Iby’ingenzi byaranze politiki y’U Rwanda mu kwezi kw’Ukwakira 2014

Burkina Revolutionrevolution

Ukwezi kwa cumi (Ukwakira) 2014 kwaranzwe n’ibintu bitari bikeya.  Reka tuvuge kuri bimwe muri byo.

  1. Cinema Rwanda Untold Story

Nk’uko byari bimaze igihe bitangazwa, ku ya 1 Ukwakira 2014 ku isaha ya saa mbiri z’umugoroba i Londres mu Bwongereza, ikigo ntaramakuru mpuzamahanga BBC kibinyujije ku muyoboro BBC Two, cyerekanye documentary yiswe Rwanda: Untold Story. Umuntu agenekereje yavuga ko ari “ibitaravuzwe ku Rwanda”. Muri iyi cinema nta gishya kirimo:

  • Iravuga ko Kagame yatanze itegeko ryo guhanura indege yari itwaye Habyarimana kugira ngo genocide itangire kandi ko kuyihagarika atari wo mugambi wa FPR. Yongeraho ko atari na FPR yahagaritse jenoside kuko yahageze ubwicanyi bwararangiye. Ibi si ubwa mbere byari bivuzwe. Ruzibiza Abdul yarabyanditse, Ruyenzi arabyemeza, Rudasingwa na Nyamwasa barabishimangira.
  • Iravuga ukuntu urukiko mpuzamahanga rwa Arusha rwananijwe na Leta ya Kigali mu gihe rwari rugiye gufungura amadosiye ku basirikare ba RPF bakoze ibyaha bya genocide, iby’intambara n’ibyibasira ikiremwa muntu. Ibi Del Ponte yarabivuze, abanyamategeko baburaniraga abaregwa Arusha barabivuze, ndetse n’abarimu bakomeye nka Filip Reytjens bari barabivuze. Icyo bakoze muri iyi cinema ni ukongera kubishimangira.

Cyakora muri iyi cinema utuntu nka tubiri ni two umuntu yavuga ko twaba ari dushya:

1. Abashakashatsi b’Abanyamerika Christian Davenport and Allan C. Stam bagaragaye noneho nabo bahabwa ijambo ngo basobanure ibyo babashije kubona ubwo bari mu Rwanda bakora ubushakashatsi kuri genocide. Ntibarya iminwa iyo bageze ku mibare ivugwa y’abapfuye. Bemeza ko:

  • leta ya FPR ivuga ko hapfuye abatutsi bagera kuri miliyoni (1.000.000)
  • Ibarura ryakozwe mbere ya genocide rigaragaza ko Abatutsi bari munsi y’ibihumbi magatandatu (600.000)
  • Ibarura ryakozwe mu mwaka wa 2004 ryekanye ko abatutsi ibihumbi birenga gatoya magatatu (300.000) barokotse, bivuga ko hapfuye abatutsi barenga ibihumbi maganabiri (200.000) ariko batageze ku bihumbi maganatatu (300.000).
  • Bagasoza bemeza ko ufashe miliyoni yapfuye muri jenoside ugakuramo ibihumbi 200 (cyangwa birengaho gatoya) by’abatutsi bapfuye, usanga hafi ibihumbi 800 by’abahutu barahasize agatwe. Bikaba bitangaje cyane ukuntu muri genocide bivugwa ko yakorewe abatutsi abahutu bapfuye ari inshuro hafi enye z’abatutsi!

2 . Icya kabiri umuntu yavuga ko ari gishya, ni uko ikigo mpuzamahanga cy’Abongereza noneho cyemeye gutangaza cinema ivuga ubwicanyi bwa Kagame kandi mu myaka irenga 20 yose kitarigeze kimutunga agatoki kandi nyamara ubu bwicanyi bwari buzwi neza.

