Category Archives: Constitution

NO THIRD TERM : Even after the maneuvered Referendum, Paul Kagame’s candidature remains unconstitutional !

ishema ibenddera

PRESS STATEMENT

Even after the maneuvered Referendum, according to the new Constitution, Paul Kagame’s candidature remains unconstitutional

 

  1. Notwithstanding the propaganda orchestrated by Paul Kagame team, his ordered constitutional reform followed by the controversial referendum that took place on 18th of December 2015 and declared won with an historic 98,3% score, Paul Kagame’s reelection remains constitutionally baseless 
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  2. By analytically reviewing the Articles 101 and 172 of the revised Constitution, one realizes that Paul Kagame has no right whatsoever to run a campaign for his third term.
  3. However, during his new year’s message, Paul Kagame has just declared his candidacy for the 2017 upcoming presidential elections, therefore suddenly and definitely making himself an «unconstitutional» candidate.

Subsequently, the leading Team of ISHEMA Party declares the following:

I.Article 101 revised

  1. Before the revision, the article 101 of the 2003  Rwandan Constitution, posited:

«The President of the Republic is elected for a term of seven years renewable only once.

Under no circumstances shall a person hold the office of President of Republic for more than two terms”.

And following is the Article 101 written in the revised Constitution of December 2015:

«The President of the Republic is elected for a five (5) year term. He or she may be re-elected once ».

  1. So far the constitutional reform sets up the sole change from a seven-year to a five-year presidential term whilst maintaining dearly the principle of no more than two terms. It is noteworthy that the simple transition from the seven-year to five-year presidential term does not in any way permit Paul Kagame to run for presidency at the end of his second term.

 

II. Article 172 newly designed

  1. A unique article was introduced seemingly with the aim to grant Paul Kagame a special status by allowing him the possibility to run for the third term, and tentatively stick with power until 2034. Nevertheless after diverse maneuverings the legal text is more than crystal clear: it simply does not allow Paul Kagame to run for a third term.

Here is the text of the famous Article 172:

« The President of the Republic in office at the time this revised Constitution comes into force continues to serve the term of office for which he was elected.

Without prejudice to Article 101 of this Constitution, considering the petitions submitted by Rwandans that preceded the coming into force of this revised Constitution, which were informed by the particular challenges of Rwanda’s tragic history and the choice made to overcome them, the progress so far achieved and the desire to lay a firm foundation for sustainable development, a seven (7) year presidential term of office is established and shall follow the completion of the term of office referred to in the first paragraph of this Article.

The provisions of Article 101 of this Constitution shall take effect after the seven (7) year term of office referred to in the second paragraph of this Article”.

2.Therefore, this article sets the orders as follows:

  • A single seven-year term before the implementation of the five-year terms regime
  • The incumbent president during the constitutional revision shall pursue his term until it is over (2017), this being applicable as well to all members of the parliament in both chambers.

That is all. No paragraph does grant an exception to the current president to run for the third term at the end of the second.

III. The principle of legal non-retroactivity in application

1.The Rwandan Constitution revised in December 2015, published in the official gazette in its special issue on the 24th December 2015 and implemented from the same day, does not hold the annihilation capacity upon  Kagame’s two previous terms. It on contrary recognizes the two terms by confirming that Kagame should pursue his current term. See the first paragraph of Article 172.

2. As such, the revised Constitution having failed to neither create new rights nor exceptional provisions for the incumbent, Paul Kagame’s tentative candidacy must always respect the principle of presidential term limits.

3.Paul Kagame shall not run for the third presidential term constitutionally baseless.

4. For that, by unexpectedly announcing his candidature, eighteen months before future electoral timing, President Paul Kagame is caught red handed in violation of the Rwandan Constitution.

IV. To the International Community, the partners of Rwanda, the organizations of human, civil and political rights as well as all friends of Democracy, we recommend:

1.To take time and re-read analytically the Rwandan Constitution.

2.To Dissuade Paul Kagame in his attempt to violate the Constitution.

3.To assist Rwandans in the struggle to make sure the Constitution is duly respected, to arrest and try Paul Kagame once he stubbornly transgresses against the Constitution.

4.To exercise pressure on Paul Kagame in order to open up the political space, to set free all political prisoners,  and to accept the dialogue between the government and the political opposition with the aim to prepare a conducive political environment prior to the elections of 2017.

5.To support the members of ISHEMA Party and New Generation partners in their plans to return and take part in the political life in Rwanda according to modalities set by the congress to be held in Bruxelles  from 15th to 17th January 2016.

Done at Paris, on January 2nd 2016.

Rev Father Thomas NAHIMANA

ISHEMA Party Leader

The candidate of ISHEMA Party and the New Generation Coalition for 2017 presidential elections.

E-mail : nahimanathom@gmail.com / ishema_party@yahoo.fr Tel : +33652110445

FPR ko wiruka nk’ukurikiwe bite?

kagame-yiruka

Nyamara Umunyarwanda yaciye umugani ngo iyihuse ibyara ibihumye! Gusa icyo nkundira amateka ni uko amenya guhemba buri wese akurikije ibyo yakoze ndetse rimwe na rimwe akamugerekeraho ...NDLR.

Kagame yavuze ko azafata icyemezo nyuma y’ikinamico ya referendum! Ariko birashoboka cyane ko byose bigenze uko babiteganya, Kagame azakomeza kujijisha kugeza icyumweru kimwe mbere y’amatora yo muri 2017. Aha rero umuntu yakwibaza ati “none barirukanswa n’iki?

Igisubizo nta handi kiri uretse politique yo mu karere.

Kagame ntabwo ashaka kuza ari inyongera mu myitwarire anti-democratique ya bamwe mu bakuru b’ibihugu bo mu karere kuko yasanga isura mbi ijyana n’iyo myitwarire yararangije kumudoderwa bityo bikaba byamugora kuyivanaho.

Ku ruhande rumwe Kagame yakoze uko ashoboye kugirango arokokore isura ye imbere y’ibibera mu Burundi. Ni byo bya bindi bya “ Hey look at me, I’m different…Nkurunziza ntabwo akunzwe n’abaturage naho njyewe ni bo bansaba kugumaho”.

Ariko nyamara ushyize izindi details ku ruhande indorerezi z’amatora mu Burundi si byo zabonye kandi abaturage batoye mu mucyo nta gahato ugereranyije n’uumuhango witirirwa amatora ukorwa mu Rwanda.

Ubu igisigaye ni ugutera rwaserera mu Burundi bakora uko bashoboye buri munsi hakaboneka umurambo wo kwerekana muri Media ngo “byaciste naho twebwe umutekano ni wose”, n’ubwo bashimuta abatavuga rumwe na bo rwihishwa bikanga bikamenyekana.

Ku rundi ruhande hari igihugu cya Congo (RDC). Uko bizagenda muri Congo magingo aya nta we ubifitiye gihamya FPR irimo. Ikigaragara ni uko bishobora ku defavolisant FPR haba mu karere cyangwa mu mahanga. Ikindi kandi nta gushidikanya mu mezi ari imbere ibya RDC bizatangira gushyuha. Aho rero ni ho FPR yagize iti ‘ibyo byose bigomba kuza twe ibyacu tubigeze kure kuko nibwo byatworohera ku gerageza kurokora isura”, wenda na ho babona uko bakora za parallismes bishyira.
Ntabwo ari ku busa iyo kinamico ya referendum ikorwa mu minsi mike mbere y’iminsi mikuru aho bishoboka ko benshi barangariye mu bindi kandi bigakorwa mbere yuko umwaka urangira ngo bagerageze gufata distance n’ibizaba mu mwaka wa 2016.

Igisigaye ni ukureba niba izo maneuvres zikozwe hutihuti nta gutekereza bacungana n’ibihe abandi barangaye, zizatanga results bifuza.

  • Ese credibility ifite ngufu ki muri ayo macenga yose?

  • Ese kwitanguranwa biruta kuba barategereje gukina ku munota wa nyuma?

Kagame yatumenyereje ko akora ibyo ashaste ubundi agasigara ahangana na consequences. Byose bizaterwa n’uburemere bw’izo consequences haba kubanyarwanda, haba ku baturanyi, haba ku banyamahanga, haba kuri FPR ubwayo, haba mbere ya 2017 cyangwa nyuma se na yayo.

Kasinge C. Nadine

Petition: Article # 101 of the constitution is untouchable, Thou shall not amend it.

