Category Archives: Amategeko

Itangazo mbwirwaruhame ry’umuryango wa Yuvenali Habyarimana

Twebwe abana b’umuryango wa Habyarimana tubabajwe n’amakuru amaze iminsi acicikana mu binyamakuru ko umubyeyi wacu yateguye kandi akanashyira mu bikorwa amahano yabereye mu Rwanda muri 1994 y’ubwicanyi bwiswe itsembabwoko.

Tubabazwa cyane n’uburyo abanyarwanda (ndetse n’abanyamahanga) bamwe bakomeje umuco wo gushyigikira ibinyoma bakanga kuvuga ukuri kugirango bateshe umutwe abatavuga rumwe nabo.

Ibinyoma ku mubyeyi wacu byatangiye kera ku buryo byageze n’aho bavuga ko ari we wishe data muri cya gikorwa terabwoba cyamuhitanye ku ya 6 Mata muri 1994. None bigeze n’aho bamugerekaho ko yateguye itsembatsemba.

Ababivuga biyibagiza nkana ko inkiko zakoze kuri iki kibazo cya jenoside mu Rwanda zitashoboye kugira uwo ziyihamya kuyitegura mu bo zemeye gucira imanza. Mu muryango wacu twabaha nk’urugero kuri musaza wa mama, Protazi Zigiranyirazo, nawe wari wararezwe kuba yarateguye akanakora iyo jenoside ko urubanza rwe rwarangiye, «Urukiko Mpanabyaha Mpuzamahanga Rwashyiriweho u Rwanda» (TPIR) rwa Arusha, rumugize umwere mu byaha byose yaregwaga. Turagira ngo twibutse, by’umwihariko, ko ku bijyanye n’ikirego cy’Akazu bakunze gutsindagira kuri mama, urwo rukiko rwasanze ibimenyetso ubushinjacyaha bwaruzaniye, bishingiye ku mazimwe adafite ifatizo.

Tuributsa kandi ko mu madosiye yose yizwe n’urwo rukiko, nta na hamwe izina rya maman rivugwa ko haba hari uruhare yagize mu bwicanyi bwabaye mu Rwanda.

Umubyeyi wacu turamuzi neza. Kuva yashakana na papa, nta kazi ka Leta yigeze akora; nta mwanya w’ubuyobozi yigeze agira mu rwego rw’ubucungagihugu cyangwa urw’amashyaka. Yewe, nta n’ibiro yigeze agira nk’uko tubibona mu bihugu bimwe na bimwe, ku mufasha w’umukuru w’igihugu.  Ntabwo yigeze akoresha inama cyangwa ngo ayitabire, yaba iya gisilikare cyangwa iyabanyapolitiki, haba mbere cyanga nyuma y’aho papa wacu yitabiye Imana. Ku batabizi, cyangwa abatangiye kubyibagirwa, twibutse ko mama yahise ahungishwa papa akimara kwicwa, ku tariki ya 8 Mata, kubera imirwano yari yubuye muri Kigali, yibasiye cyane cyane agace ka Kanombe aho twari dutuye. Abafaransa babimufashijemo bakamugeza i Bangui mu gihugu cya République Centrafricaine, barabizi neza. Kandi n’umuntu ushyira mu gaciro wese yakumva ko, urebye ukuntu itumanaho ryo muri ibyo bihe ryari rimeze, nta kuntu washobora gutanga amabwiriza ku basirikari cyangwa ku bakuru b’amashyaka, umunsi ku wundi. Ese ubundi, usibye gushinyagura, umugore ukimara gutakaza umugabo, agahungishwa atanashoboye kumushyingura, icyamushishikaza ni iki kindi usibye gushaka uko yakwiyubaka mu gahinda n’ishavu biri kumushengura?

Icyaha kigaragarizwa mu bucamanza: Twemera ko ubucamanza butagira aho bubogamira mu gushaka ukuri aribwo bwonyine bufite ubushobozi bwo gutanga ubutabera. Nta n’umuntu n’umwe wundi ubifitiye uburenganzira, kabone n’ubwo yaba akomeye ate muri politiki.

Umubyeyi wacu ntabwo yihishe. Nta rukiko rwigeze rumushaka ngo rumubure. Ntiyigeze ahwema gutangariza amahanga yose ko yiteguye kwitaba urukiko rwose rwo mu gihugu abarizwamo cy’Ubufaransa igihe cyose ruzumva rumukeneye. Tuboneyeho no gusaba abirirwa bamwandagaza ko bamuha amahoro bakareka inzego z’ubutabera, niba barazitabaje, zigakora akazi kazo.

 Amategeko agenga ikiremwa muntu bita mu gifransa «Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l’Homme», yashyizweho n’umuryango w’abibumbye, ntabwo yemera ko umuntu afatwa nk‘igicuruzwa, agatotezwa ndetse akaba ashobora kuguranwa inyungu z’agatsiko aka n’aka, amafaranga cyangwa ibintu ibyo ari byo byose.  https://www.un.org/fr/universal-declaration-human-rights/. Igituma tugombye kubyibutsa ni uko duhereye ku byo tubona mu nzego z’ikwirakwiza amakuru, Perezida w’Ubufransa asa n’ushaka kugira umubyeyi wacu kimwe mu biguzi Perezida w’u Rwanda yamuciye kugira ngo ibyo bihugu byombi bishobore gutsura umubano umaze igihe uri mu mahindure.