  1. U Rwanda rwavuye muri Security Council rusimburwa na Angola.

U Rwanda rwari rumaze muri uyu mwanya igihe kingana n’imyaka ibiri rukaba ruzatanga imihoho mu mpera z’uyu mwaka. Mu ri iki gihe u Rwanda rumaze muri aka kanama, ama raporo avuga ku bwicanyi bwa FPR yarasisibiranyijwe. Iheruka ikaba ari Mapping Report igaragaza neza uburyo FPR yarimarimye impunzi z’abahutu zari muri Congo ibeshya ko ikurikiranye interahamwe na Ex FAR. Indi raporo ikomeye ni iyashinjaga General James Kabarebe kuba commander in chief w’ibikorwa bya M23 akaba ariwe wahaga amategeko General Ntaganda, umunyarwanda wo mu Kinigi (Ruhengeri ) ariko wiyita umunyekongo. Nyuma yaho haje n’and ma raporo ashinja u Rwanda ariko rukayabangamira bikaba iby’ubusa. Imvugo ya génocide rwandais yarahindutse iba génocide Tutsi. Ibi u Rwanda rukaba rwabifashe nk’intsinzi ikomeye.

Angola igiye kurusimbura yagaragaje ko itumva ibintu kimwe n’u Rwanda ku bibazo birebana n’akarere k’ibiyaga bigari. Mu gihe u Rwanda rwagabaga igitero muri Congo mu ntambara yiswe iya kabiri, mu mwaka wa 1998 Angola yarwanaga ku ruhande rwa Kabila mukuru ndetse ifatanyije na Zimbabwe na Namibia nyuma haza kwiyongeraho Tchad na Soudan, mugihe U Rwanda rwo rwafashwaga na Uganda ya Museveni.  Mu gihe gishize kandi Angola yashakaga kujya muri intervention Brigade iyi igizwe na Tanzaniya, Africa y’epfo ndetse na Malawi  ikaba ari nayo yarashe kandi igatsinsura ingabo za Kagame zari muri M23. Byarangiye General Ntaganda ageze i La Haye aho ashinja Kagame kuba ariwe wamuhaga amategeko. Ubwo Angola ifite ijambo rikomeye muri SADC birashoboka ko imyumvire ya SADC ku bibazo by’akarere ari nayo izinjizwa na Angola muri ONU.

  1. Irahizwa rya Perezida wa Sena y’ u Rwanda.

Nyuma gatoya y’uko uwari perezida wa sena y’u Rwanda Dr J. Damascene Ntawukuriryayo yegujwe ku mirimo ye, mubyara wa Paul Kagame, Bernard Makuza niwe washinzwe iyo mirimo nyuma y’igisa n’amatora y’ikinamico. Uyu mugabo Bernard Makuza (uzwi ku kazina ka Turatsinze kuva mu bwana bwe kuko yavutse mu gihe abahutu bari bamaze gutsinda gihake ya Karinga), ntiyatunguye abantu kuko byari byitezwe. Abakora ubusesenguzi bari bamaze gutera imboni ko Makuza ariwe ushobora gufata uyu mwanya ukomeye cyane, bityo akaba ariwe waba afite ubutegetsi mu gihe haba impinduka iyo ariyo yose, haba kwegura kwa Kagame cyangwa ikindi cyatuma adashobora gukomeza imirimo ye. Ikindi uyu mwanya Makuza yawumaza ni ugufasha Kagame kwemeza umushinga wo guhindura itegekonshinga kugira ngo uyu muperezida w’u Rwanda akomeze ategeke u Rwanda dore ko itegeko ritabimwemerera na gato.

Nk’uko tubikesha umunyapolitiki ndetse akaba  umunyamategeko n’umusesenguzi wa politiki Maitre Venant Nkurunziza, hari ingingo ebyiri z’itegekonshinga zitemerera Paul Kagame kongera kwiyamamaza uko yishakiye. Ingingo ya 101 ivuga ko perezida wa repubulika atorerwa imyaka irindwi akaba ashobora kongera gutorwa indi nshuri imwe. Iyi ngingo ikomeza ivuga ko nta na rimwe umuntu yemererwa gutorerwa manda zirenze ebyiri kuri uyu mwanya. Naho ingingo ya 193 yemeza ko ivugururwa ry’ibivugwa mu ngingo ya 101 bigomba kunyura mu matora ya Referendum abaturage bakabyanga cyangwa bakabyemera, ariko uyu mushinga ugomba kuba wabanje kwemezwa n’inteko ishinga amategeko umutwe w’abadepite ndetse n’uwa sena Makuza agiye kuyobora akaba ari na yo mission y’ingenzi yahawe.