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“I will commit suicide if Kagame is not allowed to run for president” pledges a skeleton

President Paul Kagame, after unjustly garnering numerous praises for a so called economic growth, is trying to tamper with the constitution so that a third term is allowed for him to run for president coming 2017 campaign. Maybe to keep accumulating praises! The current constitution states that under no circumstances nobody shall be allowed to run for presidency after two mandates. Note that one presidential term in Rwanda is 7 years, meaning that two terms equal 14 years. Brief, after two terms, a Rwandan president will have been in power six more years than a US president who finishes his two terms.

With Paul Kagame, it has been even more. This man, who took power via armed struggle and after bloodshed of four years between 1990 and 1994, gave himself a post of vice president in order to fool the world that his ambitions were not to be in control. However everybody knows that Bizimungu Pateur also nicknamed a “Hutu of service” didn’t have any power since he had to be dictated what to do or say. It is in 2000 that Bizimungu had it enough to be used like a robot and resigned. Kagame sent him in jail few after.

Kagame took over since 2000, elected President of Rwanda by the national assembly. It is under him that the current constitution was prepared by his close acolytes and inner circle. They thought that by fixing a seven year presidential term renewable once would be enough. It was visible that 7 years was too much while in neighboring countries this term does not go beyond 5 years.

Coming 2017, Kagame will have been in power for 23 years (18 years officially). His thirst is however unquenched still. He needs more terms! He cannot find any reason to advance. This time he can no longer hide his love of being in power. He doesn’t care about  the “stupid” praises he got in the past. He can no longer hide who he really is. He is calculated a better way to initiate the amendment project. So he is sending his secret and armed services in all villages to force the poor people to sign a pre-conceived form to petition the parliament for a constitutional reform so that Kagame can lead until his death. All the public servants are ordered to sign and threatened to be fired if they refuse to do so. All project managers and workers, be it public or private, all business people, all students, and funny enough all prisoners, etc are ordered to sign this petition. A few who have resisted, either disappeared or were found dead, and investigation was ever pushed for. The only group of people still to sign the petition and whose view is likely to make Kagame run for the next term comprises the psychiatric patients, and the dead!

We are simply saying that Kagame should stop this nonsense. While he is claiming that the people has said, we are telling him, that the people chose for him (if they ever did) to be the leader and not the other way round. The role of a leader, especially in a country where the illiteracy rate is about 40%, is to assist the people to build strong institutions and set path for sustainability of whatever achievement is in place. Based on information at hand, the leader is in a better position to even refute popular demands once they are not in the national interest. Instead of garnering a big number of signatures from uneducated people or from traumatized servants, a leader should listen to the elite especially who are not in the government. As for those who are serving in the government, they are in a conflict of interest situation, and so their input can be biased.

Ms Aurore S. has just initiated a petition to ask the United Nations to use its influence on Kagame so that the Rwandan national assembly led by an RPF member, does not amend the constitution. She is calling on everybody who wishes well to Rwanda, to Rwandans and to the whole region of great lakes of Africa to sign this petition. By signing this http://https://secure.avaaz.org/fr/petition/Organisation_de_Nations_Unies_Pas_de_modification_de_la_constitution_Rwandaise_surtout_larticle_101_1/?tPENWgb,  you are saying that:

  1. Rwanda is a republic and not a monarchy
  2. A peaceful political changeover is the pillar to democratic institutions
  3. Rwanda needs strong institutions and not strong men.
  4. Rwanda needs a new president in 2017.
  5. Stop RPF from torturing the people in attempt to have them sign for the third term for Paul Kagame.
  6. Article # 101 of the constitution is untouchable.

Thank you for signing.

“Do Block the parliament from changing the constitution” The DGPR says to Supreme Court

Dr.Frank Habineza, with the Press at the Rwandan Parliament

The Democratic Green Party of Rwanda has today, the 3rd of June 2015, filed a lawsuit to the Supreme Court, demanding the Court to Block Parliament from any future plans of changing the constitution, specifically, regarding the lifting of presidential term limits from the Constitution.

Article 101 of the constitution stipulates that:

‘The President of the Republic is elected for a term of seven years renewable only once.

Under no circumstances shall a person hold the office of President of Republic for more than two terms’.

DGPR strongly believes that Article 193, concerning amendments to the Constitution, does not allow the change of term limits from the stated two (2) to any other number.

The Article only allows a reduction or an increase on the lengths of the term of office, which in this case is seven (7) years. This can be reduced to either five or be increased from seven to any other number for example eight (8).

Article, 193, clearly states that, ‘ …if the constitutional amendment concerns the term of the President of the Republic…., the amendment must be passed by referendum….’ This article, clarifies that, the concerned term of office for the President, is the one ofseven years and not any other thing else.

The Democratic Green Party of Rwanda demands the Supreme Court:

  1. To order the Rwandan Parliament not to change Article 101 of the Constitution;
  2. To confirm that no referendum is required for those wishing to remove term limits from the Constitution;
  3. To confirm that Article 193 does not allow the amendment of Article 101 regarding the number of terms of office of the President of the Republic of Rwanda;
  4. To confirm that Article 101 is Intangible (ntayegayezwa) and cannot be changed by a referendum;
  5. To confirm that, the term of office of the President, mentioned in Article 193, does not concern the number of times, a President can be elected for but the lengths of the term of office of the President, which is currently 7 years and can be reduced to five years or increased to 8 years;
  6. To provide in-depths interpretation of Article 101 and 193 of the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda.

The Democratic Green Party of Rwanda was officially launched on 14th August 2009 as an opposition party. It got official registration on 9th August 2013 and accepted as a member of the National Consultative Forum of Political Organisations in Rwanda on 3rd April 2014.

DGPR’s Status were published in the official gazette of the Republic of Rwanda on 4th August 2014.

Done at Kigali on 3rd June 2015

Dr.Frank Habineza

President, Democratic Green Party of Rwanda

Rwanda: Non au coup d’Etat Constitutionnel en cours.

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Ils enterrent l’espoir de la démocratie.

COMMUNIQUÉ DE PRESSE  No ISHEMA2015/05/01

RWANDA : Un coup d’Etat Constitutionnel en cours

  1. Compte tenu de l’atmosphère délétère qui accompagne les magouilles éhontées mises en œuvre par le parti au pouvoir  à Kigali pour permettre au Président Paul Kagame  de concourir pour un troisième septennat, lors du scrutin de 2017,
  2. Le Parti ISHEMA (parti d’opposition) et ses alliés de la «Nouvelle Génération»  condamnent avec la plus grande énergie la mascarade politique et les entorses à la procédure légale qui risquent d’entériner une révision anticonstitutionnelle, inopportune et indésirable de l’article 101 de la Constitution rwandaise.
  3. En effet, aujourd’hui plus qu’hier, tout rwandais, du plus vieux au plus jeune, a pu retenir par cœur les mots de cet article si sacré : « Le Président de la République est élu pour un mandat de sept ans renouvelable une seule fois. En aucun cas, nul ne peut exercer plus de deux mandats présidentiels ».
  4. Or, selon les informations en notre possession, le régime de Paul Kagamé investit actuellement tous les villages , établissements scolaires,  associations, organismes étatiques et sociétés privées,  pour terroriser la population en vue d’obtenir d’elle,  sous la menace, des signatures individuelles d’un formulaire pré-rempli sous forme de pétition,  demandant au parlement rwandais de réviser sans délai cet article 101 de la Constitution de 2003  qui limite irrévocablement à deux le nombre de mandats présidentiels.
  5. Pire encore, comme le formulaire en question le laisse constater, cette révision n’est motivée ni par le souci de promouvoir l’État de droit, ni par la sauvegarde de l’intérêt général, mais plutôt par le maintien du prestige personnel de Paul Kagame qui rêve de se voir offrir la possibilité de devenir légalement le Président  à vie de la république du Rwanda.
  6. Nous nous inscrivons donc en faux contre ce « Coup d’État Constitutionnel » en cours qui risque de replonger le Rwanda, à peine reconstruit, dans la violence et l’instabilité.
  7. Nous en appelons à la condamnation rapide et à la pression ferme de la part de la Communauté Internationale en vue de contenir à temps les débordements qu’une initiative aussi injuste ne manquera pas de provoquer.
  8. Nous mettons en garde les « soutiens inconditionnels » de Paul Kagame et leur rappelons que leur responsabilité serait considérée comme engagée s’ils n’arrivaient pas, cette fois-ci, à se désolidariser de leur protégé alors que son goût démesuré du pouvoir et son mépris de la Constitution venait à pousser dans la révolte et le chaos ce peuple rwandais épuisé par 21 années de dictature militaire féroce.
  9. Nous exhortons les citoyens rwandais à se lever comme un seul homme et manifester, partout et par tous les moyens, leur réprobation envers cette « monarchie républicaine » que Paul Kagame est en train d’instaurer dans notre pays.
  10. Le peuple rwandais veut des élections libres et démocratiques pour 2017, seul l’ennemi de la nation pourrait l’en priver.

