Monthly Archives: July 2013

Five illusions a naïve visitor to Rwanda falls for

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Five illusions a naïve visitor to Rwanda falls for

ILLUSION 1: Rwanda is an environmental haven

By David Himbara

Hey, I admit it. I am some kind of addict. But not to drugs or ganja or booze as my Rwandan biographers would have it. I am addicted to writing about development and to my family. So here I am writing away for a few minutes in the middle of my sunny holiday.

Upon arrival at Kigali International Airport, and the short drive from there to downtown Kigali, a naïve visitor will have gulped down five illusions. But first, what is an illusion? An illusion refers to perception of something that does not correspond to what exists in the real world. Illusions fool people, including you and me! Magicians use illusions. That is why they are also known as illusionists. Magicians do not perform miracles —they just appear to do so via clever tricks. So what the illusions does the naïve visitor to Rwanda fall for — the things that appear real but are actually fake?

At the airport, plastic bags are taken away from everyone. The justification for this is that Rwanda is an environmental haven and example of best practices to the rest of world on saving mother earth. Even the Doubting Thomas among the visitors gets impressed by the time he/she has reached the Serena Hotel, not least the palm tree-covered highway, and the neat and orderly passers-by and the incredibly clean-looking environment of city of Kigali.

THE REALITY:

The Rwandan Capital City of Kigali is an environmental catastrophe waiting to happen. A city of about one million people, the size of Detroit in United States or Birmingham in the United Kingdom, Kigali does not have a central sewage or a single treatment plant. Every private, commercial and industrial building still uses latrine either in its primitive form of a hole in the earth, or in its modern form – the septic tank, itself often shoddily-constructed. In either case, the human refuse ends into the soil, and subsequently dumped into River Nyabugogo/River Akagera system and off to Uganda, Sudan and Egypt. The Rwandan countryside repeats the pattern sending tons of human refuse into national, regional and international water systems.

WHAT TO DO?

President Paul Kagame, please find US$50million to acquire a treatment plant and a centralized sewage system for Kigali City. As you are well aware, various studies have made convincing options to get the job done. Meanwhile, as you know Your Excellency, the open sewers in parts of Kigali City often send unfortunate old and young Rwandans to their death during the rainy seasons as they become raging rivers. Stop being an illusionist Sir – make this thing a reality. Why don’t you use part of the US$400 million bond to fix this disaster? The Kigali Convention Centre can wait a bit longer and come later into a genuinely clean city after this thing has been fixed. Otherwise right now Kigali is in reality the most environmentally-degraded and dirtiest habit even by regional standards. Right next door in Burundi, Bujumbura has a centralized sewage system – Kigali is a latrine city by contrast. Of course, Sir, the Sewage thing may not be clamorous and show-and-tell kind of thing, but it is essential. Don’t you agree? 

ILLUSION 2: Rwandans are now reconciled

On arrival, our gullible guest to Rwanda has been received by highly courteous immigration officials. And after collecting her luggage downstairs, her plastic bags have been taken away to protect mother earth. And once outside, her taxi drives away towards Serena Hotel on a palm-tree lined boulevard without a single pothole. Who indeed would not be impressed by these things?

The visitor then poses to her taxi driver the one question she has been dying to ask since she set foot on the Rwandan soil. “So tell me, are you a Hutu or Tutsi?” The reply stuns her. “Look Madam, this is a new Republic of Rwanda. We are only Rwandans here. You can in fact go to jail for asking that. We do not tolerate divisionism and such mindsets that breed genocide ideology.” The naïve lady visitor happily settles in the back seat of her taxi, satisfied that a miracle has happened in a country that almost self-destructed via ethnic hatred and genocide back in 1994.

ILLUSION 2:

Rwandans are now reconciled, freed from divisive ethnic labels by a progressive government that is successfully building a united and prosperous future for all Rwandans. Ethnic divisions in Rwanda are no more.

REALITY:

Beyond the generic rhetoric of today’s Rwandan leadership, no one really knows the extent of reconciliation. How can anyone assess and know such a thing in an atmosphere in which almost all issues are deemed taboo to talk about?

Nonetheless, we have a sense of what Rwandans may be feeling. A snap review of the past 19 years since President Paul Kagame has been at the helm of Rwandan political economy, illustrates an unattainable political environment for reconciliation:

  • RPF commits itself in 1994 to power-sharing both inside the party and nationally, with the victorious General Paul Kagame making a strategic concession by taking a position specially created for him – Vice Presidency – which he held together with Minister of Defense, making the General the king-maker;
  • Pasteur Bizimungu becomes President of Rwanda;
  • Things soon unravel by 1997-8;
  • RPF chairman Kanyaregwe is unceremoniously dumped;
  • Vice President Kagame takes over as chairman;
  • Pasteur Bizimungu, the head of state, reduced to Kagame’s deputy in the party;
  • To grasp the absurdity of this machination, imagine Yoweri Kaguta Museveni who is the president of Uganda reduced to deputy president of NRM and Edward Ssekandi, who is the vice president of the country, grabbing party presidency;
  • Fast-track to 2000, President Bizimungu is finally removed (and later imprisoned), Paul Kagame becomes head of state and party;
  • Once Paul Kagame is in the presidency, the post of vice president mysteriously vanishes into thin air never to be heard of again;
  • Fast-track to 2013, no significant senior ministerial post, besides the Presidency, remains in the hands of Hutu leaders – including Finance, Defense, Foreign Affairs, Cabinet Affairs, Justice (both the Minister and Chief Justice), Central Bank, Health, Education, and Local Government. Throw in the chief of police and head of prosecuting authority!

It would be a grave mistake to see the current rule simply as a Tutsi regime, however. It is President Paul Kagame’s regime, a one-man thing demanding total allegiance in which a single diverging/independent thought is enough ground to become ruthlessly purged. The recent removal of former Justice Minister Kagarugama is further evidence, if any were still needed. Karugarama’s crime was, apparently, to hold fast to the Rwandan Constitution which does not allow any head of state to hold power longer than two 7 year terms – 14 years in all.

The post-1994 Rwandan history hardly paints a journey to reconciliation and long-term stability.

ILLUSION 3: Rwanda is a role model in empowering women

As our gullible visitor moves steadily from the airport and reaches the Nyarutarama junction, she is shown by the taxi driver a magnificent set of buildings sitting on top of an imposing hill. The taxi man explains to the visitor that what she is now looking at is the parliamentary complex – the sitting of Rwandan parliamentarians and senators. Excitedly, the lady visitor asks the driver: “is it true women are so empowered and even determine the legislative direction of your country?” To which the taxi driver proudly responds: “Madam – I may not know some of these things, but thanks to our visionary leadership, women are not only empowered, they also form the majority of our representatives in parliament. I hear this over and over again on the radio.”

ILLUSION 3:

Because the majority of Rwandan parliamentarians are female – at 56% – an even higher percentage than in Sweden which is globally recognized for its leadership in this cause, Rwanda is a role model in empowering women.

A real parliament normally has at least four functions – (1) representing the constituency, civil society and citizens at large, including the downtrodden; (2) consolidating the national interest via bipartisanship by giving voice to all its members, regardless whether they are drawn from the ruling party or the opposition; (3) improving governance by legislating and drafting laws; and (4) holding the executive branch accountable in management of public affairs including budgetary resources and public assets.

So now, does it follow that because the Rwandan parliament has female majority, it is somehow an inclusive and innovative legislative body that meets these basic responsibilities, including competencies to improve the lives of women? Whoever answers this in affirmative, he/she should seek immediate mental care.

  • Who do Rwandan parliamentarians represent – their own local constituencies, women, civil society, or Rwandan citizens at large?
  • What type of bipartisanship, pluralistic and tolerant culture is the Rwandan parliament building – if any?
  • Which parliamentary committee is genuinely led by the opposition – including those aspects assigned to the opposition in accordance with Commonwealth practices which Rwanda supposedly adheres to due to its membership of this grouping?
  • What progressive laws, comparatively, has Rwandan parliament passed in favor of women – laws that, for example, have far-reaching impact than in neighboring countries whose parliaments have fewer female legislators?
  • Who controls whom in Rwanda – does parliament oversee the operations of the executive branch or is it the reverse?

The answer to each of these questions, for all intents and purposes, confirms the near-total dominance of the executive over other branches of government in Rwanda, especially the subservient Rwandan parliament.

THE REALITY:

Rwandan parliament, its women majority notwithstanding, is a toothless rubber stamp of the one-man iron-fist rule. This is the very same parliament that shockingly gave President Paul Kagame an ovation in 2010 when he violently stated that he would kill a fly with a hammer referring to exiled former Rwandan army chief of staff and former intelligence chief. Where else but in Kagame’s Rwanda would a head of state openly talk of killing people right inside the very assembly that makes laws against such behavior – and instead receive a prolonged applause and enthusiastic response! Among those cheering-on the Rwandan ruler was the 56% female majority and the female speaker of the lower chamber of the Rwandan parliament, Rose Mukantabana, who was little known when she mysteriously acquired the post in 2008, remains undistinguished in 2013.

The current President of the Rwandan Senate, Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo, best illustrates the wretchedness of Rwandan politics. This man has held various ministerial portfolios in the Kagame-led government, including higher education, infrastructure, and health before transiting to parliament as one of its vice presidents. Ntawukuriryayo was one of the few politicians allowed to run against the incumbent Paul Kagame on an essentially same political platform in both the presidential elections of 2003 and 2010. This is why Ntawukiriryayo earned the nickname “the stooge.” The incumbent won the elections by a shocking 93% in 2010 while the stooge came second with 5%. Ntawukuriryayo hastened to congratulate Paul Kagame. President Kagame returned the stooge’s favor by nominating him to the Rwandan Senate where he was soon crowned its president. Guess what!? Under the strange Rwandan Constitution, this unelected stooge would be the ruler of Rwanda, were the incumbent to become incapacitated. Hallelujah, Amen! Meanwhile the former President of the Senate, Vincent Biruta, has been recycled back into the Kagame cabinet, as Minister of Education.