Icyo twifuza :

  • Dufitiye icyizere inzego z’ubutabera z’Ubufaransa. Nizo zishobora gukemura ikibazo cy’ibirego byose bamuhimbira. Turahamya ko zitazabura gusanga ko ari umwere koko.
  • Dusabye abantu bose bazi ukuri ku bahanuye indege ko badufasha kugushyira hanze, maze uwakomye imbarutso akagaragara kandi agashyikirizwa ubucamanza.
  • Twifuza ko abanyarwanda twashyira imbere gushaka ukuri n’ubutabera ku byabaye mu Rwanda tutabangamirana. Ni byo nzira y’ubwiyunge nyabwo.
  • Ikwirakwiza ry’ibihuha no gusebanya bihagarare maze umubyeyi wacu agire amahoro. Aha ageze mu zabukuru, abone igihe cyo kwiyitaho we n’umuryango we. Buri wese afite uburenganzira bwo kuba aho ashaka mu mahoro n’umutekano.
  • Abanyarwanda bicare bashyire hamwe bashake ubumwe n’ubwiyunge aho guhora bashyamirana bakanahimbirana ibyaha bitigeze bikorwa.
  • Ifatwa, irigiswa n’ iyicarubozo ku banyarwanda bya buri munsi rigomba guhagarara hagashyirwa imbere ingamba zihuza Abanyarwanda aho kubatanya.

Dushimiye abadufasha bose muri uru rubanza rwo gushaka ukuri.  Imana ibahe umugisha

Bikorewe i Paris kuri 20/06/2021.

Umuryango wa Habyarimana.

U Rwanda rwinjijwe mu bihe by’amage (State of Emergency) mu buryo budakurikije Itegeko Nshinga.

Dukurikije uburemere bw’ingamba zigizwe n’ingingo 10 gusa zafashwe kandi zigatangazwa na Minisitiri w’Intebe Dr Ngirente Edouard kuwa 21 Werurwe 2020, biragaragara ko u Rwanda rwinjijwe mu bihe by’amage y’ubuzima bw’abantu (state of health emergency) bitewe n’icyorezo bise “Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19)” gikomeje guhangayikisha isi yose n’abayituye n’u Rwanda rurimo.

WAKWIBAZA UTI ESE NINDE WEMEZA IBIHE BY’AMAGE?

ngirente

Minisitiri w’Intebe , Edouard NGIRENTE yakoze ibinyuranyije n’itegekonshinga.

Ntekereza ko Dr Ngirente Edouard ibyo yakoze agamije kujijisha abanyarwanda kugira ngo bagerweho n’ingaruka z’ibyemezo yafashe bitagira izina kandi bidakurikije amategeko. Muti kubera iki?

  1. Ingamba za Minisitiri w’Intebe Ngirente nta tegeko ry’igihugu zashingiyeho nyamara zireba ubuzima bw’abenegihugu bose ndetse zishobora no kubushyira mu kaga. Mu nyandiko y’ipaji 1 gusa yise “ingamba nshya zo gukumira icyorezo cya corona virusi”, yashingiye gusa ngo “ku ntera icyorezo kimaze gufata ku isi” no “ku buryo ibindi bihugu bihangana na cyo”. Biteye agahinda kubona Minisitiri w’intebe ashingira gusa ku byo yumva ahandi atitaye kubyo abona iwabo. Ikindi, aho gushingira ku bushobozi bw’igihugu cye akigana uko ngo “ibindi bihugu byagenje” atitaye kuri bwa budasa bw’igihugu cye. Ikibabaje kurushaho ariko ni ukuntu yibagiwe n’ubundi kwigana ibyo bihugu uko birimo bifata n’ingamba ku bizatunga abenegihugu mugihe cy’amage.
  2. Ingamba z’ibihe by’amage nk’izi zifatwa na Perezida wa Repubulika ntabwo ari Minisiti w’Intebe keretse niba arwaye bakabihisha Abanyarwanda. Nk’uko biteganwa n’Itegeko Nshinga mu ngingo yaryo ya 108, igika cya gatatu:

“Perezida wa Repubulika atangaza ibihe by’amage cyangwa ibihe by’imidugararo mu buryo buteganywa n’Itegeko Nshinga n’andi mategeko”.

Ingamba zo guhangana n’ibihe by’amage bikorwa mu itegeko-teka rya Perezida wa Repubulika nta na rimwe bishobora kuba “Ingamba Nshya” za Minisitiri w’Intebe kandi ngo ingaruka zirebe abanyarwanda bose.
3. Nk’uko biteganywa n’ingingo ya 136 y’Itegeko Nshinga, ingamba zo guhangana n’ibihe by’amage ziteganywa n’itegeko kandi bitangazwa na Perezida wa Repubulika bimaze kwemezwa n’Inama y’Abaminisitiri. Kuba rero byatangajwe na Minisitiri w’Intebe ni uko nta gaciro bifite kandi ntawe ugomba kuzikurikiza kuko zihabanye cyane n’Itegeko Nshinga igihugu kigenderaho.