Fait à Paris, ce 29 mai 2015.

Pour le parti ISHEMA,

Abbé Thomas Nahimana, Secrétaire Général,

Candidat aux élections présidentielles de 2017.

Email : nahimanathom@yahoo.fr

Tél : 00 33 6 52 11 04 45

Rwanda: Don’t touch my constitution

2017: The Famous Article #101 of Rwandan Constitution, Touch it at Your Own Peril

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In his attempt to condone a wicked intention to sell the idea of a third term in favor of Paul Kagame at expense of democracy, Joseph Rwagatare wrote in the pro- government newspaper The New Times that not the term limits, rather the track record counts whilst determining who should and should not be elected or reelected. Rwagatare misses the point and, purposely or not, misleads the readers to make us believe that a political party means exclusively its leader. Far from the truth!

It is true that a particular political party could get reelected in subsequent campaigns. The leaders as individuals, however, must have limitations on electability because of main reasons that vary from one society to another.  I intend to explain below to underline once for all that in a society like ours, given our far and recent historical experience, the culture of peaceful political changeover must be privileged. It is imperative unless we forgot where we come from.

  1. The Law and its intention

Although the law is one thing necessary in a society, its applicability and implementation should remain in accord with its intention. For instance, here we are talking about the presidential term limit. All anyone can read in the constitution is that famous article #101 which states that

“The President of the Republic is elected for a term of seven years renewable only once. Under no circumstances shall a person hold the office of President of Republic for more than two terms”.

This is what the law says. It is the law. Much more however, is hidden behind that piece of information: the intention. Why did the people vote for the president to have no more than two terms? This is what Mr Rwagatare, the RPF, President Paul Kagame and his acolytes should be reminding the folks who ignorantly or forcedly are tirelessly calling for tampering with the constitution in order to reinstitute Kagame once or more times again.

To answer, let us remember: Going back into our history from the kingdom time via the first and second republics to the RPF’s regime, we were unlucky to experience leaders who wanted or were forced either by beliefs, entourage or greed, to be in charge until they die. Let me remind Rwagatare that no King could be enthroned in presence of his predecessor. The elder had to die either naturally or killed. The same tradition passed over into republican regimes. Habyarimana felt insecure in presence of Kayibanda. Kagame could not be in power in presence of Habyarimana. In fact, the RPF took up arms alleging Habyarimana amongst other things that he had remained in power for so long, although he was repetitively elected at 99%! Had we respected the Arusha peace accords, Habyarimana would have gained other good two terms. Trust me!

With that in mind, the 2003 constitution intended to avoid similar scenarios. It was considered that an individual is born and dead but a nation remains. Thus the nation can live, prosper and develop tremendously even without that particular individual.  That is why the article 101 intended to encourage leaders to respect the fact that no one is irreplaceable and to dissuade them to hold on power indefinitely because this could generate conflicts, wars and possibly genocides. Another important dream was that from that time on, Rwanda would have an ex president deservedly able to serve as a councilor owed to experience and with the hope to retire peacefully thereafter.

It is now I realize clearly that Kagame never dreamt of initiating good changes to set antecedence that further generations would follow. In fact the same Kagame who was there in 2003 when the constitution was in the making, the same Kagame who claimed that he will not be there as president come 2017, is the same one who thinks a third term is not a bad thing. Somebody say, “Shame on you Mr President”!

For some naïve observers and commentators, I hope Rwagatare is not among, “Kagame does not want it but the people want him”. Democracy is defined as a power of the people, by the people  and for the people. Hence, the people have a powerful capacity which is bestowed upon them especially on the day of elections: the capacity to choose a leader of their interests.  Everyone knows that in a police state like Rwanda the democracy does not exist, and so that capacity is banned not only via elections but also even during brainstorming of ideas to make policies that run the affairs of the nation. We have seen it every day; we saw it in reports that shouted out the RPF-led assassination of freedom of speech, strangulation of independent media and impediment to rights of association.

The capacity to choose leaders is also threatened by the dictatorial micro management groups, armed or not, whose role is to force the people to vote against their will and to rig elections using any form of strategy in favor of the incumbent. But now the RPF wants to show us that last night the people dreamt “well”, woke up and coincidently the government allowed them to speak out: “we want Kagame back”. Funny enough! That kind of games is known to us, thou shall not lie. If Kagame does not step down, the RPF will have wasted a golden opportunity to show that it can do at least one good thing during its lifetime.

  1. The human nature

If Rwagatare were promised a very beautiful gift on a condition that he reaches 200 years alive, he clearly would realize that the promise is untenable. Why? Because we know that in our days, no one lives for two centuries. It is the same for political parties and their leaders.

A political party is born, grows up and dies. When it is born it is too young to deliver, when it grows up it matures and performs well but after some time it gets too old to run the country. At that time, the party cannot offer anything. It starts deteriorating and fails its early and own principles which eventually attracted the people to trust it. Even when it claims to rejuvenate itself, the young minds are overshadowed by old folks who think they have experience, thus they should take the lead indefinitely.

A leader gets too old as well and too tired to keep doing a good job (if he ever did any). That is a natural reality we are faced with. Accepting it does not mean you are not the hero you claim to be or that you are not loved by the people. By the way, it is not a matter of love given the tough and quasi impossible tasks assigned to the leader. If they loved him, they would let him retire and if he loved Rwanda, he would refuse to take an extra term.

In conclusion

The people of Rwanda should revisit the reasons that made them vote the constitution that included the article 101 (assuming they really voted for it). If Kagame does not step down, he will have satisfied his ego but at expense of all economic growth and other things he has been praised for. What if the people stepped in to say “no” to this man? As a matter of fact, they are ready, willing and able to take their destiny in hands. Friends of Rwanda (not of Kagame alone) have already demonstrated their undoubted support to the blowing wind of change.  A bon entendeur, salut!

Chaste Gahunde, BA, Dip Commonwealth of Learning (COL) London, UK

“Nta manda ya gatatu kuri Paul Kagame: Bwana Evode Uwizeyimana ararushywa n’ ubusa” Padiri Thomas Nahimana

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Sinirirwa ntinda ku buzima bwite bwa Bwana Evode Uwizeyimana wari waramenyekanye nk’umusesenguzi mu by’amategeko amaradiyo mpuzamahanga nka BBC yakundaga kwifashisha, none ubu abantu batari bake bakaba basigaye bibaza niba ibyo avuga bigifite aho bihuriye n’amategeko ! Ubu noneho ntawe utabibona, ibyo arimo ni ikiraka gisa : yihitiyemo kwibera PROPOGANDISTE wa FPR-Inkotanyi, izuba riva ! Gusa birasa n’aho kuvuganira ingoma ya FPR iri mu marembera bitoroshye , bifite aho bihuriye n’ubupfumu. Ni ugusezera ku bwenge, ukihindura impumyi, ukigira kabuhariwe wirirwa yivugira amagambo agamije guhuma Paul Kagame amaso no kumuha ibitotsi by’ijoro rimwe mu kumubeshya ko azakomeza kuyobora u Rwanda ubuziraherezo kandi manda ye ya nyuma igeze ku iherezo! Nyamara bene aba “ “Bacurabinyoma” barindagiza ubutegetsi aho kubumurikira nibo Paul Kagame aherutse kwambika ubusa mu mwiherero w’abayobozi wabereye i Gabiro mu mpera y’ukwezi gushize , abereka ko ntacyo bamaze nta n’icyo bashoboye !Yari afite ukuri. Azagukomereho.

1. Reka twibande ku kiganiro SOBANUKIRWA giheruka

Ntacyo nirirwa mvuga ku bandi batumirwa b’iki kiganiro , aribo Honorable Christine Muhongayire n’umunyamakuru Theodore Ntarindwa, kuko bo basanzwe bazwi nk’Abakada ba FPR ! Utugambo bavugaga tujyanye n’icyifuzo cy’uko ishyaka ryabo ryaguma ku butegetsi ubuziraherezo duhuye n’inshingano zabo zo kuba abacengezamatwara babihemberwa ba FPR-Inkotanyi . Umunsi FPR yatsinzwe igasezererwa shishi itabona bazi neza ko bazabihomberamo. Ni ukuri .