Aha ni ho ruzingiye rero : abaturage bamaze kurambirwa ubwikanyize bwa Paul Kagame n’agasuzuguro abahozaho ndetse akagera n’aho we n’abambari be bavuga ko nta wundi muntu washobora kuyobora u Rwanda, mbese nka bya bindi bya kera ngo hari abavukanye imbuto abandi bakavuka bagomba kuba abacakara. Iki ni  igihe umuturage aba yashubijwe ububasha bwose kuko icyo azavuga n’ Imana ni cyo izaba yemeje : Vox populi Vox Dei. Kubera uburyo tuzi busanzwe bukoreshwa mu gutoresha abantu ku ngufu, biragaragara gko abaturage bamaze kurakara bazanga gutoreshwa hanyuma hagira ubatunga urutoki revolisiyo igatangirira aho. Bwarakeye biraba da !   

  1. Ijambo rya Paul Kagame

Mu ijambo yavugiye mu nteko ishinga amategeko mu gihe yarahizaga Makuza nka perezida wa sena, Paul Kagame yagaragaje akamuri ku mutima ubwo yavuganaga ikiniga kidasanzwe ndetse akagaragaza n’imbaraga nkeya z’umubir ubwo yagiraga ati ‘umubiri urananiwe ariko umutima uracyafite imbaraga’. Muri iri jambo Kagame yamaze igihe kinini avuga kuri documentary y’abongereza yemeza ubwicanyi FPR yakoreye abanyarwanda. Kagame aravuga ati ‘ubu nitwe bicanyi’ akongeraho ko abamuteze amatwi badakwiye kuzahunga ngo kuko guhunga ari bibi cyane. Kugeza aha nta wasobanukiwe n’icyatuma bahunga kugeza aho avugiye ko iby’amagamabo abirangije akaba agiye gutangira gukora ibikorwa bifatika. Bamwe mu basesengura bemeza ko agatendo Paul Kagame yavuze ari nka ya apocalypse yo muri 94, cyakora bagasanga byaba ari nko kwiyahura kuko bitamusiga agihumeka.

Bimwe mu bikorwa bifatika Kagame yahisemo ni ugufunga BBC Gahuzamiryango ntiyongere kumvikana mu Rwanda, nyamara iyi filime yerekanywe mu rurimi rw’icyongereza ! Ikindi gikorwa ni ugushora abana mu mihanda ngo barigaragambya bamagana iyo filime nyamara abenshi ntibanayibonye. Babwiwe ko ipfobya jenoside ntibabwirwa ko igituma Kagame ayanga ari uko imuhamya ibyaha yakoreye Abanyarwanda. Nyuma n’abafungwa bagaragaye bamagana iyo filime.

Abenshi muri aba bafungwa barezwe ndetse bemezwa icyaha cya jenoside n’inkiko gacaca. Ingingo ya 76 y’amategeko inkiko Gacaca ivuga ko umuntu nk’uwo hari ibyo atemerewe :

  1. Gutora;
  2. Gutorwa;
  3. Kuba umutangabuhamya mu by’ubuhanga, mu byemezo no mu manza, uretse kuba yasiganuzwa bamupererezaho;
  4. Gutunga no gutwara imbunda;
  5. Kuba umusirikare;
  6. Kuba umupolisi;
  7. Gukora umurimo wa Leta ;
  8. Kuba umwigisha cyangwa umuvuzi mu mirimo ya Leta cyangwa iy’abikorera ku giti cyabo.

Nyuma yo guhindura aba bantu nk’abatakibaho noneho mundebere nibo Kagame yiyemeje gukoresha kandi aziko yabambuye ijambo. Mu yandi magambo yabishe bahagaze.