For inspiration in female parliamentary leadership, look across the border – the Republic of Uganda – where women form a mere 31% in parliament. Led by Rebecca Alitwala Kadaga, Ugandan parliament continues to challenge and change the political status quo since Kadaga made history by becoming the first female speaker in May 2011.

 Kadaga’s long public service as a member of parliament, minister, deputy speaker and now speaker gives her considerable exposure and experience at both the national and international spheres. Kadaga’s strength radiates primarily from the very constituency whose lives she is determined to improve – Ugandan women.

Kadaga does not blindly obey the orders of President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni – on the contrary she stands up to the Ugandan ruler in defence of parliamentary responsibilities, even though she is a member of the president’s ruling party, the NRM. Speaker Kadaga’s insistency to preserving neutrality in moderating debates between her own party and the opposition is becoming legendary – and a continuous irritation to the ruling elite. And as is widely reported, Kadage has a formidable informal committee of advisers, including sector experts, lawyers, media professionals, MPs, influential religious leaders, and cultural leaders, whom she regularly consults – which provides the Speaker with a knowledge-base that enables her to withstand executive power plays.

No equivalency of a Rebecca Alitwala Kadaga exists in the so-called female-majority Rwandan parliament. What you have in Rwanda instead is yet another PR-inspired fake branding shamelessly masqueraded as “women empowerment.” A Kagada would simply not happen in Rwanda whereby the Constitution makes the head of state quite literally a monarch who determines almost every career and livelihood in public service on the basis of obsequiousness, as laughably illustrated by the case of the President of the Rwandan Senate.

President Paul Kagame personally launched the “the National Information Communication Infrastructure (NICI) Plan” in 2000, which aimed to transform Rwanda into a knowledge based-economy by the year 2020. Phase 1 of NICI (2000-2005) was to create the enabling environment for building a knowledge economy; Phase 2 (2006-2011) was to build the required IT infrastructure and human capital base; in Phase 3 (2012-2016) IT-based services and products would begin to enter the global market place; Phase 4 (2016-2020) would see Rwanda cruising towards becoming a knowledge-based economy with a middle-income status of US$900 GDP per capita – a figure later increased to US$1,200 GDP per capita.

ILLUSION 4:

Our naïve guest nearing her hotel in downtown Kigali had learnt with great admiration of President Kagame’s tireless efforts in transforming Rwanda into a knowledge-based economy. She has over the years followed with great interest the extensive coverage the Rwandan president receives in global media, not least about the many deserving awards he regularly wins for his remarkable efforts. Now to be in Kigali, in the land of a great African IT head of state was so exciting.

She remembered especially how a leading American journal, Fortune, described the Rwandan President when back in 2007 he had lunch with senior Google executives including CEO Eric Schmidt at the company’s campus in Mountain View in California. That is when the Internet giant announced its plans to make available to Rwanda free of charge its Google Apps-web-based applications – something that would change the face of Rwanda in such critical areas as training staff server-maintenance, in buying PC-based software and in developing and maintaining e-mail systems. Who indeed would not be impressed that a country generally known for violence had already by 2007 achieved such an amazing feat – not only computers but also broadband connections previously unheard of in this part of the world.

REALITY:

Unknown to the gullible visitor, most of this was propaganda hot air. In fact Google never set foot in Rwanda – it went to neighboring Kenya instead. For one thing, a Google server/station would probably need some 50 megawatts of electricity which would have plunged Rwanda into darkness as that was the equivalent to total installed power in the country at the time. Worse still, there were hardly any broadband connections in 2007 – In fact, while President Kagame was having a photo opportunity with Google executives, behind the scenes he was busy sacking Terracom, which was supposedly building “the fastest communications backbone in Africa.”

Here is the Rwandan IT reality and the key stages/outcomes in the implementation of President Kagame’s infamous NICI since he launched it 13 years ago.

  • 2000 – NICI Plan launched; Rwanda Information Technology Authority (RITA) later becomes the implementing agency, located directly in President Kagame’s office;
  • 2003 – New NICI Plan driver installed; this is Sam Nkusi, minister of communications supported by Sem Ochuodho as head of RITA – Nkusi is sacked in 2004;
  • 2004 – Preparations for building IT infrastructure begin; Greg Wyler buys Rwandatel with the goal of using it as a backbone to create Africa’s fastest broadband connections, including the infrastructure on the top of Mt Kalisimbi – Greg Wyler is sacked in 2007 when he tries to team up with ‘the father of telecommunications in Africa’ Miko Rwayitare;
  • 2004 – New NICI Plan driver installed; this is Albert Butare, the new minister in charge of communications – RITA’s Ochuodho sacked in 2006;
  • 2006 – Rwanda’s IT Park for creating IT entrepreneurs, start-ups, IT-bases services and products is established at Telecom House supervised by RITA and Minister in-charge of communications;
  • 2006 – President Paul Kagame begins his global campaign to drum support for his transformation agenda towards knowledge-based economy – wins first award for best head of state in Africa in support of ICT – again in 2007 and after; many awards follow;
  • 2007 – New NICI Plan driver installed as Minister Butare is purged of the communications portfolio for ‘poor performance’ – Romain Murenzi becomes the Minister of IT in Office of the President and David Kanamugire as his Permanent Secretary; Nkubito Bakuramutsa becomes head of RITA;
  • 2007 – Rwandatel, after being re-nationalized after the Greg Wyler disaster, is now sold to the Libyans. The determining fact is not IT but to make more cash for building IT infrastructure;
  • 2007 – Korea Telcom begins to build a 2,300 kilometer fiber-optic cable and Kigali Wireless Broadband;
  • 2009 – New NICI Plan driver installed; Romain Murenzi crashes out and resigns – Ignace Gatare becomes the Minister of IT in Office of the President, with David Kanamugire his PS;
  • 2009 – RITA scrapped as a free standing agency; it is incorporated into the Rwanda Development Board – Nkubito Bakuramutsa sacked and replaced by Patrick Nyirishema;
  • 2011 – The Kagame government announces that it is looking for a private operator to manage the completed IT infrastructure worthy over US$100million;
  • 2011 – Rwandatel collapses and is liquidated to pay back debts worth US$89 million;
  • 2012 – Rwandatel’s masks are purchased by Airtel;
  • 2012 – The post of Minister in the Office of the President in-charge of IT is scrapped – Ignace Gatare reduced from minister to Director General of Science and Technology Commission; strangely, IT is at the same time transferred to Ministry of Youth, and Information, Communication and Technology headed by Minister Jean Philbert Nsengimana;
  • 2013 – Remains of Rwandatel , namely its copper wire and fibre as well as customer base are purchased by Liquid Telcom, whose representative in Rwanda is no other than Sam Nkusi;
  • 2013 – RDB announces that the ICT Park at Telecom House “was really a small level pilot” and that the real ICT city will soon be built at the Kigali Special Economic Zone.

According to NICI plan, Rwanda should right now be exporting IT-based services and products. The then RITA’s head, Sem Ochuodho had claimed in 2006 that “By the time the NICI program concludes, we hope to be able to export software and systems worth $50-100 million every year.”

What sort of export software, systems, or outsourced work then is presently being performed in Rwanda after 13 years of implementing President Kagame’s NICI Plan? How many IT entrepreneurs or start-ups have emerged and distinguished themselves in the domestic or foreign markets? Zero! Zilch! Nothing beyond your routine sim-card selling and internet-surfing services led by RPF’s own MTN Rwanda which continues to thrive, while Rwandatel was sold, re-owned and sold again to provide funds for implementing the juvenile NICI Plan.

Now folks, if you wish to cry for your country, read what the current Rwandan officials in charge of IT are telling you with regards to where the 13 years of NICI Plan have taken Rwanda.

What you read on the RDB website confirms one’s worst fears of who is running Rwanda.

Here are the highlights of what they are saying:

  • “Information and Communication Technology is a central engine to driving Rwanda’s transformation to a knowledge based economy”;
  • Rwanda is “acknowledged by allocating a budget to ICT – as a percentage of its GDP – that is at par with OECD countries.”
  • “Rwanda continues to be one of the fastest growing African countries in ICT;”
  • Rwanda’s ICT Competitive advantage includes “cheap labor compared to other countries in the Region”, “low levels of corruption – Zero tolerance” and “strong & visionary leadership;”
  • Total IT infrastructure investment so far is “US$ 150million.”

Surely assure me that these are not April Fools’ Day sick jokes. How can IT possibly be “the central engine” in the current IT shambles in Rwanda? How can “cheap labour” be a competitive advantage in IT? What has “strong” leadership or “zero tolerance for corruption” have to do with IT? And with a mere US$150million IT infrastructure assets, how can Rwanda possibly belong to the same league as OECD countries – do the people running RDB even understand the term ‘OECD’? I doubt President Kagame’s planners – whom he changes like underwear – have even visited their own East African neighborhood, let alone OECD countries. Let them visit Kenya which is currently building ‘Silicon Savannah’ as a regional hub for the next generation of digital industry leaders.

Nairobi is already a hub in its own right – hosting the biggest brands in the world of technology, including Google, Intel, and Microsoft and doing thriving business in millions of dollars. These global players join local actors, not least Safaricom and its innovative invention of M-Pesa to take advantage of the existing hi-tech entrepreneurs and venture capitalists ready to become part of Konza Technology City, soon to be the home of Silicon Savannah some 60 outside Nairobi. And while Kagame’s Rwanda talks of US$150million IT development, Konza will swallow no less than US$14.5 billion-worth of infrastructure.

Perhaps the biggest insult to Rwandans by Kagame officials is the lie that the IT Park at Telecom House implemented since 2006 “was really a small level pilot” and that the real thing is about to happen in the Kigali Special Economic Zone.”

Where in the world did you ever hear of a seven-year IT pilot project “which would give us an idea of how an ICT city would be”? The arrogant infant abusing our intelligence by feeding us such trash is not aware that great IT companies started in garages, including Amazon, Apple, and Hewlett-Packard. Somebody tell this would-be public servant that it is the brainpower and innovation, stupid – not space!