Umunyamakuru wa TVR, Bwana Barore Cleophas, we turamushimira ubuhanga mu mwuga kuko yabazaga ibibazo byose bya ngombwa. Ni umunyamakuru mwiza. Arashoboye, Kagame yari akwiye kumuzamura mu ntera.

Ku magambo menshi yavuzwe na bwana Evode Uwizeyimana watumiwe ngo nk’umuhanga mu by’amategeko niho dutinda. Mu by’ukuri yagaragaye nk’ufite “Misiyo yihariye” yo gutesha agaciro abanyapolitiki ba Opozisiyo, kubatuka no kubasuzugura . Na we rero si ugushyekerwa, yivuye inyuma mu kubashinja ngo ko batazi amategeko, ngo ko ari “des aventuriers” ! Nanjye nkibaza nti : ariko se abantu bazi ubwenge bwinshi cyane nka Evode Uwizeyimana, bafite ubutegetsi n’amafaranga nka Paul Kagame….barata igihe kuri ba Aventuriers nka “ Twagiramungu, Kayumba Nyamwasa na wa Mupadiri …” bashaka iki ? Ko mbona ab’i Kigali bacitse ururondogoro hakiri kare, ivata rikaba rimaze kubarenga tukiri muri 2015, italiki yo kwiyamamaza izagera batarashizemo umwuka ?

2. Ingingo y’101 irarikoze !

Iyo ngingo y’101 iragira iti :

Perezida wa repubulika atorerwa manda y’imyaka irindwi. Ashobora kongera gutorwa inshuro imwe. Nta na rimwe umuntu yemererwa gutorerwa manda zirenze ebyiri ku mwanya wa Perezida wa repubulika”

Reka twongere twibutse ko iyi ngingo yashyizwe mu itegekonshinga ryo mu mwaka w’2003, Paul Kagame niwe wari Perezida wa Repubulika, si Nyakwigendera Perezida Habyarimana Yuvenali wayisinyeho kugira ngo itangire gukurikizwa ! Abayanditse bari bazi neza Paul Kagame, n’aho ibitekerezo bye bya demokarasi bigarukira! Baramuhambiriye ntiyasobanukirwa ! Bagize neza. Iyi ngingo rero yanditswe hagamijwe (l’esprit de la loi) guca burundu umuco w’abafite inyota ikabije yo kugundira ubutegetsi. Aha niho Repubulika itandukaniye n’ingoma ya cyami . Paul Kagame si umwami w’u Rwanda, turamwibutsa ko Abanyarwanda basezereye ingoma ya cyami na Kalinga birajyana, hari muri Referedumu yabaye taliki ya 25 Nzeri 1961. Ntabwo rero twiteguye gusubira inyuma ho imyaka irenga 50 !

Bwana Evode Uwizeyimana nacurike amagambo uko abifitemo uburambe, yongere ayacuranure uko yabitumwe, ariko ntacyo bihindura ku ngingo y’urubanza: Paul Kagame arangije manda ze ebyiri, agomba kugenda. U Rwanda si akarima ke, kuyobora abanyarwanda si umunani yasigiwe n’ababyeyi be . Kagame navaho imvura izakomeza igwe, inka zizakamwa, ababyeyi bazabyara, amatungo yororoke…. ! Nta munyarwanda n’umwe utabyumva atyo uretse Evode Uwizeyimana wenyine, we ufite misiyo igayitse yo kubeshya no kurimanganya!

3.Koko Evode Uwizeyimana nta n’ipfunwe aterwa no kubeshya kuri radiyo na televisiyo y’igihugu ?

Mu gusobanura ingingo y’101 n’iyi 193 z’Itegekonshinga ryo mu 2003, Bwana Evode Uwizeyimana hari ibyo yasobanuye neza ariko ageze aho aratandukira , ararimanganya biratinda. Hari aho nsanga yibeshya cyangwa se abeshya nkana .

Ijambo rizima yavuze ni uko abaturage bagomba kwibutswa uburenganzira bwabo kuko hari igihe baba babufite ariko batarasobanuriwe aho butangirira n’aho bugarukira. Koko rero bumwe muri ubwo burenganzira rubanda ifite ni uko Perezida Kagame nta bubasha afite bwo guhindura ingingo y’101 y’itegekonshinga, ngo abone uko akomeza kwihambira ku butegetsi, abaturage batabyemeye ku buryo busesuye, ndetse binyuze mu itora ryitwa Referendum nka yayindi yasezereye bidasubirwaho ingoma ya cyami ! N’iyo kandi Paul Kagame yahindura itegekonshinga binyuze mu buriganya sibyo bizatuma yongera kuba Perezida wa Repubulika! Yazagomba nanone kunyura mu matora, rubanda ikaba yanamutera utwatsi ikitorera undi mukuru w’igihugu uyinyuze . Inzira iracyari ndende rero kandi ijambo rya nyuma rizaba iry’abaturage BENSHI . Icyo amajwi menshi azemeza nicyo kizakorwa.

Dore uko ingingo y’193 iteye :

Ububasha bwo gutangiza ivugurura ry’Itegeko Nshinga bufitwe na Perezida wa Repubulika bimaze kwemezwa n’Inama y’Abaminisitiri; bufitwe kandi na buri Mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko binyuze mu itora ku bwiganze bwa bibiri bya gatatu by’amajwi y’abawugize. Ivugururwa ryemezwa ritowe ku bwiganze bwa bitatu bya kane by’amajwi y’abagize buri mutwe w’inteko.

Ariko iyo iryo vugururwa ryerekeye manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika, ubutegetsi bwa demokarasi ishingiye ku bitekerezo binyuranye cyangwa ku bwoko bw’ubutegetsi buteganyijwe n’iri Tegeko Nshinga cyane cyane ku butegetsi bwa Leta bushingiye kuri Repubulika n’ubusugire bw’Igihugu, rigomba kwemezwa na referendumu, rimaze gutorwa na buri Mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko. Nta mushinga w’ivugururwa ry’iyi ngingo ushobora kwakirwa” .

A. Aho Evode Uwizeyimana yabeshye ni he ?

(1)Aremeza ko umushinga wo kuvugurura ingingo y’101 ushobora kwangwa n’umutwe w’abadepite cyangwa Sena ngo kandi ntibiwubuze gatambuka ngo ugere muri Referendum. Sibyo, Evode arabeshya

(2)Arashuka rubanda ngo ntabwo umushinga wo guhindura ingingo y’101 ukeneye kwemerwa n’imitwe yombi y’Intekonshingamategeko, ngo kwemerwa n’umutwe umwe birahagije. Sibyo, Evode arabeshya !

Ukuri ni ukuhe ?

Nk’uko ingigo y’193 ibyivugira mu magambo asobanutse, iyo ivugururwa rireba Manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika rigomba kwemezwa na Referendumu ari uko ryabanje gutorwa(kwemezwa) na buri mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ukwawo, kandi bwiganze bwa 3/4 by’abawugize ! Mu by’ukuri, ibi bishatse kuvuga ko haramutse hagize umutwe umwe wanga kubitora, byaba birangiriye aho, umushinga wo guhindura iriya ngingo watabwa mu ngarani. Ntabwo Referendum yaba ikiri ngombwa. Ibi nibyo bituma inzira yemewe yo guhindura iyi ngingo y’101 iba ndende kandi ikaba yaruhanya. Ikigamijwe ni uguca intege Abanyagitugu bafite inyota ikabije yo kwihambira ku butegetsi. Abadepite n’Abasenateri bakwiye kumenya ubwo bubasha bafite, bakabukoresha bakiza rubanda ingoma y’igitugu.

Kuki Evode Uwizeyimana abeshya ko umutwe w’abadepite cyangwa uw’abasenateri uramutse wanze gutora uyu mushinga w’ivugururwa bitawubuza kugezwa kuri rubanda muri Referendum ?

Sinzi neza impamvu yabimuteye ! Icyakora hari impamvu eshatu zishoboka:

(1)Ashobora kuba atumva neza ingingo y’193,gusa byaba bitangaje ku muntu wiyita umuhanga mu mategeko !

(2) Ashobora kuba yajyanywe mu kiganiro huti huti adafashe umwanya uhagije wo kubanza kuyisoma no kuyitekerezaho.