4. Wakwibaza uti: “ese iyi mikorere ya RPF ihishe iki”? Cyangwa ukibaza impanvu bafashe “Ingamba Nshya” aho gutegura itegeko rirengera abazazahazwa n’icyo cyorezo.
Ntekereza ko agatsiko ka RPF kahisemo kunyura inzira y’ubusamo kuko gutangaza mu buryo bwemewe n’amategeko ko gashyize igihugu mu bihe by’amage bigomba gutangirwa ibisobanuro byumvikana no kwerekana ingamba zihamye zo guhangana n’ibyo bihe. Kandi bakagaragaza igice cy’Igihugu icyo cyemezo kireba n’ingaruka zacyo aho guhungeta abanyarwanda bose nta bindi bisobanuro nk’uko babikoze ubu. Iki cyemezo cyerekana ko RPF igamije guhunga inshingano za Leta. Kuko itegeko rigena ibihe by’amage ntiriteganya gusa iminsi amage azamara ahubwo riteganya n’uko abayarimo bazabaho. None Ngirente we afungiranye abanyarwanda mu nzu gusa ntiyitaye uko bazabaho kandi ari inshingano za Leta ya shebuja.
5. Ikindi gituma bahunga itegeko rigena ibihe by’amage ni uko ari ryo riteganya ibihano n’uko bizatangwa mu gihe ritubahirijwe, none mu Rwanda ibihano birimo no gucibwa amafaranga y’umurengera ajya mu mifuka y’abayobozi ngo bikungahaze gusa. Ikindi gihano ni ukurasa abantu ku manywa y’ihangu kandi barabizi ko amategeko ahana ndetse n’Itegeko Nshinga atemera icyo gihano.

Nyamara nk’uko bigaragara muri iyo ngingo twavuze haruguru ya 136,

“kwemeza ibihe by’amage ntibishobora na rimwe kubangamira uburenganzira bwo kubaho, kudahungabanywa ku mubiri, uburenganzira abantu bahabwa n’amategeko ku miterere n’ububasha bwabo, ku bwenegihugu, ihame ry’uko itegeko mpanabyaha ridahana icyaha cyakozwe mbere y’uko rijyaho, uburenganzira bwo kwiregura n’ubwisanzure ku mitekerereze no ku idini”.

Muri iyi ngingo kandi Itegeko Nshinga riteganya ko kwemeza ibihe by’amage “bidashobora kubangamira cyangwa guhindura amahame yerekeye n’uburyozwacyaha bw’abayobozi ba Leta iriho”.

Ni ukuvuga ko iyo bitwaje ibyo bihe by’amage bakarasa rubanda bidakuraho ko abo bayobozi bakurikiranwa n’inkiko zikabaryoza ibyaha bakoze bitwikiriye ibyo bihe.

Muri macye iyi mikorere yo gupfunyikira amazi abanyarwanda igamije kubima uburenganzira bemerewe n’amategeko kugirango RPF ibarye utwabo, ibakeneshe, ibice abandi ibicishe inzara kandi nirangiza yishyire imbere mu kwitaka ko izi guhangana n’ibyorezo nk’uko ibindi bihugu byabigenje mbese nk’uko byavuzwe na Ngirinte mu ntangiriro y’iryo tangazo yashyizeho umukono.

UMWANZURO
1) Ibi byemezo n’ingamba bifashwe muri uko guhuzagurika n’ubuswa bwinshi ntidukwiye kwemera ko bigira ingaruka ku buzima bw’abanyarwanda. Ntihagire umuturage ukurikiza izi ngamba nshya za Ngirente kuko zidakurikije amategeko kandi ntizitange n’igisubizo ahubwo zirashora abanyarwanda mu kaga gakomeye cyane kurusha ako Korona virusi yabashoyemo.
2) Perezida wa Repubulika (Paul Kagame) niba atarwaye agomba kujya ahagaragara agatangaza ko izi ngamba nshya za Ngirente azitesheje agaciro kandi zivuyeho.
3) Niba Perezida abona ko ibihe by’amage aringombwa nabicishe mu itegeko teka. Itegeko teka kandi riteganye uko abanyarwanda bazahangana n’ibibazo by’amage aho kubasunikira mu nzu nk’amatungo. Ni ngombwa kandi gukemura ikibazo cy’imishahara y’abavanwe mu mirimo yabo, iy’abikoreraga ku giti cyabo ndetse n’imiryango yabo, uko abari abashomeri bazabaho. N’ibindi bibazo byose bizaterwa n’iyo mibereho mishya.
4) Perezida Paul Kagame niba atirwariye nategeke ko igihano cy’urupfu kigaruwe maze cyandikwe no mu gitabo cy’amategeko ahana aho gukomeza kurasa rubanda ku manywa y’ihangu kandi amategeko yanditse kitabamo.

Me Venant Nkurunziza.


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