Our gullible visitor has over the years swallowed the idea that Rwanda is zero-tolerant for corruption.

ILLUSION 5:

That is because every year you see screaming around the world such headlines as “Rwanda is the least corrupt state in the East African Community.” Rwanda’s Public Procurement Law is also said to be the most stringent in Africa. Passed in 2007, this law enforces transparency, competition, and fairness in tendering and procurement processes, making conflict of interest nearly impossible in Rwanda.

REALITY:

Paul Kagame plays three dominant roles that render him quite literally the ‘owner’ of Rwanda thereby making the conception of “conflict of interest” a sick joke:

  1. He is President of the Republic of Rwanda.
  2. He is the Chairman of RPF, the ruling party and in this capacity, the boss of RPF’s business empire; in other words,
  3. He is the real Chairman of RPF’s Crystal Ventures Ltd, the conglomerate that dominates almost all aspects of Rwandan economy.

This is how Crystal Ventures limited describes itself:

  • “Crystal Ventures Ltd (CVL) is an investment company established in 2009 and it acquired most of the assets of another local investment company which was founded in 1995.”
  • “The company is wholly owned by Rwandan business people who pooled resources together to meet challenges of economic recovery and take advantage of growth opportunities in a virgin environment.”
  • “Having made a few good investments especially in telecoms, the company earned decent returns that were reinvested to create what is now the biggest investment company in the country.”
  • “In the beginning the company enjoyed monopoly power in some of its businesses but over time this has diminished.”
  • “The sectors currently invested in include civil works and concrete products, construction and real estate development, telecommunications, agricultural value addition, aviation charter services, security services, printing and publishing, furniture trading and manufacturing, building materials, media systems, property management and engineering services and diversified investment groups.”
  • “CVL employs over 7,000 people of whom over 4,800 are permanent employees.”

But here is the bombshell. President Kagame’s three roles have merged to such outrageous extent that conflict of interest in Rwanda has lost any meaning – conflict of interest in now ‘normal.’ It is therefore no surprise that Crystal Ventures’ wealth mainly comes from Rwandan taxpayers’ money entrusted to Paul Kagame as the President of Rwanda. In other words, Paul Kagame, the corporate giant, makes of almost all his money from Paul Kagame, the President of Rwanda.

These are a few examples that have made the Rwandan President laugh all the way to the bank:

ILLUSION 5: Rwanda is zero-tolerant for corruption

  • CENTRAL BANK OF RWANDA: Crystal Ventures Ltd is renovating the Central Bank of Rwanda – a government entity;
  • NATIONAL STADIUM IN HUYE DISTRICT: Crystal Ventures Ltd has been sub-contracted to build the National Stadium in Huye, Southern Province;
  • KIGALI CAPITAL CITY STREET LIGHTING: Crystal Ventures Ltd was contracted by the Kigali City Council to install street lights in the Rwandan Capital City;
  • KIGALI-RUBAVU HIGHWAY LIGHTING: Crystal Ventures Ltd is installing Kigali-Rubavu highway lighting under ‘rural electrification’ program;
  • BANK OF KIGALI MUHANGA BUILDING: Crystal Ventures Ltd built a five-storey Bank of Kigali building – Bank of Kigali is government-owned; http://www.realcontractorsltd.com/
  • AVIATION CHARTER SERVICES: Crystal Ventures’ executive jets are chartered by the Rwanda government to shuttle President Kagame around the globe.

A key question to ask is this: How does the Rwandan Treasury approve and get away with such expenditures that shockingly contradict every norm and practice of ending the cancer of conflict of interest?

That is easy to answer!

The famously women-dominated parliament is dead. And the Rwandan treasurer and the accounting officer/Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Finance, Ms Kampeta Sayinzoga, is a scandalous conflict of interest herself – she is the wife of President Paul Kagame’s nephew Byusa, who doubles as the President’s business partner. It is all in the family.

Folks, such acts would, anywhere else in the world, make a government fall.

Dr David Himbara was the Principal Private Secretary to President Paul Kagame in 2000-2002 and 2009. He was the founding chairperson of the Strategy and Policy Unit (SPU), the founding chairperson of Rwanda Development Board (RDB) and the founding chairperson of the Institute for Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR).  A Rwandan-Canadian, David Himbara is an independent reform strategist and an Adjunct Professor at the University of the Witswaterand, South Africa which he has been associated with on-and-off since 1994. Himbara left Rwanda and returned to South Africa in January 2010.

//

The State Department briefing on Democratic Republic of Congo of July 23rd, 2013

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index

Ms Jen Psaki is the spokesperson of the United States of America State Department and the former spokesperson for Barack Obama.

QUESTION: Can I follow up on yesterday’s question about the Thursday UN meeting on the Great Lakes and —

MS. PSAKI: Absolutely.

QUESTION: — what you might be able to tell us about the violence in Congo that has driven refugees, to Goma specifically, between the Congolese forces and the M23?

MS. PSAKI: Yeah.

QUESTION: What’s your understanding of that situation?

MS. PSAKI: I can give you an update on that. Thanks for your patience. Let’s see here. I just want to make sure I give you the most up-to-date here, Scott.

Well, let me say first that we, of course, condemn M23’s latest round of attacks on the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s military. M23’s renewed fighting seriously undermines regional and international efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in eastern D.R.C. The Secretary, as you mentioned, is going to be heading to New York on Thursday to chair a meeting of the National Security Council focused on the Congo and focused on the situation in the Great Lakes. I expect I’ll have more to say on that tomorrow in terms of the agenda and what he’s hoping to accomplish while he’s there.

QUESTION: Has the Obama Administration approached its allies in Kigali about their support for the M23?

MS. PSAKI: I just don’t have any update for you on that in terms of contacts.

QUESTION: Well, it’s the allegation of Human Rights Watch that the Rwandan military is directly supporting the M23 both in training —

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: — and in the recruitment of demobilized Rwandan soldiers. Is that a view that is shared by the United States?

MS. PSAKI: Well, we believe there is a credible body of evidence that supports the key findings of the Human Rights Watch report, including support by senior Rwandan officials to the M23 and of Rwandan military personnel in the D.R.C. We call upon Rwanda to immediately end any support to the M23, withdraw military personnel from eastern D.R.C., and follow through on its commitments under the framework.

QUESTION: Is it your understanding that President Kagame is aware of that, or is this just being done by some senior Rwandan officials?

MS. PSAKI: I don’t have any more specifics on it for you.

QUESTION: I just want —

QUESTION: Call on the senior Rwandan officials to stop – et cetera, et cetera, et cetera – I’m not trying to – I just don’t remember exactly what it was —

MS. PSAKI: To end its —

QUESTION: Yeah.

MS. PSAKI: — to end any support to the M23.

QUESTION: Right. Or what?

MS. PSAKI: Well, that’s what we’re calling for, Matt.

QUESTION: Just out of the goodness of their hearts they should stop doing this, because they’re nice guys?

MS. PSAKI: That’s not at all what I’m suggesting. That’s what we feel needs to happen.

QUESTION: Well, what’s the – I understand. And then how are you prepared to make the case that – how are you prepared to punish them or use leverage to – what kind of leverage are you using to make your case here?

MS. PSAKI: I don’t have any leverage to outline for you today.

QUESTION: In other words, none. It’s kind of just an empty appeal, an empty call.

MS. PSAKI: Well, it was a very powerful case made in the Human Rights Watch report.

QUESTION: Right.

MS. PSAKI: I’m sure it was – raised the eyebrows of others as well. So we’re continuing to call on them to take action.

QUESTION: Do you know if this – if the view that you just expressed is shared over at the White House?

MS. PSAKI: Yes, it is.

QUESTION: It is shared at the White House.

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: Then why has this Administration not done anything to pressure President Kagame into ending the support for M23?

MS. PSAKI: Well, Matt, I don’t have any context to outline for you. This is a position that’s shared broadly in the Administration. Obviously, the Human Rights Watch report is something that we – I just stated we agree with and we share the concerns with it. But beyond that, I don’t have much more for you.

QUESTION: Jen, can I ask – in the past —

MS. PSAKI: Sure.

QUESTION: — the Administration, and particularly from this podium, you’ve been quite careful to not single out any of the (inaudible) players in that region.

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: Is it – what is it in the Human Rights Watch report that has led you to this conclusion today that you can specifically call on Rwanda to end any support for the M23?

MS. PSAKI: Well, the Human Rights Watch report was specific about support by senior Rwandan officials to the M23 and Rwandan military personnel in the D.R.C. That’s something, obviously, that raises concerns for us. And that’s why we are calling for Rwanda to immediately end any support to the M23. So it was specific about that issue.

QUESTION: And you believe, generally, that the Human Rights Watch has produced a credible and —

MS. PSAKI: We believe there’s a credible body of evidence presented in the report.

QUESTION: That the – then the – that that – of their report that they compiled that they put together. So in other words, you take them seriously, you take this organization – you respect this organization as a credible rapporteur on human rights issues?

MS. PSAKI: Well, Matt, I know where you’re going with this —

QUESTION: Do you?

MS. PSAKI: — and I’m speaking specifically to this report —

QUESTION: Okay.

MS. PSAKI: — and our agreement with the credible body of evidence —

QUESTION: So – so —

MS. PSAKI: — in this report.

QUESTION: So any concern they might have about other cases – individuals stranded in Russian airports, for example – you wouldn’t necessarily agree with.

MS. PSAKI: I’m not making a sweeping claim here, Matt. I’m speaking to this specific report.

QUESTION: Can I return to that question?

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: Was so you’re saying that the military believe that the military is supporting these armed rebel – the M23, and that it’s not that Kagame himself does not have a role?

MS. PSAKI: I wasn’t speaking to Kagame himself. I don’t have anything more on that.

QUESTION: Right.

MS. PSAKI: I’m speaking specifically to support by senior Rwandan officials to the M23.

QUESTION: So it’s officials within the military.

MS. PSAKI: And of military personnel.

QUESTION: So usually when the U.S. makes that kind of statement, I mean, it does affect aid to these countries.