(3) Umutwe wa sena cyangwa uw’abadepite ushobora kuba utiteguye gutora uyu mushinga wo guhindura iyi ngingo y’101 y’itegekonshinga bityo Evode Uwizeyimana akaba yatumwe kubeshya rubanda ko n’iyo abadepite cyangwa abasenateri babyanga, rubanda ariyo izagira ijambo rya nyuma. Uko byamera kose, tuzasobanukirwa neza icyabimuteye mu minsi iri imbere.

B. Ahandi Evode Uwizeyimana yagaragarije ko adashishikajwe n’amategeko ahubwo akaba yahindutse Propaganditse w’ingoma y’igitugu ya FPR ni aha :

(1)Bamubajije ikiri inyuma y’ingingo y’101 (l’esprit de la loi) ivuga ko nta na rimwe umuntu yemererwa gutorerwa manda zirenze ebyiri, arya iminwa ahubwo ahitamo gutuka abaLideri ba Opozisiyo ngo niba“Aventuriers” no gusingiza umunyagitugu Paul Kagame ngo akwiye kuguma ku butegetsi ngo kuko ari umukinnyi uzi gutsinda ibitego, reka ntiwareba ! Icyakora yibukijwe ko n’umukino w’umupira ugira iminota umara, ku buryo ntawe utsinda ibitego Match final yarangiye ! Aha Evode yamanjiriwe, akanja amanwa. Kagame azakomeza gutsinda ibitego ate ko Match izamurangirana mu 2017 ? Ibyo atatsinze mu myaka 23 amaze ku butegetsi azabitsinda gihe ki ? Evode yananiwe kubisubiza !

(2)Bamweretse ko n’ibihugu by’ibihangange ku isi byahoze bishyigikiye ubutegetsi bwa Paul Kagame bikomeje gutera hejuru ko Manda ze zirangiye, ko gushaka kwihambira ku butegetsi kwa Paul Kagame , bizagira ingaruka zikomeye ku gihugu cy’u Rwanda .

Aha Evode Uwizeyimana yahisemo guca imigani yivugira ibyo muri Canada kandi ntawabimubajije ! Iyo Evode Uwizeyimana aza kuba koko umunyabwenge yari abonye akanya ko kuburira Abanyarwanda:

(a) ko abo Bazungu bari kwamagana Manda ya gatatu aribo batunze u Rwanda;

(b) ko aribo mu by’ukuri bakoze bya bikorwa byose Kagame yiratana kuko aribo bashyira mu ngengo y’imari y’igihugu umugabane urenze 60%;

(c) ko baramutse bahagaritse iyo mfashanyo yabo u Rwanda rwahura n’ingorane zitavugwa….

(d) ko bamaze kumurunguruka ndetse bakaba bararambiwe intambara z’urudaca ahoramo n’ibyaha ndengakamere abarwaho bikaba bibangamiye inyungu zabo ku buryo bukomeye.

Evode Uwizeyimana yahisemo kwikirigita araseka, ngo abatavuga rumwe na Kagame bazagonga urukuta ! Icyo yirengagiza ni uko urwo rukuta bakangishaga ntaho rugihaze !

(3)Evode Uwizeyimana yageze aho na we ahonongera muri wa mutego mutindi wa madamu Kirisitina Muhongayire wo kwitwaza ngo abaturage baziyahura Kagame natongera gutorerwa kubayobora; ngo nibo babisaba; ngo bandika amabaruwa….. uyu mugore aba mu yihe si ? Umuntu aba Umudepite agasuzugura abaturage bigeze hariya ? Atekereza ko igihugu kiyoborwa n’amabaruwa y’amahimbano ngo abaturage batazwi banditse ? Ubu bwoko bwa “Demokarasi y’utubaruwa” Kirisitina yabwigiye he, mwo kabyara mwe ? Pahulo Kagame wivugira ko aba bantu ntacyo bamaze nta n’icyo bashoboye, abavuga uko bari kabisa !

Icyo umuturage ashaka akinyuza mu matora adafifitse. Kirisitina nategereze yihanganye, ubwo ashaka amatora, azayabona. Ariko nanamukoraho, kandi ariwe wayihamagariye, azabyemere !

Evode Uwizeyimana na we yabonye “arguments” zimushiranye, ati Abaturage barashaka Paul Kagame !!! Ororororo! Abo baturage bashaka Kagame ni bande ? Ni bangahe ? Ese twe twiyemeje guhangana n’iyi ingoma y’igitugu ikwiye gusezererwa, Evode n’inshuti ye magara Kirisitina batwambuye ubwenegihugu ryari ? Abavukiye Uganda bo hari ubabwira ko atari Abanyarwanda ? Ntabwo tukibarirwa mu baturage rero ? Abaturage bavugwa mu itegekonshinga ni abayoboke ba FPR gusa ? Murariraye !

RENDEZ-VOUS ni amatora, abo baturage mwitwikira, mukabavugira ibyo batabatumye, bazabereka neza icyo bashaka n’icyo badashaka.

UMWANZURO: La peur a changé de camp ! (Mwinda akawa mwindwa)

Iyo witegereje neza uko Paul Kagame n’abambari be bavuye hasi muri iyi minsi, aho birirwa bavuga ko Kagame ari Umwami w’ijuru n’isi , ugomba kuyobora u Rwanda kugera ku ndunduro y’ibihe, ko itegekonshinga rigomba guhinduka ngo akomeze ategeke wenyine, uhita ubona ko ubu butegetsi bugeze mu mahina, ko bufite ikibazo gikomeye ! Bafite UBWOBA.

Kandi koko ntibavugishwa n’ubusa. Icyambere ni uko Abanyarwanda benshi barambiwe iterabwoba rya Kagame na FPR ye, kimwe n’ubutegetsi bwayo bwahinduye abaturage nk’abacakara mu gihugu cyabo. Imfu za buri munsi, ifungwa rya hato na hato, gusahurirwa imitungo, kuvangurwa, kugirwa abashomeri, gutorongezwa….ibi byose byatumye abanyarwanda bazinukwa FPR. Kubakina ku mubyimba ngo baziyahura Kagame nadakomeza kubayobora, ni igitutsi Kirisitina n’abavuga nka we bazagomba guhanirwa, umunsi umwe ! Rwose Abanyarwanda benshi ntibakeneye Manda ya gatatu ya Paul Kagame. Kandi ibyo ntibigoye kubyerekana, rubanda izabigaragaza muri Referendum, niba ibayeho koko.

Icyakabiri ni uko n’umuryango mpuzamahanga utiteguye gukomeza gutera inkunga abanyagitugu bihambira ku butegetsi bagasuzugura abaturage babo. Aba bazungu barangije kumva no kwakira neza ko abaturage b’ibi bihugu byacu by’Afurika nabo baciye akenge: ubu rubanda yamaze kumenya neza ko KUVUDUKANA umunyagitugu wigize Akarahakajyahe byoroshye cyane, ko ari uguhagurukira rimwe bakamwirukaho ubundi akayabangira ingata mu cyumweru kimwe, yakomeza gufunga umutwe agafatirwa muri ruhurura nka Koloneli Muwamari Kadafi!

Hari abishuka bya rwana ngo nta Revolisiyo ishoboka mu Rwanda. Njye ndababwira ko, ukurikije imyifatire ya Paul Kagame n’imiterere ya FPR-Inkotanyi, mu Rwanda ariho Revolisiyo ya rubanda ishobora kwihuta kurusha ibindi bihugu byose byo ku isi! Ababishidikanya nibategereze gato bashobora kuzabyibonera n’amaso yabo.

Icyakora abazungu bari basanzwe bafasha Paul Kagame bo barangije kumukurira inzira ku murima kuko bumvise neza ko ibintu bigomba guhinduka mu Rwanda bitarenze umwaka w’2017. Kereka abaturage nibirangaraho, igihe icy’impinduka ni ikingiki.

Mu gusoza, hari inama nziza naha Paul Kagame kuko mbona ariyo scenario yonyine asigaranye:

Nabwire ba Evode Uwizeyimana , ba Musa Fazili , ba Kiristina na ba Theodore….bakomeze babwejagure cyane bikomeye, ku maradiyo n’ibinyamakuru mpuzamahanga , ko isi izaba irangiye umubyeyi Kagame nadatorwa; ko u Rwanda ruzaba rutakiriho; ko nta wundi rwose ushoboye kuyobora u Rwanda uretse Nyiricyubahirocyose Paul Kagame….Ndetse azahagurutse bamwe mu baturage n’ubundi basanzwe baragowe bakore imyigaragambyo mu gihugu hose bavuga ko bakeneye ko itegekonshinga rihinduka….