  1. Icyemezo cya Guverinoma mu gukumira Ebola

Perezida Kagame yasabye Ministiri w’ubuzima gufata ingamba ngo Ebola ikumirwe. Kuwa 19 Ukwakira, Ministri Binagwaho yakoze itangazo avuga ko Abanyamerika n’abanyespanyoli bazajya bashyirwa mu kato nibakandagira mu Rwanda, kandi bakamara iminsi 21 bahamagara kuri telephone kugira ngo bamenyekanishe aho baherereye. Icyo aba bantu bazira ngo ni uko bashobora kuba bafite Ebola ! Nta cyemezo cyafatiwe Abanyafurika baza mu Rwanda cyane cyane abaturuka muri Afurika y’uburengerazuba kandi ariho ubu havugwa icyo cyago. Mu kanya gato perezida yatutse uyu mu ministriti avuga ko uburyo akoramo ibintu bucuramye. Ngo kenshi na kenshi abanza gukora agatekereza nyuma. Ibi byatumye Biangwaho akuraho icyemezo yari yafashe anongeraho ko yari yabikoze ku giti cye. Gusa ngo abanyuze muri Guinea, Liberia, Senegal cyangwa Sierra Leone bazakomeza gusuzumwa mu gihe kitarenze iminsi 22.

Ibi birumvikanisha aho igihugu kigeze kuri wa muteremuko koko, aho umuntu nka ministri afata icyemezo cy’ubuzima ariko akagifata ku giti cye. Nta murongo igihugu kigira kigenderaho ahubwo umuntu afata ibyemezo akurikije uko yarose !? Ariko wenda nta wa mugaya, ahubwo se uwamugize ndetse akamureka agakomeza kuba ministri kandi aziko ‘sometimes’  akora agatekereza nyuma, uwo we harya ngo azatugeza kuki ? Harya ngo ibisa birasabirana ? Hari abaciye umugani ngo nta mwana nta nyina, none uwakongeraho nta mutware nta mugaragu (umuja) ntiyaba yibeshye cyane.

  1. Ihotorwa ry’ururimi rw’Ikinyarwanda

Leta ya FPR ikomeje imigambi yayo yo kubangamira no kurangaza Abanyarwanda. Nyuma yo guhindura indirimbo yubahiriza igihugu, ibendera ryasimbuye Karinga, guhindura amakomine, amaperefegitura amasegiteri n’ama serire, ubu noneho ikiramukiwe ni ururimi. Ikintu kibabaje ni uko abahinduye uru rurimi batanafite ubuhanga mu byerekeye indimi cyangwa se bakaba babikora bagamije gutesha abantu igihe gusa. Urebye mu bibazo igihugu gifite, guhindura ururimi n’amategeko y’imyandikire nta n’ubwo byaza ku rutonde rw’ibikenewe.

Ministri w’umuco na Sport abivugaho yavuze ko byari bikwiye ko habanza kubazwa icyo Abanyarwanda babitekerezaho ngo nyamara ibi ntibyakozwe. Ibi bijyanye neza n’imiyoborere ya FPR ya Top-Down ni ukuvuga guhurutura ibintu mu kirere ugakubita kuri rubanda utababajije icyo batekereza kandi aribo witwa ko ukorera.  Ministri Joe Habineza hari aho yibeshya cyangwa se asa n’uwanga gutoneka abo bireba, aho yavuze ngo arabona hari demokarasi kuko abantu bagaragaje ibyo batekereza ku mategeko mashya agenga Ikinyarwanda. N’ubwo yemeza ko abayasinye ari nabo bayasinyura, umuntu yamwibutsa ko muri demokarasi habanza consultations muri rubanda mbere y’uko icyemezo kibareba gifatwa. Ibinyuranye n’ibi, mu yandi magambo, ibyo FPR ikora ni dictature nsansa. Birakwiye ko aya mabwiriza ahagarikwa hakabanza hakajyaho gahunda yo kumva icyo abanyarwanda batekereza.