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: I mean, would there be some – would the Secretary be rolling out some kind of plan or warn Rwanda during the Congo – during the Security Council meeting that if they continue doing that, you could withhold aid? Because last year – I just brought up the story on July the 1st – the U.S. called on Rwanda to stop supporting. And they clearly have not.

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: So this would be the second one in a year —

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: — that you’d actually warned. Does it have implications for aid?

MS. PSAKI: I don’t have any update on next steps. Obviously, this is of concern. But beyond that, I don’t have any update for all of you.

QUESTION: It might be worth looking at, because Lesley’s absolutely right.

MS. PSAKI: Sure.

QUESTION: You did call for this to happen —

MS. PSAKI: Mm-hmm.

QUESTION: — it didn’t happen. And one of the – and potentially you might want to look at whether one of the reasons that it didn’t happen was that because you didn’t threaten them with anything, you didn’t use any leverage. You just issued this empty call that has no teeth behind it.

MS. PSAKI: We will take that all into consideration.

Source: The State Department, the United States of America.

Intwarane za Yezu na Mariya: Ubutumwa Abategetsi b’u Rwanda badashaka kumva ni ubuhe ??

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Itabwa muri yombi ry’Intwarane za Yezu na Mariya  si wo muti w’ibibazo u Rwanda rufite.

Mu gusoza ukwezi kwa Kamena Perezida Kagame yatanze itegeko ku Bahutu bose ryo gusaba imbabazi z’ibyaha kabone n’ubwo baba batarabigizemo uruhare, Rucagu abisamira hejuru Habumuremyi abyita kwibohora ingoyi y’ipfunwe… Intwarane za Yezu na Mariya ku cyumweru gishize zo zashyiriye ubutumwa Paul Kagame ngo natisubiraho azatuma amaraso menshi y’Abanyarwanda ameneka.

Ubusanzwe intumwa ikora akazi ko gutanga ubutumwa yahawe bityo uretse abantu b’abagome, intumwa ntiyagombye kugirirwa nabi. Ahubwo yagombye guhabwa ubundi butumwa ishyira uwayitumye kuko umurimo wayo aba ari ukuba intermediaire hagati y’ uwatanze ubutumwa n’uwo bugenewe. Kuba intumwa yaba ivuga ukuri cyangwa se ibeshya si ikibazo cy’uhabwa ubutumwa. Yego nanone niba ubutumwa buvuga buti “runaka yantumye ngo umpe amafaranga 10,000 mushyire” aha uwagenewe ubutumwa yagombye kwitonda kugira ngo amenye aho ukuri guherereye. Ariko n’iyo utashaka guha agaciro ubutumwa intumwa urayireka igasubirayo ngo ivuge uko byagenze.

Ikibazo cyabayeho ni uko uwagenewe ubutumwa butigeze bunamugeraho. Abamurinda ntibatumye ubutumwa butambuka, Polisi nayo ihuruduka nk’iya Gatera icakira intumwa ishyira mu kagozi. Ku bumvise ubusobanuro commissaire wa Polisi yatanze, we yashinje intumwa ko zakoze imyigaragambyo itemewe ngo kuko aho basengera ari ho bagombaga kuba bari. Ibi bikagaragara ko uyu mugabo ashobora kuba atumva icyari kizinduye Intwarane: Zari zijyanye ubutumwa ntizari zigiye mu Kiliziya.

Commissaire wa polisi akaba mu by’ukuri yatubeshye nkana. None se niba bakurikiranweho gukora imyigaragambyo itemewe n’amategeko abafashwe kandi batarigeze bahakandagiza ikirenge bo barazira iki? Nabo bari mu myigaragambyo? Urugero ni Padiri Eugene Murenzi wafashwe ngo ni uko nawe azi iby’iryo tsinda. Padiri Eugene ntiyigeze ahakana ko nawe ari Intwarane, ariko se kuba intwarane nicyo cyaha? Cyangwa icyaha ni ukujyana ubutumwa( dore ko byo byatekinitswe bigahinduka gukora imyigaragambyo itemewe)? Uko wakwita icyaha kose padiri Eugene ararengana ntaho ahuriye nacyo. Keretse niba bafite akuma kareba imipango iri mu mitima(twakita mipangometre) kakaba kagaragaje ko Padiri nawe yari araye azashyikiriza Paul kagame ubu butumwa.

Padiri_Murenzi_Eugene_ari_kumwe_n_umwana_utavuga_copy_copyKu Ifoto padiri Eugene Murenzi ari kumwe n’umwana utavuga

Iri tsinda ryitwa Intwarane risanzwe ngo rizwi kuko ryigeze no kubonana na Arkiepiskopi wa Kigali cyakora akaba yararisabye ko impano zaryo zajyanwa mu nzego zisanzwe za Kiliziya arizo Umuryango remezo na paruwasi zikoreramo. Ikindi Abaturage bazi Intwarane nabo bemeza ko zitaripfana, ngo ndetse no gufungwa ntizibikangwa kuko uwazitumye afite imfunguzo zifunga n’izifungura. Abafunga murabe mwumva!

Ikindi cyongeye gutangaza muri iki kibazo ni uburyo Musenyeri Simaradge yacyitwayemo. Reka tubanze twibutse ko mu kwezi gushize( Kamena 2013)ubwo Simaragde yitabazwaga n’Abakirisitu ngo abafashe kuvugira amasengesho abantu bishwe na FPR yahise avuga ko atavanga iyobokamana na politiki. Ngo gusabira abo FPR yishe ni politiki. Ubu noneho ku byerekeye umupadiri wafunzwe muri kiriya kibazo cy’Intwarane, Simaradge Mbonyintege( bamwe bahimbye Mbuzintege) yagize ati “abakoze ibyaha bagomba kubihanirwa” kandi nyamara azi neza ko Padiri Eugene atari mu mubare w’abagiye ku rugo rwa Paul Kagame.

Ubutumwa abantu badashaka kumva ni ubuhe?

Mbere gatoya y’uko FPR itera u Rwanda, hateye Abahanuzi bagahanura ko babona u Rwanda rugiye gucura imiborogo. Yewe Bikira Mariya nawe yabonekeye abana I Kibeho asaba abantu kwihana kugira ngo bakumire ibyago byari bigiye kugwira u Rwanda. Uwitwa Magayane yahanuriye Habyarimana arabifungirwa. Ubuhanuzi bwabo bwaje gusohora turumirwa. Zimwe mu mpunzi mu gihugu cya Congo zagenderaga ku buhanuzi bwa Magayane cyane. Akantu kose kabaga zageragezaga kugahuza n’ibyo Magayane yavuze. N’ubu hari byinshi Magayane yavuze bamwe bakeka ko bizatinda bigasohora harimo iyicwa ry’uwo yise Rwabujindiri ngo rurya ntiruhage ngo rigakurikirwa n’amaraso menshi azameneka! Nyuma ya Magayane hari abandi baje kumenyekana  harimo n’umusirikare w’umu sergent witwa Nsabagasani, hari n’abandi benshi.

Mu byumweru nka bibiri bishize hari umwana w’umunyeshuri wafatiwe muri Gisenyi arafungwa ngo yatanze ubuhanuzi buteye ubwoba. Uyu mwana na we nta bwoba yagize bwo gutanga ubutumwa yemeza ko yahawe na Yezu Kristu. Mu butumwa bwe nawe yavugaga ko intambara igiye gutangira kandi ko amaraso menshi azameneka. None akurikiwe n’Intwarane za Yezu na Mariya. Ikibazo gikomeye kiri aha: kuki aba bose bagenda bagaruka ku butumwa busa kandi buteye ubwoba? Ubundi umugambi w’ubuhanuzi si ugukura abantu umutima ahubwo ni ukubahwitura ngo bikubite agashyi maze ikibi gikumirwe. Perezida Kagame aherutse kuvuga ati “ushobora kwanga kubwirwa ariko nyamara ntushobora kwanga kubona”! Niba rero aho kureka ngo abo ubutumwa bugenewe babubone bubatere kwikubita agashyi, mfite ubwoba ko iyi polisi ariyo izatuma ibyo biteye ubwoba bibaho. Ndasoza nibaza niba Paul Kagame we atamenye iby’iyi nkuru? Ese ko tuzi ko ari umurwanyi warwanye intambara nyinshi akazitsinda yaba yagize ubwoba bwo guhamagaza Intwarane ngo nibura mbere y’uko zifungwa abanze yumve ubutumwa zari zimuzaniye? Icyo nkundira igihe ni uko gitanga ibisubizo ku bibazo bitajyaga bibonerwa ibisubizo ku buryo bworoshye.

Amacabiranya ya Rucagu ashyize Ruhengeri mu kangaratete

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Amacabiranya ya Rucagu ashyize Ruhengeri mu kangaratete

indexRucagu ku ifoto ajya mu matwi Paul Kagame ngo banoze umugambi wo kwibasira Abanyarwanda.

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Umugabo Rucagu Boniface akunze kwigaragaza cyane nk’umuntu ukorera FPR ndetse akayikorera kurusha Abayishinze. Byumvikane neza ko kuba umuntu yakwikundira ishyaka iri n’iri akarikorera uko abyumva nta kibazo byari bikwiye gutera. Ikibazo kivuka iyo ishyaka rikandamiza abaturage ku buryo bugaragara maze abantu bagakomeza kuriyoboka no kuritiza umurindi. Biba agahomamunwa iyo abashaka kurebwa neza bashyizeho umurava udasanzwe ndetse bakarusha ba Shebuja kumerera nabi abenegihugu. Umugabo Rucagu Boniface rero wo mu Ruhengeri akaba amaze kurembya abantu abatoteza ngo nibakorere kandi bavuge neza FPR abatabyemeye bagahimbirwa ibyaha bakajugunywa mu gihome.