Ibyo nibirangiraaaaaaaaa, Kagame afate ijambo, atangaze ko we ubwe ari UMUDEMOKARATE mwiza, ko kubera iyo mpamvu adashobora kwemera ko itegekonshinga rihindurwa kugira ngo akunde yihambire ku butegetsi ! Nabigenza atyo azaba yiteguriye “Sortie itagayitse cyane” kuko mu by’ukuri ariyo yonyine akeneye!

Naho ubundi ingufu zimuteye ubwoba muri iki gihe , zikaba zatumye abantu be bacika ururondogoro imburagihe, ziriho kandi ntaho yazihungira. Izo nizo zizamubuza guhindura itegekonshinga yabishaka, atabishaka. Izo nizo zizamuhatira kurekura ubutegetsi bw’abandi mu 2017, niba agize amahirwe yo kuhagera agihumeka. Izo ngufu si baringa, ziriho.

Padiri Thomas Nahimana, Umukandida w’Ishyaka Ishema

mu matora y’umukuru w’igihugu yo mu w’ 2017

Amatora ya 2017: Impamvu zatumye hajyaho ingingo ya 101 y’itegekonshinga ziracyahari.

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“Njyewe Paul Kagame, ndahiriye u Rwanda ku mugaragaro…ko nzakurikiza nkanarinda Itegeko Nshinga n’andi mategeko…Nintatira iyi ndahiro nzabihanirwe n’amategeko. Imana ibimfashemo”

Muri iyi minsi hari ibiganiro mu Banyarwanda kimwe no mu bakurikiranira hafi politiki y’u Rwanda byibanda ku mpinduka zo mu mwaka wa 2017 ubwo hateganyijwe amatora. Mu by’ukuri insanganyamatsiko y’ibi  biganiro ni ukumenya niba perezida Paul Kagame azubahiriza itegekonshinga nk’uko yabirahiriye cyangwa se niba azanangira umutima. Ingingo ya 101 y’itegekonshinga ryatowe mu mwaka w’2003 igira iti:

“Perezida wa Repubulika atorerwa manda y’imyaka irindwi. Ashobora kongera gutorwa inshuro imwe. Nta na rimwe umuntu yemererwa gutorerwa manda zirenze ebyiri ku mwanya wa Perezida wa Repubulika”.

Ubundi nta mpungenge zikwiye kubaho nta n’ikibazo cyakagombye kwibazwa iyo Paul Kagame aba azwi nk’umuntu w’inyangamugayo. Ariko rero Kagame yagaragaye kenshi akora ibintu binyuranyije n’ubunyangamugayo. Ibi byemezwa cyane cyane na bamwe mu bahoze ari inkoramutima ze za hafi. Na Kagame ubwe ntiyihishira cyangwa se ngo agaragaze wenda ko ibyo ashinjwa ari ibinyoma, ahita yiyerekana akabita amazirantoki, isazi,…n’andi mazina menshi umu gentleman atagombye gusohora mu kanwa ke. Ibi rero bituma abantu batekereza ko koko n’itegekonshinga yarikandagira akikomereza urugendo nk’aho nta cyabaye.

Nyamara Paul Kagame yarahiriye imbere y’Imana , abanyarwanda ndetse n’abanyamahanga ko azubahiriza akanarinda itegekonshinga n’andi mategeko. Dore uko yabivuze:

«Jyewe, Paul Kagame, ndahiriye u Rwanda ku mugaragaro:

     ko nzakorana umurava imirimo nshinzwe;

     ko ntazahemukira Repubulika y’u Rwanda;

3°     ko nzakurikiza nkanarinda Itegeko Nshinga n’andi mategeko;

     ko nzaharanira amahoro n’ubusugire bw’Igihugu kandi ko nzashimangira ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda;

     ko nzubahiriza mbikuye ku mutima inshingano zanjye nta vangura iryo ari ryo ryose;

     ko ntazigera nkoresha ububasha nahawe mu nyungu zanjye bwite;

     ko nzaharanira iyubahirizwa ry’ubwigenge n’uburenganzira bw’ibanze bwa muntu n’ibyagirira akamaro Abanyarwanda bose.

 Nintatira iyi ndahiro nzabihanirwe n’amategeko. Imana ibimfashemo. »

Kagame ashobora rwose kuba atakibuka ibyo yarahiriye kimwe n’uburemere bwabyo. Cyakora yabyibuka cyangwa atabyibuka, Imana ntizabura kubimubaza ndetse n’amategeko ntazabura kubimuhanira. Abamubeshya ko ari we bashaka ntibazamufasha guhanwa.

Abenshi mu nkundarubyino n’abazi kogeza bakomeje kuvuga ko itegekonshinga nta cyaribuza guhinduka, bagendera ku ngingo ya 193 y’itegekonshinga igika cyayo cya kabiri kigira kiti:

“(2)Ariko iyo iryo vugururwa ryerekeye manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika, ubutegetsi bwa demokarasi ishingiye ku bitekerezo binyuranye cyangwa ku bwoko bw’ubutegetsi buteganyijwe n’iri Tegeko Nshinga cyane cyane ku butegetsi bwa Leta bushingiye kuri Repubulika n’ubusugire bw’Igihugu, rigomba kwemezwa na referendumu, rimaze gutorwa na buri Mutwe w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko”.

Nta mpamvu n’imwe ifatika itangwa yatuma ingingo ya 101 ihinduka cyangwa ngo ivanweho. Birababaje kumva abantu bagomba gusubira mu matora ya referendum ategurwa agatwara igihe n’amafaranga menshi mu gihugu gikennye kigendera ku mfashanyo, hagamijwe ikintu kimwe gusa: Kugira ngo umugabo umwe witwa Paul Kagame yice itegekonshinga yarahiriye kuzarinda no gukurikiza. Twibuke ko atigeze arahirira kuzarihindura!

Ikindi umuntu yakwibaza ni ukuntu muri miliyoni 11 z’Abanyarwanda, harimo abafite ubunararibonye, abafite imyamyabumenyi zihanitse,…habura undi muntu utorwa ndetse ngo ayobore igihugu. Ikindi Reka twibutse ko umuntu avuka agasanga igihugu kiriho, iyo abaye intwari atanga umusanzu we ngo uko yagisanze azasige ari cyiza kurushaho ubundi yarangiza agapfa kandi isi igakomeza igatembera. Igihugu ntigipfa ngo ni uko umuntu runaka atakiriho. Cyakora umuntu ashobora kwitwara nabi igihugu akagisiga ahabi haruta aho yagisanze, ndabona na Kagame ariho ashaka.

Uko byagenda kose nta muntu kamara ubaho, ndetse iri ni ihame Abanyarwanda bagomba gushyira mu mutwe wabo. Mu myaka ya za 1959 abanyarwanda benshi bari bafite impungenge ko u Rwanda rutazongera kugwamo imvura ngo ni uko nta mwami ruzongera kugira. Imvura si ukugwa ye ahubwo iyo batagira umuganda isuri yari ikoze ibara. Ikindi bari barabwiwe ni uko nta nka zizongera gukamwa ko ndetse nta mugore uzongera kubyara. Inka zarororotse ahubwo abantu baragenda bagira ibikumba n’ibikumba. Ababyeyi barabyaye rwose batega urugori uretse ko  abenshi muri bo intambara zabagize inshike.

Dore ahubwo icyari gikwiye kugibwaho impaka:

Impamvu yatumye hajyaho ingingo 101

Ubundi itegeko rigira impamvu ituma rishyirwaho ku buryo izo mpamvu iyo zitariho n’itegeko ritaba ngombwa. Kugeza uyu munsi abo bose basaba ko itegekonshinga rihindurwa cyane cyane iriya ngingo ya 101 ntibashobora gutinyuka kuvuga impamvu yatumye iriya ngingo ijyaho, ngo bityo wenda babe bahera aho batwereka ko izo mpamvu zavuyeho.  Reka twibutse ko iri tegekonshinga ryateguwe na FPR Inkotanyi ndetse uwari ukuriye komisiyo yo kurishyiraho akaba ari Mzee Tito Rutaremara uzwi nk’umwe mu bacurabwenge b’imena ba FPR.

Mu biganiro yazungurutse igihugu atanga, Honorable Tito Rutaremara yasobanuye impamvu iyi ngingo ya 101 yashyizweho. Yavuze ko kwari ukugira ngo u Rwanda ruce ukubiri n’umuco w’abantu bumva ko ubutegetsi ari akarima kabo.