  1. Urunturuntu muri EAC, U Rwanda rwasabye kugaruka muri CEEAC

Mu gihe hari hashize imyaka irindwi u Rwanda rusabye kuva mu muryango wa CEEAC (Communaute Economique des Etats De l’Afrique Centrale), muri uku kwezi u Rwanda rubinyujije mu ijwi rya Louise Mushikiwabo ngo rurashaka kugaruka muri uyu muryango. Impamvu yari yaratumye ruvamo ni uko rwinubiraga ururimi rw’igifarans ngo rukaba rwarashakaga kwegerana n’abavuga icyongereza. Nyuma yo kwinjira mu muryango wa Commonwealth of Nations ugizwe n’ibihugu byakolonijwe n’Ubwongereza, ndetse no kwinjira muri EAC (East African Community) ruhuriyemo n’Uburundi, Uganda, Kenya na Tanzania, u Rwanda ruravunyisha muri CEEAC !

Ibyo kandi bibaye mu gihe EAC irangwamo akavuyo ndetse n’urunturuntu ku buryo mu kwezi kw’Ukwakira nta cyemezo inteko ishinga amategeko ya EAC yigeze ifata nyuma yo kumara igihe kitari gito iterana amagambo. Ahubwo bamwe mu ba gize iyo nteko barifuza ko umuyobozi wayo Margaret Nantongo – Zziwa ngo yakurwaho icyizere ngo kuko ari inshuti magara ya Jakaya Kikwete Perezida wa Tanzaniya. Cyakora bitewe n’uko abadepite ba Tanzaniya bagera kuri barindwi batigeze bitabira iyo nama, ibikorwa by’inteko byahagaritswe sine die. Abayobozi b’amakomisiyo bane bo bareguye !

  1. Revolisiyo ya rubanda iratutumba mu Rwanda

Mbere yo gusoza ukwezi kwa cumi, Abaturage ba Burkina Faso baduhaye impano y’akataraboneka ( cadeau extraordinaire). Iyo nta yindi uretse guhaguruka bakavudukana umunyagitugu wari yarabigizeho akamana ngo ni we wenyine ushobora kuyobora. Mu ijwi ry’abari bayoboye imyigaragambyo, umutegarugori umwe yagize ati hashize imyaka 27 igihugu cyacu kiyoborwa na Compaore nta wundi abana bacu bazi nk’aho nta wundi ufite ubwenge n’ubushobozi. Yongeyeho ati umuntu wese intellectuel  yayobora igihugu.

Uyu mugabo Blaise Compaore wirukanywe ku ntebe  yageze ku butegetsi amaze guhitana Thomas Sankara. Nyuma yaho yagiye ahindagura itegeko nshinga kugira ngo agume ku butegetsi ariko rubanda yamweretse ko ubu noneho bidashoboka, enough is enough. Ni umwe mu ba perezida bashyigikiye FPR mu gihe yarwanaga na Leta ya Habyarimana.

Abakurikiranye iby’iyi revolisiyo bemeye nta shiti koko ko ibyakozwe muri Afurika y’abarabu bishoboka no muri Afurika y’abirabura. Nta mwanya aba dictateurs bagifite ahubwo bafite amahirwe amwe gusa: kuganira n’ababarwanya maze ibihugu bikayoborwa nta  yandi maraso amenetse. Kunyuranya n’ibi ni ukwisurira gupfa imburagihe cyangwa se gusazira mu mahanga, na dukeya twiza twakozwe tukibagirana, abana bawe bakandagara.

By’umwihariko Abanyarwanda bakomeje kugaragaza ko imyiteguro ari yose mu gihe Paul Kagame yaba ashatse kwiyongeza manda abinyujije mu guhindura itegekonshinga. Basanga byaba ari umurongo utukura uyu mugabo aramutse ahinduye itegeko nshinga kugira ngo we ubwe akomeze gutegeka. Byaba ari n’agasuzuguro gakabije. Abenshi bongeraho ko n’ubwo Kagame yatanga ruswa muri Sena no mu badepite ngo batore uwo mushinga, inteko ishinga amategeko ishobora kugurumana inkongi y’umuriro itegeko ritaranatorwa. Muri make ibyabaye muri Burkina Faso mu kwa 10 / 2014 biratutumba mu Rwanda.

Si Abanyarwanda gusa kuko no muri Congo ndetse n’Uburundi ijwi ni rimwe. Nta guhindura itegeko nshinga. Abasore nabo bakomeje kwisuganya ngo imbarutso itazabatungura.                                             Bye bye to Dictators

Chaste Gahunde

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