Rucagu yatangiye kugaragaza kuyoboka kudasanzwe mu myaka yakurikiye ifatwa ry’ubutegetsi na FPR. Abamuzi bemeza ko na mbere ubwo yari muri MRND yajyaga atanga imisanzu rwihishwa muri FPR-INKOTANYI ikiri ku rugamba. Nyuma y’aho mu gihe yari umudepite mu nteko ishinga amategeko bamwe mu badepite b’Abatutsi bamubwiye ko ubutegetsi bwa Habyarimana yarimo bwakoze genocide. Rucagu yaje kuhagirira ikibazo gikomeye akizwa n’ijambo yavuze abwira Abanyaruhengeri ngo nibemere bayoboke rwose baratsinzwe. Iri jambo naryo bamwe barivuzeho byinshi ndetse bamwe berekana ko ririmo amacakubiri: ni ukuvuga ko u Rwanda rurimo abatsinze bagomba kuvuga rikijyana n’abatsinzwe bagomba gukoma amashyi. Perezida Kagame abwira Rucagu ati “ahubwo wowe wemeye kuyoboka ntako usa”. Aba amugabiye Ruhengeri.

Mu gihe Rucagu yari perefe wa Ruhengeri yahinze mu Banyaruhengeri ngo nibinjire muri FPR. Yatangiriye ku bacuruzi n’abanyemari abategeka ko bagomba kurahira kandi bagatanga imisanzu muri FPR. Bukeye kabiri abategeka gukingura imiryango ya business zabo bagaha FPR imigabane. Ng’uko uko FPR yinjiye mu micungire ya buri business ibaho mu Ruhengeri: mu itumanaho, mu mahoteli, mu gutwara abantu n’ibintu, mu ma restaurants,…abari basanzwe bifitiye umutuzo barawubuze kuko FPR aho imaze kwinjira ishaka gucunga byoze yewe n’ubwo yaba ifite imigabane itarenze 15%. Bamwe mu bacuruzi bahisemo guhombya business kugira ngo babone uko FPR ivamo. FPR nayo aho yabonaga hajemo igihombo yahitaga ibwira nyirubwite iti banza ukemure utubazo hanyuma tuzakorana nyuma.

Abandi bantu Rucagu yibasiye ni abize kandi badatinya kugaragaza ibitekerezo byabo. Umwe mubo Rucagu yigirijeho nkana ni Profeseri Faustin Musanganya wigishaga mu ishuri rikuru rya INES RUHENGERI ubu wirirwa azengurutswa mu magereza y’u Rwanda hejuru y’ibyaha Rucagu yamugeretseho ndetse agakomeza no kumukurikirana aho afungiye.

Musanganya Faustin ni muntu ki?

Yavukiye muri Commune ya Kidaho mu Ruhengeri. Arangije amashuri yisumbuye yagiye kwiga amakuru mu gihugu cy’Ububirigi i Louvain aho yakuye impamyabumenyi ihanitse mu ndimi. Nyuma y’amashuri yagarutse mu Rwanda akorera Leta  mu biro bishinzwe inyandiko mu nteko ishinga amategeko. Mu gihe cya Genocide Musanganya n’umuryango we kimwe n’abandi Banyarwanda benshi bahungiye ubwicanyi bwa FPR mu gihugu cya Congo aza kugaruka ubwo impunzi zacyurwanga ku ngufu izindi zikicwa. Ku bw’amahirwe Musanganya yageze mu Rwanda amahoro ariko aho yari atuye i Kigali hari harigaruriwe n’abasirikare ba FPR. Musanganya yagiye ku isambu mu Kidaho maze atangira kwigisha  indimi mu Iseminari ntoya Gatulika ya Nkumba. Uretse kwigisha indimi Musanganya yigishaka imikino njyarugamba( Karate) mu kigo cy’abasirikare cyo mu Ruhengeri. Yaje gukora umushinga Forum des Organisations Rurales(FOR) wari ugamije guteza imbere abahinzi borozi ba Ruhengeri na Gisenyi. Uyu mushinga watewe inkunga na Ambassade y’Ubuholandi bituma utera imbere vuba. Aha rero niho yatangiye kugirana ikibazo na Rucagu. Rucagu yashakaga ko nta wundi muhutu mu Ruhengeri uvugwa atari we. Ikindi yashatse guhatira Musanganya kujya muri FPR ariko aramuhakanira. Icyakurikiyeho ni ukumushinja ingengabitekerezo ya genocide ngo umushinga we ntuha akazi Abatutsi. Musanganya yisobanuye yerekana ko umushinga ukorana n’Abahinzi borozi bose muri Ruhengeri na Gisenyi ko nta muntu wigeze abuzwa amahirwe ye ngo ni uko ari Umututsi.

Byaje gukomeza ariko Rucagu ahora ahonda agatoki ku kandi ngo kuko Musanganya yavuganaga n’Abazungu b’Abaholandi. Mu mwaka wa 2011 mu kwezi kwa kane ubwo hibukwaga jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ahitwa Gikwege muri Muhoza (Ruhengeri)mu gihe abantu bagendaga batanga ibitekerezo kuri jenoside n’uburyo babona ingaruka zayo zakumirwa, Faustin Musanganya yatanze igitekerezo ko jenoside yagombye guhama Leta niba hagaragaye ko yayiteguye. Iki gitekerezo rero Rucagu yacyuririyeho ashumuriza Musanganya ubucamanza, icyaha kiba ingengabitekerezo ya jenoside ngo Musanganya yashatse kuvugira abakoze jenoside. Ng’uko uko Musanganya Faustin bahise bamutambikana.

Mu gihe itegeko rihana ingengabitekerezo ya jenoside ryagaragaraga ko ridasobanutse (kubera ko ryashyizweho n’ubutegetsi budasobanutse) Musanganya Faustin n’abandi bafunzwe n’iryo tegeko ntacyo Leta yabageneye. Cyakora Rucagu we yatekereje ko Musanganya ashobora kuzasubirishamo urubanza agafungurwa. Niko kumuteza za maneko muri gereza aho yari afungiwe maze si ukumutesha umutwe karahava. Muri gereza bamushinje gukorana n’imitwe irwanya ubutegetsi hamwe n’amashyaka akorera hanze. Bamushinje ko yavuganaga n’abarwanya Leta akoresheje telephone mobile ibi bituma bahora bamuzengurutsa mu magereza y’u Rwanda: Ruhengeri, Gisenyi, Kigali,…Hagati aho ibikorwa by’ubucuruzi bya Musanganya Faustin harimo na Hoteli yarimo yubaka byarahagaze ngo ni uko yanze kumvira Rucagu ngo ajye muri FPR. Ng’iyi impamvu nyamukuru y’akarengane ka Profeseri Musanganya.

Umwanzuro.

Abantu bazi guhakirizwa byaba byiza bagiye bihakirwa ariko ntibahitane roho z’inzirakarengane. Rucagu na nyuma yo kuva ku buyobozi wa Ruhengeri yashatse kwiyerekana nk’umuvugizi w’Abahutu bo mu Ruhengeri. Benshi baricecekeye ariko baramuhigira kuko ibyo abakorera atari byiza. Ubwo Rucagu amaze iminsi avuze ko agiye kubwira Abahutu bagasaba imbabazi Abatutsi, mwitege ishyano rigiye kugwira Abanyaruhengeri kuko amacabiranya ya Rucagu ateye ishozi kandi agiye gushyira Ruhengeri mu kangaratete.

 

Appui du Rwanda au M 23: Des parlementaires britanniques exigent des sanctions contre Kigali

Appui du Rwanda au M23 : des parlementaires britanniques exigent des sanctions contre Kigali
(Mediacongo 18/07/2013 – 12:39)

 

ivan_lewisIan Lewis in the picture.

En ces moments où la guerre sème pleurs et désolation dans l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo, des voix s’élèvent pour que les tireurs des ficelles soient neutralisés dans un bref délai. Selon des sources dignes de foi, le Parlement britannique s’est appesanti hier mercredi 17 juillet sur le conflit sanglant qui oppose l’armée congolaise aux rebelles du M23. Dépité de l’appui du Rwanda à cette fraction armée, Londres a pris l’option de sanctionner à sa manière ce pays provocateur.
Les débats ont été houleux hier à la chambre basse britannique. A l’affiche, le député travailliste Ivan Lewis est monté sur ses grands chevaux pour décrier le soutien que le pays de Kagame apporte aux pourfendeurs des Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo qui s’en prennent même aux populations civiles.
Conscient du danger que représente la déstabilisation de la RDC et des conséquences néfastes que ces attaques provoquent sur les victimes, le parlementaire Ivan Lewis a demandé au ministre britannique de l’Aide au développement de suspendre toute aide au Rwanda. Pour le député britannique, une telle mesure doit être maintenue jusqu’à ce que Kigali cesse d’apporter son appui au M23 et de s’ingérer dans les affaires congolaises.

GARE AUX MENACES DES ISLAMISTES
Loin de se cantonner à l’appui aux groupes armés qui foisonnent dans l’Est de la RDC, Mc Connell, un autre député britannique, qui préside le groupe parlementaire mixte pour les Grands Lacs, a émis ses inquiétudes face à certaines informations alarmantes. Selon certaines sources qui ont requis l’anonymat, le parlementaire anglais a fait état du soutien des islamistes au mouvement rebelle congolais.
Redoutant des ramifications graves qui ont fait imploser plusieurs zones de tension en Afrique (Mali, Soudan, Nigéria…), entraînant à la fois des attaques terroristes, des prises d’otages et des affrontements interreligieux, le président du groupe parlementaire mixte pour les Grands Lacs a demandé au Gouvernement britannique de revoir sa politique sur la région. Il a, par ailleurs, incité l’Union européenne à s’impliquer davantage dans la résolution du conflit armé en République démocratique du Congo.

