaho abaturage bo mu gihugu kuko igihe kigeze cyo gufatanya nabo urugamba rwo gusezerera nanone iyi “ngoma ya gihake yiyoberanya” , ariko bitanyuze mu nzira zisesa amaraso y’umwenegihugu uwo ari we wese, ahubwo binyuze mu gushaka n’ukwiyemeza kwa rubanda rugufi .

Kubera icyo gikorwa gihambaye , ndasaba inkunga y’abafite umutimanama utekereza akaga igihugu cyacu kirimo cyangwa gishobora kugwamo ejo cyangwa ejobundi, mu gihe ibintu byaba bihindutse mu nzira mbi.

Mu gusoza, reka twifurize umunsi mwiza wa Repubulika Impirimbanyi z’ikubitiro n’imiryango yabo, ari abakiriho ari n’abatabarutse . Bitangiye u Rwanda barukura ahakomeye, Imana ibahe umugisha, amahoro n’umunezero bifuza. Tuzahora tubibuka nk’intwari.

Mu gihe kandi twibuka abatubanjirije ,twirinde kwibagirwa n’Intwararumuri(Leaders) dukeneye muri iki gihe, dusigeho kuzitererana, ahubwo tuzitere ingabo mu bitugu, dufatanye nazo urugamba ruzasubiza Repubulika y’u Rwanda ireme, ikongera ikaba by’ukuri « ubutegetsi bwa rubanda, butangwa na rubanda kandi bukorera rubanda ».

Twanze “Ingoma ya gihake yiyoberanya”,

Harakabaho Repubulika y’u Rwanda,

Harakabaho abayobozi bashishikajwe n’icyifuzo cy’amahoro n’umunezero wa rubanda.

Padiri Thomas Nahimana,

Umuyobozi w’Ishyaka ISHEMA

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