Bityo byari byiza ko umuntu ajya ategeka manda imwe bamutora  bwa kabiri akongera akayobora indi imwe ubundi agacyura igihe, akaruhuka. Tito Rutaremara yongeragaho ko badashaka kuzongera kugira abategetsi nka ba Habyarimana bamaze ku ntebe imyaka irenga 20 bagakurwaho n’urupfu. Ikindi yongeragaho ni uko bwari uburyo bwo gutoza abanyarwanda kwimakaza demokarasi.

Koko rero kuva mu gihe cy’ubwami kugeza n’uyu munsi U Rwanda ntirwagize amahirwe y’uko umukuru w’igihugu asimburwa adapfuye cyangwa atishwe. Mu gihe cya cyami umwami yimaga ari uko ise amaze gupfa. Habyarimana yagiye ku butegetsi  abwambuye Kayibanda ndetse aranamwica. Kagame yagiye ku butegetsi ari uko Habyarimana apfuye ndetse hari amakuru auga ko ari Kagame ugomba kubazwa iby’urwo rupfu.

Icyagaragaye ni uko imyaka 7 yari myinshi ugereranyije n’imyaka 5 igenwa n’amategeko yo mu bihugu duturanye. None yikubye kabiri bamwe bati ni ukongeraho indi, bakirengagiza impamvu yatumye iyo ngingo ijyaho.

Icyo nakwibutsa ni uko impamvu zatumye ingingo ya 101 ijyaho zitazigera zivaho. Izo mpamvu ni uguca ukubiri n’umuco w’abantu bumva ko ubutegetsi ari akarima kabo kimwe no gutoza abanyarwanda kwimakaza demokarasi. Niyo mpamvu kuyikuraho cyangwa kuyihindura ari igikorwa kigayitse abakunda demokarasi bose bazarwanya bivuye inyuma.

Mbifurije ubushishozi n’ubutwari bwo kwanga kwica itegekonshinga.

Chaste Gahunde

2017: The Famous Article #101 of Rwandan Constitution, Touch it at Your Own Peril

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In his attempt to condone a wicked intention to sell the idea of a third term in favor of Paul Kagame at expense of democracy, Joseph Rwagatare wrote in the pro- government newspaper The New Times that not the term limits, rather the track record counts whilst determining who should and should not be elected or reelected. Rwagatare misses the point and, purposely or not, misleads the readers to make us believe that a political party means exclusively its leader. Far from the truth!

It is true that a particular political party could get reelected in subsequent campaigns. The leaders as individuals, however, must have limitations on electability because of main reasons that vary from one society to another.  I intend to explain below to underline once for all that in a society like ours, given our far and recent historical experience, the culture of peaceful political changeover must be privileged. It is imperative unless we forgot where we come from.

  1. The Law and its intention

Although the law is one thing necessary in a society, its applicability and implementation should remain in accord with its intention. For instance, here we are talking about the presidential term limit. All anyone can read in the constitution is that famous article #101 which states that

“The President of the Republic is elected for a term of seven years renewable only once. Under no circumstances shall a person hold the office of President of Republic for more than two terms”.

This is what the law says. It is the law. Much more however, is hidden behind that piece of information: the intention. Why did the people vote for the president to have no more than two terms? This is what Mr Rwagatare, the RPF, President Paul Kagame and his acolytes should be reminding the folks who ignorantly or forcedly are tirelessly calling for tampering with the constitution in order to reinstitute Kagame once or more times again.

To answer, let us remember: Going back into our history from the kingdom time via the first and second republics to the RPF’s regime, we were unlucky to experience leaders who wanted or were forced either by beliefs, entourage or greed, to be in charge until they die. Let me remind Rwagatare that no King could be enthroned in presence of his predecessor. The elder had to die either naturally or killed. The same tradition passed over into republican regimes. Habyarimana felt insecure in presence of Kayibanda. Kagame could not be in power in presence of Habyarimana. In fact, the RPF took up arms alleging Habyarimana amongst other things that he had remained in power for so long, although he was repetitively elected at 99%! Had we respected the Arusha peace accords, Habyarimana would have gained other good two terms. Trust me!

With that in mind, the 2003 constitution intended to avoid similar scenarios. It was considered that an individual is born and dead but a nation remains. Thus the nation can live, prosper and develop tremendously even without that particular individual.  That is why the article 101 intended to encourage leaders to respect the fact that no one is irreplaceable and to dissuade them to hold on power indefinitely because this could generate conflicts, wars and possibly genocides. Another important dream was that from that time on, Rwanda would have an ex president deservedly able to serve as a councilor owed to experience and with the hope to retire peacefully thereafter.

It is now I realize clearly that Kagame never dreamt of initiating good changes to set antecedence that further generations would follow. In fact the same Kagame who was there in 2003 when the constitution was in the making, the same Kagame who claimed that he will not be there as president come 2017, is the same one who thinks a third term is not a bad thing. Somebody say, “Shame on you Mr President”!

For some naïve observers and commentators, I hope Rwagatare is not among, “Kagame does not want it but the people want him”. Democracy is defined as a power of the people, by the people  and for the people. Hence, the people have a powerful capacity which is bestowed upon them especially on the day of elections: the capacity to choose a leader of their interests.  Everyone knows that in a police state like Rwanda the democracy does not exist, and so that capacity is banned not only via elections but also even during brainstorming of ideas to make policies that run the affairs of the nation. We have seen it every day; we saw it in reports that shouted out the RPF-led assassination of freedom of speech, strangulation of independent media and impediment to rights of association.

The capacity to choose leaders is also threatened by the dictatorial micro management groups, armed or not, whose role is to force the people to vote against their will and to rig elections using any form of strategy in favor of the incumbent. But now the RPF wants to show us that last night the people dreamt “well”, woke up and coincidently the government allowed them to speak out: “we want Kagame back”. Funny enough! That kind of games is known to us, thou shall not lie. If Kagame does not step down, the RPF will have wasted a golden opportunity to show that it can do at least one good thing during its lifetime.

  1. The human nature

If Rwagatare were promised a very beautiful gift on a condition that he reaches 200 years alive, he clearly would realize that the promise is untenable. Why? Because we know that in our days, no one lives for two centuries. It is the same for political parties and their leaders.

A political party is born, grows up and dies. When it is born it is too young to deliver, when it grows up it matures and performs well but after some time it gets too old to run the country. At that time, the party cannot offer anything. It starts deteriorating and fails its early and own principles which eventually attracted the people to trust it. Even when it claims to rejuvenate itself, the young minds are overshadowed by old folks who think they have experience, thus they should take the lead indefinitely.

A leader gets too old as well and too tired to keep doing a good job (if he ever did any). That is a natural reality we are faced with. Accepting it does not mean you are not the hero you claim to be or that you are not loved by the people. By the way, it is not a matter of love given the tough and quasi impossible tasks assigned to the leader. If they loved him, they would let him retire and if he loved Rwanda, he would refuse to take an extra term.

In conclusion

The people of Rwanda should revisit the reasons that made them vote the constitution that included the article 101 (assuming they really voted for it). If Kagame does not step down, he will have satisfied his ego but at expense of all economic growth and other things he has been praised for. What if the people stepped in to say “no” to this man? As a matter of fact, they are ready, willing and able to take their destiny in hands. Friends of Rwanda (not of Kagame alone) have already demonstrated their undoubted support to the blowing wind of change.  A bon entendeur, salut!

Chaste Gahunde, BA, Dip Commonwealth of Learning (COL) London, UK

Rwanda: Iterabwoba ko nta Revolisiyo ishoboka?!

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Hari abatekereza nka Mussa Fazil ko nta wundi wayobora u Rwanda

Mu nyandiko yasohotse ku rubuga Ikaze iwacu kuwa 5/11/2014, Jotham Rwamiheto ararahira agatsemba ko revolisiyo ya rubanda idashoboka mu Rwanda. Ni uburenganzira bwe kubibona atyo kimwe n’uko afite uburenganzira bwo guhabwa ibisobanuro akeneye. Ni yo demokarasi duharanira.