EXIT L’ÈRE DE LA COMMISÉRATION INTERNATIONALE !
Cette hausse de ton au Parlement britannique n’est pas à prendre à la légère. L’année dernière déjà, Londres, qui finance plusieurs projets de développement au Rwanda, a dû suspendre son aide pour contraindre les dirigeants de ce pays à cesser d’alimenter la guerre au Congo voisin. La même mesure énergique a été prise par Washington qui a accusé le régime en place de continuer à soutenir les mouvements rebelles. Bien entendu, Kigali s’est vite empressé pour se laver les mains et jouer au Ponce Pilate.
Selon une dépêche récente de l’agence chinoise Xinhua, 51 rebelles du Mouvement du 23 mars ont été tués le mardi dernier dans les combats qui l’opposent à l’armée gouvernementale congolaise au nord de Kanyaruchinya, à 15 km de la ville de Goma. D’après la coordination de la société civile du Nord-Kivu, parmi les 51 corps dont celui d’un officier du M23, 15 portent l’uniforme de l’armée rwandaise et sont « identifiés comme véritables sujets rwandais ».
Face à ces informations émanant des sources diverses, il appert que le régime rwandais est de plus en plus dans le collimateur de la communauté internationale. Bénéficiant jadis de la commisération de l’opinion internationale après le génocide de 1994, le régime de Paul Kagame semble dépasser les limites en continuant à alimenter une guerre de plus en plus sanglante au Congo démocratique.
Kinshasa, 18/07/2013 (Forum des As, via mediacongo.net)

Rudasingwa Theogene donne deux choix au President Rwandais: La vie ou la mort

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La lettre  suivante a été écrite par Théogène Rudasingwa  à Paul Kagame le 7 Juillet 2013, réagissant  au discours du 30 Juin 2013 de Paul Kagame dans lequel Kagame a obligé tous les Hutus de demander pardon pour le génocide contre les Tutsis.  La libre traduction de l’Anglais a été faite par l’administrateur du blog.

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Theogene Rudasingwa

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Monsieur Paul Kagame

Village Urugwiro

Kigali-Rwanda

Après avoir écouté vos discours récents, j’ai décidé de vous écrire cette lettre et de la mettre en public. Tout Rwandais qui a suivi vos mots  s’est posé beaucoup de questions, et surtout se demande  vers où le Rwanda se dirige.
En bref, votre discours était long, mais les choses importantes que vous avez voulu souligner sont les suivantes:

1. Tous les Hutus de tous les coins sont génocidaires
2. Tutsis qui s’opposent à vous travaillent pour génocidaires (Hutus)
3. Le Président Kikwete de Tanzanie qui vous a conseillé de parler avec les FDLR, tu le frapperas parce qu’il travaille pour génocidaires (Hutus).

Ce qui effraie et afflige les Rwandais, c’est que ces mots sont le suivi de vos actions de renom (assassinats, l’emprisonnement, la dictature, l’égocentrisme en richesse, la provocation et l’incitation des guerres entre voisins, etc) et ont été adressés à la jeunesse du Rwanda. Vous leur avez dit que les Hutus ont contracté le péché originel d’assassinat, et qu’ils doivent demander pardon pour leurs parents. Aux Tutsis présents parmi ces jeunes, vous disiez: « protégez-vous contre les Hutus parce qu’ils ont tué votre peuple“.
M. Kagame, si vos pensées ne sont pas issus d’un génocidaire, comment peut-on les identifier autrement? S’elles (les pensées) ne sont pas de division entre ethnies, que pourrions-nous dire était votre intention? Avez-vous jamais appris de l’histoire du Rwanda? Les rois ont existé pendant des des centaines d’années. La colonisation  est venue et a  pris fin. La première et la deuxième Républiques sont venues et ont pris fin. Le sort du FPR et votre clique en est à ses derniers jours.  La fin aura lieu sans doute. Quand? Comment?
Permettez-moi de ne pas retarder pour vous rappeler de vos fonctions en tant que chef de file dont les Rwandais ont besoin dans des moments comme ceux-ci, car il pourrait être trop tard.

Le Rwanda est dans un carrefour, vous devez choisir la voie que vous voulez et vous devez donc assumer les conséquences de votre choix.

La première voie: la vie

Cette voie  quoique très difficile, elle  contient la solution des problèmes des Rwandais. Il s’agit de détruire les maux que votre administration  a ajoutés à d’autres hérités de l’histoire du Rwanda. Nous devons abolir les régimes de cliques ethniques, régionales et autres. Nous devons éradiquer la culture de l’impunité. Nous devons déraciner problème de refuge et le problème des meurtres.

Outre détruire ces maux, nous devons construire le bien basé sur de bons exemples de l’histoire. Nous devons guérir les Rwandais de la peur, de partager tout comme des frères sans marginaliser qui que ce soit. Nous devons nous occuper de tous les survivants, les Hutus, les Tutsis et les Twas. Nous devons prendre soin des victimes de guerre. Nous devons rapatrier les Rwandais qui sont dispersés partout et à Arusha, ceux qui n’ont pas d’adresse connue. Nous devons rapatrier le roi à son égard et de rendre hommage à d’autres anciens dirigeants du Rwanda. Nous devons édifier les institutions de sécurité dans lesquelles tous les Rwandais se sentent représentés, qui protègent tout le Rwandais sans discrimination et qui renforcent les droits démocratiques et humains de tous les Rwandais. Nous devons réconcilier les Rwandais parce que nous avons tous des blessures. Nous devons servir du bon exemple à la jeunesse du Rwanda.

Cette première voie exige que nous ayons tous des pourparlers pacifiques. Surtout, il vous oblige  vous Paul Kagame de négocier avec les FDLR et les partis politiques de l’opposition. C’est ce que les Rwandais ont passé de nombreuses années à vous demander. C’est ce que le président Kikwete et ses collègues de la SADC (Southern Africa Development Community) vous demandent. Les dirigeants qui aiment le Rwanda, qui aiment tous les Rwandais, c’est ce qui leur est demandé dans les temps des nôtres.

Une fois que vous acceptez cette voie, il est de votre survie et la nôtre aussi. Une fois que nous nous asseyons dans la vraie Gacaca pour dire la vérité, qui vise la réconciliation, tous les Rwandais nous allons parler de tous les meurtres commis par les Hutus, les Tutsis et les Twas au Rwanda et à l’étranger, et nous allons faire un choix. Il n’est pas facile, mais je crois que les Rwandais en général décideront que vous et la clique que vous avez utilisée pour les meurtres ainsi que d’autres Rwandais qui ont été impliqués dans des meurtres, soient pardonnés mais pas ne soient pas autorisé  à occuper des postes administratifs. Cela nécessite que les Rwandais n’oublient pas, mais aussi qu’ils offrent un pardon extraordinaire si nous devons recommencer à zéro.
Maintenant que vous traitez tous les Hutus de génocidaires,  tous les Tutsis d’ ibigarasha, tous les voisins  d’ennemis à combattre et tuer si vous le pouvez, comment êtes-vous prêt à saluer ce chemin de croix qui pourtant donne la vie?

La deuxième voie: La mort

kagame2Le president Kagame( en costume) a perdu ses camarades de guerre dont son ancien chef d’etat major ( avec la ceinture jaune).

C’est la voie de la guerre. Dans tous vos discours, vous aimez l’arrogance vous acclamez la guerre et vous fautes le chantage à la guerre. Vous jouez quelqu’un qui n’a pas connu les guerres. Avez-vous oublié les guerres que vous avez vécues ou vous avez causées en Ouganda, au Rwanda et au Congo? Si aujourd’hui on vous demandait de fournir le nombre de Rwandais qui ont succombé à la guerre depuis 1990, sauriez-vous le dire (nous aurions perdu environ deux millions et demi entre 1990 et 2013)? Maintenant que vous avez endommagé  le FPR et en avez fait un jouet, avec quoi vous battrez-vous? Maintenant que ceux qui étaient Inkotanyi sont licenciés et certains sont plantés dans des positions comme poteaux de signalisation, d’autres faits  des criminels, avec qui allez-vous mener le combat? Voulez-vous gagner avec cette clique tutsie dirigée par Jack Nziza? Maintenant que vous détestez Rwandais et qu’ils vous détestent, que vous êtes contre les voisins,  que vous dégoutez les Africains, que d’autres étrangers ont pris des mesures contre vous, qu’est-ce qui vous épargnera de cette guerre vous vous engagez?

Je ne suis pas un prophète. Je sais que vous ne prenez plus de conseils. Personne de votre famille n’ose vous dire la vérité. Votre conjointe, en dépit de vous conseiller d’arrêter, cette fois, elle vous vient en aide pour causer le péril et pour périr. Tito Rutaremara, James Musoni, Manasse Nshuti, Bazivamo, Ngarambe, Mushikiwabo et Jack Nziza sont-ils ceux qui vous trompent que vous faites excellemment, et que vous devez aller del’avant? Mais vous savez mieux ce que vous aviez l’habitude de me dire à leur sujet quand j’étais seul avec vous. Sauf ceux qui veulent du pain, ceux qui vous méprisent en privé sont plutôt nombreux. Ils applaudissent pour vous en public et ils vous maudissent quand ils rentrent.

Mais je tiens à vous dire que si vous choisissez cette voie, votre fin sera très malheureuse. Si jamais vous osez engager une autre guerre, vous allez perdre. La raison pour laquelle vous allez perdre, c’est que vos idées et le modus operandi sont vieux et émanent d’un esprit génocidaire. Et, si vous vous engagez une autre guerre, tous les Rwandais nous vous combattrons ensemble (Tutsis et les Twas Hutus). Elle fera tant de sacrifices parmi les Rwandais, mais ce sera la dernière guerre au Rwanda et dans la région parce que les Rwandais vont coopérer avec d’autres victimes dans la région pour se libérer de votre épée, de votre dictature et de vos guerres.

M. Paul Kagame, le temps des choix est venu. Rejoignez Rwandais pour choisir la vie parce que les Rwandais  en ont assez de la mort. Si vous choisissez la mort, vous serez responsable de ses conséquences.

Théogène Rudasingwa
Washington DC
USA

Théogène Rudasingwa est un médecin de formation et a le grade de Major dans les Forces de Défense du Rwanda (RDF). Il a grandi dans les camps de réfugiés Tutsis en Ouganda et a rejoint la rébellion du FPR en 1990 avec Kagame. Il a occupé de nombreux postes dans le FPR, le bureau du président et a été ambassadeur du Rwanda aux États-Unis. En 2010, il était fatigué de la dictature de Kagame et aidé de deux autres officiers supérieurs clés (un général et un colonel) du RDF et l’ancien procureur général du Rwanda, il a commencé un parti politique d’opposition, le Congrès National  du Rwanda (RNC- Rwanda National Congres).

 

Major Dr. Rudasingwa Theogene offers two options to H.E Paul Kagame

The following is the letter Theogene Rudasingwa wrote to Paul Kagame on July 7th, 2013 in reaction to Kagame’s speech of June 30th, 2013 in which he compelled all Hutus to ask forgiveness for genocide against Tutsi. It is independently translated by the blog admin.

images

 Theogene Rudasingwa in the picture

Mr Paul Kagame
Village Urugwiro
Kigali- Rwanda

After listening to your recent speeches, I decided to write you this letter and make it public. Every Rwandan who followed your words asked themselves many questions, and especially are wondering where Rwanda is going.
Briefly, your speech was long but important things you wanted to point out are the following:

1. All Hutus from all corners are genocidaires
2. Tutsi who oppose you are working for genocidaires(Hutus)
3. President Kikwete of Tanzania who advised you to talk with FDLR , you will hit him because he is working for genocidaires(Hutus).

What scares and aggrieve Rwandans is that such words are the follow up of your renowned actions (killings, jailing, dictatorship, wealth self centeredness, provocation and instigation of wars among neighbors, etc) and were addressed the youth of Rwanda. You addressed them to say that Hutus contracted the original sin of murder, and that they must ask forgiveness for their parents. To the Tutsis among that youth, you were saying: “protect yourselves from Hutus because they killed your people”.
Mr Kagame, if your thoughts are not emanating from a genocidaire, how else can we identify them? If they (your thoughts) are not divisive among ethnics, what could we say was your intention? Have you ever learnt anything from the history of Rwanda? Kings have existed and lasted hundreds of years. Colonization came and ended. The first and second Republics came and ended. The fate of RPF and your clique is in its last days. It will undoubtedly end. When? How?
Let me not delay reminding you about your duties as a leader Rwandans need in times such as these because it could be too late.
Rwanda is in a crossroad, you must choose the pathway you want and so you must assume consequences of any choice.

The first pathway: Life

This pathway is very tough but contains the solution of Rwandans’ problems. It involves destroying evils your administration added to others inherited from the history of Rwanda. We must abolish the regimes of ethnic, regional and otherwise cliques. We must eradicate the culture of impunity. We must uproot refuge problem and the problem of killings.

Besides destroying those evils, we must build Goods based on good examples from the history. We must heal Rwandans of fear, share the little and a lot like brethren without marginalizing anybody. We must look after all the survivors, Hutus, Tutsis or Twas. We must take care of war casualties. We must repatriate Rwandans who are scattered all over and in Arusha, those who have no known address. We must repatriate the King in his respect and pay tribute to other former leaders of Rwanda. We must edify the security institutions in which all Rwandans feel involved, which protect everybody Rwandan without discrimination and which strengthen democracy and human rights of every Rwandan. We must reconcile Rwandans because all of us have wounds. We must set a good example for the youth of Rwanda.

This first pathway requires that all of us have talks peacefully. Especially it requires you Paul Kagame to negotiate with FDLR and political parties in Opposition. That is what Rwandans have spent many years asking you. That is what President Kikwete and his colleagues in the SADC (Southern Africa Development Community) are asking you. Leaders who love Rwanda, who love all Rwandans; this is what they are asked in times of ours.

Once you accept this pathway, it is your survival and ours too. Once we sit down in true Gacaca telling the truth, which aims at reconciliation, all Rwandans we will talk about all killings committed by the Hutus, the Tutsis and by the Twas in Rwanda and abroad, and we will make a choice. It is not easy but I believe that Rwandans in general will decide that you and the clique you used for murdering added to other Rwandans who were implicated in killings, be forgiven but not be allowed to occupy administrative positions. This requires all Rwandans to not forget but also to extraordinarily forgive if we have to start anew.
Now that you have made all Hutus genocidaires, all Tutsis ibigarasha , all neighbors enemies to fight and kill if you can, how are you ready to salute this Cross way but which provides life?

The Second Pathway: Death

This is the pathway of War. In all your speeches, you like arrogantly cheering, and blackmailing with the war. You seem like somebody who did not experience wars. Do you forget the wars you lived in or you caused in Uganda, Rwanda and Congo? If today you were asked to provide the number of Rwandans who have succumbed to the wars since 1990, would you say it (we could have lost about two and a half million between 1990 and 2013)? Now that you have killed RPF and made it a tool what will you fight with? Now that those who were Inkotanyi are laid off and some are planted in positions like sign posts, others made criminals, with who will you fight? Will you win with that Tutsi clique led by Jack Nziza? Now that that you hate Rwandans and they hate you back, that you are against neighbors, Africans are disgusted with you, other foreigners took measures against you, what will spare you from that war you engage?

kagame2Kagame Paul (in the picture) has fell out with many of his war comrades including his former chief of Staff  General Nyamwasa(with yellow belt).

I am not a foreteller. I know that you no longer take advice. Nobody from your family dares to tell you the truth. Your spouse, in spite of advising you to stop, this time she is assisting you to cause peril and to perish. Tito Rutaremara, James Musoni, Manasse Nshuti, Bazivamo, Ngarambe, Mushikiwabo and Jack Nziza are they the ones who deceive you that it is good that you should keep it up? However you know better what you used to tell me about them between me and you. Except those who want bread, those who despise you in private are rather many. They clap for you in public and they curse you when they get home.

But I would like to tell you that if you chose this pathway, your end would be very miserable. If you ever dare to engage another war, you will lose it. The reason you will lose it is that your ideas and modus operandi are old and are genocidaire’s. And, if you engage another war, all Rwandans will fight it together (Hutus Tutsis and Twas). It will have so many sacrifices among Rwandans but it will be the last war in Rwanda and the region because Rwandans will cooperate with other victims in the region to liberate themselves from the sword, dictatorship and wars of yours.

Mr Paul Kagame, the time for choice has come. Join Rwandans to choose life because Rwandans are tired of death. If you choose death, you will be accountable for its consequences.

Theogene Rudasingwa
Washington DC
USA

Theogere Rudasingwa is a medical doctor by training and has the rank of Major in the Rwanda Defense Force (RDF). He has grown up in Tutsi refugee camps in Uganda and joined the RPF rebellion in 1990 along with Kagame. He has held numerous positions in the RPF, the president office and was Ambassador of Rwanda to the US. In 2010, he was tired of Kagame’s dictatorship and with other two key senior officers (a General and a Colonel) of RDF and the former general prosecutor of Rwanda started an opposition political party, the Rwanda National Congress (RNC).

Madame Jeanette Kagame ntavuga rumwe n’umugabo we kuri bimwe mu bintu bikomeye.

Madame Jeanette Kagame ntavuga rumwe n’umugabo we kuri bimwe mu bintu bikomeye.

jennette-kagame3

“…tuzi twese ko icyaha ari gatozi ndetse n’abemera Imana bavuga ko “Buri vi rizipfukamira” Madame Jeannette Kagame.  Ifoto dukesha http://www.leprophete.fr/news.php?id=221

Kuwa 30 Kamena uyu mwaka I Kigali hahuriye urubyiruko rukabakaba cyangwa rurenga 1000 ku butumire bwa Imbuto Foundation, umuryango ukuriwe na Madame Perezida Jeannette Kagame. Mu ijambo ritangiza ibiganiro byaranze uwo munsi Madame aratwicikra akajisho uko u Rwanda ruhagaze muri iki gihe ndetse n’uburyo bukwiye bwo gukemura ibibazo mu rwego rwo kubaka ejo hazaza. Reka turebere hamwe ibikubiye muri iri jambo turishime cyangwa turinenge ntawe uhutajwe,turyuzuze cyangwa turicenshure, niyo demokarasi duharanira.
1. Urubyiruko rufite inyota yo kumenya amateka.
Mu ntangiriro y’iri jambo madame yadusubiriyemo ibyo duhora tuvuga. Amateka ni ikintu cya ngombwa cyane , atwigisha ubuzima bw’abatubanjirije, ibibazo bahuye nabyo n’uburyo babikemuye, ibyiza babayemo n’uburyo babigezeho, amakosa bakoze dukwiye kugendera kure, ibi bikadufasha gushushanya isura y’igihugu cyiza kizira umwiryane. Madame abishimangira agira ati : “twemera ko urubyiruko rw’u Rwanda rugomba gusobanukirwa neza amateka y’igihugu cyacu, yaba ameza ndetse n’amabi twanyuzemo”. Nta kuri kuruta uku.

2. Wenda (Igihugu) kizongera gutabarwa n’abato
Madame ntahakana ko U Rwanda rufite ibibazo ahubwo uretse ko we abigereranya n’ibyariho mu gihe FPR yateraga muri 1990. Aragira ati “Ababohoje u Rwanda bangana namwe ndetse hari bamwe bari batoya”. Nuko ati “namwe nimutabare igihugu cyanyu”. Ibi bisobanuye ko bya bindi opposition ivuga isaba abantu guhaguruka (ndlr: bagakora revolution) ariko na Madame abibona. Abo batandukanira ni uko opposition yo ivuga iti bizagerwaho naho Madame we abivuga ameze nk’udafitiye uru rubyiruko icyizere: “Wenda kizongera gutabarwa n’abato” kuko kigeze ku muteremuko.
3. Urubyiruko ntirugomba kwikorezwa ibyo rutagizemo uruhare

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Madame Jeannete yasabye abantu ko bakwiye kwicara hamwe bakaganira bavugisha ukuri, bakavuga aho bakomeretse. Yagize ati: « Kera iyo inzara yateraga, ababyeyi bakoraga ku mbuto babikiye ihinga ritaha, bagatekera abana maze bakaramuka kabiri… natwe rero dushonje amahoro asesuye nimuze tujye inama nk’abaryi b’imbuto ».