Agendeye ku nyandiko Thomas Nahimana yanditse  ku wa 5 Ugushyingo 2014 yagiraga iti Nta manda ya gatatu kuri Paul Kagame“nta manda ya gatatu kuri Paul Kagame”, Rwamiheto arafatwa mu mutego abantu benshi bakunze kugwamo iyo bakora ubusesenguzi. Muri aka kanya ngendereye kumara impungenge abiteguye revolisiyo ngaragaza ibyo Rwamiheto atasobanukiwe mu isesengura rye:

  1. Kwitiranya ibintu

Mu busesenguzi hari ibintu bibiri bibaho. Abantu babiri bashobora kureba igiti nyamara umwe akibonera igiti gusa undi akabona umuvure. Uyu muntu ubona igiti nta cyaha afite ariko ubona umuvure amurusha kureba kure. Ubona igiti gusa nta kindi yitekerereza uretse igihimba cy’igiti, amashami n’amababi. Cyakora rero uyu muntu ntashobora kutubwira ko iki giti nta mazi atembera mu mitsi y’igiti cyangwa se ko nta mizi igiti gifite kubera ko atabibona, ndetse natwe tukaba tutabibona !

Ubona umuvure we, atekereza icyo igiti gishobora gukorwamo. Atekereza ku gitumye iki giti gihagaze kandi azi ko, uko byamera kose, hari uburyo gishobora gutemwa. Aha bivuga ko azi neza akazi gakenewe gukorwa kugira ngo cya giti kibe umuvure kandi birashoboka. Twese twabonye imivure myinshi ikozwe mu biti.

Aba bantu icyo batandukaniraho ni uko umwe abona ikiriho mu buryo bushoboka (l’Etre en possibilité) n’ikiriho mu buryo buhari (l’Etre en nature). Niho umunyapolitiki atandukanira n’utari we. Umunyapolitiki areba ibiriho agasoma ibimenyetso by’ibihe maze agafata ingamba. Utari we ajya kubona akabona ibintu bimwikubiseho bikaba birangiye. Bene uyu nta wamurenganyiriza ko mu gihugu habuze imivure kabone n’aho haba hari ibiti byinshi.

Rwamiheto rero na we aribonera igiti gusa nyamara Thomas areba umuvure( revolisiyo).

  1. Gukerensa ingingo zibangamira Paul Kagame mu kongera kwiyamamaza

Ziriya ngingo zose (101 na 193) zirasobanutse. Nyamara murabona ko abantu babiri batazumva kimwe. Cyakora si na ngombwa kugira master en droit kugira ngo bigaragare ko Perezida wa repubulika atari we ufite ijambo rya nyuma mu kubona indi manda.

Reka nongere ngaruke ku ngingo ya 193 agace ka (2) kagira kati:

 “Ariko iyo iryo vugururwa ryerekeye manda ya Perezida wa Repubulika, ubutegetsi bwa demokarasi ishingiye ku bitekerezo binyuranye cyangwa ku bwoko bw’ubutegetsi buteganyijwe n’iri tegeko Nshinga cyane cyane ku butegetsi bwa leta bushingiye kuri Repubulika n’ubusugire bw’igihugu, rigomba kwemezwa na referendumu, rimaze gutorwa na buri mutwe w’inteko ishinga amategeko”.

Icyo mbona mu by’ukuri umuntu atanajyaho impaka ni uruhare n’agaciro bihabwa rubanda. Itegeko nshinga ryo rirasobanutse. Rirerekana ko rubanda ariyo igena imihindagurikire y’iri tegeko binyujijwe mu matora azwi ku kazina ka referendum. Nk’uko Ishyaka Ishema ridahwema kubitwibutsa, mu gihe cy’amatora umuturage aba yasubijwe ijambo kugira ngo avuge akamuri ku mutima. Ijambo rye riba ryoroshye cyane cyane mu gihe cya referendum ni “yego” cyangwa “oya”. Abanyarwanda bagaragaje ko mu gihe cyose baba bafite ubuyobozi (leadership) bubari imbere bavuga akabari ku mutima.

Gusa Rwamiheto we asanga FPR ifite imbaraga ngo z’umurengera ku buryo nta muturage wayitinyuka. Iyi ni ya ideology FPR yabibye, ko:

  • ‘Nta cyo rubanda yishoboreye ndetse na revolisiyo yo muri 1959 yakozwe n’Ababiligi’!
  • ‘Abatutsi bose batuye muri Kigali bashyigikiye Kagame mu mushinga we wo kwizirika ku butegetsi’.
  • ‘Revolisiyo itegurwa ari iy’abahutu gusa cyangwa se abatutsi bakuriye mu Rwanda bonyine’.

Ibi si ukuri na mba, ndakeka ko uyu mugabo atabitekerejeho bihagije.

Abanyarwanda bagaragaje ko mu gihe bafite leadership ihamye bagera kuri byinshi.  Cyakora nanone uyu mugabo ndizera ko ashobora kwemeranya nanjye ko nta revolisiyo itagira aba leaders. Abo nibo bakenewe muri iki gihe kandi bagomba kwegera rubanda, kubana nayo ndetse bakaba biteguye no kubipfira.  Ikindi, byaragaragaye ko muri iki gihe abahutu, abatutsi ndetse n’abatwa, abavuye hanze ndetse n’abakuriye mu gihugu twahagurukiye kurwanya umunyagitugu Paul Kagame n’atsiko ke kiganjemo abasajja. Kuvuga ko abatutsi bose bashyigikiye Kagame, ni ugukora mu nkovu Kayumba Nyamwasa, na bagenzi be, ni ugukaza iminyururu iboshye Deo Mushayidi n’inshuti ze, ni ugushinyagurira Kizito Mihigo n’abakunzi be. Ikibura ni leadership yegereye abaturage, cyakora haramutse hari umu leader ubwira abo ayoboye ati ‘ntibishoboka aba bantu bazatumara’ urumva ko nyine bitashoboka.

Mu mwanzuro wa Rwamiheto arakora andi makosa atatu akomeye:

1.Aravuga ko niba muri FPR hatavuyemo abantu ngo bahindure (bahinduke) bafashe abasivile nta myigaragambyo ishoboka. Muri politiki hari ihame rivuga ngo nta gufata icyemezo ku bintu udafitiye ubushobozi cyangwa udafiteho control (on ne décide pas sur ce qui ne dépend pas de nous). Tekereza gukora umushinga utekereza ngo wenda ‘bazahinduka’ !  Icyo akaba ari cyo ushingiyeho. Nibadahinduka se ? Si wowe umaze kuvuga ko batakwikora mu nda, ko FPR ariyo yabahaye umugati ? None ngo bazahinduka bafashe rubanda ?! Fata icyemezo kubyo wowe ufitiye ubushobozi. Ak’imuhana kaza imvura ihise.

  1. Arasaba abantu bose gushyigikira ingabo ngo zizabohoza igihugu. Simbyanze. Iyo zibikora kera wenda ishyaka ISHEMA ntiryari gutoza abantu kwitabira revolisiyo ! Ariko se koko watekereje kuri feasility y’iyo ntambara ushaka ko iba (Ibikoresho, base arriere, diplomacy…)? Aha na ho wasanga urimo gukora rya kosa ryo gufata icyemezo ku bintu udafiteho controle.
  2. Muri signature ya Rwamiheto aravuga ko ahirimbanira demokarasi, imbunda ye ikaba ari ikaramu naho amasasu akaba ibitekerezo! Ibi na byo biragaragaza ko hari ikibazo?! Ni gute umuntu wahisemo ikaramu yakangurira abandi gufata imbunda? Aho si ukubaroha? Koko umuntu wahisemo demokarasi ishingiye ku bitekerezo arasaba abana kujya mu rugamba rw’amasasu? Demokarasi y’amasasu twarayibonye, na FPR niyo yatuzaniye.

Umwanzuro:

Banyarwanda Banyarwandakazi namwe nshuti z’u Rwanda,

Ibibazo u Rwanda rufite ni byinshi kandi bishingiye ku buyobozi bubi bwa FPR Inkotanyi. Intambara zabaye mu gihugu zamennye amaraso atagira ingano zikorwamo ibyaha bya jenoside n’ibindi byaha ndengakamere. Ntidukwiye gukomeza kubirebera ahubwo mu gihe uyu munyagitugu yakwibeshya ngo arahindura itegekonshinga, nta yindi ngoma. Mukomeze mube maso tubikurikiranire hafi. Amaraso wanga kuyamenera igihugu FPR ikayanywera ubusa. Ushaka arashobora naho ak’imuhana kaza imvura ihise.

Vive la volonté et l’intrépidité du Peuple Rwandais

Vive la Révolution au Rwanda

Vive le People Rwandais uni et émancipé

Chaste Gahunde

Umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa

ISHEMA Party