Aha nahageze mpita nongeraho nti mbese Opposition tutibagiwe na FDLR bakaganira na FPR bakavuga uko bakomeretse. Mbega ukuntu byaba byiza we!? Yongeye no kwibutsa ko niba hari abakibeshya ko bavukanye imbuto nk’uko byakunze kuvugwa ku Bami b’u Rwanda ko cyari ikinyoma cyambaye ubusa. Ati niba hari abibwira ko bazivukanye (imbuto) nibasigeho. Nkunda umuntu ntacyo ampaye!
Ikindi yagize ati: “… tuzi twese ko icyaha ari gatozi ndetse n’abemera Imana bavuga ko “Buri vi rizipfukamira”. Yongeraho ko bityo urubyiruko rudakwiye guterwa ipfunwe n’ibyo ababyeyi baba barakoze.

Byaje gupfira he?
Uyu mubyeyi rero akimara gutangiza iri huriro ngo Abahanga mu by’amateka nibo baganirije urubyiruko. Amateka bavuze yo ni agahomamunwa. Icya mbere cyantangaje rero ni ukuntu ari urubyiruko ari abarugezagaho ayo mateka bose barabeshyanye karahava. Mwese muzi ijambo Perezida Kagame yavuze mu minsi yashize yibutsa ko yohereje Abasirikare muri Congo bakarasa abagomba kuraswa ! Ariko abagabo babiri nako aba jenerali James Kabarebe yunganiwe na Rwarakabije barihanukiriye bati reka nta Munyarwanda ingabo zacu zigeze zica. Rwarakabije nawe ararahira ati: ni ukuri ( kwa Shitani) rwose nanjye nabihagazeho. Abo bombi barangije rero ikindi cyansekeje ni uko hari umwana w’umukobwa warokotse amasasu y’izo ngabo nawe waje ahita rwose ashyira mu ngiro ibyo bamwigishije (byo kubeshya) ati rwose umusirikare yaraje amfata akaboko anyereka inzira igana iwacu! Hahahahaha. Utazi Inkotanyi yageze muri Congo uko yasaga azambaze! Ninde wari kunyomoza uyu mukobwa? Ni Rwarakabije se cyangwa ni Kabarebe? Cyakora uwo mwana yagororewe kuzoroherezwa kwinjira mu gisirikare nyuma y’imyaka itatu yose bamutera utwatsi, bigaragara ko aricyo yari agamije dore ko ubushomeri mu rubyiruko cyane cyane urw’Abahutu buvuza ubuhuha.

Abandi baje kwinjira muri uwo munsi bakavangira Madame Jeannette, ni Rucagu Boniface ndetse n’undi musore usanzwe azwi cyane mu kazi ko gucukura imisarani maze bo bamagana ibyo Madame yari yavuze ko icyaha ari gatozi. Ni uko basaba imbabazi z’ibyaha ngo benewabo b’Abahutu bakoze. Ibi rero Perezida Kagame we yahise abigira itegeko ngo Abahutu bose bagombe basabe imbabazi z’ibyaha benewabo bakoze. Madame Jeannete yagize ubwoba bwo kumwambura micro ngo amwibutse ko icyaha ari gatozi!9059_324602541005074_1952928076_nIfoto dukesha urubuga https://www.facebook.com/urubuga.rwizanews

Perezida Kagame kandi yongeye kuvuga ku kibazo cyo gutesha abantu agaciro cyabaye mu mwaka wa 1973 aho ngo bakorakoraga izuru rya mushiki we ngo bumve uko izuru ry’umututsi rimera. Niba ibi byarabayeho birababaje. Icyo twakwibaza ni iki: Ese turimo kubikumira dute? Ese bitandukaniye he no guhamagara abana b’Abahutu ukababwira ngo nibasabe imbabazi z’ibyaha na Se cyangwa abavandimwe babo bakoze? Ese bitandukaniye he no kwemeza umwana ko ya masasu wamurasaga Bukavu, Masisi, Lubutu, Kisangani, Mbandaka ,…burya batashakaga kumwica kandi ababyeyi be bo yarabahitanye? Nyamara ntibizoroha.
Biragaragara ko u Rwanda rufite ibibazo bikomeye. Urubyiruko bararubeshya narwo rukababeshya kakahava. Nyamara buriya iyo ririya jambo rya Jeannete Kagame rikurikirwa tugasigara dushaka uko ryajya mu bikorwa yari kuba ari intambwe ikomeye. Icy’ingenzi ni ukugira Ubutwari bwo kuvuga Ukuri noneho tugaha igihugu umurongo uzaturinda umwiryane. Ukurikiye neza ijambo rya Jeannette n’irya Kagame uhita ubona ko batavuga rumwe ku bintu bimwe bikomeye.

Kagame publicly threatening to hit President Kikwete

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The First lady, Jeannette Kagame.

It is remarkable that the Rwandan president’s own wife has already understood the dangers of criminalizing a whole population group. In her own speech in the same event, she emphasized that criminal responsibility was individual and “every knee will have to kneel for itself”.

It has almost become a tradition in his improvised speeches to hear Rwandan president Paul Kagame spit his anger and express his contempt for Western donors and other foreigner s who do not share his peculiar ideas about governance and political freedom. He does not miss any opportunity to slam what he calls their attempts to give him lessons, while he has no lesson to receive from anybody. We have heard many insults and derogatory words, but an outright threat to “hit” the president of a sovereign neighbouring nation, this is something even those who know him for a long period would not easily had predicted. On Sunday June 30, in a speech to the “youth connect” meeting convened by the Ministry of Youth together with his wife’s own Imbuto foundation, Paul Kagame threatened Tanzanian President Kikwete in unmistakable terms that he will wait for him at the right place and hit him, in response to the latter’s suggestion that Kagame initiate talks with the armed Hutu opposition FDLR.

kagamePresident Kagame(in the picture) swears to hit his Tanzanian Counterpart

And those whom you recently heard speaking for the Interahamwe and FDLR, saying that we should negotiate with them. Negotiate with them? As for me, I do not even argue about this issue because I will wait for you at the right place and I will hit you!! I really did not… I didn’t even reply to him, I never arg… uh… it is known, there is a line you can’t cross. There is a line, there is a line that should never be crossed. Not once. It’s impossible!!…

From these words pronounced partly in his hallmark unstructured Kinyarwanda mixed with English, Kagame made clear that he is still deeply angered by the mere suggestion to engage in talks with political opponents. That is why he vowed to wait for the right opportunity to strike back at Tanzanian President. It is unheard of in world diplomacy, to see a head of state threatening to hit another head of state of a sovereign nation in time of peace.

This threat should be taken seriously. Kagame has already proven in the past that he is able to strike his adversaries and silence them. Whether fellow presidents or his own (former) trusted collaborators, his prowess in murdering those he thinks are his enemies would not shy from a comparison with L. Sulla’s famous bragging. Melchior Ndadaye, Juvénal Habyarimana, Cyprien Ntaryamira, Laurent-Desiré Kabila are all heads of states in whose assassination he has allegedly had a hand. Théoneste Lizinde and Seth Sendashonga, are former collaborators eliminated in covert operations from afar. The last known feat in this series is the failed assassination of his former army chief of staff Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, who survived a shooting in Johannesburg, South Africa. The lesser known cases of eliminated military officers who had knowledge of damaging secrets of his cruelty or could become rivals for power in the military, is no less impressive.

The grudge against Kikwete has other sources as well. Kagame’s big ego does not suffer being second to anybody. Being overshadowed by Kikwete as the most visible leader in the region is an additional source of personal resentment towards the charismatic Tanzanian President who, in less than a year, has been honoured by the official visits of the presidents of the two most powerful nations in the world. The recent attempt by Kagame, Museveni and Uhuru Kenyatta to bypass Kikwete and meet in Entebbe without him underscores a rampant feeling of discomfort at the growing strategic importance of Tanzania in the region.

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For President Kikwete (in the picture) peace will be achieved via talks between Rwanda and its opponents.

Tanzania’s resolve to play its full role in restoring peace in the region has borne him many enemies among the neighbours who most benefit from the chaos they have helped perpetuate in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Uganda and Rwanda will namely be the losers if peace returns in the region because violence has long been their cover and their opportunity to loot Congolese resources. But whether they like it or not, Kagame and Kaguta will have to understand that time for peace has now come.

Kagame doesn’t seem to notice the changing circumstances however. In his self-righteousness, he said in the same speech that he was the paramount example of tolerance because he accepts to live in the same country with an ethnical group of genocidaires. He said that allowing Hutus to stay alive is the biggest political space he could think of, anywhere in the world. He urged the Hutus, even those who were not born at the time of the mass slaughters of 1994 to repent and ask forgiveness on behalf of their ethnical group (Suddenly. There are ethnical groups in Rwanda again!). He made them understand that they owed their lives to him because his soldiers would have slaughtered the entire Hutu population that he characterizes as a genocidaire ethnical group, was it not for his magnanimity that forced him to stop the RPA soldiers. In return for RPF soldiers not slaughtering all Hutus, he urges them to bear the burden of perpetual guilt, because, according to him, crimes were committed on their behalf.

It is remarkable that the Rwandan president’s own wife has already understood the dangers of criminalizing a whole population group. In her own speech in the same event, she emphasized that criminal responsibility was individual and “every knee will have to kneel for itself”. She underlined the importance of liberating the youth from the burden of event in which they did not take part. When Kagame’s own wife starts signaling that she has understood the dangers of his principal political principle (criminalizing all Hutus), the peace in the region can’t continue to be held up by just one individual.

This is what Tanzania has understood much earlier. But Kikwete also knows that those who sow chaos in order to harvest in violence will not easily give up their booty. By accepting to step in, to make his voice for peace heard, Tanzanian President Kikwete knew there was a price. It is now up to the entire population of the region (Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and obviously Tanzania) to step in and stand with President Kikwete, ensure his protection and denounce any attempt to threaten his physical integrity.

Dr Alexis Habiyaremye